Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

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Health Sciences Centre
Sunnybrook logo.png
Sunnybrook Cancer Centre 5926c.jpg
The Odette Cancer Centre is a part of the Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre
Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre is located in Toronto
Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre
Location in Toronto
Location Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Coordinates 43°43′22″N 79°22′29″W / 43.7227°N 79.374697°W / 43.7227; -79.374697Coordinates: 43°43′22″N 79°22′29″W / 43.7227°N 79.374697°W / 43.7227; -79.374697
Care system Public Medicare (Canada) (OHIP)
Hospital type Teaching
Affiliated university University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine
Emergency department Level I trauma center
Helipad TC LID: CNY8
Beds 1275 (including 500 veteran beds and 74 bassinets)
Speciality Trauma, Cancer, Cardiovascular and Neurosciences
Founded 1948
Lists Hospitals in Canada

Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, abbreviated SHSC and known simply as Sunnybrook, is an academic health sciences centre located in Toronto, Ontario.[1]

It is the largest trauma centre in Canada and is one of two major trauma centres in Toronto; the other is St. Michael's Hospital. It is also Canada's largest maternity hospital as well as a teaching hospital of the University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine.

The Kilgour Wing (K Wing) is a long term care centre with the large majority of patients being war veterans. The hospital was a centre used to handle the wounded after World War II.


Joseph and Alice Kilgour, a wealthy Toronto couple, purchased 154 acres in the town of Leaside, and created Sunnybrook farm, where they raised horses and hosted fox hunts. In 1928, after Joseph's death, Alice M. Kilgour donated the Sunnybrook Farm to the City of Toronto in his memory, for use as a public park.[2]

With the consent of the Kilgour heirs, part of the parkland was transferred to the Government of Canada to build a hospital for veterans. The Sunnybrook Military Hospital opened its doors in June 1948. In 1991, The Province of Ontario opened major research facilities to house the rapid growth of research on campus. The hospital merged with Women's College Hospital and the Orthopaedic and Arthritic Hospital in June 1998 under the provisions of Bill 51, but Sunnybrook and Women's College Health Sciences Centre was de-amalgamated in April 2006 to create Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre and the separate Women's College Hospital.

On July 1, 2012, Sunnybrook and St. John's Rehab Hospital, which had complementary programs and services, voluntarily merged, providing a continuum of care from acute injury or illness, through to rehabilitation and recovery.

In 2016, Sunnybrook maintains three campuses, with its main campus (Bayview) on Bayview Avenue in North York, the satellite Holland Centre (orthopaedic and arthritic care) on Wellesley St. E., and St. John's Rehab Hospital on Cummer Avenue. SHSC became affiliated with the University of Toronto in 1966.

Areas of focus[edit]

Veterans and Community[edit]

Located in the Kilgour Wing it is partnered with Veterans Affairs Canada and has about 500 veterans of WWII and the Korean War. For veterans they provide various types of services such as mental health, cognitive and palliative care which is also provided to the general population[3]

Brain Sciences[edit]

They provide care for people with brain-related problems including dementia, strokes and mood and anxiety disorders. It is also a research centre looking into areas such as neuropsychology and neurochemistry.[4]

Holland Musculoskeletal Program[edit]

The program is mainly involved in musculoskeletal injury but are also involved in musculoskeletal education and research.[5]

Women and Babies[edit]

The program provides gynaecology services and includes a neonatal intensive-care unit. They deliver about 4,000 babies a year, of which 25% are high risk births.[6]

Schulich Heart Centre[edit]

The centre is named for Seymour Schulich a Canadian businessman and philanthropist from Montreal.[7] The centre, as per the name, is a cardiac care clinic and is involved in research, surgery and intervention.[8]

Odette Cancer Centre[edit]

The centre is involved in cancer research but also provides education and treatment.[9] Odette Cancer Centre is the second largest in Canada and 6th largest cancer centre in the world. [10]

Trauma, Emergency and Critical Care[edit]

The hospital provides critical care and provides a consultation service to the Ross Tilley Burn Centre. The emergency department is open 24 hours a day. The trauma centre provides emergency medical services to patients suffering traumatic injuries.[11]

St. John's Rehab[edit]

St. John's Rehab Hospital provides specialized rehabilitation, education and support for people recovering from complex, life-changing illnesses and injuries, including: amputations, cancer, cardiovascular surgery, organ transplants, orthopaedic conditions, stroke and neurological conditions, traumatic injuries and complex medical procedures and conditions.[12]


A helicopter pad (TC LID: CNY8) is located at the east end of the hospital grounds.[13] Sunnybrook handles air ambulance flights with urgent trauma cases from the Greater Toronto Area where an ambulance run is not possible. Only two other hospitals in Toronto have helipads (St. Michael's Hospital and the Hospital for Sick Children).

Private, for-profit cancer clinic[edit]

Sunnybrook Hospital was the site of Ontario's first private cancer clinic created since the inception of Medicare. The clinic operated after regular working hours at the hospital, and was owned by Tim McGowan. An investigation by the Auditor General of Ontario revealed that the cost per procedure was $500 greater than in the public sector and that the waiting times did not decrease in the public system as a result of the clinic's creation.[14][15] The clinic operated from 2001 until 2003.

Holland Musculoskeletal Centre[edit]

The Holland Centre consists of the Orthopaedic Program located in downtown Toronto; the Holland Centre Campus is located on 43 Wellesley St. East.[16]

The Holland Orthopaedic and Arthritic Centre was initially founded as the Orthopaedic and Arthritic Hospital by James E. Bateman and Charles S. Wright II in 1955 based on a charter procured by C. Stewart Wright, an orthopaedic surgeon. It was founded as a specialty hospital for the treatment of patients with orthopaedic ailments. The building it was founded in was a sanitorium and since then it has undergone a series of renovations and additions.

As part of the Ontario initiative to reduce hospital wait-times, the Holland Orthopaedic and Arthritic Centre was named as a centre of excellence in joint replacement.


  1. ^ History & Photo Timeline
  2. ^ "Once Upon a City: From foxhunts to foxholes". Toronto Star, August 28, 2016. Janice Bradbeer.
  3. ^ Veterans & Community
  4. ^ Brain Sciences
  5. ^ Holland Musculoskeletal Program
  6. ^ Women & Babies
  7. ^ Seymour Schulich
  8. ^ Schulich Heart Centre
  9. ^ Odette Cancer Centre
  10. ^  Missing or empty |title= (help); External link in |website= (help);
  11. ^ Trauma, Emergency & Critical Care
  12. ^ St. John's Rehab
  13. ^ Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 15 September 2016 to 0901Z 10 November 2016
  14. ^ Office of the Provincial Auditor General, Special Audit of Cancer Care Ontario. December 13, 2001
  15. ^ Index on Private, For-Profit Health Care
  16. ^ 43 Wellesley St. East.

External links[edit]