Sungai Ruan

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Sungai Ruan
District of Raub
Other transcription(s)
 • Chinese雙溪蘭
Skyline of Sungai Ruan
Nickname(s): Village of Fruit or SR Village
Location of Sungai Ruan
Coordinates: 3°47′N 101°52′E / 3.783°N 101.867°E / 3.783; 101.867Coordinates: 3°47′N 101°52′E / 3.783°N 101.867°E / 3.783; 101.867
Country Malaysia
State Pahang
SeatRaub
Modern Sultanate1884
Federated into FMS1895
Japanese occupation1942
Accession into Federation of Malaya1948
Independence as part of the Federation of Malaya31 August 1957
Federated as part of Malaysia16 September 1963
Government
 • SultanSultan Haji Ahmad Shah
 • Menteri Besar(BN-UMNO)
Wan Rosdy Wan Ismail
 • District Officer / MP(DAP)
Tengku Zulpuri Shah Raja Puji
Area
 • Total9.7 km2 (3.7 sq mi)
Population
 • Total6,000
 • Density620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)Not observed
Postal Code27500
Calling Code+6-09
(Pahang except as noted)
Vehicle registrationC

Sungai Ruan is a village located in the Raub district in the Pahang state of Malaysia. It is about 58.1 mi (or 93.5 km) north of Kuala Lumpur, the country's capital, or about 12.7 km from the Raub town.

Covering a total area of 9.7 square km at an average elevation of 227 meters above sea level, the village is surrounded by hills, forest and plantations with a population of about 6,000 people.[1][2]

Sungai Ruan is a predominantly Chinese new village and has been home to mostly Cantonese-speaking residents since its existence under the British rule.[3] Most residents are rubber tappers and farmers owning oil palm, fruit and orchard plantations. During peak seasons, residents are occupied in harvesting durians, especially the cultivar "Musang King" being the most popular variety of the fruit, attracting tourists and bringing economic development to the village.

History[edit]

1940–1979[edit]

In the early 1950s, it was a series of Chinese settlements set up by the British colonial government of Malaya in a 12-year state of emergency. In order to prevent the Chinese in the suburbs from coming into contact with and threatening the Malayan Communist guerrillas in the forest, the British colonial government actively launched the national immigration policy, and then concentrated the Chinese scattered in the suburbs and set up a Chinese new village. During the martial law period, the Sungai Ruan Village at that time was the "Black Zone of the Communist Party."

From 1940–87, the Raub bastion inclusive of Sungai Ruan near Felda Lembah Klau was heavily infiltrated by the Malayan Communist Party (MCP). Communist threats in 1940s in Raub resulted in erections of new settlements.

  • (1948) Cheroh
  • (1948) Sang Lee
  • (1948) Sungai Ruan
  • (1948) Sungai Chetang
  • (1949) Bukit Koman
  • (1950) Sempalit
  • (1950) Sungai Lui
  • (1950) Tras
  • (1960) Sungai Klau
SMK Sungai Ruan

After the World War II, most villagers started planting rubber trees, followed by cocoa and durians. From 1946-47, there were approximately 10 wooden houses and a few of people in the village, but from 1948, villagers focused on education for their children and built a primary school (Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan (C) Sungai Ruan) starting with 58 students.

In 1951, many residents from other villages moved in to work on plantations due to the rich soil. Up until now there are more than thousand of families staying in Sungai Ruan. Most of villager start to focus on education for their children.

In 1968, they further set up a secondary school known as Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Sungai Ruan (abbr. SMK Sungai Ruan) with Mr.Leong Weeng Kee as the first headmaster. Among six villages in Raub, Sungai Ruan is the only village that has a secondary school.

In early 1969, a new building for SMK Sungai Ruan was completed and used for six classes with a principal office, a teacher's room, a science laboratory, two household science rooms and a canteen. In early 1970s, the number of students increased to 255 in eight classes, with a common field for both primary and secondary schools.

During 1960–70, Sungai Ruan harvested most fruits in Pahang and became a well-known fruit village, producing most famous durians and other best selling fruits such as bananas, guavas and cocoa beans in Malaysia. The population in the village grew more than 3-5% with residents coming in from other villages to participate in fruit plantations.

In 1974, the Parents and Teachers Association (PTA) was established and headed by Low Hoy.

