Super Bowl LI

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Super Bowl LI
Super Bowl LI logo.svg
1 2 3 4 OT Total
NE 0 3 6 19 6 34
ATL 0 21 7 0 0 28
Date February 5, 2017
Stadium NRG Stadium, Houston, Texas
MVP Tom Brady, Quarterback
Favorite Patriots by 3[1]
Referee Carl Cheffers[2]
Attendance 70,807[3]
Ceremonies
National anthem Luke Bryan[4]
Coin toss Former U.S. President George H. W. Bush,
Former U.S. First Lady Barbara Bush[5]
Halftime show Lady Gaga[6]
TV in the United States
Network Fox
Announcers Joe Buck (play-by-play)
Troy Aikman (analyst)
Erin Andrews and Chris Myers (sideline reporters)
Nielsen ratings 48.8 (national)
54.3 (Boston)
57.0 (Atlanta)
U.S. viewership: 111.3 million est. avg.[7]
Cost of 30-second commercial $5.02 million
Radio in the United States
Network Westwood One
Announcers Kevin Harlan (play-by-play)
Boomer Esiason (analyst)
James Lofton and Tony Boselli (sideline reporters)

Super Bowl LI was an American football game to determine the champion of the National Football League (NFL) for the 2016 season. The American Football Conference (AFC) champion New England Patriots, after trailing by as many as 25 points during the third quarter, defeated the National Football Conference (NFC) champion Atlanta Falcons, 34–28. The Patriots' 25-point comeback is the largest comeback in Super Bowl history,[8] and Super Bowl LI was the first to be decided in overtime.[9][10] The game was played at the NRG Stadium in Houston, Texas, on Sunday, February 5, 2017.[11][12]

The Patriots' victory was their fifth all-time, moving them into a three-way tie with the Dallas Cowboys and the San Francisco 49ers for second place on the all-time Super Bowl wins list, trailing only the Pittsburgh Steelers who have six Super Bowl victories. New England, after finishing the regular season with a league-best 14–2 record, advanced to their record-setting ninth Super Bowl appearance, their second in three years, and their seventh under the leadership of head coach Bill Belichick and quarterback Tom Brady. The Falcons entered the game after completing an 11–5 regular season record, and were trying to win their first Super Bowl title, having lost their only previous appearance in Super Bowl XXXIII.

After a scoreless first quarter, Atlanta scored 21 unanswered points before New England made a field goal with two seconds left in the second quarter to make it a 21–3 halftime lead. The Falcons then increased their lead, 28–3, midway through the third quarter with quarterback Matt Ryan completing his second touchdown pass. The Patriots then scored 25 unanswered points to tie the game, 28–28, with 57 seconds left in regulation. New England won the overtime coin toss, took the ball, and drove 75 yards to win with a 2-yard touchdown run by running back James White. When the game ended, more than 30 team and individual Super Bowl records had been either broken or matched.[13] White's 14 receptions and his 20 points scored (off of 3 touchdowns and a two-point conversion) were among these broken records.[14] New England Patriots quarterback Tom Brady, who also broke single-game Super Bowl records with 43 completed passes, 62 pass attempts, and 466 passing yards, was named Super Bowl MVP for a record fourth time.

Fox's broadcast of the game averaged around 111.3 million viewers, down from the previous year's Super Bowl.[15] Average TV viewership for the halftime show, headlined by Lady Gaga,[16] was higher at 117.5 million.[17]

Background[edit]

Host-selection process[edit]

NRG Stadium in January 2017

The NFL selected the sites for Super Bowl 50 and Super Bowl LI at the owners' spring meetings in Boston on May 21, 2013.[18] On October 16, 2012, the NFL announced that Reliant Stadium in Houston, which was renamed NRG Stadium in 2014, was a finalist to host Super Bowl LI.[19] Houston then competed against the runner-up for the site of Super Bowl 50: Hard Rock Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida.[18][19] The South Florida bid for either Super Bowl partially depended on whether the stadium underwent renovations. However, on May 3, the Florida Legislature refused to approve the funding plan to pay for the renovations, dealing a blow to South Florida's chances.[20] The NFL ultimately selected Houston as the host city of Super Bowl LI.[21]

This was the second Super Bowl to be held at NRG Stadium, the other being Super Bowl XXXVIII in 2004, which also featured the New England Patriots against that season's NFC South champion Carolina Panthers. It was also the third time the Super Bowl has been played in Houston, with Super Bowl VIII in 1974 having been held at Rice Stadium.

