State University of New York at Geneseo
|Motto||"To Learn, To Search, To Serve" (SUNY motto)|
|State University of New York|
|President||Dr. Denise A. Battles|
|Provost||Dr. Stacey Robertson|
|241 (92% full-time)|
|Location||Geneseo, New York, USA|
|Campus||Rural (Small Town)|
The State University of New York College at Geneseo, also known as SUNY Geneseo, Geneseo State College or, colloquially, "Geneseo", is a college in the State University of New York (SUNY) system in Geneseo, Livingston County, New York, United States. The college was founded in 1871 as the Wadsworth Normal and Training School before it became a state liberal arts college in 1948.
- 1 Academics
- 2 Rankings and admissions
- 3 Campus
- 4 Traditions and campus culture
- 5 College seal and logotype
- 6 Notable alumni and faculty
- 7 Athletics and sports
- 8 Student organizations
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Geneseo is a four-year public liberal arts college. It has 48 undergraduate majors, five graduate programs (Master's only) and 25 interdisciplinary minors. The most popular majors, in descending order, are education, business, the social sciences, biology, and psychology.
The student population is approximately 5,500, with a student/faculty ratio of 19:1 and an average class size of 25. Nearly 90% of Geneseo's full-time faculty holds a Ph.D. or other terminal degree. Geneseo ranks number one in the nation for four-year graduation rates among comprehensive colleges and is tied for highest freshman retention rate out of any public college or university in New York.
Geneseo is part of the New York Space Grant Consortium, and is provided grants by NASA to support outer-space related research on-campus. Due to this participation, Geneseo is designated as a "space-grant" institution.
Humanities and core curriculum
SUNY Geneseo currently requires each student to take one of two survey courses in western humanities, in addition to a wide distribution of core courses in the arts and sciences. Faculty members from various departments teach "Western Humanities 1" and "Western Humanities 2". Individual course syllabi share many historical, philosophical, and literary texts with other courses creating a common knowledge base within the undergraduate student body. Core courses in the humanities, languages, and sciences ensures Geneseo students are well versed in the liberal arts tradition of education.
All Geneseo students must complete the general education curriculum outlined below:
- 2 courses in Natural Sciences
- 2 courses in Social Sciences
- 2 courses in Fine Arts
- 1 course in Western Humanities
- 1 course in Numeric/Symbolic Reasoning
- 1 course in U.S. History
- 1 course in Other World Civilizations
- 1 course in Critical Reading/Writing
- Competency within a Foreign Language
Nearly 40% of Geneseo's students participate in study abroad programs through the College or the SUNY system. One of Geneseo's most popular study abroad programs is its offering of the Humanities I course in either Rome, Athens or New York City, and the Humanities II course in Paris, Prague, El Sauce, or at Oxford University. The most well-known program is the Mediterranean Roots Humanities I program where students travel to Greece, Italy and Spain for (up to) six weeks.
Following the retirement of long-time President Christopher Dahl, Dr. Denise Battles became the college's president in July 2015.
Rankings and admissions
Geneseo has been regularly profiled in publications such as the Princeton Review, Kiplinger's Personal Finance, Fiske, and US News and World Report.
- In September 2016, Princeton Review named Geneseo one of the nation's best institutions for undergraduate education in its annual college guide, "The Best 381 Colleges." 
- In 2008, Kiplinger's Personal Finance reported Geneseo "could just be the best public college you've never heard of", and ranked it the nation's best value for out-of-state students. Geneseo has earned a spot among Kiplinger's Top Ten "Best Value Public Colleges," both in and out-of-state, since 2005.
- US News & World Report’s 2005 edition of Guide to America’s Best Colleges ranked Geneseo No. 12 in the "Best Universities-Master’s" category for all colleges, public or private, in the northern region. Geneseo was also ranked second among the top public universities in the north.
- U.S. News & World Report magazine named Geneseo among 80 colleges and universities in the country with a strong commitment to undergraduate teaching. The special list is part the magazine’s 2010 rankings of the country’s top colleges and universities.
- Geneseo is among 44 "Best Buy Schools" in the 2016 edition of "The Fiske Guide to Colleges" published by former New York Times Education Editor Edward B. Fiske. The publication named 44 institutions – 20 public and 24 private – as "Best Buys," categorized as inexpensive or moderately priced with a four- or five-star academic rating. Geneseo has been named to the list for several years.
