Zhi-Wei Sun (Chinese: 孙智伟; pinyin: Sūn Zhìwěi; Wade–Giles: Sun Chihwei, born October 16, 1965) is a Chinese mathematician, working primarily on number theory, combinatorics, and group theory. Currently he works as a professor in Nanjing University.
Born in Huai'an, Jiangsu, Sun and his twin brother Sun Zhihong proved a theorem about what are now known as the Wall-Sun-Sun primes that guided the search for counterexamples to Fermat's last theorem.
He used q-series to prove that any natural number can be represented as a sum of an even square and two triangular numbers. He conjectured, and proved with B.-K. Oh, that each positive integer can be represented as a sum of a square, an odd square and a triangular number. In 2009, he conjectured that any natural number can be written as the sum of two squares and a pentagonal number, as the sum of a triangular number, an even square and a pentagonal number, and as the sum of a square, a pentagonal number and a hexagonal number. He also raised many open conjectures on congruences  and posed over 100 conjectural series for powers of .
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