Sunday Island (Victoria)
Sunday Island is a low-lying, sandy, 16.2 km2 barrier island on the coast of Victoria, Australia. It is about 8 km long by 3 km wide and rises to a maximum height of no more than 15 m asl. It lies in Corner Inlet, South Gippsland, 4 km south-west of Port Albert and 215 km south-east of Melbourne. Although the island is surrounded by the Nooramunga Marine and Coastal Park, it is private freehold property, a game reserve owned by the Para Park Cooperative. It contains an airstrip and a jetty as well as accommodation buildings for a resident manager and visiting members.
Sunday Island lies within the traditional lands of the Brataolong clan of the Gunai nation. European settlers arrived in the area in the early 1840s and the island has a history of being grazed since at least 1860. A pilot station operated from 1900 to 1922, while a homestead was occupied from 1918 to 1938. The island carried around 350 head of cattle, which were later replaced by up to 2200 sheep.
Para Park Cooperative
The Para Park Cooperative was established in 1965 by 200 people, most of whom were members of the Sporting Shooters Association of Australia, in order to raise A$40,000 for the purchase of the island for the conservation, study and sustainable hunting of Hog Deer. The number of members is still about 200; membership is limited by a waiting list, and includes an annual work commitment for every member under 65. All accommodation on the island is limited to a small area at the eastern end, with the rest of the island left wild except for management tracks and dams. Hunting is seasonal, with quotas determined by management culling needs. Permits to hunt are restricted to members and are balloted. The cooperative has supplied Hog Deer stock to the Blond Bay State Game Reserve in East Gippsland.
The aims and objectives of the Cooperative are to:
- maintain the island in perpetuity as a game management and hunting area
- conserve the game animals and birds present and complement these with other suitable and desirable game species
- control noxious animals and birds
- carry out conservation projects that will improve the habitat and game carrying capacity of the island
- provide a controlled area for wildlife research
- provide and maintain facilities for the benefit of members
- undertake, or assist with, projects beneficial to wildlife conservation and to the sports of hunting and shooting
Flora and fauna
Sunday Island vegetation includes stands of manna gum, coastal banksia, coastal tea tree and golden wattle, with tussock grass and bracken. The island supports swamp wallabies as well as managed populations of the introduced hog deer and fallow deer. The surrounding intertidal mudflats form an important feeding habitat for thousands of migratory waders that visit Corner Inlet each year.
- Park Notes: Corner Inlet and Nooramunga Marine and Coastal Parks
- Para Park Cooperative Game Reserve: History
- Bentley, Arthur. (1978). An Introduction to the Deer of Australia. Koetong Trust Service Fund, Forests Commission, Victoria: Melbourne.
- Williams, Ross. (2008). Sunday Island – Conservation in Action. The Victorian Shooter Magazine 10(3): 3. 
- Para Park Bylaws