1980–1999[edit]

Ethnic groups in Sungai Ruan (2010)
Ethnicity Percent
Chinese
65.0%
Malay&Bumiputra
15.0%
Indian
5.0%
Non-citizens
15.0%

The population used to be between 6,000 and 7,000 in the 1980s before youths started moving out to cities for studies and jobs.

In 1982, four communist guerrillas were killed by security forces in Sungai Ruan. It was liberated from insurgents after the Malayan Communist Party (MCP) agreed to a peace talk in Haadyai, Thailand on 2 December 1989, as a result of negotiations between the Malaysian Government and the MCP, with the Thai Government as a mediator.

After the launch of the campaign to beautify residential areas of villages in Malaysia in 1990, Sungai Ruan residents won the campaign as the 2nd Runner-Up in Malaysia 1993 and the 1st Runner-Up in 1994 with their diligence, sacrifice and teamwork.

From 1996 to 1998, the villagers had grand celebration ceremonies and fireworks together with Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah during 'Gongxi Raya', a creolised term originating from Malaysia and accepted in Singapore to commemorate the two festivals, Hari Raya Puasa and Chinese New Year, which fell on the same week and became a double celebration within Chinese and Muslim communities.

In 1997, SMK Sungai Ruan Form 4 and 5 were created. Increasing the number of students allows this school to be upgraded from grade B school to grade A school.

2000–2009[edit]

Pahang village picked as home of 'king of durians'

PAHANG • A village in Pahang state in Malaysia has been chosen as the home of the country's "king of durians", the golden Musang King durian.

The Sungai Ruan village in Raub town is being promoted as a Malaysian eco-tourism destination in conjunction with the ongoing Visit Pahang Year 2017.

The village itself is located in an area in Pahang famous for its durian orchards.

At a ceremony last Saturday, China's economic and commerce attache in Malaysia, Ms Shi Ziming, noted that Chinese President Xi Jinping had sampled the Musang King in 2013 during his official visit to Malaysia and found the fruit "tasty and extraordinary".

"This species of durian definitely has the potential to go big and create a niche market in China," she said.

Malaysian Chinese Association vice-president Chew Mei Fun said that, several years ago, the price of the Musang King was about RM5 to RM12 per kilogram, but today it can go up to RM100 (S$30).

"This helps to raise the income of farmers and boost economic growth for the people of Raub," she said.

"The Musang King will now be an icon for Sungai Ruan to attract more visitors."

The Straits Times, 15 August 2017.[4]

Sungai Ruan produce Peanut name Kacang Goreng Kulit Harimau Sungai Ruan

In 2000s, Sungai Ruan produced peanuts, dragon fruits and coconuts, with peanuts being the best selling during the Chinese New Year when villagers returning home and buying them as a festival gift to friends and relatives.

In 2009, it also benefited from Malaysian government's plan to export frozen durians to China with estimated export between 350 to 500 tonnes a year, while fresh durians export to Singapore was estimated at RM15.4 million in 2010.

In the same year 2009, SMK Sungai Ruan had 366 male students and 343 female students, bringing the total number of students to 709. It had a total of 54 teachers.

2010–present[edit]

In 2017, Sungai Ruan was synonymous with the Musang King durian in the district. The village was promoted as Malaysia’s eco-tourism destination in conjunction with the Visit Pahang Year 2017, with Shi Ziming, China’s economic and commerce attache in Malaysia, being present to launch the double events during a dinner gathering of about 2,000 guests, visitors and villagers on 12 August 2017.[5]

Shi considered China and Malaysia as sharing close bilateral ties and their socio-economic cooperation could be strengthened further with the Belt and Road initiative. “This species of durian definitely has the potential to go big and create a niche market in China. It helps to raise the income of farmers and boost economic growth for the people of Raub.

The Musang King durian will now be an icon for Sungai Ruan to attract more visitors,” she said. Event organiser Pahang Chinese Chamber of Commerce and Indus­try chairman Tan Sri Lam Kam Sang planned to lead a delegation to Shanghai in November 2018 to take part in a food and beverage exposition, which will be supported by the state government as revealed by Pahang executive councillor Datuk Seri Shahiruddin Ab Moin, who has claimed Raub’s Musang King durian being the best in the world.[5]

