Sun Yat-sen Museum Penang

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Sun Yat-sen Museum Penang
Chinese : 孫中山槟城基地博物館
Sun Yat-sen Penang Base.JPG
Sun Yat-sen Museum Penang is located in central George Town, Penang
Sun Yat-sen Museum Penang
Location within George Town's UNESCO World Heritage Site (purple)
General information
Type Museum
Address 120 Armenian Street, 10200 George Town, Penang
Town or city George Town, Penang
Country Malaysia
Coordinates 5°24′57″N 100°20′10″E / 5.415761°N 100.336242°E / 5.415761; 100.336242Coordinates: 5°24′57″N 100°20′10″E / 5.415761°N 100.336242°E / 5.415761; 100.336242
Opening 2001
Website
www.sunyatsenpenang.com
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iii, iv
Designated 2008 (32nd session)
Reference no. 1223
Region Asia-Pacific

The Sun Yat-sen Museum Penang formerly called the Sun Yat-sen Penang Base, is a museum in George Town, Penang, Malaysia.[1] The museum is dedicated to Sun Yat-sen, a nationalist from China who established the Chinese Republic in 1912 after his efforts in Xinhai Revolution.

History[edit]

The Sun Yat-sen Museum Penang is in a historic house. The museum building is the same house where Sun Yat-sen devised many of his plans to overthrow the Qing Dynasty. In 1910, acting on the immense support among overseas Chinese for the ousting of the Qing dynasty, Sun shifted the southeast Asian headquarters of the Tongmenghui party to Penang.[2]

When Sun first brought his family to Penang in 1910, the building housed the reading club Penang Philomatic Union. The club was a cover for Sun's political party. On 14 November 1910 Sun Yat-Sen chaired an Emergency Meeting of the Nanyang Tongmenghui organisation in this house and launched the fundraising campaign for the Second Guangzhou Uprising. It was in this building that Sun Yat-sen delivered his famous speech at the 1910 Penang Conference, and raised Straits Dollars $8000 on the spot.[2] In December 1910, the first issue of the Kwong Wah Yit Poh was published from 120 Armenian Street. Launched by Dr Sun and his followers in Penang, It is now the world's oldest Chinese newspaper outside of China.

The building was constructed circa 1880. It was built to be a residential townhouse. A superb example of Straits Settlements merchant's home and with an unusual length of over 130 feet (40 metres), the building is a living example of the architectural heritage of Penang. Numerous of the building's original features, which include a cozy courtyard garden, a quaint timber staircase, beautifully patterned floor tiles, and large beams, survive to this day. The interior is equally splendid. Old blackwood Straits Chinese furniture and ornately carved wooden screens add an ambiance of the olden days. The fidelity to the past extends to the kitchen, which has the original firewood stove and kitchen utensils.[2]

In 1926 ownership of the house passed to a Hokkien merchant, Ch'ng Teong Swee. Today, the house is owned by his granddaughter Khoo Salma Nasution, a writer and heritage advocate. The “Dr. Sun Yat Sen in Penang” historical gallery was launched by former Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tun Dato’ Seri Dr. Mahathir Mohamad on 4 February 2001. The former President of the People’s Republic of China (then Vice-President) Mr. Hu Jintao visited the Sun Yat Sen Museum Penang on 25 April 2002.[3]

In 2007, the international Chinese movie Road To Dawn, based on Dr. Sun Yat Sen’s revolutionary activities in Penang, filmed the reenactment of the Emergency Meeting of the 1910 Penang Conference in this museum.[4] The house was extensively renovated in 2010–11, with special changes to its façade and roof. The craftsman for the renovation project came from Quanzhou, southern China.[2] In 1910, the Sun Yat Sen Museum Penang hosted the 22nd Joint Conference of the Sun Yat Sen and Soong Ching Ling Memorials, a major event which was participated by 30 museums ad memorials and saw the reunion of 29 members of the Sun clan (descendants of Sun Yat-sen and Sun Mei). This event was an international centennial commemoration of the 1910 Penang Conference. In 1911, the Sun Yat Sen Museum Penang started an International Youth Exchange Programme with the China Soong Ching Ling Foundation.[5]

Sun Yat Sen Heritage Trail[edit]

The Sun Yat Sen Heritage Trail starts from the Sun Yat Sen Museum and links more than a dozen heritage sites associated with Sun Yat Sen and his supporters.[2] The trail was developed by Penang Heritage Trust in 2010 and was launched at 120 Armenian Street by Wang Gungwu, a prominent historian of China and Southeast Asia. The trail is also Southeast Asia’s first of its kind.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sun Yat Sen Museum". TripAdvisor. Retrieved 12 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "The Sun Yat Sen Museum". Penang: Sun Yat Sen Museum. Retrieved 2 October 2013. 
  3. ^ Khoo, Salma Nasution (2008). Sun Yat Sen in Penang. Penang: Areca Books. p. 116. ISBN 9789834283483. 
  4. ^ Goh, Mai Loon (2007). Road To Dawn: Filming in Penang / 《夜‧明》槟城拍摄纪实. Penang: Areca Books. pp. 18–19. ISBN 9789834283452. 
  5. ^ "Sun Yat Sen Museum Penang".