Sunderland (UK Parliament constituency)

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Sunderland
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18321950
Number of members Two

Sunderland was a borough constituency of the House of Commons, created by the Reform Act 1832 for the 1832 general election. It elected two Members of Parliament (MP) by the bloc vote system of election until it was split into single-member seats of Sunderland North and Sunderland South for the 1950 general election.

Boundaries[edit]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party
1832 Sir William Chaytor, Bt. Whig George Barrington
1833 by-election William Thompson
1835 David Barclay
1837 Andrew White
June 1841 David Barclay
September 1841 by-election Viscount Howick Whig
1845 by-election George Hudson Conservative
December 1847 by-election Sir Hedworth Williamson, Bt.
1852 William Seymour Liberal
1855 by-election Henry Fenwick Liberal
1859 William Schaw Lindsay Liberal
1865 James Hartley Conservative
1866 by-election John Candlish Liberal
1868 Edward Temperley Gourley Liberal
1874 Sir Henry Havelock-Allan, Bt. Liberal
1881 by-election Samuel Storey Liberal
1895 Theodore Doxford Unionist
1900 John Stapylton Grey Pemberton Conservative
1906 James Stuart Liberal Thomas Summerbell Labour
January 1910 Samuel Storey Independent Conservative James Knott Conservative
December 1910 Sir Hamar Greenwood, Bt. Liberal Frank Walter Goldstone Labour
1918 Coalition Liberal Ralph Milbanke Hudson Conservative
1922 Luke Thompson Conservative Walter Raine Conservative
1929 Marion Phillips Labour Alfred Smith Labour
May 1931 by-election Luke Thompson Conservative
October 1931 Samuel Storey junior Conservative
1935 Stephen Noel Furness National Liberal
1945 Richard Ewart Labour Frederick Thomas Willey Labour
1950 constituency abolished: see Sunderland North and Sunderland South

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

W.T. Doxford
Alexander Wilkie
General Election 1900: Sunderland[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Green tickY William Theodore Doxford 9,617 25.7
Conservative Green tickY John Stapylton Grey Pemberton 9,566 25.6
Liberal George Burton Hunter 9,370 25.1
Labour 8,842 23.6
Majority 196 0.5
Turnout 78.3
Conservative hold Swing
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
James Stuart
General Election 1906: Sunderland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Green tickY James Stuart 13,620 32.2
Labour Green tickY Thomas Summerbell 13,430 31.9
Conservative DH Haggle 7,879 18.7
Conservative John Stapylton Grey Pemberton 7,244 17.2
Majority 5,551 13.2
Turnout 85.5
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election January 1910: Sunderland[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Conservative Green tickY *Samuel Storey 12,334 26.2
Conservative Green tickY James Knott 12,270 26.0
Liberal Rt Hon. James Stuart 11,529 24.4
Labour Thomas Summerbell 11,058 23.4
Majority 805 1.8
Turnout 87.2
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
Independent Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
  • Storey stood as "Independent Tariff Reform" but was fully supported by local Conservative Association
Greenwood
General Election December 1910: Sunderland[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Green tickY Hamar Greenwood 11,997
Labour Green tickY Frank Walter Goldstone 11,291
Conservative William Joynson-Hicks 10,300
Conservative Samuel Samuel 10,132
Majority
Turnout
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1918: [4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal 27,646 43.9
Unionist 25,698 40.8
Labour Frank Walter Goldstone 9,603 15.3
Turnout 56.4
Majority 18,043 28.6
Liberal hold Swing
Majority 16,095 25.5
Unionist gain from Labour Swing
  • endorsed by Coalition Government

