Sunamganj District

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Sunamganj
সুনামগঞ্জ
ꠡꠥꠘꠣꠝꠉꠘ꠆ꠎ
District
Location of Sunamganj in Bangladesh
Location of Sunamganj in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 25°01′51″N 91°24′14″E / 25.030869°N 91.403761°E / 25.030869; 91.403761Coordinates: 25°01′51″N 91°24′14″E / 25.030869°N 91.403761°E / 25.030869; 91.403761
Country  Bangladesh
Division Sylhet Division
Area
 • Total 3,669.58 km2 (1,416.83 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 2,467,968
 • Density 670/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Sunamganji, Sylheti
Time zone UTC+6 (BST)
Postal code 3000
Website www.sunamganj.gov.bd

Sunamganj (Bengali: সুনামগঞ্জ, Sylheti: ꠡꠥꠘꠣꠝꠉꠘ꠆ꠎ) is a district located in north-eastern Bangladesh within the Sylhet Division.[1]

History[edit]

Classic period[edit]

In the ancient period, Sunamganj was part of the Laurh Kingdom that included western part of Sylhet, Habiganj, Netrokona, Kishoreganj and the northern part of Mymensingh. After the conquest of Sylhet (Kingdom of Gaurh) in 1303 by Muslims under the spiritual guidance of Shah Jalal, Shah Kamal Quhafa brought the entire Kingdom of Laurh under his control with aid of his twelve disciples and his second son, Shah Muazzam Uddin Qureshi, who administered the entire district from Shaharpara and he maintained a second sub-administration office at Nizgaon on the bank of the river Surma, present day Shologhar (there is now Shologhar Masjid and madrasa) in Sunamganj town, which was administered by one of his descendants. Between the latter part of 1300 CE and 1765 CE, the present-day Sunamganj district was a part of Iqlim-e-Muazzamabad, i.e. the state of Muazzamabad, which was an independent state until 1620 when it was conquered by the mighty Mughal of Delhi. The last sultan of Muazzamabad was Hamid Qureshi Khan, who was a descendant of Hazrat Shah Kamal Quhafah and he was widely known by his appellation of Shamsher Khan. After the fall of Jalalabad (present-day Sylhet), Shamsher Khan, accepted the post of Nawab-cum-Fauzadar and remained so until his death at the Battle of Giria on 29 April 1740 along with Sarfaraz Khan, Nawab of Bengal.[2]

Administration[edit]

District[edit]

District Administrator is appointed from amongst non-civil servants, usually from amongst the member of political party that is in power at the time of appointment and endorsed by the central government. Deputy Commissioner is appointed from amongst career civil servants, who administers all subordinate branches of the administration such as upazillah parishad[3]

Subdistricts[edit]

Sunamganj District comprises 11 sub-districts or Upazilas:

Beautiful Sunamganj
Beautiful Sunamganj
Beautiful Tanguar Haor

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ashfaq Hossain (2012). "Sunamganj District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  2. ^ Ali, Syed Murtaja, Hazrat Shah Jalal and Sylheter Itihas, 66: 1988
  3. ^ "Cabinet Division - Bangladesh - List of the Deputy Commissioners". Cabinet.gov.bd. Archived from the original on 2011-12-22. Retrieved 2012-03-12.
  4. ^ Zahangir Alom (September 7, 2014). "Sunset Of A Music Maestro". The Daily Star.
  5. ^ "একুশে পদক পাচ্ছেন সুনামগঞ্জের সুষমা দাস". sunamkantha.com (in Bengali). February 14, 2017. Retrieved February 14, 2017.