Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Northumberland County
Map of Northumberland County highlighting Sunbury
|• Mayor||David Persing|
|• Total||2.2 sq mi (6 km2)|
|• Land||2.1 sq mi (5 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2) 1.40%|
|Elevation||450 ft (140 m)|
|• Density||4,716.7/sq mi (1,821.1/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||570 Exchanges: 286, 863, 988|
Sunbury // is a city in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States. It is on the east bank of the Susquehanna River, just downstream of the confluence of its main and West branches. It dates to the early 18th century and is the county seat of Northumberland County.
Thomas Edison features in the town's history, and the historic Edison Hotel was renamed in his honor. Other historic sites include the Beck House, Northumberland County Courthouse, and Sunbury Historic District, all listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Sunbury is the principal city in the Sunbury, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area and one of three principal cities in the Bloomsburg-Berwick-Sunbury, PA Combined Statistical Area.
Sunbury's population was 9,905 at the 2010 census.
The date of first human settlement of Sunbury is not known. However, historian C. A. Weslager indicates that it was probably Shawnee migrants who first settled there. A large population of Delaware Indians was also forcibly resettled there in the early 18th century after they lost rights to their land in the Walking Purchase. Canasatego of the Six Nations, enforcing the Walking Purchase of behalf of George Thomas, Deputy Governor of Pennsylvania, ordered the Delaware Indians to go to two places on the Susquehanna River, one of which was present-day Sunbury.
From 1727 to 1756, Sunbury was one of the largest and most influential Indian settlements in Pennsylvania. At that time, it was known as Shamokin, not to be confused with the present-day city of Shamokin, Pennsylvania, which is located to the east. In 1745, Presbyterian missionary David Brainerd described the city as being located on both the east and west sides of the river, and on an island, as well. Brainerd reported that the city housed 300 Indians, half of which were Delawares and the other Seneca and Tutelo.
In 1754, much of the land west of the Susquehanna was transferred from the Six Nations to Pennsylvania at the Albany Congress. However, Shamokin was not sold and was reserved by the Six Nations, "to settle such of our Nations as shall come to us from the Ohio or any others who shall deserve to be in our Alliance." According to Weslager, "the Pennsylvania authorities had no opposition to the Six Nations reserving Wyoming and Shamokin from the sale, since friendly Delawares, including Teedyuskung (also known as Teedyuscung) and his people living in those settlements--and any other Indians who might be placed there--constituted a buffer against Connecticut."
The French and Indian War brought fighting to much of the region. The Delaware Indian residents of Shamokin remained neutral for much of the early part of the war, in part because a drought and unseasonable frost in Shamokin in 1755 left them without provisions. However, the Delaware Indians at Shamokin joined the war against Pennsylvania and the English after the Gnadenhutten massacre in 1755. Pennsylvania Fort Augusta was built in 1756 at Shamokin. Read more about early history of Sunbury in Shamokin (village).
On March 21, 1772, Northumberland County was incorporated and subdivided. The settlement of Shamokin was renamed Sunbury that same year, and the present-day city of Sunbury identifies 1772 as the date of its "establishment." It was named after Sunbury-on-Thames, a town in the Surrey borough of Spelthorne, England, just outside of Greater London.
Lorenzo Da Ponte lived in Sunbury some years upon his arrival in America. Thomas Edison installed the first successful three-wire electric lighting system in July 1883 at what was then known as the City Hotel. At the city's 150th anniversary celebration in 1922, it was renamed the Edison Hotel.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2), of which 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (1.40%) is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
Sunbury is the largest principal city of the Sunbury-Lewisburg-Selinsgrove, Pennsylvania, a Combined Statistical Area (CSA) that includes the Sunbury (Northumberland County), Lewisburg (Union County), and Selinsgrove (Snyder County) micropolitan areas, which had a combined population of 173,726 at the 2000 census.
