Devonshire Road in central Sunshine
|Population||8,838 (2011 census)|
|• Density||1,804/km2 (4,670/sq mi)|
|Area||4.9 km2 (1.9 sq mi)|
|Location||12 km (7 mi) from Melbourne|
|LGA(s)||City of Brimbank|
In 1904 H. V. McKay bought the Braybrook Implement Works. In 1906 McKay moved his agricultural machinery manufacturing business from Ballarat to Braybrook Junction. This established the Sunshine Harvester Works which became the largest manufacturing plant in Australia. McKay had also secured 400 acres (1.6 km2) of land at Braybrook Junction with the aim of establishing housing to encourage his workers to settle in the area.
In 1907 the locality was renamed Sunshine, after residents had petitioned to change the name in honour of the Sunshine Harvester Works. The name "Sunshine" is assumed to have been given by McKay to his harvester works after he attended a lecture by the American evangelist Reverend Thomas De Witt Talmage who visited Victoria in 1894.
Also in 1907 an industrial dispute between owner H. V. McKay and his workers at the Sunshine Harvester Works led to the Harvester Judgement, the benchmark industrial decision which led to the creation of a minimum living wage for Australian workers.
H. V. McKay's concept for Sunshine, the Sunshine Estate, was for a community developed according to the ideals of the Garden city movement, an influential town planning movement of the early 20th century. Infrastructure and amenities established by McKay included electric lighting, parks and sporting grounds, public buildings, schools and a library and the town became regarded as a model industry-centred community. Housing for the Sunshine Harvester Works' employees had swelled the local population and the town of Sunshine was touted as the "Birmingham of Australia".
Sunshine was not immune when many Australian-based manufacturing industries started winding down during and after the 1970s. In 1992 the Massey Ferguson factory, formerly the Sunshine Harvester Works, was demolished to make way for the development of the Sunshine Marketplace.
Sunshine is now both a low-density residential suburb and one of Melbourne's principal places of employment outside of the CBD. Many heavy and light industrial companies are situated in and around the area and it is an important centre in Melbourne's west for retail. In addition to Sunshine's street shopping strips there are two shopping centres, the Sunshine Plaza and the Sunshine Marketplace; the Sunshine Marketplace includes the Sunshine Village Cinemas.
Amenity and navigability through Sunshine was reduced in 1961 with the replacement of the Hampshire Rd railway level crossing with a grade separation of the intersection in the form of a flyover bridge. Pedestrian traffic was diverted under the railway with a pedestrian underpass, effectively splitting Sunshine into two halves geographically and continues to do so till this day with calls for the removal of the flyover bridge and transformation of the station area as part of an urban renewal project for Sunshine.
Sunshine is a highly multicultural suburb, with many residents coming from all over Europe in the first few decades of the post-WWII period. It is the main centre for Melbourne's Maltese community: indeed, Oceania's only branch of Malta's Bank of Valletta is situated on Watt St, Sunshine. From the late 1970s, many Vietnamese refugees settled in Sunshine and surrounding areas and have opened small businesses such as groceries and restaurants on Hampshire Road. More recently, immigrants moving to Sunshine have come from Sudan, Burma and India.
In 2011 Sunshine had a population of 8,838. The most common ancestries were Australian 14.0%, English 12.9%, Vietnamese 10.5%, Chinese 5.8% and Irish 5.3%.
In Sunshine, 44.7% of people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth were Vietnam 11.2%, India 6.7%, Burma (Republic of the Union of Myanmar) 2.8%, Italy 1.9% and Philippines 1.6%.
Sunshine Station is situated where the Ballarat, Bendigo meet and is a stopping point for passengers on the Regional Rail Link trains from Geelong. This makes Sunshine Station a junction for all three western regional railway lines.
Sport and leisure
The heritage-listed H.V. McKay Memorial Gardens on Anderson Road, established in 1909 by H.V. McKay as Sunshine Gardens, is one of two remaining 'industrial gardens' in Australia. However, as of April 2012, local residents are campaigning to preserve the original state of the public space.
The Sunshine Cricket Club is based at Dempster Park in North Sunshine.
The Sunshine Park Tennis Club is based at Parsons Reserve Sunshine.
The Sunshine Baseball Club have their baseball field in Barclay Reserve on Talmage Street.
Golfers play at the course of the Sunshine Golf Club on Mt Derrimut Road, Derrimut. It relocated from the Fitzgerald Road course in November 2007. For those seeking some fun, the Fun City Entertainment Centre and Intencity Gaming Complex at Sunshine Marketplace are popular amusement centres located in central Sunshine. There is also the Sunshine Rollerskating Centre.
The Sunshine Leisure Centre contains a swimming pool, gym and other facilities. There is also the Sunshine World Gym and the Platinum Health & Pilates centre.
In popular culture
- In the film The Castle, the Kerrigans' daughter Tracey obtained her hairdressing qualification from Sunshine TAFE.
