Supadio International Airport

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Supadio International Airport
Bandar Udara Internasional Supadio
Supadio Airport terminal.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public / Military
Owner Government of Indonesia
Operator PT Angkasa Pura II
Serves Pontianak
Location Kubu Raya Regency, West Kalimantan, Indonesia
Hub for
Focus city for
Time zone WIB (UTC+07:00)
Elevation AMSL 10 ft / 3 m
Coordinates 00°09′02″S 109°24′14″E / 0.15056°S 109.40389°E / -0.15056; 109.40389
Website supadio-airport.co.id
Maps
Kalimantan region in Indonesia
Kalimantan region in Indonesia
PNK is located in Kalimantan
PNK
PNK
Location of airport in West Kalimantan / Indonesia
PNK is located in Indonesia
PNK
PNK
PNK (Indonesia)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
15/33 2,500 8,202 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Passenger 3,447,254 (Increase 19.9%)
Airfreight (tonnes) 8,350 (Decrease 70.5%)
Aircraft movements 66,677 (Increase 6.2%

Supadio International Airport (Indonesian: Bandar Udara Internasional Supadio) (IATA: PNK, ICAO: WIOO), formerly known as Sei Durian Airport or Sungai Durian Airport, is an international airport located 17 km from Pontianak, West Kalimantan, Indonesia. The airport is managed by PT. Angkasa Pura II, and takes up 528 ha. The airport serves as the main point of entry to West Kalimantan. The airport serves domestic flights to and from several cities and towns in Indonesia and some limited flights to Kuching and Kuala Lumpur in the neighboring Malaysia. The name of the airport is derived from the Lieutenant Colonel Supadio, an Indonesian Air Force officer who served Pangkowilud II Banjarmasin, which oversees the Sungai Durian Airbase (the previous name of the airport). Lieutenant Colonel Supadio died in an airplane crash with Colonel (PNB) Nurtanio in Bandung in 1966. The airport area and runway is also shared with the Supadio Airbase a Type B airbase of the TNI-AU (Indonesian Air Force). It served as the homebase of the Skuadron Udara 1 of the Indonesian Air Force, which consists of a fleet of 18 Hawk 109/209. The airport previously suffered from overcapacity. A major renovation between 2014 and 2017 dramatically increased the airport's capacity, which involves the building of a larger and more spacious terminal. After the rebovation, the airport now have four jet bridge and are able to accommodate 3.8 million passengers annually. The renovation includes the widening and extension of the runway to 2,500-meter, building a new and higher Air traffic control tower and widening the airport's apron to accommodate more and larger aircraft.

History[edit]

Supadio Airport new Air traffic control tower
Airport terminal interior

The airport was originally built in the 1940s and was previously named as Sei Durian Airport.

After obtaining an agreement with the Pontianak Sultanate, the Pontianak Sultanate decided to give up some land to be used the Dutch colonial government in building a airfield. The Dutch government began to carry out research around the Sei Durian area to decide where to build the airstrip. Finally, the Dutch decided to build the airstrips in Sei Durian due to the consideration of strategic factors of defense. At that time, the Dutch government was involved in World War II against the Empire of Japan.

Unfortunately, before the construction of the airstrip started, the Dutch colonial administration capitulated to the Japanese Government. During the Japanese occupation, the Japanese military government decided to proceed building the airstrip, considering its strategic importance. The Japanese stationed several of its military airplanes in Sei Durian over the course of the war. After the Japanese surrenderd in 1945, the airstrip was briefly retaken by the Dutch colonial government, before finally taken over by the new Indonesian government. Over the course of the year, the Indonesian government developed the airport, resulting in its present state.

At the height of the Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation, several aircraft of the Indonesian Air Force were stationed on Sei Durian Airport, owing to its proximity with Malaysia in subsequent developments, the history of the Sungai Durian Airbase has undergone many series of change processes, ranging from changes in status or air force base type or renaming changes. After hostility ceased, the airbase was upgraded from a Type C Airbase to a Type B Airbase. Currently, Supadio Airport houses the Skuadron Udara 1 of the Indonesian Air Force, composing of a fleet of Hawk 109/209.

In the 1980s, the airport was renamed Supadio Airport. In the 1970s, the first international flight to Kuching in neighbouring Sarawak started, operated by Merpati Nusantara Airlines. In the 1980s, flights to Singapore started, operated by Garuda Indonesia. In late-October 1989, Malaysia Airlines also started flight to Pontianak from Kuching. All of these international flights discontinued in 1998 due to the Asian Financial Crisis but the routes to Kuching however has been resumed in mid-1999, operated by 3 different airlines consecutively namely Batavia Air, Kalstar and Xpress Air which suspended services shortly after Wings Air operated the route. Flight to Kuala Lumpur also commenced in late-March 2015, operated by AirAsia.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
AirAsia Kuala Lumpur–International, Kuching[1]
Batik Air Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Jakarta–Halim-Perdanakusuma
Citilink Batam, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Surabaya
Garuda Indonesia Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta
Garuda Indonesia
operated by Explore
Balikpapan, Ketapang, Palangkaraya, Putussibau, Sintang
Lion Air Balikpapan, Bandung, Batam, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Makassar, Semarang, Surabaya
Sriwijaya Air Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta
Nam Air Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Ketapang,[2] Putussibau, Sintang[3] Yogyakarta
Wings Air Ketapang, Kuching, Miri, Pangkal Pinang, Putussibau, Sintang
XpressAir Bandung, Yogyakarta