On 3 November 2017, State Co-operatives, Entrepreneurship and Consumer Affairs Exco, Datuk Seri Shahiruddin Ab Moin said the tagline was introduced to boost the revenue of durian entrepreneurs in the district. According to him, the move was also to uplift the agricultural sector in line with the country's development as well as boosting agro-tourism activities by setting up a local fruit garden for domestic and foreign tourists. "With more than 5,500 hectares of land in Raub, 75 percent of them are planted with these types of durians from D24, D916, D919 and various high quality of durian varieties in Sungai Ruan. About 2,000 to 4,000 hectares of land in Raub, especially in Sungai Ruan, are identified to be planted with durians in the following year," he said.[6]

On 2 May 2018, villagers turned up in droves to welcome Malaysian badminton star Datuk Lee Chong Wei and AirAsia Group CEO Tan Sri Tony Fernandes, who visited Sungai Ruan, Raub district to show support to then MCA president Datuk Seri Liow Tiong Lai during the 14th General Election campaign.[7]

Culture[edit]

Religion[edit]

Guanyin statue in Sungai Ruan Guanyin Temple

Most Raubian worshipers are Guanyin bodhisattvas and almost each of the villages in the Raub district has a Guanyin temple with its own characteristics. Sungai Ruan Guanyin Temple and other temples in the villages of Tras, Cheroh, Sungai Lui, Bukit Koman and Sungai Chalit are located along Jalan Tras and Jalan Lipis.

Some centuries-old temples have been rebuilt with beautiful designs and surroundings, attracting tourists coming to visit and worship.

Festivals[edit]

During the Chinese New Year in Sungai Ruan, lion dance troupes from Chinese martial art schools, guilds and associations visit the houses and shops of the Chinese community to perform traditional custom of "cai ching" (採青), literally means "plucking the greens", a quest by the 'lion' to pluck auspicious lettuce tied to a "red envelope" containing money, either hung highly or placed on a table in front of the premises.

Like a curious cat, the "lion" dances, approaches and eats the "greens", peels oranges and arranges them into an auspicious character while keeping the "red envelope". The lion dance is believed to bring good luck and fortune to the business and the troupe is rewarded with the "red envelope".

Fireworks are a classic element of Chinese New Year celebrations.

Cuisine[edit]

Famous Chicken Wings in Sungai Ruan
  • BBQ Chicken Wing – Among the famous local cuisine is Sungai Ruan Chicken Wing (Chinese: 雙溪蘭燒雞翼) that is well known throughout the Raub town.
  • ABC – ABC is an abbreviation for Air Batu Campur, or known as Ice Kacang Sungai Ruan, a dessert created from shaved ice added with corn, jelly, redbeans, groundnut, syrup, pasteurised milk, and liquid chocolate.
  • Satay – a popular food in Malaysia and made from marinated meat or chicken and burnt on a charcoal grill. Grilled satay is dipped in special peanut sauce.
  • Char Kway Teow (Chinese: 炒粿條,炒河粉) – stir fried rice noodles with prawns, pork or chicken, eggs, chives and beansprouts, usually optional cockles.
  • Wantan Noodle (Chinese: 雲吞麵) – Chinese noodles with Chinese dumplings (Chinese : 雲吞), chooi sam and BBQ pork. Dumplings are usually made of Pork and/or prawns. The noodles may be served either in a bowl of soup with dumplings or on a plate with some dark soya sauce flavoured with oil and slices of roast pork and vegetables. For the latter, the dumplings will be served in a separate bowl with soup.
  • Hokkien Mee (Chinese: 福建麵) – a dish of thick yellow noodles fried in thick black soy sauce and pork lard which has been fried until crispy. This dish is served mostly in Kuala Lumpur, Seremban, Klang, Kuantan and Penang.
  • Chicken Rice (Chinese : 雞飯) – steamed chicken served with rice cooked in margarine, chicken fat, chicken stock or chicken soup.
  • Banmian (Chinese: 板面) – made using a hand-operated machine in a stall which forms noodles from the dough. The dish is served in soup, usually with pieces of minced chicken or minced pork, ikan bilis (anchovies), vegetables, eggs, sliced mushrooms and fish balls.
  • Doufuhua (Chinese: 豆腐花) – a Chinese dessert made with very soft tofu. It is also referred to as tofu pudding and soybean pudding.
Dishes Fruits and drinks
Beef noodle (牛腩面) Dragonfruit
BBQ chicken wing Rambutan
Satay Mangosteen
Wantan noodle Musang King
Banmian (板面) Banana
Hokkien mee Cocoa
Redbean soup Ciku
Chicken rice Ais Kacang (ABC)
Char Kway Teow Coconut
Doufuhua (豆腐花) Bubble tea (珍珠奶茶)