- In the television series Kath & Kim, Kath Day Knight has obtained numerous qualifications from Sunshine TAFE.
- Sunshine is the setting of the film Noise.
- Leigh Bowery, London-based avant-garde artist and designer
- Reverend John Flynn, the Presbyterian minister and aviator who founded the Royal Flying Doctor Service and who is featured on the current Australian 20 dollar note
- Charles Greenwood, pastor who revived the Assemblies of God church in Australia
- John Kelly, internationally renowned artist who grew up in Sunshine.
- Lydia Lassila, 2010 Winter Olympic gold medallist who grew up and went to school in Sunshine
- Hugh Victor McKay, leading Australian industrialist of the early 20th century; founder of the Sunshine Harvester Works
- Keith Miller, Australian Cricket Hall of Famer of the 1940s and 50s
- Craig Parry, one of Australia's premier golfers. Born in Sunshine.
- Lester Ellis, former World champion boxer. Grew up in West Sunshine.
- Walter "Wally" Peeler, WWI soldier, Victoria Cross and British Empire Medal winner and first custodian of the Shrine of Remembrance
- Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, who had an extended stay at the Derrimut Hotel in 1945.
- Bon Scott, lead singer of AC/DC who lived in Sunshine as a child.
- Stelarc, Cyprus-born, Sunshine-raised performance artist.
- Richard Tyler, born 1947, fashion designer in New York and Hollywood.
- Cal Wilson, stand-up comedian and radio and television personality.
- City of Sunshine - A former Local Government Area of the same name.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Sunshine (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
- Ford, Olwen (2001). Harvester Town: The making of Sunshine 1890-1925. Sunshine & District Historical Society Incorporated. ISBN 0-9595989-4-4.
- "Post Office List", Premier Postal History, retrieved 2008-04-11
- "Sunshine Harvester Works - HV McKay - a history of agricultural enterprise in Victoria, Australia 1880-1960 - Factory", Museum Victoria, retrieved 2009-08-25
- "Sunshine Harvester Works - HV McKay - a history of agricultural enterprise in Victoria, Australia 1880-1960 - Sunshine", Museum Victoria, retrieved 2009-08-25
- "Browsing by theme 'Origin of the 'Sunshine' Brandname' -". Museum Victoria. Retrieved 8 April 2012.
- HO Selwyn Park
- HO Sugar Gum row
- "Sunshine - Place - eMelbourne - The Encyclopedia of Melbourne Online". emelbourne.net.au.
- "Developing Australia's Manufacturing Base" (PDF), City of Brimbank, retrieved 2009-07-21
- Sunshine Rail Disaster - 100 years on, Brimbank Leader 15 April 2008.
- Williamstown R.S.L. Pipe Band - History
- "Sunshine Harvester Works - HV McKay - a history of agricultural enterprise in Victoria, Australia 1880-1960 - Armchair Tour - McKay's Dream Machine", Museum Victoria, retrieved 2009-08-25
- S.E. Dornan and R.G. Henderson (1979). Electric Railways of Victoria. Australian Electric Traction Society. p. 68. ISBN 0-909459-06-1.
- Alesha Capone (16 November 2010). "Transforming a station". Star. Retrieved 1 September 2012.
- Victoria University (2012). "Harvester Technical College". Victoria University. Victoria University. Retrieved 1 September 2012.
- Museum Victoria Australia (2012). "History of immigration from Malta". Museum Victoria Australia. Museum Victoria Australia. Retrieved 1 September 2012.
- "Sunshine Railway Station (Sunshine)". ptv.vic.gov.au.
- "BrimBUG". brimbug.org.au.
- "HV McKay Memorial Gardens". Victorian Heritage Database. Heritage Council of Victoria. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
- Friends of the McKay Memorial Gardens - History
- Benjamin Millar (10 April 2012). "Groups rally for Sunshine's HV McKay Memorial Gardens". Brimbank Weekly. Retrieved 1 September 2012.
- "New web site - Sunshine - FOX SPORTS PULSE". FOX SPORTS PULSE.
- "Sunshine", Full Points Footy, retrieved 2009-04-15
- Cricket Victoria - Sunshine Cricket Club - Club Profile
- "Sunshine Park Tennis Club Inc". facebook.com.
- Sunshine Baseball Club
- Golf Select, Sunshine, retrieved 2009-05-11
- Angus Livingston (12 February 2014). "Former Sunshine artist John Kelly wants to bring cows home to Brimbank". Herald Sun. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
- Sunshine girl Lydia Lassila does us proud
- Wright, Tony (11 June 2011). "A jolly good time in land of combine harvesters". The Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
- Wall, Mick (2012). AC/DC: Hell Aint a Bad Place to Be. London: Orion Publishing group. ISBN 9781409115359.
- "In defence of Sunshine: Surprising facts you may not know about Melbourne’s sunny suburb". Herald Sun. 6 March 2014. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
- Michael Lallo (11 February 2011). "Giggles for a cause". The Age. Retrieved 6 March 2014.