Proposition 1 controversy[edit]

Proposition 1, an ordinance which would have prohibited discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity in Houston's housing, employment, public accommodations, and city contracting, was rejected by voters (60.97% opposing[22]) during the November 3, 2015 elections. Subsequently, the NFL announced it would not alter plans to have the city host Super Bowl LI.[23][24] Houston Texans owner Bob McNair donated $10,000 to Campaign for Houston, an organization that opposes the ordinance, which he later rescinded.[25]

Teams[edit]

New England Patriots[edit]

Patriots QB Tom Brady was playing in his record seventh Super Bowl.

In 2016, New England tied an NFL record, earning 12+ wins for the seventh consecutive season. Even though starting quarterback Tom Brady was suspended for the first four games, and All-Pro tight end Rob Gronkowski was lost to injury in midseason, the Patriots still recorded an NFL-best 14–2 record; their only losses were a shutout loss to the Buffalo Bills in Week 4 and a loss to the Seattle Seahawks in Week 10. They scored 441 points (third in the NFL) while allowing the fewest in the league (250).[26]

Brady missed the first four games of the year on suspension due to a 2014 postseason incident known as Deflategate. Jimmy Garoppolo and Jacoby Brissett each started two games in Brady's place. After his suspension ended, Brady took back command of the offense and went on to earn his 12th Pro Bowl selection, passing for 3,554 yards and 28 touchdowns, with only two interceptions, while his 112.2 passer rating ranked second in the NFL. The team's leading receiver was Julian Edelman, who caught 98 passes for 1,106 yards and added 135 more returning punts. Wide receivers Chris Hogan (38 receptions for 680 yards) and Malcolm Mitchell (32 receptions for 401 yards) were also significant receiving threats. Gronkowski had caught 25 passes for 540 yards before suffering a season-ending back injury in week 13. Tight end Martellus Bennett had stepped up in his absence, hauling in 55 receptions for 701 yards and a team-leading seven touchdown catches. Running back LeGarrette Blount was the team's top rusher with 1,168 yards and a league-leading 18 touchdowns. In passing situations, the team relied heavily on running back James White, who caught 60 passes for 551 yards and added another 166 on the ground.[27] Running back Dion Lewis was also a valuable asset to the offense, rushing for 283 yards on offense and catching 17 passes for 94 yards.[27]

Despite trading All-Pro outside linebacker Jamie Collins to the Cleveland Browns in the middle of the season, the Patriots defensive line was led by tackle Trey Flowers, who ranked first on the team with seven quarterback sacks, and Jabaal Sheard, who recorded five sacks of his own. Linebacker Dont'a Hightower earned his first Pro Bowl selection and made the second All-Pro team, compiling 65 tackles and 2½ sacks. Linebacker Rob Ninkovich also made a big impact, recording 34 tackles, two forced fumbles, and four sacks. In the secondary, cornerback Malcolm Butler led the team with four interceptions, while Logan Ryan led the team in tackles and intercepted two passes. Safety Devin McCourty ranked second on the team with 83 tackles and notched one interception while earning his third career Pro Bowl selection. The team also had a defensive expert on special teams, Matthew Slater, who made the Pro Bowl for the sixth consecutive year.[28]

By advancing to play in Super Bowl LI, the Patriots earned their NFL-record ninth Super Bowl appearance, as well as their seventh in the past 16 years under Brady and head coach Bill Belichick. The Patriots have also participated in the only other Super Bowl to be held at NRG Stadium; they won Super Bowl XXXVIII over the Carolina Panthers by a 32–29 score thirteen years earlier. The Patriots entered Super Bowl LI with an overall record of 4–4 in their previous eight Super Bowl appearances, with all four of their wins and two of their four losses coming under the leadership of Belichick and Brady.[29]

With his appearance in Super Bowl LI, Belichick broke the tie of six Super Bowls as a head coach that he had shared with Don Shula. It was also his record tenth participation in a Super Bowl in any capacity, which overtook the mark of nine that he had shared with Dan Reeves. This was also Brady's seventh Super Bowl appearance, the most appearances by a player in Super Bowl history.[citation needed]

Atlanta Falcons[edit]

Falcons quarterback Matt Ryan was named the 2016 regular season MVP.