- The Princeton Review profiled Geneseo in the 2005 edition of "The Princeton Review’s Guide to the Best 357 Colleges," and ranked the college third on their list of "Best Bargains – Public" taken from the nation's public colleges and universities.
- In July 2006, the New York Times profiled 20 colleges and universities of "established or rising scholarship" which are fast becoming viable alternatives to private institutions. In addition to naming Geneseo one of the country's "hidden gems," the Times noted the college is "increasingly seen as a first choice for high achievers" and observed as the "most selective of SUNY's comprehensive colleges", Geneseo is fast becoming New York's alternative for students who "chose not to go to the Ivies".
Other national distinctions include recognition from Money Magazine and Yahoo! Internet Life's 100 "most wired" campuses list (#90 in 1998, #49 in 1999, and in 2000 the list was divided by type of school and Geneseo placed #82 in the "larger universities" category).
All SUNY schools are part of the same university system, the State University of New York, but they differ in character, program, quality, and prestige. Of the system's schools, SUNY Geneseo, Stony Brook University, Binghamton University, and the University at Buffalo consistently rank the highest in national publications. In the 2011 Princeton Review report, for example, Geneseo, Binghamton, and Buffalo were ranked within the top 75 for best public college value. Binghamton, Buffalo, and Stony Brook are doctoral-granting universities and Geneseo is a master's-granting college.
Geneseo's acceptance rate is 67% as of 2016.
Phi Beta Kappa
Geneseo has joined 270 colleges and universities in the nation with chapters of the oldest academic honor society in the United States, Phi Beta Kappa. SUNY's four university centers already had chapters; Geneseo's establishment of a chapter is significant because it was the first (and is currently the only) of New York's thirteen state comprehensive colleges to receive the honor.
The inaugural ΦΒΚ class was inducted to Geneseo's Alpha-Gamma of New York chapter in April 2004.
SUNY Geneseo is on the Genesee Valley's eastern side. Of Geneseo's approximately 5,000 full-time residents, some 70% work at or are in some way affiliated with the College, making Geneseo a "college town."
The campus is divided between the Academic Quad, "North Side" and "South Side," with all academic buildings contained within the Academic Quad. The South Side has five residence halls and a dining hall. The South Side complex was designed by architect Edgar Tafel, one-time apprentice to Frank Lloyd Wright. Tafel also designed Brodie Hall, home of Geneseo's four Arts departments on the Academic Quad. Additionally, 44 on campus townhouses, known as Saratoga Terrace, provide a connective corridor between the South Side and the Academic Quad. The North Side has eleven residence halls, two dining halls and the Lauderdale Health Center. The Academic Quad comprising the Upper and Lower Campuses has the academic buildings, the College Union, Merritt Athletic Center, Wadsworth Auditorium and the Milne Library that offers amazing views of the Genesee valley.
The campus is laid out in generally the same shape as the state of New York; the residence halls are each named after counties within the state, though not all are placed in line with their same geography within the state. (Example: Nassau and Suffolk Halls on South Side, which is the "Long Island" aspect to the state, but Wayne, Niagara, and Onondaga Halls are there.)
In 2003, the college began the largest capital improvement project in the history of the SUNY system. The Integrated Science Facility (pictured right) is a 105,000-square-foot (9,800 m2), $32 million building equipped with a nuclear accelerator. Leslie E. Robertson Associates are the structural engineers in this project. The Center opened in the Spring of 2007. On the new building's opening, Greene Hall (a science building constructed in 1970) was shut down and completely renovated at a cost of $20 million.
One of the main attractions of SUNY Geneseo's campus is the architecture of many of the older buildings. The James B. Welles building was built in 1932 and is the oldest building on campus with arches, gables, and broad-leaf collegiate ivy draping its stone and brick facade. Formerly known as the Winfield Holcomb School, it served as the laboratory school for children in kindergarten through sixth grade. It now houses the departments of Philosophy, Political Science, Foreign Language, and English.
