Sunrise Party

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Sunrise Party
太陽の党
Taiyō no Tō
President Shintaro Ishihara &
Takeo Hiranuma
Secretary-General Hiroyuki Sonoda
Councillors leader[2] Takao Fujii[1]
Founded 10 April 2010 (2010-04-10)
Dissolved 17 November 2012 (2012-11-17)
Split from Liberal Democratic Party
Merged into Japan Restoration Party
Ideology
Political position Right-wing
Colours Red and blue
Website
www.taiyounotou.jp

The Sunrise Party (太陽の党, Taiyō no Tō, literally "Party of the Sun", SP), formerly known as the Sunrise Party of Japan (たちあがれ日本, Tachiagare Nippon, literally "Rise up, Japan!", SPJ), was a conservative and nationalist political party in Japan.[3] The SPJ was formed on 10 April 2010 by five Japanese lawmakers and parliamentarians, four former members of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) and an independent politician. It was named by the then-Tokyo Metropolitan Governor Shintarō Ishihara who supported the action.[4] At its inception, the party described itself as an "anti-DPJ, non-LDP" political force.[5]

It was renamed and re-formed on 14 November 2012 by co-leaders Ishihara and Takeo Hiranuma. The party merged into the Japan Restoration Party on 17 November 2012.[6]

Party name[edit]

When the party was founded in 2010 as "Tachiagare Nippon" - the Sunrise Party of Japan. It was named by Shintaro Ishihara, who was then still governor of Tokyo. In 2012, after Ishihara stepped down as governor and announced he would form a new party he renamed the party "The Sunrise Party". The Japanese name of the party, "Taiyo no To", literally translates as "party of the sun", and is taken from Ishihara's novel Season of the Sun. Some other proposed names had included "Nippon Kaishin To" (Japan reform and progress party) and "Reimei" (Dawn).[7]

2010–2011 arrivals and departures[edit]

Yoshio Nakagawa belonged to the party but did not contest his Hokkaidō seat in the 2010 House of Councillors election, and ran instead on the party's national proportional list. Toranosuke Katayama won the party's only proportional seat in this election. LDP Councillor Kyōko Nakayama (proportional, up in 2013) had joined the party in June 2010 together with her husband Nariaki Nakayama, a former LDP Representative.[8]

Kaoru Yosano, one of the founding members, left this party on 13 January 2011[9] to join the Naoto Kan's cabinet as the minister of economic and fiscal policy.[10]

2012 reformation[edit]

In October 2012, when Ishihara stepped down as Tokyo governor and announced that he would set up a new national political party, it was expected that he would form it with members of the Sunrise party.[11] When announced by co-leaders Ishihara and Hiranuma in mid-November, 2012, The Sunrise Party incorporated all five members of the SPJ. The SP looked to form a coalition with other small parties including Osaka Mayor Toru Hashimoto's Japan Restoration Party for possibly impending elections.[12] On 13 November, Ishihara stated that: "Taiyo no To is only a part of the process. We will definitely form a coalition before the [lower house] election. I don't mind if [our party] is absorbed [into the alliance] and vanishes".[13]

Aborted merger with Genzei Nippon[edit]

On 15 November 2012, Ishihara and Takashi Kawamura of the Nagoya-based Genzai Nippon (Tax Reduction Party). announced that they would merge.[14] The following day Ishihara had a meeting with Hashimoto and decided to unilaterally cancel the plans for the Genzai Nippon merger. Kawamura was disappointed but said he would continue to seek a merger with Ishihara's group.[15]

Merger with Japan Restoration Party[edit]

On 17 November 2012, Ishihara and Hashimoto decided to merge their parties, with Ishihara becoming the head of the Japan Restoration Party. Your Party would not join the party, nor would Genzei Nippon, as the latter party's anti-consumption tax increase policy does not match the JRP's pro-consumption tax policy.[15]

Presidents[edit]

No. Name Term of office
Took Office Left Office
Split from: Liberal Democratic Party
1 Co-leadership
Takeo Hiranuma   Kaoru Yosano
10 April 2010 13 January 2011
2 Takeo Hiranuma 13 January 2011 13 November 2012
3 Co-leadership
Takeo Hiranuma   Shintaro Ishihara
13 November 2012 19 November 2012
4 Co-leadership
Shintaro Ishihara   Shintaro Ishihara
13 November 2012 19 November 2012
Successor party: Restoration Party

Politicians[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tachiagare Nippon: Party members in the national Diet, prefectural and local assemblies
  2. ^ Note: In the House of Councillors, the party forms a joint parliamentary group with the Liberal Democratic Party since January 2012.
  3. ^ "Tokyo governor quits post, would launch nationalist party". Boston Globe. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
  4. ^ "New political party to be named 'Tachiagare Nippon' (Stand up Japan)" Archived 5 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ "The Sunrise Party of Japan Mulls Conservative Alliances". PanOrient News. Tokyo. 26 May 2010. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
  6. ^ Johnston, Eric, "Nippon Ishin no Kai: Local but with national outlook", Japan Times, 3 October 2012, p. 3
  7. ^ Daily Yomiuri Party named after Ishihara's novel 15 November 2012
  8. ^ "Nakayamas go with Tachiagare Nippon", The Japan Times, 22 June 2010.
  9. ^ Japan Times Yosano exits party, seen angling for ruling bloc 14 January 2012
  10. ^ Japan Times New team seen prioritizing TPP entry, sales tax hike 15 January 2012
  11. ^ Nagata, Kazuaki, "Ishihara leaves office with sights on Diet seat", The Japan Times, 1 November 2012.
  12. ^ Aoki, Mizuho, "Ishihara, Hiranuma unveil new party", The Japan Times, 14 November 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  13. ^ Daily Yomiuri Nation's '3rd political force' remains inchoate 15 November 2012
  14. ^ Mainichi Shimbun Ishihara's Sunrise Party, Nagoya mayor's Genzei Nippon to merge 16 November 2012
  15. ^ a b Daily Yomiuri New parties merge forces / Taiyo no To dissolves to join Ishin no Kai; Ishihara named chief 18 November 2012

External links[edit]