The Atlanta Falcons, under second-year head coach Dan Quinn, finished the 2016 season with an 11–5 record, earning them the No. 2 seed in the NFC playoffs. It was a big reversal of declining fortunes for the team, who had failed to qualify to play in the playoffs in each of the last three seasons.[30]

The Falcons were loaded with offensive firepower, leading all NFL teams in scoring with 540 points. Nine-year veteran quarterback Matt Ryan earned the NFL MVP and the AP NFL Offensive Player of the Year Award, as well as his fourth career Pro Bowl selection, leading the league in passer rating (117.1). While he ranked only ninth in completions (373), his passing yards (4,944) and touchdowns (38) both ranked second in the NFL. His favorite target was receiver Julio Jones, who caught 83 passes for 1,409 yards (second in the NFL) and six touchdowns. But Ryan had plenty of other options, such as newly acquired wide receivers Mohamed Sanu (59 receptions for 653 yards) and Taylor Gabriel (35 receptions for 579 yards and six touchdowns). Pro Bowl running back Devonta Freeman was the team's leading rusher, with 1,078 yards, 11 touchdowns, and 4.8 yards per rush. He was also a superb receiver out of the backfield, catching 54 passes for 462 yards and two more scores. Running back Tevin Coleman was also a major asset on the ground and through the air, with 520 rushing yards, 31 receptions for 421 yards, and 11 total touchdowns. The Falcons also had an excellent special teams unit led by veteran kick returner Eric Weems. His 24 punt returns for 273 yards gave him the sixth highest return average in the NFL (11.4), and he added another 391 yards returning kickoffs. Pro Bowl kicker Matt Bryant led the league in scoring with 158 points, while also ranking third in field goal percentage (91.8%). Atlanta's offensive line featured center Alex Mack, who earned his fourth Pro Bowl selection.[31]

The Falcons defensive line was led by defensive ends Adrian Clayborn, who recorded five sacks and a fumble recovery, and long-time veteran Dwight Freeney, who ranks as the NFL's 18th all-time leader in sacks (122½). Behind them, linebacker Vic Beasley was the team's only Pro Bowl selection on defense, leading the NFL in sacks with 15½; Beasley also forced six fumbles. Rookie linebacker Deion Jones was also an impact player, leading the team in combined tackles (108) and interceptions (three). The Falcons secondary featured hard-hitting safety Keanu Neal, who had 106 tackles and forced five fumbles. Safety Ricardo Allen added 90 tackles and two interceptions. But overall, the defense ranked just 27th in the league in points allowed (406).[31]

This game marked the Falcons' second Super Bowl appearance in franchise history, after having lost Super Bowl XXXIII in January 1999 to the Denver Broncos.

Playoffs[edit]

The Patriots, with the AFC's #1 seed, began their postseason run by defeating the fourth-seeded Houston Texans in the Divisional Round, 34–16. The next week, the Patriots defeated the third-seeded Pittsburgh Steelers in the AFC Championship Game, 36–17, in what was the third AFC Championship Game matchup between the two teams (the other two matchups occurred after the 2001 and 2004 seasons and both were also won by the Patriots).[citation needed]

The Falcons, with the NFC's #2 seed, began their postseason run by defeating the third-seeded Seattle Seahawks in the Divisional Round, 36–20, racking up 422 yards. The next week, in the last NFL game ever played at the Georgia Dome, they defeated the fourth-seeded Green Bay Packers in the NFC Championship Game, 44–21, racking up 493 yards.[citation needed]

Pre-game notes[edit]

As the designated home team in the annual rotation between AFC and NFC teams, the Falcons elected to wear their red home jerseys with white pants,[32][33] which meant that the Patriots wore their white road jerseys.[32] The game featured Atlanta's #1 scoring offense versus New England's #1 scoring defense. This was the sixth Super Bowl since the AFL-NFL merger in 1970 to feature a #1 scoring offense against a #1 scoring defense, with the team with the #1 scoring defense winning four of the previous five matchups.[34][35]

