Sunamganj District

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Sunamganj
সুনামগঞ্জ
District
Location of Sunamganj in Bangladesh
Location of Sunamganj in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 25°01′51″N 91°24′14″E / 25.030869°N 91.403761°E / 25.030869; 91.403761Coordinates: 25°01′51″N 91°24′14″E / 25.030869°N 91.403761°E / 25.030869; 91.403761
Country  Bangladesh
Division Sylhet Division
Area
 • Total 3,669.58 km2 (1,416.83 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 2,467,968
 • Density 670/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
Postal code 3000
Website www.sunamganj.gov.bd

Sunamganj (Bengali: সুনামগঞ্জ Sunamgonj) is a district located in north-eastern Bangladesh within the Sylhet Division.[1]

Geography[edit]

Sunamganj is located in the Sylhet Division with the Sylhet District to its east, Habiganj District to its south and Netrokona District to its west. The Surma River and Kushiyara River run through the district whilst Ratna River criss-crosses the district and beyond. The River Da'uka or Danuka also run through district Sunamganj.

The annual average temperature of Sunamganj has a maximum of 33.2 °C and a minimum 13.6 °C, with annual rainfall of 3334 mm. There are many haors and beels (wetlands ecosystems) in Sunamganj.

History[edit]

Ancient period[edit]

Sunamganj District was underwater in ancient time; it was part of a vast sea by the name of Ratnag, which was an abbreviation of Ratnakar (common noun for sea in Bengali: রত্নাকর). Ratnakar expanded from cliffs of Meghalaya on the west to the coast of Tripura in the east, both Meghalaya and Tripura were inhabited by Kirata people of Mongoloid race. People from Meghalaya travelled to Tripura and vice versa by seagoing vessels. Seabed began to rise by the end of twelfth century CE due to alluvial silting over the centuries. It was northeast of the district that first began to elevate in form of atolls and then most parts of the district arose from underneath the sea.[2]

Classic period[edit]

The name Sunamganj is derived from its founder, Sipahi Sunamuddin, who established a bazaar on the bank of the river Surma. In the ancient period, Sunamganj was part of the 'Larh' (La'urh) Kingdom that included western part of Sylhet, Habiganj, Netrokona, Kishoreganj and the northern part of Mymensingh. After the conquest of Sylhet (Kingdom of Gaurh) in 1303 by Muslims under the spiritual guidance of Hazrat Shah Jalal Yamani, Hazrat Shah Kamal Quhafah brought the entire Kingdom of La'urh under his control with aid of his twelve disciples and his second son, Shah Muazzam Uddin Qureshi, who administered the entire district from Shaharpara and he maintained a second sub-administration office at Nizgaon,bank of the river Surma - present day Shologhar(there is now Shologhar Masjid and madrasa) in Sunamganj town, which was administered by one of his descendants. Between the latter part of 1300 CE and 1765 CE, the present-day Sunamganj district was a part of Iqlim-e-Muazzamabad, i.e. the state of Muazzamabad, which was an independent state until 1620 when it was conquered by the mighty Mughal of Delhi. The last sultan of Muazzamabad was Abdul Hamid Qureshi, who was widely known by his appellation of Shamshir Khan Qureshi. After the fall of Jalalabad (present-day Sylhet), Shamsher Khan Quraishi, accepted the post of Nawab-cum-Fauzadar and remained so until his death.[3]

In 1336, a devastating flood occurred as a result of a broken dam in Manipur. This flood is popularly known as the 'White Water Flood'. An earthquake on 12 June 1897 caused many deaths.

During the war of liberation there were many encounters between freedom fighters and the Pakistani Army. Sunamganj was liberated on 6 December 1971.