The James V. Sturges building (pictured here File:Sturges Hall at SUNY Geneseo.jpg), the central clock tower of the main Sturges Quad is Geneseo's signature building and contains the Alumni Carillon which chimes on the hour and plays songs at various times during the day. Constructed in 1938, it once served as the administration building and now houses the History department. Sturges also holds classrooms and laboratories as well as the Geneseo Speech and Hearing Clinic. Wadsworth Auditorium, (pictured here Image:Wadsworth.JPG) is also one of the oldest buildings on campus.
At the far end of the South Village Residences, the college maintains the 20-acre (81,000 m2) Spencer J. Roemer Arboretum wherein are preserved "more than 70 species of trees, shrubs and wildflowers, including a magnificent group of oak trees which are more than 200 years old, and several black walnut trees estimated to be over 100 years old." The arboretum is used for teaching and recreation. It also has a gazebo and the college's memorial to four alumni who died in the September 11, 2001 attack on the World Trade Center in New York City, a gift left by the Class of 2002 through the Senior Challenge program.
East of the Academic Quad and up a slight hill is Geneseo's Main street that complements the quaint campus with a variety of shops, restaurants and bars students frequent. Beyond Main Street is the historic village of Geneseo, marked by Victorian architecture, well-kept mansions, fraternity and sorority houses as well as several nineteenth-century churches.
The Lamron reported SUNY Geneseo plans to acquire and refurbish Doty Hall, one of its former buildings, and to demolish an underutilized structure, the Holcomb Campus School, to build an open air, artificial turf athletic stadium in 2013. Both projects are in progress, with the athletic stadium near completion.
The Lamron reports SUNY Geneseo will acquire Doty Hall and update its electrical and plumbing systems, as well as modernizing the new workspace. SUNY Geneseo will be collaborating with the building's current tenants, the New York State Office for People with Developmental Disabilities, who will maintain their center on the building's first floor. SUNY Geneseo will move its Office of Admissions into the building as part of a new, more visible college welcome center. Then the Center for International Students, the Hearing and Speech Clinic, and the Department of Communicative Disorders and Science were all scheduled to move into Doty, but with the program curtailments and the closing of the Communicative Disorder Department new plans are being developed for the space. These moves will free space in Sturges Hall and Erwin Hall and reconnect a highly visible plot of land with the campus.
In addition to providing a turf field for Geneseo's soccer, field hockey, and lacrosse programs, Commencement will be held at the new stadium, eliminating the cost and hassle of annually erecting a temporary stadium in the B lot parking area.
Traditions and campus culture
Geneseo's students celebrate many longstanding traditions and campus legends.
The Bronze Bear
Just off campus, in the center of Main Street in Geneseo sits the famous Bronze Bear statue. "The Bear" also plays host to any number of spontaneous decorations and pranks throughout the academic year. A story also circulates that one of the wealthy Wadsworth daughters saw the bear fountain in a small town in Germany, fell in love with it, bought it, and sent it back to Geneseo in the early 19th century. This story is unverified, but an excerpt from a history of the family that settled the valley implies that this is not true, and that the fountain was designed and built for its current location: "[Main Street] is still dominated by a drinking fountain for horses dedicated to Mrs. Emmeline Austin Wadsworth. For some obscure reason its designer placed a short pole in its center on top of which sits a cunning little iron bear, who is generally known as 'Aunt Emmeline'". Campus legend also says that if a virgin graduates from the College, the bear will spring to life and run away, a legend that attaches itself to campus statues all over the US. In May 2016, Emmeline was toppled by a tractor trailer and was awaiting repair. The bear has since been returned to its proper place as of 2017.
The Greek Tree
In the Sturges quad, students from different Greek organizations sneak about late at night to paint a "Greek tree." . There are so many layers of paint on the tree that the original contours of the bark and trunk are obscured. Despite the years of paint, the tree continues to grow and produce leaves. The exact date when this practice began is unknown, but alumni report that it began sporadically during the 1950s and became regular practice in the mid to late 1960s.
The Seuss Spruce
Also in the Sturges quad is the famous "Seuss Spruce," so called because it looks like a Dr. Seuss illustration. It is said that the tree's shape was due to being weighed down by ice and snow during the particularly tough winter of 1991. Now the tree simply grows in a crooked and slightly spiral shape. It's more likely that the tree is the cultivated variety Picea Glauca 'Pendula' or a similar spruce. Adding to the Seussian quality of the tree is the fact that the bottom branches "fan out" along the ground.