Super Bowl week events[edit]

Fan-oriented activities during the lead-up to Super Bowl LI were centered around the George R. Brown Convention Center and Discovery Green park. Discovery Green hosted Super Bowl Live, a 10-day festival which featured live concerts and other attractions, including projection shows, fireworks shows, and a virtual reality attraction, Future Flight, in conjunction with NASA. The neighboring George R. Brown Convention Center hosted the annual NFL Experience event, which featured interactive activities and appearances by players.[36] Super Bowl Opening Night, the second edition of the game's revamped media day, was held on January 30, 2017 at nearby Minute Maid Park.[37]

Super Bowl Live was organized by the Houston Super Bowl Host Committee, which was led by Honorary Chairman James A. Baker, III, Chairman Ric Campo, and President and CEO Sallie Sargent.[38]

Team facilities[edit]

The Patriots stayed at the JW Marriott Houston and practiced at the University of Houston. The Falcons stayed at the Westin Houston Memorial City and practiced at Rice University.[39]

Tickets[edit]

The NFL and law enforcement announced that tickets to Super Bowl LI would feature heat-sensitive logos to deter counterfeit tickets. On the front of each ticket is a full polymer graphic that is raised and the back features a true color security label with Houston's skyline and the Super Bowl logo. The final security feature is a graphic on the lower portion of the back of each ticket which is printed with thermochromic ink. The HTX logo and the NRG Stadium image will fade when heat is applied and will return when the heat source is removed.[40]

Transportation Issue[edit]

In late 2016, ride-share service Uber had threatened to leave Houston ahead of the Super Bowl LI festivities, insisting various city regulations, including fingerprint background checks of drivers, were too burdensome and prevented drivers from working. Houston officials and Uber reached a compromise in December, which determined that Houston would continue to require a fingerprint check for drivers but eliminate requirements for driver drug testing and physicals through at least February 5.[41]

Broadcasting[edit]

U.S. television[edit]

In the United States, Super Bowl LI was televised by Fox, as part of a cycle between the three main broadcast television partners of the NFL.[42][43] The game was carried in Spanish by sister cable network Fox Deportes.[44][45][46] Online streams of the game were provided via Fox Sports Go; although normally requiring a television subscription to use, Fox made the service available as a free preview for the Super Bowl. Due to Verizon Communications exclusivity, streaming on smartphones was exclusive to Verizon Wireless subscribers via the NFL Mobile app.[47][48]

As with Super Bowl 50, the stadium was equipped for Intel freeD instant replay technology, using an array of 36 5K resolution cameras positioned around the stadium to enable 360-degree views of plays. Fox introduced a new feature utilizing the system known as Be the Player, which composited the various camera angles into a single view of a play from the point-of-view of a player on the field.[49][50]

Ratings[edit]

An average of 111.3 million viewers watched Super Bowl LI, down from 2016. Fox stated that 1.72 million viewers utilized its online streams.[15]

Advertising[edit]

Fox set the base rate for a 30-second commercial at $5 million, the same rate CBS charged for Super Bowl 50.[51] Snickers announced that it would present a live commercial during the game.[51] Nintendo broadcast an ad showcasing its upcoming Nintendo Switch video game console.[52] Fiat Chrysler Automobiles broadcast three spots for Alfa Romeo, as part of an effort to re-launch the Italian brand in the U.S.[53][54]

A spot from longtime advertiser Budweiser garnered controversy before the game for depicting Anheuser-Busch co-founder Adolphus Busch's emigration to the United States from Germany, its broadcast coming on the heels of U.S. President Donald Trump signing an executive order that bans travelers from several Muslim nations.[55] Meanwhile, 84 Lumber aired a commercial depicting a mother and daughter journeying from Mexico to the United States, which had been edited following Fox's objection to its depiction of a border wall for sensitivity reasons.[56][57][58][59]

Many films were advertised with Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2, Transformers: The Last Knight, Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Men Tell No Tales and The Fate of the Furious. AMC and Netflix advertised their shows, The Walking Dead and Stranger Things, respectively, while National Geographic teased its new series Genius with an ad featuring a nod to Lady Gaga's halftime performance.,[60][61]

