Sunderland (UK Parliament constituency)

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Sunderland
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18321950
Number of membersTwo
Replaced bySunderland North and Sunderland South

Sunderland was a borough constituency of the House of Commons, created by the Reform Act 1832 for the 1832 general election. It elected two Members of Parliament (MP) by the bloc vote system of election until it was split into single-member seats of Sunderland North and Sunderland South for the 1950 general election.

Boundaries[edit]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Year 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party
1832 Sir William Chaytor Whig[1] George Barrington Whig[1]
1833 William Thompson Tory[1][2][3]
1834 Conservative[1][2][3]
1835 David Barclay Whig[2][4][3][1]
1837 Andrew White Whig[2][4][1][5]
1841 David Barclay Whig[2][4][3][1]
1841 Viscount Howick Whig[6][1]
1845 George Hudson Conservative
1847 Sir Hedworth Williamson Whig[7][6][8]
1852 William Seymour Radical[9][10][11][12]
1855 Henry Fenwick Whig[10][11][12]
1859 Liberal William Schaw Lindsay Liberal
1865 James Hartley Conservative
1866 John Candlish Liberal
1868 Edward Temperley Gourley Liberal
1874 Sir Henry Havelock-Allan Liberal
1881 Samuel Storey Liberal
1895 Theodore Doxford Unionist
1900 John Stapylton Grey Pemberton Conservative
1906 James Stuart Liberal Thomas Summerbell Labour
1910 Samuel Storey Independent Conservative James Knott Conservative
1910 Sir Hamar Greenwood Liberal Frank Goldstone Labour
1918 Coalition Liberal Ralph Milbanke Hudson Unionist
1922 Luke Thompson Unionist Walter Raine Unionist
1929 Marion Phillips Labour Alfred Smith Labour
1931 Luke Thompson Conservative
1931 Samuel Storey Conservative
1935 Stephen Furness Liberal National
1945 Richard Ewart Labour Fred Willey Labour
1950 constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1840s[edit]

General Election 1841: Sunderland[13][1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Thompson Unopposed
Whig David Barclay Unopposed
Registered electors 1,691
Conservative hold
Whig hold

Thompson resigned by accepting the office of Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds in order to contest a by-election at Westmorland, causing a by-election.

By-election, 17 September 1841: Sunderland[13][1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Henry Grey 706 60.4 N/A
Conservative Matthias Wolverley Attwood 462 39.6 N/A
Majority 244 20.9 N/A
Turnout 1,168 69.1 N/A
Registered electors 1,691
Whig gain from Conservative Swing N/A

Grey succeeded to the peerage, becoming 3rd Earl Grey and causing a by-election.

By-election, 15 August 1845: Sunderland[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Hudson 627 55.7 N/A
Radical Thomas Perronet Thompson[14][15] 498 44.3 N/A
Majority 129 11.5 N/A
Turnout 1,125 66.9 N/A
Registered electors 1,681
Conservative gain from Whig Swing N/A
General Election 1847: Sunderland[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Hudson 879 42.1 N/A
Whig David Barclay 642 30.7 N/A
Radical William Arthur Wilkinson[16] 568 27.2 N/A
Turnout 1,045 (est) 61.7 (est) N/A
Registered electors 1,693
Majority 237 11.3 N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Majority 74 3.5 N/A
Whig hold Swing N/A

Barclay resigned by accepting the office of Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds, causing a by-election.

By-election, 22 December 1847: Sunderland[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Hedworth Williamson 705 55.0 +24.3
Radical William Arthur Wilkinson 576 45.0 +17.8
Majority 129 10.1 +6.6
Turnout 1,281 75.7 +14.0
Registered electors 1,692
Whig hold Swing +3.3

Elections in the 1850s[edit]

General Election 1852: Sunderland[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Hudson 868 37.2 −4.9
Radical William Digby Seymour 814 34.8 +7.6
Whig Henry Fenwick 654 28.0 −2.7
Turnout 1,168 (est) 59.2 (est) −2.5
Registered electors 1,973
Majority 54 2.3 −9.0
Conservative hold Swing −4.4
Majority 160 6.8 N/A
Radical gain from Whig Swing +4.5

