From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Suomussalmen kunta
Coat of arms of Suomussalmi
Coat of arms
Location of Suomussalmi in Finland
Location of Suomussalmi in Finland
Coordinates: 64°53′N 028°55′E / 64.883°N 28.917°E / 64.883; 28.917Coordinates: 64°53′N 028°55′E / 64.883°N 28.917°E / 64.883; 28.917
Country  Finland
Region Kainuu
Sub-region Kehys-Kainuu sub-region
Charter 1867
 • Municipal manager Asta Tolonen
Area (2016-01-01)[1]
 • Total 5,270.79 km2 (2,035.06 sq mi)
 • Land 5,270.56 km2 (2,034.97 sq mi)
 • Water 587.03 km2 (226.65 sq mi)
Area rank 9th largest in Finland
Population (2016-03-31)[2]
 • Total 8,290
 • Rank 122nd largest in Finland
 • Density 1.57/km2 (4.1/sq mi)
Population by native language[3]
 • Finnish 98.7% (official)
 • Others 1.3%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 to 14 12.7%
 • 15 to 64 63%
 • 65 or older 24.3%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 19.5%

Suomussalmi is a municipality in Finland and is located in the Kainuu region. The municipality has a population of 8,290 (31 March 2016)[2] and covers an area of 5,270.79 square kilometres (2,035.06 sq mi) of which 587.03 km2 (226.65 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 1.57 inhabitants per square kilometre (4.1/sq mi). The municipality is unilingually Finnish. Ämmänsaari is the biggest built-up area in the municipality.

Suomussalmi is the second southernmost part of the reindeer-herding area in Finland.

During the Winter War of 1939–40, several battles were fought in the area around Suomussalmi, the most important ones being the Battle of Suomussalmi and the Battle of Raate. In these battles Finnish forces defeated numerically superior Soviet forces.

Formula One racing driver Heikki Kovalainen is from Suomussalmi, as well as the author Ilmari Kianto and the composer Osmo Tapio Räihälä, in addition to the ice hockey player, Janne Pesonen.[6]


Results of the Finnish parliamentary election, 2011 in Suomussalmi:

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Suomussalmi is twinned with:


  1. ^ a b "Population density by area 1.1.2016". Statistics Finland. Retrieved 12 February 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, maaliskuu.2016" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 31 March 2016. 
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  6. ^ Ask the expert - Heikki Kovalainen

External links[edit]

Media related to Suomussalmi at Wikimedia Commons