Tourism[edit]

The rock at the entrance of the cave that resembled a lion, hence the name Gua Singa nearby Sungai Ruan

Interesting sites

  • Resort Rock Mountain
  • Resort Lembah Temir
  • Musang King Durian Leisure Farm (Chinese: 廷叔猫山王休闲果园)
  • Guanyin Buddhist Temple Sungai Ruan
  • Night Market, known as "Pasar Malam", opening from 5 pm to 9 pm on Saturdays
  • Morning Market, known as "Pasar Pagi", opening from 6 am to 11 am on Tuesdays
  • Gua Singa, near Jalan Pindu Padang - Ulu Gali

Education[edit]

  • 2 Preschools
  • 1 Primary school, known as S.J.K (C) Sungai Ruan
  • 1 Secondary school, known as SMK Sungai Ruan

History of Principals of SMK Sungai Ruan

Name of Principal Year
Mr.Leong Weng Kee 1965 - 1966
Mr.Chang Kong Ming 1966 - 1967
Mr.Prasad 1977 - 1977
Mr.Teo Chiang Choo 1978 - 1982
Mr.Chen Thong 1982 - 1992
Mr.Fan Nong Shin 1993 - 1994
Mr.Liew Kim Choon 1995 - 1998
Mr.Ng Mong Lim 1988 - 1999
Mr.Yeong Pak Foo 2000 - 2001
Mr.Chong Khoon Khen (Acting) 2001 - 2002
Mr.Liew Kim Choon 2003 - 2007
Mr.Woon Man Seong, AMP, PJK 2007 - 2011
Mr.Lee Ah Wong, PKC 2011 - present

Housing estates[edit]

  • Taman K.S.M
  • Taman Sungai Ruan
  • Taman Bunga Raya
  • Taman Matahari
  • Taman Dahlia
  • Taman Mawar
  • Taman Orckid
  • Taman Bunga Matahari
  • Kawasan Barat 1
  • Kawasan Barat 2
  • Kawasan Timur 1
  • Kawasan Timur 2
  • Kawasan Tenggah 1
  • Kawasan Tenggah 2

Public facilities[edit]

A historical police car in Sungai Ruan
  • 1 Police station, with manpower of more than 30 policemen for law enforcement.
  • 1 Fire station, with more than 10 personnel for fire safety.
  • 1 Agro Bank.
  • 1 Klinik Desa Sungai Ruan (rural clinics for health maintenance and disease prevention)
  • 2 Health clinics.
  • 1 Drug rehabilitation center, the second biggest in Pahang since the 1990s.
  • 1 Post office
  • 1 BHP petrol station.
  • 3 Chinese Buddhist temples, 3 church buildings.
  • 4 Motorcycle service workshops.
  • 2 Bike maintenance workshops.
  • 3 Automobile repair shops.

Transportation[edit]

Operated by Pahang Lin Siong, the most common buses in Raub travel everyday from Raub town to Sungai Ruan as well as other places, such as Tras, Sungai Chetang and Sang Lee in Raub district.

Long distance buses are owned by Union, which merged with Central to form a single entity. These buses are the main transportation for going outstations, such as Kuala Lumpur, Kuantan and the furthest, Singapore as well.

Climate[edit]

The temperature of Sungai Ruan seldom rises over 36 °C (96.8 °F) in the daytime, and it can drop to as low as 19 °C (66.2 °F) at nighttime during a year.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Discover Raub". www.discoverraub.com. Retrieved 2018-11-10.
  2. ^ "雙溪蘭獲重點發展旅遊 打造網絡村宣傳特色|中國報". 中国报 ChinaPress. Retrieved 2018-11-10.
  3. ^ "Village of the King (of Fruits) - Metro News | The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 2018-11-07.
  4. ^ "Pahang village picked as home of 'king of durians'". www.straitstimes.com. Retrieved 2017-08-15.
  5. ^ a b "Sungai Ruan named home of Musang King - Nation | The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 2018-11-07.
  6. ^ Harian, Wartawan Sinar. "Musang King Raub jadi rebutan". Retrieved 2018-11-11.
  7. ^ "Chong Wei, Fernandes pull in crowd - Nation | The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 2018-11-08.

External links[edit]