Seymour was appointed Recorder of Newcastle upon Tyne, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 2 January 1855: Sunderland[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Henry Fenwick 956 59.7 +31.7
Radical William Digby Seymour 646 40.3 +5.5
Majority 310 19.4 N/A
Turnout 1,602 73.6 +14.4
Registered electors 2,176
Whig gain from Radical Swing +13.1
General Election 1857: Sunderland[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Henry Fenwick 1,123 36.6 +8.6
Conservative George Hudson 1,081 35.2 −2.0
Radical Ralph Walters[17] 863 28.1 −6.7
Turnout 1,534 (est) 61.5 (est) +2.3
Registered electors 2,493
Majority 42 1.4 N/A
Whig gain from Radical Swing +7.7
Majority 218 7.1 +4.8
Conservative hold Swing −3.2
General Election 1859: Sunderland[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Fenwick 1,527 42.3 +5.7
Liberal William Schaw Lindsay 1,292 35.8 +7.7
Conservative George Hudson 790 21.9 −13.3
Majority 502 13.9 +12.5
Turnout 2,200 (est) 80.6 (est) +19.1
Registered electors 2,493
Liberal hold Swing +6.2
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +7.2

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General Election 1865: Sunderland[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Fenwick 1,826 40.7 −1.6
Conservative James Hartley 1,355 30.2 +8.3
Liberal John Candlish 1,307 29.1 −6.7
Turnout 2,922 (est) 84.2 (est) +3.6
Registered electors 3,468
Majority 471 10.5 −3.4
Liberal hold Swing −2.9
Majority 48 1.1 N/A
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +8.3

Fenwick was appointed a Civil Lord of the Admiralty, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 28 February 1866: Sunderland[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Candlish 1,430 52.5 +23.4
Liberal Henry Fenwick 1,294 47.5 +6.8
Majority 136 5.0 N/A
Turnout 2,724 78.5 −5.7
Registered electors 3,468
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General Election 1868: Sunderland[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Candlish 6,237 42.3 +13.2
Liberal Edward Temperley Gourley 4,901 33.3 N/A
Liberal Thomas Charles Thompson 3,596 24.4 N/A
Majority 1,305 8.9 −1.6
Turnout 7,367 (est) 64.8 (est) −19.4
Registered electors 11,364
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing N/A

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

General Election 1874: Sunderland[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edward Temperley Gourley 6,172 38.9 +5.6
Liberal Henry Havelock 5,920 37.3 N/A
Conservative Laurence Richardson Baily 3,781 23.8 N/A
Majority 2,139 13.5 +4.6
Turnout 9,827 (est) 70.2 (est) +5.4
Registered electors 14,008
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1880: Sunderland[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edward Temperley Gourley 7,639 40.4 +1.5
Liberal Henry Havelock-Allan 6,995 37.0 −0.3
Conservative Edward Brooke[18] 4,262 22.6 −1.2
Majority 2,733 14.5 +1.0
Turnout 11,901 (est) 79.2 (est) +9.0
Registered electors 15,021
Liberal hold Swing +1.1
Liberal hold Swing +0.2

Allan resigned, causing a by-election.

By-election, 12 Apr 1881: Sunderland[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Samuel Storey Unopposed
Liberal hold
General Election 1885: Sunderland[19][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Samuel Storey 8,295 36.4 −0.6
Liberal Edward Temperley Gourley 7,759 34.1 −6.3
Conservative Samuel Peter Austin 6,703 29.5 +6.9
Majority 1,056 4.6 −9.5
Turnout 14,416 79.7 +0.5 (est)
Registered electors 18,078
Liberal hold Swing −2.0
Liberal hold Swing −4.9
General Election 1886: Sunderland[19][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Samuel Storey 6,971 35.1 -1.3
Liberal Edward Temperley Gourley 6,840 34.5 +0.4
Liberal Unionist William Stobart[21] 6,027 30.4 +0.9
Majority 813 4.1 −0.5
Turnout 12,863 71.2 −9.5
Registered electors 18,078
Liberal hold Swing −0.9
Liberal hold Swing −0.0

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Sunderland[19][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Green tickY Samuel Storey 9,711 27.3 −7.8
Liberal Green tickY Edward Temperley Gourley 9,554 26.8 −7.7
Liberal Unionist Frederick Lambton 8,394 23.5 −6.9
Conservative John Stapylton Grey Pemberton 8,002 22.4 N/A
Majority 1,160 3.3 -0.8
Turnout 17,990 80.7 +9.5
Registered electors 22,282
Liberal hold Swing −0.5
Liberal hold Swing −0.4
Doxford
General Election 1895: Sunderland[19][20][22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Green tickY Theodore Doxford 9,833 37.4 +15.0
Liberal Green tickY Edward Temperley Gourley 8,232 31.4 +4.6
Liberal Samuel Storey 8,185 31.2 +3.9
Majority 1,648 6.2 N/A
Turnout 17,910 79.9 −0.8
Registered electors 22,408
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +5.2
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Wilkie
General Election 1900: Sunderland[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Green tickY Theodore Doxford 9,617 25.7 +7.0[n 1]
Conservative Green tickY John Stapylton Grey Pemberton 9,566 25.6 +6.9[n 1]
Liberal George Burton Hunter 9,370 25.1 −37.5[n 2]
Labour Repr. Cmte. 8,842 23.6 N/A
Majority 196 0.5 −5.7
Turnout 78.3 −1.6
Registered electors 24,423
Conservative hold Swing +22.3
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +22.2
Stuart
General Election 1906: Sunderland[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Green tickY James Stuart 13,620 32.2 +7.1
Labour Repr. Cmte. Green tickY Thomas Summerbell 13,430 31.9 +8.3
Conservative DH Haggle 7,879 18.7 −7.0
Conservative John Stapylton Grey Pemberton 7,244 17.2 −8.4
Turnout 85.5 +7.2
Registered electors 27,650
Majority 5,741 13.5 N/A
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +7.1
Majority 5,551 13.2 N/A
Labour Repr. Cmte. gain from Conservative Swing +8.4

