|West end:||SR 1 (Pacific Coast Highway) in Pacific Palisades|
| I‑405 (San Diego Freeway) in Brentwood
US 101 (Hollywood Freeway) in Hollywood
|East end:||Figueroa Street in Downtown Los Angeles|
Sunset Boulevard is a boulevard in the central and western part of Los Angeles County, California that stretches from Figueroa Street in Downtown Los Angeles to the Pacific Coast Highway at the Pacific Ocean.
Approximately 22 miles (35 km) in length, the boulevard roughly traces the arc of mountains that form part of the northern boundary of the Los Angeles Basin, following the path of a 1780s cattle trail from the Pueblo de Los Angeles to the ocean.
From Downtown Los Angeles, it heads northwest, to Hollywood, through which it travels due west for several miles before it bends southwest towards the ocean. It passes through or near Echo Park, Silver Lake, Los Feliz, Hollywood, West Hollywood, Beverly Hills, and Holmby Hills. In Bel-Air, Sunset Boulevard runs along the northern boundary of UCLA's Westwood campus. The boulevard continues through Brentwood to Pacific Palisades where it terminates at the Pacific Coast Highway intersection.
The boulevard has curvaceous winding stretches, and can be treacherous for unaware drivers in some sections. It is at least four lanes wide along its entire route. Sunset is frequently congested with traffic loads beyond its design capacity.
Sunset Boulevard historically extended farther east than it now does, starting at Alameda Street near Union Station and beside Olvera Street in the historic section of Downtown. The portion of Sunset Boulevard east of Figueroa Street was renamed Cesar Chavez Avenue in 1994 along with Macy Street and Brooklyn Avenue in honor of the late Mexican-American union leader and civil rights activist.
In 1877, one of the earlier real estate owners from "back East" Horace H. Wilcox, decided to subdivide his more than 20 acres of land (mostly orchards and vineyards) along Sunset Boulevard, including what is today Hollywood and Vine.
In 1890, Belgian diplomat Victor Ponet bought 240 acres of the former Rancho La Brea land grant. His son-in-law, Francis S. Montgomery, inherited this property and created Sunset Plaza.[irrelevant citation]
According to a 1901 article in the Los Angeles Herald, Sunset only extended from Hollywood in the west to Marion Avenue in the Echo Park district in the east. A proposal was introduced by the Board of Public Works to extend Sunset east to Main Street in the Plaza by routing the road over the existing section of Bellevue Avenue, but the plan was delayed for a number of years do to active opposition by affected land owners until approximately 1904. According the 1910 and 1914 Baist Real Estate Survey Atlases it was not until some time between those two years that Sunset was realigned to provide a genuine thoroughfare leading west out of the Plaza. The 1914 map indicates that this was accomplished by widening the road in such a way that about one third of one small block between North Spring and New High Streets had to be condemned.
In 1921, a westward expansion of Sunset began, extending the road from the then-current terminus at Sullivan Canyon through Santa Monica to the coast. This land, a portion of the original 1838 holdings of Fransisco Marquez, stretched across a mesa and became known as the "Riviera section." Will Rogers, who had bought much of this land as an investment, later donated it to the State of California creating Will Rogers State Historic Park. Circa 1931, Sunset was a paved road from Horn Avenue to Havenhurst Avenue.
During the early 20th Century, Marchessault Street formed the northeastern edge of the Plaza and was open to motor traffic. Sunset Boulevard began as a westward continuation of Marchessault, directly across Main Street and skirting the northern edge of the Plaza Church property, then continuing approximately northwest to the intersection of what was then Macy Street and Broadway. At some time around 1960, when several thoroughfares in the Civic Center and Plaza area were either obliterated or realigned, Macy Street between Main and Broadway was rededicated as the easternmost section of Sunset Boulevard, while the original first two blocks became part of a large parking lot that covers this area. Today the old route is still visible as the main entrance to this lot and the driveway that runs through it from that point.
In the 1970s, the area between Gardner Street and Western Avenue was a center for street prostitution. Shortly after a well publicized June 1995 incident, police raids drove out the majority of prostitutes on the Boulevard.
Part of Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood is also sometimes called "Guitar Row" due to the large number of guitar stores and music industry-related businesses, including the recording studios Sunset Sound Studios and United Western Recorders.
The portion of Sunset Boulevard that passes through Beverly Hills was once named Beverly Boulevard.
The boulevard is commemorated in Billy Wilder's 1950 film Sunset Boulevard, the Andrew Lloyd Webber musical of the same name, and the 1950s television series 77 Sunset Strip. Jan and Dean's 1960s hit song "Dead Man's Curve" refers to a section of the road near Bel Air estates just north of UCLA's Drake Stadium where Jan Berry almost died in an automobile accident in 1966. The Buffalo Springfield song "For What It's Worth" was written about a riot at Pandora's Box, a Sunset Strip club, in 1966.
