Sunan ibn Majah

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Sunan Ibn Mājah
AuthorIbn Mājah
Original titleسُنن ابن ماجه
LanguageArabic
SeriesKutub al-Sittah
GenreHadith collection

Sunan Ibn Mājah (Arabic: سُنن ابن ماجه‎) is one of the six major Sunni hadith collections (Kutub al-Sittah). The Sunan was authored by Ibn Mājah (b. 209/824, d. 273/887).


Description[edit]

It contains over 4,000 aḥādīth in 32 books (kutub) divided into 1,500 chapters (abwāb). About 20 of the traditions it contains were later declared to be forged; such as those dealing with the merits of individuals, tribes or towns, including Ibn Mājah's home town of Qazwin.

Views[edit]

Sunnis regard this collection as sixth in terms of authenticity of their Six major Hadith collections.[1] Although Ibn Mājah related hadith from scholars across the eastern Islamic world, neither he nor his Sunan were well known outside of his native region of northwestern Iran until the 5th/11th century.[2] Muḥammad ibn Ṭāhir al-Maqdisī (d. 507/1113) remarked that while Ibn Mājah's Sunan was well regarded in Rayy, it was not widely known among the broader community of Muslim jurists outside of Iran.[3] It was also Muḥammad b. Ṭāhir who first proposed a six-book canon of the most authentic Sunni hadith collections in his Shurūṭ al-aʾimma al-sitta, which included Ibn Mājah's Sunan alongside Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, Sunan Abu Dawud, Sunan Nasai, and Jami al-Tirmidhi. Nonetheless, consensus among Sunni scholars concerning this six-book canon, which included Ibn Mājah's Sunan, did not occur until the 7th/13th century, and even then this consensus was largely contained to the Sunni scholarly community in the eastern Islamic world.[4] Scholars such as al-Nawawi (d. 676/1277) and Ibn Khaldun (d. 808/1405) excluded Sunan Ibn Mājah from their lists of canonical Sunni hadith collections, while others replaced it with either the Muwaṭṭaʾ of Imām Mālik or with the Sunan ad-Dārimī. It was not until Ibn al-Qaisarani's formal standardization of the Sunni hadith cannon into six books in the 11th century that Ibn Majah's collection was regarded the esteem granted to the five other books.

Contents[edit]

The book is divided into 38[5] or 39[6] volumes.

  1. the book of the sunnah
  2. the book of purification and its sunnah
  3. the book of tayammum (rubbing hands and feet with dust)[6]
  4. the book of the prayer
  5. the book of the adhan (the call to prayer) and the sunnah regarding it
  6. the book on the mosques and the congregations
  7. establishing the prayer and the sunnah regarding them
  8. chapters regarding funerals
  9. fasting
  10. the chapters regarding zakat
  11. the chapters on marriage
  12. the chapters on divorce
  13. the chapters on expiation
  14. the chapters on business transactions
  15. the chapters on rulings
  16. the chapters on gifts
  17. the chapters on charity
  18. the chapters on pawning
  19. the chapters on shufa (preemption)
  20. the chapters on lost property
  21. the chapters on manumission (of slaves)
  22. the chapters on legal punishments
  23. the chapters on blood money
  24. the chapters on wills
  25. chapters on shares of inheritance
  26. the chapters on jihad
  27. chapters on hajj rituals
  28. chapters on sacrifices
  29. chapters on slaughtering
  30. chapters on hunting
  31. chapters on food
  32. chapters on drinks
  33. chapters on medicine
  34. chapters on dress
  35. etiquette
  36. supplication
  37. interpretation of dreams
  38. tribulations
  39. zuhd

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gibril, Haddad (4 April 2003). "Various Issues About Hadiths". living ISLAM – Islamic Tradition.
  2. ^ Robson, James (1958). "The Transmission of Ibn Mājah's 'Sunan'". Journal of Semitic Studies. 3.2: 139.
  3. ^ Brown, Jonathan (2009). "The Canonization of Ibn Mājah: Authenticity vs. Utility in the Formation of the Sunni Ḥadīth Canon". Revue des Mondes Musulmans et de la Méditerranée. 129: 175.
  4. ^ Goldziher, Ignaz (1971). Muslim Studies, Volume II. Aldine Publishing Company. pp. 241–44.
  5. ^ "Sunan Ibn Majah". sunnah.com. Retrieved Jun 27, 2019.
  6. ^ a b "All books and chapters of sunan ibn e majah". www.islamicfinder.org. Retrieved 2019-12-01.

External links[edit]