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Sunderland[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Ind. Conservative Green tickY *Samuel Storey 12,334 26.2 N/A
Conservative Green tickY James Knott 12,270 26.0 +7.3
Liberal James Stuart 11,529 24.4 −7.8
Labour Thomas Summerbell 11,058 23.4 −8.5
Turnout 87.2 +1.7
Registered electors 27,610
Majority 805 1.8 N/A
Ind. Conservative gain from Liberal Swing N/A
Majority 805 1.8 N/A
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +7.6
  • stood as "Independent Tariff Reform" but was supported by local Conservative Association
Greenwood
General Election December 1910: Sunderland[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Green tickY Hamar Greenwood 11,997 27.4 +3.0
Labour Green tickY Frank Goldstone 11,291 25.8 +2.4
Conservative William Joynson-Hicks 10,300 23.6 −2.4
Conservative Samuel Samuel 10,132 23.2 N/A
Turnout 81.2 −6.0
Registered electors 27,610
Majority 1,697 3.8 N/A
Liberal gain from Ind. Conservative Swing N/A
Majority 991 2.2 N/A
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +2.4

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1918: Sunderland [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Liberal Green tickY Hamar Greenwood 27,646 43.9 +16.5
Unionist Green tickYRalph Milbanke Hudson 25,698 40.8 −6.0
Labour Frank Goldstone 9,603 15.3 −10.5
Turnout 56.4 −24.8
Majority 18,043 28.6 +24.8
Liberal hold Swing +11.3
Majority 16,095 25.5 N/A
Unionist gain from Labour Swing +2.3
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

Sunderland by-election, 1920[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Coalition Liberal Hamar Greenwood 22,813 54.0 +10.1
Labour Vickerman Rutherford 14,379 34.0 +18.7
Liberal E.M. Howe 5,065 12.0 n/a
Majority 8,434 20.0 -8.6
Turnout 55.4 -1.0
Coalition Liberal hold Swing -4.3
General Election 1922: Sunderland[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Walter Raine 28,001 25.0 n/a
Unionist Luke Thompson 24,591 22.0 n/a
National Liberal Hamar Greenwood 19,058 17.0 n/a
Labour David Baxter Lawley 13,683 12.2 n/a
Labour Vickerman Rutherford 13,490 12.1 n/a
Liberal Andrew Common 13,036 11.7 n/a
Turnout 81.6 +26.2
Majority 5,533 5.0 n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
Majority n/a
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing n/a
General Election 1923: Sunderland [25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Green tickYWalter Raine 23,497 19.9
Unionist Green tickYLuke Thompson 23,379 19.8
Liberal Andrew Common 22,438 19.0 +7.3
Liberal Hamar Greenwood 22,034 18.6
Labour David Baxter Lawley 13,707 11.6 -0.6
Labour Tom Gillinder 13,184 11.1 -1.0
Majority 1,905 1.1
Turnout 77.9
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924: Sunderland[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Green tickYLuke Thompson 28,612 25.4 +5.6
Unionist Green tickYWalter Raine 28,608 25.3 +5.4
Labour Jeremiah McVeagh 21,823 19.3 +7.7
Liberal Andrew Common 20,139 17.8 -1.2
Liberal Ian Hannah 13,731 12.2 -6.4
Turnout 84.6 +6.7
Majority 6,785 6.0 +5.2
Unionist hold Swing
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1929: Sunderland [25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Green tickYMarion Phillips 31,794 19.5 +0.2
Labour Green tickYAlfred Smith 31,085 19.0 -0.3
Unionist Walter Raine 29,180 17.9 -7.4
Unionist Luke Thompson 28,937 17.7 -7.7
Liberal Elizabeth Morgan 21,300 13.0 -4.8
Liberal John Pratt 21,142 12.9 +0.7
Majority 1,905 1.1 7.1
Turnout 81.1 -3.5
Labour gain from Unionist Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