Geneseo is known for visually striking sunsets, with students and alumni saying the sunset at Geneseo was once ranked by National Geographic Magazine as one of the top ten in the world. This claim has since been proved to be false—National Geographic publishes no such ranking—but lives on in campus lore. Near the center of campus, a gazebo provides panoramic views of the Genesee Valley and an unobstructed view of sunsets on clear evenings. Like many college campuses, it is said a couple who kisses in the Gazebo at sunset is destined to be engaged and wed.
Ice hockey games
In recent years, men's ice hockey games in the Ira S. Wilson Ice Arena have become major campus events that draw sell-out crowds of students and community members. A pep band has been formed and student groups often offer promotions such as handing out noise makers to the capacity crowds.
The lyrics to the school song, sung at convocation, commencement, and other formal events are as follows:
Shine the sun down on her halls of wisdom, where memories linger and our thoughts remain
Sing her praises out across the valley, that echoes our refrain:
Geneseo! Geneseo! send us on our way
Geneseo! Geneseo! with our life's work we'll repay.
An older and longer version of the Alma Mater from a 1929 student handbook has three verses and a chorus:
- Proudly it stands on the hillside so firm, with its banners floating on high.
The finest Normal in the land, for you we'll do or die.
Then cheer for Alma Mater, our foster mother dear.
May her sons and daughters ever, love her from year to year.
May they her memory cherish--in duty never fail,
Nor let her honor perish. To Geneseo all hail!
- Let us strive to all our standards raise in sport and studies too.
Show all the world we're fighting clean, in all that we may do.
- Others may cheer for their orange and black, or to other colors be true.
But we shall ever hold out love, for you our white and blue.
College seal and logotype
The Geneseo college seal, featured in the infobox above, was unveiled in July 1968. According to the college's office of publications, the seal is a representation of the college's location and mission: "The circular design features a flame from the torch of knowledge surrounded by leaves symbolic of the bucolic setting of SUNY Geneseo and its growth. Both are atop waves symbolizing the historic Genesee River."
In 1986, the college designed a logo to "provide the College with an identity mark that was more readily identifiable than the College Seal and was not meant to replace the College Seal." Again drawing on the college's unique surroundings, "the graphic underneath the word 'Geneseo' symbolizes the rolling and rural character of the surrounding Genesee Valley." The typeface used in this logo, and in many other college publications, is Galliard.
In October 2012, Geneseo unveiled a new logotype, featured in the infobox above. Bill Caren, Geneseo's Associate Vice President of Enrollment, stated the new word mark reflected "[Geneseo's] competitors' logos," which are less stylized. "If [Geneseo] wants to be perceived in the same category as its competitors," Caren added, "it would be good to have a logo that corresponds on the same level." The logotype was met with mixed responses by the student body, although its implementation throughout campus continued unhindered.
Notable alumni and faculty
- Glenn Gordon Caron (class of 1975), executive producer of TV series Medium and Moonlighting'
- Jenna Wolfe, anchor of NBC's Weekend Today.
- Greg Fox (author) (class of 1983), artist/writer of nationally syndicated comic strip Kyle's Bed & Breakfast.
- Howard Blumenthal, author; nationally syndicated columnist; creator/producer, PBS series "Where in the World Is Carmen Sandiego?"
- Chelsea Noble (formerly Nancy Mueller; class of 1987), film and TV actress, sister of the Alpha Clionian sorority.
- William Sadler, actor best known for his roles in The Shawshank Redemption and Roswell.
- J.T. The Brick, Fox Sports Radio talk-show host.
- Curt Smith (class of 1973), author, broadcaster and Republican speech writer for President George H. W. Bush.
- Jimmy "The Cat" Hayes, Broadcaster St. Louis Cardinals. CBS 920am Radio Morning Drive.
- Brittany Lauda, voice actress and director for anime and video games, notable for HuniePop and Ladies versus Butlers
- CGP Grey, popular YouTube creator and web personality.
- Jason Tartick, a contestant on "The Bachelorette".
- Gregg 'Opie' Hughes Former radio broadcaster, of 'Opie and Anthony'
- Brian L. DeMarco (class of 1996), Assistant Professor of Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. DeMarco's research into a new state of matter won Science Magazine's distinction as one of the top ten scientific discoveries of 1999.