People and ethnicity[edit]

Life of the fishermen on Sunamganj District

Sunamganj has a total population of 1,968,669; males constitute 50.89% and females 49.11%. People of Sunamganj are racially and ethnically diverse, ranging from Arab Semite to Aryan and Dravidian, including Jarwa, Gabar and Jangil tribal peoples. Jawa Bazaar is variant of Jarawa Bazaar. There are also about 6,643 people of Manipuri, Khasi, Garo and Hajong ethnic groups from neighbouring states of India.

Faith[edit]

The district of Sunamganj has 3566 mosques, 740 temples and 61 churches.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

Stone and sand business[edit]

Since 1960 sunamganj has been known for the stone and sand business, River Sand. It has been supplying river sand, natural sand, crushed stone, gravel and shingle. Beside this there are more than a thousand businessman are involved in this business, where about fifty thousand workers are directly dependent in this sector.[citation needed]

Aquaculture[edit]

Sunamganj is a major source of freshwater fish; Tanguar Haor is the largest inland billabong for aquaculture and it is located in Tahipur Upzala. Sunamganj has more haors than any other district in Bangladesh and this makes it famous for fishery business.[4]

ICT[edit]

Information and Communications Technology (ICT) industry is relatively a new sector in the country's economy. Though it is yet to make tangible contributions in the national economy. In Sunamganj the IT sector is a rising attraction to the young generation. Inspire new generation is a rising young web developer group who started their mission to inspire the new generation with their voluntary workshop and seminar on website design, graphics and networking to create new young entrepreneurship in Sunamganj. They also provide IT, Website design, Domain Registration, Web Hosting, Graphics, Software Development & Email Marketing and other computer aided Services.

Administration[edit]

District[edit]

District Administrator is appointed from amongst non-civil servants, usually from amongst the member of political party that is in power at the time of appointment and endorsed by the central government. Deputy Commissioner is appointed from amongst career civil servants, who administers all subordinate branches of the administration such as upazillah parishad[5]

Subdistricts[edit]

Sunamganj District comprises 11 sub-districts or Upazilas:

Education[edit]

Schools and colleges[edit]

The major educational institutes of Sunamganj are:[citation needed]