Sunderland by-election, 1931 [25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Green tickY Luke Thompson 30,497 40.3
Labour James Thomas Brownlie 30,074 39.8
Liberal Elizabeth Morgan 15,020 19.9
Majority 423 0.5
Turnout 73.1
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1931: Sunderland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Green tickY Luke Thompson 53,386 32.3
Conservative Green tickY Samuel Storey 52,589 31.80
Labour Marion Phillips 29,707 18.0
Labour Denis Pritt 29,680 17.9
Majority 22,882 13.8
Turnout 81.1
Conservative hold Swing
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1935: Sunderland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal National Green tickY Stephen Furness 49,001 30.2
Conservative Green tickY Samuel Storey 48,760 30.0
Labour George Catlin 32,483 20.0
Labour Leah Manning 32,059 19.8
Majority 16,277 10.0
Turnout 79.0
Conservative hold Swing
Liberal National gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1945: Sunderland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Green tickY Fred Willey 38,769 28.1
Labour Green tickY Richard Ewart 36,711 26.6
Liberal National Stephen Furness 29,366 21.3
Conservative Samuel Storey 28,579 20.7
Communist Tommy Richardson[27] 4,501 3.3
Majority 7,345 5.90
Turnout 77.2
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
Labour gain from Liberal National Swing

Notes and References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Compared to half of Conservative vote in 1895
  2. ^ Compared to combined Liberal vote in 1895

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 103. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
  2. ^ a b c d e Richardson, M. A. (1843). The Local Historian's Table Book, of Remarkable Occurrences, Historical Facts, Traditions, Legendary and Descriptive Ballads, &c., &c., Connected with the Counties of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland an Durham. Newcastle-upon-Tyne: M. A. Richardson. p. 374. Retrieved 14 July 2018 – via Google Books.
  3. ^ a b c d "Bell's Weekly Messenger". 3 July 1841. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 14 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter |subscription= (help)
  4. ^ a b c "Birmingham Journal". 19 June 1841. p. 5. Retrieved 14 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter |subscription= (help)
  5. ^ Mosse, Richard Bartholomew (1838). The Parliamentary Guide: a concise history of the Members of both Houses, etc. p. 229. Retrieved 13 December 2018 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ a b Turner, Michael J. (2004). Black, Jeremy (ed.). Independent Radicalism in Early Victorian Britain. Westport: Praeger. p. 237. ISBN 0-275-97386-7. LCCN 2004044233. Retrieved 14 July 2018 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ Escott, Margaret (2009). Fisher, D. R. (ed.). "WILLIAMSON, Sir Hedworth, 7th bt. (1797–1861), of Whitburn Hall, nr. Sunderland, co. Dur". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 14 July 2018.
  8. ^ "Sunderland Election". Nottingham Review and General Advertiser for the Midland Counties. 24 December 1847. p. 5. Retrieved 14 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter |subscription= (help)
  9. ^ "Miscellaneous". Norfolk Chronicle. 6 January 1855. p. 4. Retrieved 14 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter |subscription= (help)
  10. ^ a b "Leeds Intelligencer". 6 January 1855. p. 7. Retrieved 14 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter |subscription= (help)
  11. ^ a b "Sunderland Election". Leicester Chronicle. 6 January 1855. p. 2. Retrieved 14 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter |subscription= (help)
  12. ^ a b "Oxford Chronicle and Reading Gazette". 6 January 1855. p. 3. Retrieved 14 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter |subscription= (help)
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)|format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. p. 296. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  14. ^ "Country News". Illustrated London News. 23 August 1845. pp. 7–8. Retrieved 13 December 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter |subscription= (help)
  15. ^ "News of the Week". Inverness Courier. 20 August 1845. p. 2. Retrieved 13 December 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter |subscription= (help)
  16. ^ "The Overland Mail". Yorkshire Gazette. 3 July 1847. p. 7. Retrieved 13 December 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter |subscription= (help)
  17. ^ "Election News". Lancaster Gazette. 21 March 1857. p. 6. Retrieved 14 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter |subscription= (help)
  18. ^ "Personal Notes". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 19 June 1880. p. 20. Retrieved 12 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter |subscription= (help)
  19. ^ a b c d The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  20. ^ a b c d e f g Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. p. 197. ISBN 9781349022984.
  21. ^ "The General Election". Cheshire Observer. 10 July 1886. p. 7. Retrieved 12 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter |subscription= (help)
  22. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  23. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  24. ^ a b c d British Parliamentary Election Results, 1918-1949 FWS Craig
  25. ^ a b c British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  26. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
  27. ^ Stevenson, Graham. "Richardson Tommy". Retrieved 14 May 2017.