- My Hang V. Huynh (class of 1991) is a scientist at the Los Alamos National Laboratory who was presented an E.O. Lawrence Award in 2007 by Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman for her research and development of ecologically friendly explosives which replace those made with lead and mercury. In 2007 the MacArthur Foundation awarded Huynh the "Genius Grant," otherwise called the MacArthur Fellows Program.
Government, business, law
- David Bullwinkle, CFO of Kodak.
- Jeff Clarke (class of 1983), CEO of Kodak
- Amy Collins, CEO of New Shelves book publishing
- David Klein, CFO of Constellation Brands.
- Ray Kotcher, non-executive chairman and advisor to Ketchum Inc.
- Joseph D. Morelle, New York State Assembly Majority Leader, 2013–present
- Jackie Norris (class of 1992), former Chief of Staff to First Lady Michelle Obama.
- Raymond Walter (class of 1994), New York State Assemblyman, 146th district.
- Bill Cook and Ron Herzman, Distinguished Teaching Professors of, respectively, History and English.
- Rita K. Gollin, Distinguished Professor Emerita of English.
- Walter Harding, former Distinguished Professor Emeritus of English.
- Carol Harter, Geneseo's eleventh president before assuming the presidency of UNLV from 1995-2006.
- Eoin McKiernan, Professor 1949-1959, early scholar of Irish Studies.
- Robert W. O'Donnell, Distinguished Teaching Professor of Biology.
- Rudy Rucker, Professor of Mathematics 1972–1978, author of mathematical science fiction novels such as White Light (set in Geneseo) and the Ware Tetralogy. He is considered a founder of the cyberpunk literary movement and developed the concept of transrealism.
- James Willey, Distinguished Teaching Professor Emeritus of Music, composer.
- Julia Walker, former Professor of English from 1985-2018. Miltonist, author of several books which were groundbreaking in this field, including the 1997 Most Distinguished Essay by a Milton Scholar, awarded by the Milton Society.
Athletics and sports
|University||State University of New York at Geneseo|
|Conference||State University of New York Athletic Conference|
|Athletic director||Mike Mooney|
|Basketball arena||Schrader Gymnasium|
|Other arenas||Ira S. Wilson Ice Arena|
Blue and White|
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Teams and programs
Geneseo's athletic program is part of the NCAA Division III. They are a member of the State University of New York Athletic Conference. Geneseo has 20 varsity sports programs including basketball ((M)en's and (W)omen's), cross country (M, W), equestrian (W), field hockey (W), ice hockey (M), lacrosse (M, W), soccer (M, W), softball (W), swimming (M, W), tennis (W), indoor/outdoor track & field (M, W), and volleyball (W).
Although they are not NCAA programs, Geneseo also has several very competitive club sports teams that compete in intercollegiate play. These include rowing (M, W), rugby (M, W), baseball (M), ice hockey (W) water polo (M, W), volleyball (M), downhill skiing (M, W), tennis (M), fencing, ultimate frisbee, and cheerleading.
There are also many intramural sport offerings, including the perennial college classic, broomball.
Geneseo students can take part in a wide range of diverse organizations and activities, including The Lamron, an independent student newspaper published since 1922, Geneseo Student Television (GSTV), an award-winning Model United Nations team, a nationally competitive Federal Reserve Challenge club, WGSU, a federally-licensed radio station, five acclaimed a cappella groups (Southside Boys, Exit 8, Hips & Harmony, Emmelodics, and Between the Lines), Musical Theatre Club, and several local and national Greek organizations.