Landmarks include (past and present)
- Amoeba Records
- Beverly Hills Hotel
- Blessed Sacrament Church
- Book Soup
- CBS Columbia Square
- Chateau Marmont
- Cinerama Dome
- Comedy Store
- Crossroads of the World
- Directors Guild of America headquarters
- Dudley Do-Right Emporium
- Earl Carroll Theatre
- The Garden of Allah
- Gower Gulch
- Hollywood Athletic Club
- Hollywood High School
- Hollywood Palladium
- Hotel Bel-Air
- House of Blues
- Hyatt West Hollywood
- The London Fog
- Los Angeles Film School
- Metromedia Square (the former Fox Television Center and KTTV studios)
- Nickelodeon on Sunset
- Palisades Charter High School
- Psychiatry: An Industry of Death Museum
- Rainbow Bar and Grill
- Rock Walk
- The Roxy Theatre
- Self-Realization Fellowship Lake Shrine
- Standard Hotel
- Sunset Junction
- Sunset Gower Studios
- Tiffany Theatre
- Tiki Ti
- Viper Room
- Whisky a Go Go
- Will Rogers State Beach
- Will Rogers State Historic Park
- Feiler, Bruce (21 September 2010). America's Prophet: How the Story of Moses Shaped America. HarperCollins. p. 208. ISBN 978-0-06-172627-9. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
- Hawthorne, Christopher (July 14, 2012). "For Sunset, a new dawn". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
- Kennelley 1981, p. 69.
- Kennelley 1981, p. 165.
- McGroarty, John Steven (1921). Los Angeles from the Mountains to the Sea: With Selected Biography of Actors and Witnesses to the Period of Growth and Achievement, Volume 3. American Historical Society. p. 891. OCLC 920607532.
- "Board Acts With Favor: Sunset Boulevard May Be Extended: Proposed Improvement Will Cost Hundred Thousand Dollars: Estimates Are Presented to Board of Public Works by Fred Eaton and That Body Grants Petition, for Its Extension—Cost of Widening Bellevue Avenue to a Point Near Plaza". Los Angeles Herald 28 (4). October 5, 1901. p. 9 – via California Digital Newspaper Collection.
Sunset boulevard at present extends from Hollywood, in the beautiful Cahuenga valley, to Marion avenue. It is now proposed to make Bellevue avenue an extension of the system from Marion avenue to Main street. In order to make the driveway a uniform width It will be necessary to widen Bellevue avenue from seventeen to twenty feet in many places between Marion avenue and the plaza.
- "Sunset Boulevard May Reach Plaza: City Councilmen Encourage The Extensive Project. Committee of Business Men Secures Favorable Action from the Board of Public Works.". Los Angeles Times. October 5, 1901. p. A2. (subscription required (. )) Alternate Link via ProQuest.
- "Protest Against Improvement". Los Angeles Herald 29 (315). August 14, 1902. p. 6 – via California Digital Newspaper Collection.
- "New Boulevard Is Completed: Suburban Residents Will Celebrate Saturday". Los Angeles Herald 31 (227). May 13, 1904. p. 12 – via California Digital Newspaper Collection.
- "Los Angeles And Hollywood Unite In Opening Of Sunset Boulevard". Los Angeles Herald 31 (229). May 15, 1904. p. 5 – via California Digital Newspaper Collection.
- 1910 Baist Real Estate Survey Atlas, Los Angeles. Plate 003
- Baist Real Estate Survey Atlas, Los Angeles. Plate 003
- Kennelley 1981, p. 219-221.
- Kennelley 1981, p. 182.
- "Historic Map: Plate 003, Atlas: Los Angeles 1921 Baist's Real Estate Surveys, California - Historic Map Works, Residential Genealogy ™". Historic Map Works LLC. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- "Historic Map: Plate 005, Atlas: Los Angeles 1921 Baist's Real Estate Surveys, California - Historic Map Works, Residential Genealogy ™". Historic Map Works LLC. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
-  The facts can be easily inferred from historical aerials and maps, easily accessible online, but I do not know how to format the citation.
- Starr, Kevin (14 February 2006). Coast of Dreams. Random House. p. 455. ISBN 978-0-679-74072-8. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
- Ditmore, Melissa Hope (30 August 2006). Encyclopedia of Prostitution and Sex Work. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 260. ISBN 978-0-313-32968-5. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
- Green, Frank W. M. (5 March 2008). D'Angelico, Master Guitar Builder: What's in a Name?. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 69. ISBN 978-1-57424-217-1. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
- Warshaw, Matt (1 September 2010). The History of Surfing. Chronicle Books. p. 198. ISBN 978-0-8118-5600-3. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
- Rasmussen, Cecilia (August 5, 2007). "Closing of club ignited the 'Sunset Strip riots'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sunset Boulevard.|
- Libman, Gary (December 18, 1988). "Street of Contrasts in a Changing L.A. : Sunset Boulevard: Epitome of L.A. : As It Winds From Plaza to Ocean, Diversity Is Its Name". Los Angeles Times.