As of the census of 2010, there were 9,905 people, 4,540 households, and 2,637 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,716.7 people per square mile. There were 4,864 housing units at an average density of 2,316.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of Sunbury in 2000 was 95.26% White, 1.29% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.91% from other races, and 1.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.09% of the population.
In 2000, there were 4,540 households, of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.2% were married couples living together, 14.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.9% were non-families. 36.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.91.
In 2000, the city the population had 23.9% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.7 males.
The median income for a household in Sunbury was $25,893 in 2000, and the median income for a family was $33,148. Males had a median income of $26,497 versus $18,994 for females. The per capita income was $13,350. About 14.6% of families and 18.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.7% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.
Sunbury is a city of the third class. Pennsylvania third class cities are municipalities with a population of at least 10,000 (at one time) but fewer than 80,000 residents. The city operates under a commission form of government, with a mayor and four councilmen. The mayor is a member and serves as president of the council. All third class cities are governed by the Third Class City Code. Each councilman and mayor is in charge of one of the city’s major departments. The current mayor is David Persing.
These officials and the controller and treasurer are elected at-large for four-year terms. Appointments of all other city officers and employees are made by the council. The current members of city council are James Eister, Richard Reichner, Dale Henry and Todd Snyder. The goals of these members are to enact legislation for the ethical operation of the city government, to assist in the planning of the city's revitalization and future, and to maintain discussions with the city administration and residents to ensure a smooth and efficient government to govern.
The police department is headed by chief of police Bradley Hare. There is an extensive staff including officers, a K-9 unit and clerical support. The department participates in the DARE anti-drug program, bolstered by drug sweeps.
The Sunbury Municipal Authority manages the following services for residents, businesses and industries of the Sunbury and parts of Upper Augusta: drinking water, wastewater, flood control, recycling, and the Municipal Transfer Station for large rubbish. Residents may bring their trash there for disposal for a per-bag or by-weight fee.
In July 2007 the city council voted to begin a program aimed at dealing with blighted properties. Initially the program will address seven properties. The properties will be demolished at the taxpayer's expense and put to public use.
The city is in the 108th District Pennsylvania House of Representatives and the 27th district of the Pennsylvania Senate in the Pennsylvania General Assembly. With regard to the U.S. House of Representatives, residents are in Pennsylvania's 10th congressional district.
Weis Markets, a regional supermarket chain operating in five states, is headquartered in Sunbury. The company is a significant employer in the city and the region.
R. U. Troutman & Sons, Inc. is a snack food distributor in Sunbury. The company distributes products such as Middleswarth potato chips, Tom Sturgis pretzels, Uncle Henry hard pretzels, Keystone Food products, Trails Best meats, and more.
Great Coasters International is a world-known roller coaster design and manufacturing firm and lists its contact address in Sunbury, though it is located outside of the city limits.
Sunbury Motor Company is a family owned and operated company since 1915; it is on North 4th Street.
The local public school system is the Shikellamy School District. The administrative offices are at Administration Center, 200 Island Blvd, Sunbury, PA 17801. Shikellamy High School has an 84% graduation rate according to the district report card 2010. In 11th grade, 49% were proficient in math. For reading 62% were proficient in 2005-2006. Shikellamy High is ranked 384th out of 606 public high schools in Pennsylvania.
The Shikellamy School Board set the budget at $34.62 million for 2007-2008. The board levies taxes to support its programs. These include 62.5 mills real estate tax in 2007. Per capita taxes are $5 per resident. An earned income tax of one-half of 1 percent of income yields a revenue of approximately $1.8 million. Additionally, the real estate transfer tax of one-half percent (Nothumberland borough, Point Township, Rockefeller Township) and one percent (Snydertown borough) is levied on real estate transfers.
Voters rejected a tax referendum in May 2007 which would have increased local earned income tax by 0.5 percent to reduce property taxes for homeowners and farmers by $176.