- Alpha Chi Rho ("Crows")
- Sigma Alpha Mu ("Sammy")
- Lambda Alpha Upsilon
- Kappa Sigma ("Kappa Sig")
- Pi Kappa Phi ("Pi Kapp")
- Theta Chi
- Omega Beta Psi ("Omega")
- Delta Kappa Tau ("DK")
- Sigma Nu Chi ("Sig Nu")
- Phi Sigma Xi ("Phigs")
- Phi Kappa Chi ("Phi Kap")
- Sigma Tau Psi ("Sig Tau")
- Zeta Beta Xi ("ZBXi")
- Men of Action and Change ("MAC")
- Zeta Phi Beta ("Zetas")
- Sigma Psi Zeta ("Sigma")
- Sigma Kappa ("Kappa")
- Sigma Delta Tau ("SDT", "SigDelts")
- Delta Phi Epsilon ("DPhiE", "Deephs")
- Lambda Pi Upsilon ("LPiU", "Lambda Divas")
- Alpha Sigma Tau ("AST")
- Alpha Delta Epsilon ("ADE")
- Alpha Kappa Phi ("Ago")
- Alpha Omega Pi ("AOPi")
- Phi Kappa Pi ("Clio")
- Phi Lambda Chi ("Phi Lambs")
- Sigma Gamma Phi ("Arethusa")
- Sisters Making a Change ("SMAC")
- Royal Lady Knights ("RLK")
- "Fast Facts - SUNY Geneseo". www.geneseo.edu. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
- "State University of New York College at Geneseo". College Board. 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-11.
- "New York Space Grant Community College Partnership Program". Cornell University. 2014. Retrieved 2015-07-21.
- "Fast Facts". SUNY Geneseo. Retrieved 2013-06-03.
- "The Best 381 Colleges" Retrieved May 25, 2017.
- "Top 100 Best Values in Public Colleges". Bennett-Clark, Jane. February 2008. Kiplinger's Personal Finance Magazine. Retrieved November 13, 2008.
- "U.S. News & World Report Names SUNY Geneseo". Retrieved August 21, 2009.
- Archibold, Randal C. (2006-07-30). "Off the beaten path". New York Times. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "New York Times names SUNY Geneseo among nation's "hidden gems"" (Press release). SUNY Geneseo. 2006-07-31. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Listings in National Publications" (PDF) (Press release). SUNY Geneseo. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-04-14. Retrieved 2007-08-12.
- "Rankings for 75 Best Values in Public Colleges". Princeton Review. 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-20.
- "Chapter Chronology". The Phi Beta Kappa Society. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-08-12.
- "Geneseo Faculty Granted Charter for Phi Beta Kappa Chapter at the College" (Press release). SUNY Geneseo. 2003-08-26.
- "Roemer Arboretum". arboretum.geneseo.edu. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
- The Jen-o-see [Gen-ə-see], 1933 & 1975. Yearbook of Geneseo, NY’s high school.
- Peek, Michael (2006-09-28). "College plans to raze Holcomb for new stadium, reacquire Doty". thelamron. Archived from the original on 2015-11-12. Retrieved 2006-11-13.
- The Wadsworths of the Genesee. New York: Coward-McCann. 1959. p. 205.
|last1=in Authors list (help)
- "Geneseo Alma Mater". Geneseo Student Handbook. SUNY Geneseo. Retrieved 2007-08-12.
- Student Cooperative Government, Geneseo State Normal School, 1929
- "Graphic Standards". SUNY Geneseo Office of Communications and Publications. Retrieved 2008-08-05.
- Rose-Gross, Joanna (2012-10-18). "New wordmark incites divisive debate". Lamron. Retrieved 2013-06-03.[permanent dead link]
- "CGP Grey Tweet Confirming Attendance at SUNY Geneseo". Twitter. Retrieved 22 July 2015.
- "Brian L. DeMarco". Faculty profiles. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Department of Physics. Retrieved 2009-06-21.
- Energy, Tom Harper, Chief Information Officer, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Operated by Los Alamos National Security, LLC, for theU.S. Department of. "Service Unavailable". www.lanl.gov. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
- "Myhang V. Huynh". scientist profiles. MacArthur Foundation. Retrieved 2007-10-02.[permanent dead link]
- "Kodak promotes David Bullwinkle to CFO". Democrat & Chronicle. 15 June 2016. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
- "Jeff Clarke '83 Named Kodak CEO | SUNY Geneseo". www.geneseo.edu. 2014-03-14. Retrieved 2015-04-11.
- "Kodak names Clarke new CEO". 2014-03-12. Retrieved 2015-04-11.
- "David Klein, Constellation Brands". CNBC. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
- "Joseph D Morelle - Biography". New York State Assembly. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
- "East Wing Shakeup as First Lady Gets New Chief of Staff". The Washington Post.
- "News Center - SUNY Geneseo". www.geneseo.edu. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
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