  • Abdul Haque Memorial College, Gobindogonj, Chhatak
  • Abdul houque Sriti degree college, gobindoganj, chhatak, Sunamganj
  • Abdul Jabbar High School, Jagannathpur
  • Abdus Subhan High School, Habib Pur, Jagannathpur
  • Aktapara Islamia Alim Madrasah, South Sunamganj
  • Amriya Islamia Dakhil Madrasah, South Sunamganj
  • Atpara High School, kolkolia, jagannathpur
  • Badaghat Degree College, Tahirpur
  • Badaghat Public High School, Tahirpur
  • Badshagonj Public High School, Dharamapasha
  • Balijuri Haji Elahi Baksh High School
  • Balikandi Atpara Sunni Alia Madrasha, Kalkalia u/p, Jagonnathpur.
  • Birgaon Islamia Dakhil Madrasah, South Sunamgonj
  • Bridge Academy, gobindoganj, chhatak, Sunamganj
  • Bulchand High School
  • Buraiya Kamil Madrasah, Chhatak, Sunamganj
  • CBP high school, Chechan, chhatak, Sunamganj
  • Chamtola Islamia Dakhil Madrasah, Laksmipur, Dowarabazar, Sunamgonj
  • Chamardani High School, Dharamapasha
  • Chhatak Bohumukhi High School
  • Chhatak Cement Factory High School
  • Child Care Academy, Shuloghor, Sunamganj
  • Damodhar Topi Mahmudpur Dakhil Madrasah, South Sunamgonj
  • Polash High School, Bishwambarpur, Sunamganj
  • Dargapasha Abdur Rashid High School, South Sunamganj
  • Derai Girls High School, Derai
  • Derai High School, Derai
  • Digendra Barman Degree College,Biswambharpur, Sunamganj.
  • Eralier Bazar High School, Eralier Bazar, Kalkalia u/p, Jagonnathpur.
  • GC girls high school, Shalla
  • Government Jubilee High School, Sunamganj Sadar, Sunamganj
  • Government Satish Chandra Girls High School
  • Habibpur Keshobpur Fazil Madrasa, Jagannatpur
  • Hatia High School, Derai
  • Hazi Kamar Ali High School
  • HMP High School, Sunamganj
  • Holiyarpara Jamea Qadriya Sunniya Senior Madrasah, Jagannatpur
  • Ikorsoi Jamea Islamia Senior Madrasah, Jagannatpur
  • Ishak Pur Public High School, Jagannathpur
  • Jagannathpur College, Habib Pur, jagannathpur
  • Jagannathpur Girls High School, Jagannathpur
  • Jagdish pur, Shafath Ullah High School, Jagannatpur
  • Jawa Bazar degree college, jawa, chhatak, Sunamganj
  • Jagdal Al-Faruque High School
  • Jagdal College
  • Khairul Wara Tahfizul Quran Madrasah, Sichni, Pagla Bazar, South Sunamgonj
  • Liakatgonj High School & College, Laksmipur, Dowarabazar, Sunamgonj
  • Madhyanagar B.P. High School, Dharamapasha
  • Maizbari Jameya Islamia Alim Madrasha, Maizbari, Sunamganj
  • Mirpur Deepakkik High School, Mirpur, Jagannatpur
  • Mohish Khola High School
  • Moinpur High School, Chattak
  • Moinpur Janata College, Chattak
  • Pagla High School, South Sunamgonj
  • Paigaon high school, jawa, chhatak, Sunamganj
  • Panchogram High School, Ronshi
  • Parargaon Ideal High School, parargaon, kolkolia, jagannthpur.
  • Patli Union High School, Jagannathpur
  • Pirpur High School, Chattak
  • Purba Pagla High School, South Sunamgonj
  • Rafinagor Union high school, Rafinagor, Derai,Sunamgonj
  • Raniganj High School, Jagannathpur
  • Rasulganj Jamea Qurania Senior Madrasah, Jagannatpur
  • Shaharpara Shah Kamal High School, Jagannathpur
  • Shahid Ali high school, Shalla
  • Shahjalal Mahabiddalay. kolkolia, jagannthpur
  • Shalla College, Shalla
  • Sunamganj Deeni Senior Alim Madrasah
  • Sunamganj Government College, Sunamganj
  • Sunamganj Government Girls College, Sunamganj
  • Swarup Chandra Govt. High School, Jagannathpur
  • Syedpur Adarsha College, Syedpur, Jagannathpur
  • Tengratilla high school. dowarabazar, tengratilla
  • Thahirpur Govt. High School, Tahirpur
  • Monirgathi high school, Guradew
  • Daron High school, Daron
  • Rotargaon High School, Rotargaon, Bishwambharpur.

Media and culture[edit]

Sunamganj is renowned for bards and folk music; mystic poet Hason Raja (1854CE-1922CE), Saifa Banu (1860-1926) poet and half-sister of Hasan Raja,[6] Diwan Mosin Raja, Syed Shahnoor, Radharaman Dutta, Radhamadhav Dutta, Doorbin Shah, Shah Abdul Karim, Muniruzzaman Munir, Shofiqun-Nur, Nurul Ghani, Dilly Meah, Qari Amiruddin and many more have hailed from this area.

Notable personalities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ashfaq Hossain (2012). "Sunamganj District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  2. ^ Achyutacharan Chowdhury
  3. ^ Ali, Syed Murtaja, Hazrat Shah Jalal and Sylheter Itihas, 66: 1988
  4. ^ Source Of Sylhet Sand (FM 2.5 to 2.8)
  5. ^ "Cabinet Division - Bangladesh - List of the Deputy Commissioners". Cabinet.gov.bd. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  6. ^ Ali, S. M, Hazrat Shah Jalal and Sylheter Itihas,154: 1965