SUN Area Technical Institute is a regional vocational school, offering adult education classes, vocational education, and technical career training. SUN Tech serves over 1500 people annually. It is ISO9001 and Middle States Accredited. SUN Tech was presented with the Significant Achievement Award in Education for raising their Malcolm Baldridge National Quality Award score to 648 points, a 345-point increase from 303 points in August 2000.
Residents have a selection of alternative schools. By law, the local public school must provide transportation to schools within 10 miles (20 km) of the borders of the school district at no charge to the student.
- Sunbury Christian Academy offers pre-kindergarten through 12th grade. The campus is just north of the borough of Northumberland. The student population is nearing 160. Programs and student accomplishments are noted regularly in local media.
- Northumberland Christian School was founded in 1972 and is a ministry of the First Regular Baptist Church of Northumberland. The school offers an educational program for students from preschool through high school.
- Connections Academy provides a form of public school that students can attend from home. This is a unique program that combines strong parental involvement, the expertise and accountability of publicly funded education, and the flexibility of online classes. It is centered on meeting students needs and goals with a K-11th program. Students are required to take all state-mandated, standardized tests in person at locations designated by the school.
- SusQ-Cyber Charter School provides students in grades 9-12 with an electronically delivered accredited high school curriculum. SusQ-Cyber, started in Milton, PA, is now in Bloomsburg and offers individualized support and a unique learning experience.
- 21st Century Cyber Charter School is a state accredited, diploma granting school serving Pennsylvania students in grades 6 through 12. Modifications are made to suit individual student learning styles, varying academic levels and scheduling needs. Most classes are offered in honors, college prep, and career paths. All of the classes are designed to prepare the student for standardized tests such as the PSSAs. A specialized program meets the individual needs of Gifted students permitting them to escape the constraints of the local education entities.
- Pennsylvania Virtual Charter School provides a structured yet flexible, interactive environment in a program for kindergarten through 10th grade. The rigorous instruction, high standards, informed guidance, and individual attention provide each student with the opportunity to be highly successful. Teachers interact with students by email. Additionally the Elluminate classroom gives the student access to their teachers during office hours to ask questions related to content of a subject. "An independent audit of cyber-charter schools by KPMG Consulting, which was commissioned by the Pennsylvania Department of Education, praised PAVCS for offering a well-researched program and an appropriate assessment plan."
The Degenstein Community Library is at 40 South Fifth Street. It provides print, video, microfilm and online resources. Programs promote reading for all age levels.
The Northumberland County Historical Society maintains the Charlotte Darrah Walter Genealogical Library. It contains material on local history along with thousands of records of early families from Northumberland County and surrounding counties. Access to records is on a fee basis. There are permanent exhibits dealing with the site in prehistoric times, at the time of the Moravian Mission and blacksmith shop, and Fort Augusta during the French and Indian War and later under the Americans, during the Revolutionary War.
The local newspaper is The Daily Item. There are a variety of local radio stations, including the all news/sports channel WKOK 1070 kHz AM, the Big Country Radio Network (WLGL 92.3 FM, WYGL-FM 100.5 FM, and WWBE 98.3 FM) and WFYY Y106.5 FM and 94.1 WQKX.
- Tim Boetsch is a UFC fighter with training in American mixed martial arts.
- Charles M. Clement, Pennsylvania Army National Guard Major General.
- Lorenzo da Ponte, Mozart's librettist (Cosi fan Tutte, Le Nozze di Figaro and Don Giovanni) lived in Sunbury from 1811 to 1818.
- Charles L. Dering, Wisconsin lawyer and politician, was born in Sunbury.
- Steve Kline (left-handed pitcher) former Major League pitcher
- Brenda Lewis, Metropolitan Opera soprano and Broadway star
- Timothy Murphy, American Revolutionary War soldier/sniper (Battle of Bemis Heights)
- Glen Retief, Lambda Literary award winning writer and author of The Jack Bank, A Memoir of a South African Childhood.