Fox was able to earn an estimated $20 million by airing four extra commercials due to the additional overtime period. Even without historical precedent, Fox negotiated deals with a handful of brands in the event of a tie score at the end of regular play.[62]

International broadcasts[edit]

Rights holder(s)
 Australia Seven Network, 7mate, ESPN[63]
 Austria Puls 4[64]
 Brazil ESPN Brasil, Esporte Interativo[65]
 Canada CTV, CTV Two, TSN (English), RDS (French)[66]
 Denmark TV3+[67]
 Finland Viasat Urheilu
 France beIN Sports[68]
 Germany Sat.1[69][70]
 Hungary Sport1 (Eastern Europe) (Hungary)
 India Sony ESPN[71]
 Ireland Sky Sports[72]
Middle East and North Africa OSN Sports[73]
beIN Sports[74]
   Nepal Sony ESPN[71]
 Netherlands Fox, Fox Sports[75]
 New Zealand Television New Zealand, ESPN
 Norway Viasat 4
 Philippines ABS-CBN[76]
 South Africa SuperSport[77]
 Sri Lanka Sony ESPN[71]
 United Kingdom BBC (via world feed),[78] Sky Sports (via Fox)[72][79][80]

Canadian broadcast[edit]

Canadian broadcast rights to Super Bowl LI were subject to a still-ongoing legal dispute; although U.S. network affiliates are carried by pay TV providers in the country, Canadian law grants domestic broadcast stations the right to require that these signals be substituted with their own if they are carrying the same program in simulcast with a U.S. station ("simsub"). This policy is intended to help protect Canadian advertising revenue from being lost to viewers watching via U.S. feeds of a program. In 2016, as part of a larger series of regulatory reforms, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) banned the Super Bowl from being substituted under these circumstances, meaning that the telecast on CTV—a simulcast of the U.S. telecast with Canadian advertising inserted, would co-exist with feeds of the game from U.S. network affiliates. The CRTC cited dissatisfaction surrounding the practice from Canadian viewers—particularly the unavailability of the U.S. commercials, which the CRTC cited as being an "integral part" of the game based on this reception, but also other technical problems caused by poorly implemented simsubs (such as reduced quality and missing content due to mistimed transitions back into the U.S. program feed).[81][82][83]

The NFL's Canadian rightsholder Bell Media, as well as the league itself, have displayed objections to the policy; Bell felt that the decision devalued its exclusive Canadian rights to the game, and violated Canada's Broadcasting Act, which forbids the "making of regulations singling out a particular program or licensee."[81] On November 2, 2016, Bell was granted the right to challenge the ruling in the Federal Court of Appeal.[84] Bell, the NFL, and government representatives from both Canada and the U.S., have lobbied the CRTC for the rule to be retracted.[85] However, court action on the ruling was not taken in time for the game, meaning that it was in effect for the first time during Super Bowl LI.[86] Bell Media cited the decision, among other factors, as justification for a planned series of layoffs it announced on January 31, 2017.[87]

The simsub prohibition only applied to the game itself, and not pre-game or post-game programming (which was simulcast with Fox and subject to simsub). In an attempt to mitigate the loss of de facto exclusivity to the clean U.S. feeds, Bell simulcast the game across CTV Two and TSN in addition to CTV, and organized a sponsored sweepstakes in which viewers could earn entries to win cash and automobile prizes by texting keywords displayed during the Canadian telecast.[88][89] Montreal Gazette media analyst Steve Faguy felt that these promotions were an attempt to offset the loss of viewership by carrying the game across as many of its channels as possible, and providing incentives for viewers to watch the game on CTV instead of Fox. He further noted that Bell still had exclusive rights to stream the game in Canada via CTV's TV Everywhere services, as the CRTC does not regulate web content, and Fox's online stream is only available to U.S. users.[88] Consequently, some Canadian companies (such as Leon's and Pizza Pizza) took advantage of the CRTC decision by buying local advertising time during the game from Fox affiliates distributed in Canada in order to target these viewers, such as KAYU-TV in Spokane (which is widely carried by television providers in the significantly larger markets of Calgary and Edmonton, Alberta).[90]