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

Sunderland by-election, 1920[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Coalition Liberal Sir Hamar Greenwood 22,813 54.0 +10.1
Labour Vickerman Henzell Rutherford 14,379 34.0 +18.7
Liberal E.M. Howe 5,065 12.0 n/a
Majority 8,434 20.0 -8.6
Turnout 55.4 -1.0
Coalition Liberal hold Swing -4.3
General Election 1922[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Walter Raine 28,001 25.0 n/a
Unionist Luke Thompson 24,591 22.0 n/a
National Liberal Rt Hon. Sir Hamar Greenwood 19,058 17.0 n/a
Labour David Baxter Lawley 13,683 12.2 n/a
Labour Vickerman Henzell Rutherford 13,490 12.1 n/a
Liberal Lawrence Andrew Common 13,036 11.7 n/a
Turnout 81.6 +26.2
Majority 5,533 5.0 n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
Majority n/a
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing n/a
General Election 1923: Sunderland [7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Green tickYWalter Raine 23,497 19.9
Unionist Green tickYLuke Thompson 23,379 19.8
Liberal Lawrence Andrew Common 22,438 19.0 +7.3
Liberal Rt Hon. Sir Hamar Greenwood 22,034 18.6
Labour David Baxter Lawley 13,707 11.6 -0.6
Labour Thomas William Gillinder 13,184 11.1 -1.0
Majority 1,905 1.1
Turnout 77.9
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Green tickYLuke Thompson 28,612 25.4 +5.6
Unionist Green tickYWalter Raine 28,608 25.3 +5.4
Labour J. MacVeagh 21,823 19.3 +7.7
Liberal Lawrence Andrew Common 20,139 17.8 -1.2
Liberal Ian Campbell Hannah 13,731 12.2 -6.4
Turnout 84.6 +6.7
Majority 6,785 6.0 +5.2
Unionist hold Swing
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1929: Sunderland [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Green tickYMarion Phillips 31,794 19.5 +0.2
Labour Green tickYAlfred Smith 31,085 19.0 -0.3
Unionist Sir Walter Raine 29,180 17.9 -7.4
Unionist Luke Thompson 28,937 17.7 -7.7
Liberal Elizabeth Trebelle Morgan 21,300 13.0 -4.8
Liberal Sir John William Pratt 21,142 12.9 +0.7
Majority 1,905 1.1 7.1
Turnout 81.1 -3.5
Labour gain from Unionist Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

Sunderland by-election, 1931 [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Green tickY Luke Thompson 30,497 40.3
Labour James Thomas Brownlie 30,074 39.8
Liberal Elizabeth Trebelle Morgan 15,020 19.9
Majority 423 0.5
Turnout 73.1
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1931: Sunderland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Green tickY Luke Thompson 53,386 32.3
Conservative Green tickY Samuel Storey, jr. 52,589 31.80
Labour Marion Phillips 29,707 18.0
Labour Denis Nowell Pritt 29,680 17.9
Majority 22,882 13.8
Turnout 81.1
Conservative hold Swing
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1935: Sunderland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal National Green tickY Stephen Noel Furness 49,001 30.2
Conservative Green tickY Samuel Storey, jr. 48,760 30.0
Labour George Edward Gordon Catlin 32,483 20.0
Labour Elizabeth Leah Manning 32,059 19.8
Majority 16,277 10.0
Turnout 79.0
Conservative hold Swing
Liberal National gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1945: Sunderland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Green tickY Frederick Thomas Willey 38,769 28.1
Labour Green tickY Richard Ewart 36,711 26.6
Liberal National Stephen Noel Furness 29,366 21.3
Conservative Samuel Storey, jr. 28,579 20.7
Communist T.A. Richardson 4,501 3.3
Majority 7,345 5.90
Turnout 77.2
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
Labour gain from Liberal National Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results, 1885-1918 FWS Craig
  2. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results, 1885-1918 FWS Craig
  3. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  4. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results, 1918-1949 FWS Craig
  5. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results, 1918-1949 FWS Craig
  6. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results, 1918-1949 FWS Craig
  7. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  8. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results, 1918-1949 FWS Craig
  9. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  10. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  11. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939