Statistics and traffic[edit]

Traffic[edit]

Overall Operational Statistics[4]
Year Passengers movements Aircraft movements Freight movements
2002
597,688
16,113
3,993
2003
835,546
19,196
5,155
2004
1,085,019
21,186
5,874
2005
1,124,225
20,151
7,005
2006
1,220,592
17,591
7,726
2007
1,378,529
17,898
9,017
2008
1,390,622
17,461
9,227
2009
1,581,931
9,440
12,400
2010
1,186,170
11,135
6,904
2012
2,291,470
21,198
26,518
2013
2,307,322
22,779
7,729
2014
2,502,957
23,626
17,305
2015
2,713,259
25,184
15,368
2016
3,182,267
28,732
16,399

Statistics[edit]

The Frequency of Domestic Flights at Supadio International Airport
Rank Destinations Frequency (Weekly) Airline(s)
1 Jakarta, Special Capital Region (All Airports) 178 Batik Air, Citilink, Garuda Indonesia, Lion Air, NAM Air, Sriwijaya Air
2 Ketapang, West Kalimantan 59 Garuda Indonesia, NAM Air, Wings Air,
3 Surabaya, East Java 28 Citilink, Lion Air
4 Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta Special Region 24 NAM Air, Xpress Air
5 Batam, Riau Islands 21 Citilink, Lion Air
6 Putussibau, West Kalimantan 21 Garuda Indonesia, NAM Air, Wings Air
7 Sintang, West Kalimantan 21 Garuda Indonesia, NAM Air, Wings Air
8 Bandung, West Java 10 Lion Air, Xpress Air
9 Makassar, South Sulawesi 7 Lion Air
10 Semarang, Central Java 7 Lion Air
11 Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan 7 Garuda Indonesia
12 Pangkal Pinang, Bangka Belitung 7 Wings Air
13 Balikpapan, East Kalimantan 4 Lion Air


The Frequency of International Flights at Supadio International Airport
Rank Destinations Frequency (Weekly) Airline(s)
1 Malaysia Kuching, Malaysia 14 AirAsia, Wings Air
2 Malaysia Kuala Lumpur–International, Malaysia 7 AirAsia
3 Malaysia Miri, Malaysia 4 Wings Air

Expansion[edit]

Supadio International Airport is going to have new terminal building with its runway to be lengthened and widened, to make it a world-class airport. In 2012 tender to overlay 2,250 meters runway has been done, and in early 2013 overlay will be done. Multiyears project to expand runway to 2,500 meters began in 2013. Before, in 2010–2011 runway has been widened from 30 meters to 45 meters.[5]

The new terminal was now being constructed and expected to be finished totally by 2016. The project would be separated into 2 phase. Phase I involves building a temporary terminal with an area of 13.000 m2 and could accommodate over 1.5 million people over a year. This temporary building would be located adjacent to the existing terminal, Phase 2 involves demolishing of existing terminal building and building a new terminal building as an extension of the building in phase I. In total, the new Supadio Airport terminal would have an area of 32.000 m2 and could accommodate 2.5 million people a year.[6]

Military use[edit]

Supadio International Airport is also used by Aviation Squadron 51 (Skadron Udara 51), which operates the CAIG Wing Loong.[7]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 19 January 1973, Douglas C-47B PK-EHC of Trans Nusantara Airways crashed on landing and was destroyed in the subsequent fire. All four people on board escaped.[8]
  • On 22 November 2004, Sri Hardono, the captain of Garuda Indonesia flight 501, a Boeing 737-500 from Pontianak to Jakarta, was suddenly ill shortly after take-off. Hardono immediately asked permission to the air traffic control to return to the airport. Hardono died shortly after the emergency landing while still in the cockpit. Heart attack was the cause of illness and death. Due to the incident, the airport was temporarily closed for 40 minutes. There were no other injuries or fatalities in this incident.[9]
  • On 2 November 2010, Lion Air flight 712, operated by Boeing 737-400 PK-LIQ, overran the runway on landing, coming to rest on its belly. All 174 passengers and crew evacuated by the emergency chutes, with few injuries reported.[10]
  • On 1 June 2012, a Sriwijaya Air Boeing 737-400 skidded off the runway in heavy rain. Nobody was hurt, but the plane sustained damage beyond repair.[11][12]

References[edit]

External links[edit]