Viewership of Super Bowl LI across the three English-language Bell Media properties broadcasting it was down by 39% in comparison to Super Bowl 50, with only 4.47 million viewers. Viewership on the French-language telecast presented by TSN's sister network RDS was in line with that of Super Bowl 50. It is not known how many Canadian viewers watched the game via Fox, as neither Nielsen or Canadian ratings provider Numeris calculate Canadian viewership of American broadcasters.[86]

Radio[edit]

In the United States, Westwood One carried the broadcast nationwide, with Kevin Harlan on play-by-play, Boomer Esiason and Mike Holmgren on color commentary, and sideline reports from Tony Boselli and James Lofton.[91] The Westwood One broadcast was simulcast in Canada on TSN Radio.[92] Each team's network flagship station carried the local feed: WBZ-FM for the Patriots (with Bob Socci and Scott Zolak announcing), and WZGC for the Falcons (with Wes Durham and Dave Archer announcing); under the league's contract with Westwood One, no other stations in the teams' usual radio networks were allowed to carry the local broadcast, and unlike in recent years when at least one of the two flagships was a clear-channel station, both the Patriots and Falcons use FM radio stations as their local flagships, limiting listenership to those within the local metropolitan areas or with access to those feeds via Sirius XM satellite radio or TuneIn Premium.

Spanish-language radio rights are held by Entravision as part of a three-year agreement signed in 2015.[44] Erwin Higueros served as the play-by-play announcer.[93]

The United Kingdom's BBC Radio 5 Live produced a commercial-free broadcast, with Darren Fletcher and Rocky Boiman returning.[94]

Entertainment[edit]

Pre-game[edit]

"May this year’s Super Bowl be a sign of peace, friendship, and solidarity to the world."

Pope Francis indicated that by participating in sports events, people show an ability to go beyond self-interests and build friendship and solidarity with one another.[95]

During pre-game festivities, the NFL honored members of the Pro Football Hall of Fame that had played college football at historically black colleges and universities. Of the 303 members of the Hall of Fame, 29 were from HBCUs.[96]

The Patriots took the field first as the designated away team to Ozzy Osbourne's "Crazy Train". The Falcons took the field second as the designated home team to Trick Daddy's "Let's Go". Both teams' season recaps were presented by Ving Rhames.

Before the game, American country music singer and songwriter Luke Bryan sang the US national anthem.[97] Bryan was the first male performer to sing the national anthem at a Super Bowl since Billy Joel at Super Bowl XLI. Immediately before Bryan sang the national anthem, Phillipa Soo, Renée Elise Goldsberry and Jasmine Cephas Jones, who originated the roles of the Schuyler sisters in the Broadway musical Hamilton, performed "America the Beautiful".[98]

After the national anthem, former President George H. W. Bush performed the coin toss alongside his wife, Barbara.[99] The Patriots called heads, but the Falcons won the coin toss with tails.[100] The Falcons chose to defer to the second half.

Halftime show[edit]

Lady Gaga performing "Born This Way" at Super Bowl LI.

On September 29, 2016, Lady Gaga, who had performed the national anthem the previous year at Super Bowl 50, confirmed that she would be performing at the Super Bowl LI halftime show on her Instagram account with the message: "It's not an illusion. The rumors are true. This year the SUPER BOWL goes GAGA!"[101] Fox Sports president and executive producer of the show, John Entz, confirmed Gaga's involvement adding "[She] is one of the most electric performers of our generation, and we couldn't be happier with the choice to have her headline the Super Bowl LI Halftime Show... It is going to be an incredible night."[102]

Lady Gaga opened the halftime show with a combination of "God Bless America" and "This Land Is Your Land". Her performance also included some of her biggest hit songs, such as "Poker Face", "Born This Way", "Million Reasons", and "Bad Romance"[103] and was accompanied by a swarm of 300 LED-equipped Intel drones forming an American flag in the sky in a pre-recorded segment.[104][105][106][107]

Mohamed Sanu stated the long length of the halftime show played a part in Atlanta ultimately losing the game. Teams on average are off the field for fifteen minutes during halftime, but Super Bowl halftimes are considerably longer. Unlike the Falcons it appears Bill Belichick actually incorporated the length of the show into the team's practices.[108] Sanu's argument was discounted by the fact that Atlanta marched the ball downfield and scored a touchdown right out of halftime.[109]

Game summary[edit]

First half[edit]

The first quarter of the Super Bowl was a scoreless defensive match with each team punting twice. The longest play from scrimmage was a 37-yard carry by Falcons running back Devonta Freeman, which did not lead to any points, though it would be the longest run of the game.

