Sun was born in Fuzhou, Fujian, China. He earned his bachelor's degree in geology from National Taiwan University, and obtained his Ph.D. from Columbia University in 1973. During 1981 to 1999, he was a research professor in Bureau of Mineral Resources of Australia. He did significant work in lead, oxygen and sulfur isotope geochemistry. He died in Canberra, Australia.
- Hoatson, D. M. (2005). "Late Archean Lake Harris Komatiite, Central Gawler Craton, South Australia: Geologic Setting and Geochemistry" (PDF). Economic Geology. 100 (2): 349–374. doi:10.2113/100.2.349.
- Sun Shen-su's papers on Google Scholar