- Shikellamy, also known as Swatana, was an Oneida chief and overseer for the Iroquois confederacy who, as a supervisor for the Six Nations, oversaw the Shawnee and Lenape tribes in central Pennsylvania along the Susquehanna River. In 1742, he moved to the village of Shamokin, modern day Sunbury, and lived there until his death in 1748. He is reputed to be buried nearby.
- Peterson Toscano, playwright, actor, Bible scholar, and human rights activist.
In popular culture
In the episode titled "Nixon vs. Kennedy" in first season of the AMC cable drama Mad Men a train supposedly carrying the unrecognizable body of Pvt. Dick Whitman, who was killed in the Korean War, arrives in Sunbury. The escort officer with the casket is said to be Lt. Don Draper, and the casket is met by Dick Whitman's adoptive mother, his half brother, Adam and his mother's second husband. In fact, the person killed in Korea was Don Draper, and Dick Whitman has switched identities with Draper. Though Dick Whitman posing as Draper attempts to hide, Adam Whitman sees him, recognizes him, and chases the train as it leaves the station.
Parks and recreation
The extensive Sunbury Riverfront Park Project is in the planning and implementation stages in Sunbury. An extensive floodwall protection system was designed and built by the US Army Corps of Engineers in 1951. Additional height was added to the wall in 2003. The system has provided protection from 15 major flood events over the past 50 years. In 1972, flood waters from Hurricane Agnes crested at 35.8 feet (10.9 m) at Sunbury, two feet higher than the crest in 1936. The wall held back the water and residents showed their gratitude in messages they wrote on the wall.
Hurricane Agnes in late June 1972 was blamed for 10 deaths in Lancaster County, eight in Dauphin County, five in York County and four in both Northumberland and Luzerne counties, according to the Susquehanna River Basin Commission.
Additionally, a multimillion dollar fish ladder is being built across the river in Shamokin Dam to mitigate the impediment of the shad migration up the Susquehanna River caused by the annual inflation of the Adam T. Bower Fabri Dam.
The Adam T. Bower Memorial Dam, an inflatable fabric-tube dam barrage impounding the Susquehanna River, creates the 3,000 acres (12 km2) Augusta Lake for recreation. It is inflated in May and deflated in the fall. The new waterfront development in Sunbury will provide a marina with transient boat docks, walking trails, gardens, an amphitheater and a new accessible fishing pier. Three acres of land will be added to the river side of the flood wall.
The city offers baseball fields, a skating park, tennis courts, playgrounds, a community pool and a small park that is next to the county courthouse, in the downtown area.
A vacant building in the Shikellamy State Park along the river is under consideration for redevelopment as an environmental research and education center. Designed in the 1960s, the facility was originally the Basse Beck Environmental Center. It has been empty for several years.
The city and state struggle economically, part of America's "Rust Belt". A Brookings Institution publication has cited reasons including a lack of inter-municipal coordination and cooperation, a changing employment base and a dearth of jobs paying a living wage, out-migration of young people, an aging population, the need for workforce development, and an inequitable local tax structure.
The Greater Susquehanna Valley United Way in 2006 commissioned a study regarding what matters most in area communities. They found that some major concerns were alcohol and drug use among all age groups and its effects on the community, the dependency on social services and assistance across generations, and a lack of public transportation. It is the intention of the organization to focus spending on these issues.
The Susquehanna Industrial Development Corporation (SIDCO) received $173,500 in planning grant funding (2005) to support the redevelopment of the Wilhold Manufacturing facility in Sunbury. The BOS funding paid for a market study, phase II environmental study, wetland review, traffic impact study and title survey. The site, an 11.6-acre (47,000 m2) former rail yard and plastic manufacturing plant, is to be developed into four, 2-acre (8,100 m2) shovel-ready sites. It was suggested that the redevelopment of this facility will result in the creation of 120 jobs. The site was purchased by Moran Industries, based in Watsontown, for $200,000. Moran is using the space for food grade storage.
