Sunderland South (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 54°53′24″N 1°22′41″W / 54.890°N 1.378°W / 54.890; -1.378

Sunderland South
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Sunderland South in Tyne and Wear for the 2005 general election.
Outline map
Location of Tyne and Wear within England.
County Tyne and Wear
19502010
Number of members One
Replaced by Houghton and Sunderland South, Sunderland Central

Sunderland South was, from 1950 until 2010, a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

The constituency was well known for trying to be the first seat to declare its results, doing so in the general elections of 1992, 1997, 2001 and 2005.[1]

History[edit]

Having been a Labour-Conservative marginal in the 1950s and 60s, Sunderland South was held by the Labour Party from 1964 until 2010, being represented by the politician and author Chris Mullin from 1987 until its abolition in 2010. Mullin did not contest the 2010 general election.

The constituency was well known for trying to be the first seat to declare its results, doing so in the general elections of 1992, 1997, 2001, 2005[1] and 2015.[citation needed]

Boundaries[edit]

1950-1955: The County Borough of Sunderland wards of Bishopwearmouth, Hendon, Humbledon, Pallion, Park, St Michael's, Sunderland East, Thornhill, and West.

1955-1974: The County Borough of Sunderland wards of Bishopwearmouth, Hendon, Humbledon, Pallion, Park, Pennywell, St Michael's, Thorney Close, and Thornhill.

1974-1983: The County Borough of Sunderland wards of Bishopwearmouth, Hendon, Humbledon, Pennywell, Ryhope, St Chad's, St Michael's, Silksworth, Thorney Close, and Thornhill.

1983-1997: The Metropolitan Borough of Sunderland wards of Grindon, Hendon, Ryhope, St Chad's, St Michael's, Silksworth, Thorney Close, and Thornholme.

1997-2010: The City of Sunderland wards of Grindon, Hendon, St Chad's, St Michael's, Silksworth, South Hylton, Thorney Close, and Thornholme.

The constituency, as can be inferred from the name, formed the southern part of the City of Sunderland.

Boundary review[edit]

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Tyne and Wear, the Boundary Commission for England divided Sunderland South between two new constituencies, Houghton and Sunderland South and Sunderland Central. These new constituencies were first contested in 2010.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[2] Party
1950 Richard Ewart Labour
1953 Paul Williams Conservative
1964 Gordon Bagier Labour
1987 Chris Mullin Labour
2010 constituency abolished: see Houghton and Sunderland South
& Sunderland Central

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Sunderland South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Richard Ewart 27,192 49.6 N/A
Conservative H. Wilkinson 22,012 40.2 N/A
Liberal Charles Jonathan Kitchell 5,604 10.2 N/A
Majority 5,180 9.5 N/A
Turnout 54,808 83.3 N/A
Labour win (new seat)
General Election 1951: Sunderland South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Richard Ewart 27,257 50.3 +0.7
Conservative Paul Williams 26,951 49.7 +9.5
Majority 306 0.6
Turnout 54,208 94.1
Labour hold Swing
Sunderland South by-election, 1953
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Paul Williams 23,114 48.6 −1.1
Labour Alexander G.S. Whipp 21,939 46.1 −4.2
Liberal Roy Francis Leslie 2,524 5.3 N/A
Majority 1,175 2.5
Turnout 47,557
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1955: Sunderland South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Paul Williams 24,727 51.9
Labour Ernest Armstrong 22,953 48.1
Majority 1,774 3.7
Turnout 77.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1959: Sunderland South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Paul Williams 27,825 50.9
Labour Ernest Armstrong 26,835 49.1
Majority 990 1.8
Turnout 80.3
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: Sunderland South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gordon Bagier 25,900 51.6
Conservative Paul Williams 24,334 48.4
Majority 1,566 3.1
Turnout 50,234 75.8
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1966: Sunderland South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gordon Bagier 27,567 57.5
Conservative Philip Edwin Heselton 20,398 42.5
Majority 7,169 15.0
Turnout 47,965 75.5
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Sunderland South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gordon Bagier 26,840 56.4
Conservative Denis Orde 20,722 43.6
Majority 6,118 12.9
Turnout 47,562 70.1
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Sunderland South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gordon Bagier 28,296 49.6
Conservative Mark Thorpe Wright 19,700 34.5
Liberal Wilfred John Nicholson 9,098 15.9 N/A
Majority 8,596 15.1
Turnout 57,094 75.2
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Sunderland South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gordon Bagier 28,623 55.0 +5.4
Conservative John Charles Buchanan Riddell 15,593 30.0 −4.5
Liberal Wilfred John Nicholson 7,828 15.0 −0.9
Majority 13,030 25.0
Turnout 52,044 68.1
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1979: Sunderland South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gordon Bagier 29,403 53.1 −1.9
Conservative James Richard Harris 21,002 37.9 +7.9
Liberal Paul Macdonald Barker 4,984 9.0 −6.0
Majority 8,401 15.2
Turnout 55,389 70.0
Labour hold Swing −4.9

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1983: Sunderland South[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gordon Bagier 22,869 45.7 −7.4
Conservative Andrew Mitchell 17,321 34.6 −3.3
Social Democratic John Anderson 9,865 19.7
Majority 5,548 11.1
Turnout 50,055 66.6
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1987: Sunderland South[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Chris Mullin 28,823 54.0 +8.3
Conservative George Howe 16,210 30.4 −4.2
Social Democratic Keith Hudson 7,768 14.6 −5.1
Green Douglas Jacques 516 1.0 N/A
Majority 12,613 23.7
Turnout 53,317 71.1
Labour hold Swing +6.3

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1992: Sunderland South[5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Christopher Mullin 29,399 57.9 +3.9
Conservative George Howe 14,898 29.4 −1.0
Liberal Democrat John Lennox 5,844 11.5 −3.1
Green Terence Scouler 596 1.2 +0.2
Majority 14,501 28.6 +4.9
Turnout 50,737 69.9 −1.3
Labour hold Swing +2.5
General Election 1997: Sunderland South[7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Chris Mullin 27,174 68.1 +10.2
Conservative Timothy Schofield 7,536 18.9 −10.5
Liberal Democrat John Lennox 4,606 11.5 +0.0
UKIP Margaret Wilkinson 609 1.5 N/A
Majority 19,638 49.2
Turnout 39,925 58.8 −11.1
Labour hold Swing +10.4

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2001: Sunderland South[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Chris Mullin 19,921 63.9 −4.2
Conservative James Boyd 6,254 20.1 +1.2
Liberal Democrat Mark Greenfield 3,675 11.8 +0.2
BNP Joseph Dobbie 576 1.8 N/A
UKIP Joseph Moore 470 1.5 N/A
Monster Raving Loony Rosalyn Warner 291 0.9 N/A
Majority 13,667 43.8
Turnout 31,187 48.3 −10.5
Labour hold Swing −2.7
General Election 2005: Sunderland South[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Chris Mullin 17,982 58.6 −5.3
Conservative Robert Oliver 6,923 22.5 +2.4
Liberal Democrat Gareth Kane 4,492 14.6 +2.8
BNP David Guynan 1,166 3.8 +2.0
Monster Raving Loony Rosalyn Warner 149 0.5 −0.4
Majority 11,059 36.0
Turnout 30,712 49.3 −1.5
Labour hold Swing −3.9

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b Daily Record; May 6, 2005; Sunderland Leads the Way
  2. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 6)[self-published source][better source needed]
  3. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  4. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  5. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  6. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010. 
  7. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  8. ^ "Sunderland South". politicsresources.net. 
  9. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  10. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.