On the first play of the second quarter, New England's quarterback Tom Brady completed a 27-yard pass to Julian Edelman on the Falcons 33-yard line. But on the next play, linebacker Deion Jones stripped the ball from LeGarrette Blount; the fumble was recovered by defensive back Robert Alford on the 29-yard line. On the next two plays, Matt Ryan completed passes to Julio Jones for gains of 19 and 23 yards. Freeman ran the ball on the next three plays, covering the final 29 yards to the end zone, the last carry a 5-yard touchdown run that put Atlanta up 7–0.

New England failed to get a first down on the series following the Freeman score, and the Falcons moved the ball 62 yards in five plays. Ryan started the drive with a 24-yard completion to Taylor Gabriel, then completed a pass to Jones for an 18-yard gain. On 3rd-and-9, he threw a 19-yard touchdown pass to tight end Austin Hooper, giving the Falcons a 14–0 lead. It was the largest deficit Brady had ever faced in his seven Super Bowl appearances, and it would soon get larger.[110] New England responded with a drive to the Falcons 23, aided by three defensive holding penalties against the Atlanta defense, each one giving them a first down on a third down play. However, on 3rd-and-6, Brady threw a pass that was intercepted by Alford and returned 82 yards for a touchdown, increasing Atlanta's lead to 21–0. It was the first time in his career that Brady had thrown a pick-six in his 33 postseason games,[111] and Alford's 82 yard return was the second longest interception return in Super Bowl history.[112] Brady ultimately became the first quarterback to win a Super Bowl in which he threw a pick-six. Getting the ball back with 2:20 left in the second quarter, Brady completed a 15-yard pass to Martellus Bennett, and then a short pass to running back James White, who took off for a 28-yard gain. The drive stalled at the Falcons 20-yard line, but Stephen Gostkowski kicked a field goal with two seconds left on the clock to send the teams into their locker rooms with the score 21–3.

Second half[edit]

New England had an early third quarter scoring opportunity when Edelman returned a punt 26 yards to the Pats 47-yard line, but they could not gain a first down on the drive. Following the Patriots' punt, the Falcons started their drive on their own 15-yard line, Ryan completed two long passes to Gabriel for gains of 17 and 35 yards to bring the ball to the New England 28-yard line. Four plays later, Ryan finished the 85-yard drive with a 6-yard touchdown pass to running back Tevin Coleman, giving the Falcons a 28–3 lead with 8:31 left in the quarter. On the next series, Brady led the Patriots 75 yards in 13 plays for a responding touchdown, completing five of seven passes for 43 yards, the biggest a 17-yard completion to Danny Amendola on 4th-and-3 from the New England 46-yard line. Brady also made a big play with his legs, rushing for a 15-yard gain (which would be the longest rushing play by the Patriots on the day) on 3rd-and-8 from the Atlanta 35-yard line. Three subsequent carries by Blount moved the ball 15 yards to the 5-yard line, and then Brady threw the ball to White for a touchdown, making the score 28–9 after Gostkowski's extra point attempt hit the right goalpost.

New England then attempted an onside kick, but the ball was recovered by Falcons linebacker LaRoy Reynolds, and a penalty against Gostkowski for touching the ball before it went ten yards gave Atlanta even better field position. Ryan completed a 9-yard pass to Hooper to the Patriots 32-yard-line, but on the next play, a holding penalty on Atlanta lineman Jake Matthews pushed the team back ten yards. Then after an incompletion, Trey Flowers and Kyle Van Noy shared a sack on Ryan that forced the Falcons to punt on the first play of the fourth quarter.