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Notes and references
- Sunbury, Pennsylvania (PA) Detailed Profile - relocation, real estate, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, news, sex offenders
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- Weslager, C. A. (1972). The Delaware Indians: A History. Rutgers University Press: News Brunswick, p. 192.
- Rev. John Edwards, ed., Memoirs of the Rev. David Brainerd, New Haven, 1822, p. 233.
- Weslager, C. A. (1972). The Delaware Indians: A History. Rutgers University Press: News Brunswick, p. 215.
- Weslager, C. A. (1972). The Delaware Indians: A History. Rutgers University Press: New Brunswick, p. 225-227.
- Weslager, C. A. (1972). The Delaware Indians: A History. Rutgers University Press: News Brunswick, p. 229.
- History of the Edison Hotel
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved November 20, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved November 20, 2013.
- MICROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENTS, Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-08-01.
- COMBINED STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENT CORE BASED STATISTICAL AREAS, Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-08-01.
- "Sunbury- City Council". Retrieved 20 April 2011.
- Scott, Rob, "City to take over 7 vacant houses." The Daily Item, July 24, 2007.
- Sunbury Textile Mills: http://www.sunburytextiles.com/
- R. U. Troutman & Sons, Inc. Distributing: http://pasnacks.com/Troutmans.htm
- Valley schools all over the chart, Daily Item, June 6, 2007
- Shikellamy school board adopts $34.6M budget, Daily Item, June 20, 2007
- Shikellamy budget approved, Daily Item, May 19, 2007
- Tax reform proposal falls in all Valley school districts, Daily Item, May 19, 2007.
- 24 PS 17-1726-A Transportation to charter schools
- http://www.connectionsacademy.com/state/home.asp?schoolCode=CCA Connections Academy
- Boss, Shira, "Virtual charters: public schooling, at home", Christian Science Monitor, January 2002.
- Northumberland County Historical Society website.
- J. L. Floyd & Co., Genealogical and Biographical Annals of Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, 1911, page 160
- 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1880,' Biographical Sketch of Charles Dering, pg. 505
- "Shikellamy Historical Marker", explorepahistory.com (Harrisburg, PA, USA: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission), retrieved July 28, 2012,
Oneida chief and overseer or vice-regent of the Six Nations asserting Iroquois dominion over conquered Delaware and other tribes. He lived at Shamokin Indian town, Sunbury, from about 1728 until his death, 1748. Said to be buried near here.
- Merrell, James. "Into the American Woods: Negotiators on the Pennsylvania Frontier".
- Grumet, Robert Steven (1996), Northeastern Indian lives, 1632-1816, Native Americans of the Northeast, Amherst, MA, USA: University of Massachusetts Press, ISBN 1558490019, LCCN 95033144, OCLC 605358451, retrieved July 28, 2012(subscription required)
- Mad Men, Season One dvd
- Background Information and Data, Sunbury Riverfront Park Project http://www.seda-cog.org/nor-sunbury/lib/nor-sunbury/riverfrontproject/finalmsp/01_background.pdf
- History of Sunbury The flood wall SEDA-COG, Oct. 12, 2005.
- Tropical Storm Agnes in the Susquehanna River Basin June 21–24, 1972, Susquehanna River Basin Commission, Information Sheet
- DCNR to Remove Last Impediment to Shad on Susquehanna
- Public parks of Sunbury http://www.seda-cog.org/nor-sunbury/cwp/view.asp?a=853&q=428179
- Alter, Theodore R. "Strengthening Rural Pennsylvania" Brookings Institution. March 2007.
- "Group works to define quality of life issues." The Daily Item, July 15, 2007.
- Business in our Sites award
- Finnerty, John, "Moran buys Wilhold site", The Daily Item, Jan 13, 2006.
- "Contact Us." (Archive) Weis Markets. Retrieved on May 7, 2012. "1000 South Second Street PO Box 471 Sunbury, Pennsylvania 17801"