Matt Bosher's 42-yard punt pinned the Patriots back on their own 13-yard line. Brady led the next drive down the field, completing three passes to Malcolm Mitchell for 40 yards and one to Bennett for 25 to bring the ball to the Falcons 7-yard line. However, Brady was sacked twice by defensive tackle Grady Jarrett over the next three plays, and the Patriots ended up having to settle for Gostkowski's 33-yard field goal that cut their deficit to two scores, 28–12, with less than 10 minutes left in the game. Atlanta had burned two of their three time outs on defense and equipment malfunction. On the third play of Atlanta's ensuing drive, linebacker Dont'a Hightower sacked Ryan as he was winding up for a pass, resulting in a fumble that was recovered by defensive tackle Alan Branch on the Falcons 25-yard line. New England soon cashed in their scoring opportunity, with Brady throwing a 6-yard touchdown pass to Amendola. Then White took a direct snap in for a two-point conversion to make the score 28–20 in favor of Atlanta with 5:56 left on the clock. The Patriots had run the same play for two points with Kevin Faulk in their Super Bowl XXXVIII victory.

On the first play of Atlanta's next possession, Freeman caught a short pass from Ryan and ran it for a 39-yard gain. Then on 2nd-and-9 from the Patriots 49-yard line, Ryan threw a deep pass to Jones at the right sideline, who made an acrobatic sideline catch for a 27-yard gain, giving the Falcons a first down on the Patriots 22-yard line with 4:40 left on the clock and a chance for a late-game two-score lead.[113] On the next play, Freeman ran for a 1-yard loss on a tackle by Devin McCourty. Atlanta tried to pass the ball on second down, but Flowers sacked Ryan for a 12-yard loss on the Patriots 35-yard line. Ryan then completed a 9-yard pass to Mohamed Sanu on 3rd-and 23, but this was negated by a holding penalty on Matthews. Now out of field goal range and faced with 3rd-and-33 from the New England 45-yard line, Ryan threw an incomplete pass, and the team was left with no choice but to punt the ball to New England.

Bosher's 36-yard kick gave the Patriots the ball on their own 9-yard line with 3:30 left on the clock and two of their timeouts left. After two incompletions, Brady picked up a first down with a 16-yard pass to Chris Hogan. After an 11-yard pass to Mitchell, Brady threw a pass that was deflected up in the air by Alford, but fell into the arms of Edelman, who made a diving catch and just barely managed to get his hands under the ball before it hit the ground, picking up 23 yards. Atlanta challenged the catch, but the referees confirmed the call on the field and Atlanta lost their final time out. Brady's next pass to Amendola gained 20 yards to the Falcons 21-yard line as the clock ran down below the two-minute warning. Two more passes to White gained 20 yards and gave New England a first down at the 1-yard line. With one minute left, White scored on a 1-yard touchdown run, and Brady completed a 2-point conversion pass to Amendola, tying the score at 28. Atlanta started their drive deep in their own end with zero time outs. The Falcons failed to get in range to score a possible game-winning field goal and punted, with the Patriots fair catching the ball at their own 35-yard line. The Patriots considered, but ultimately declined, ending regulation on what would have been the first fair catch kick ever attempted in a Super Bowl.[114] Instead, New England attempted a fake quarterback kneel running play for Dion Lewis. The play gained several yards but failed to score and sent the Super Bowl into overtime for the first time in the game's history. Super Bowl LI became the first NFL championship game to go into an overtime period since the historic 1958 NFL Championship Game between the Baltimore Colts and the New York Giants.[115]

Overtime[edit]

The Patriots won the coin toss to start overtime, and elected to receive the ball. Starting at their 25-yard line after a touchback, Brady completed passes to White, Amendola, and Hogan for gains of 6, 14, and 18 yards, respectively. Then after White was dropped for a 3-yard loss, Brady completed a 15-yard pass to Edelman to the Falcons 25-yard line. White then took a lateral throw from Brady to the 15-yard line.[116] Brady's pass to Bennett in the end zone fell incomplete, but Falcons linebacker De'Vondre Campbell was called for pass interference, giving the Patriots first-and-goal from the Falcons' 2-yard line.[117] On first down, Brady threw another incomplete pass to Bennett that was deflected by Vic Beasley. On second down, White took a pitch and ran the ball right. He was hit by Falcons defenders at the 1-yard line, but managed to stretch forward and get the ball across the goal line before his knee hit the ground, scoring a touchdown to give the Patriots the 34–28 victory. It marked the first time in NFL postseason history that a team leading by 17 points or more at the start of the fourth quarter went on to lose the game.[118] Previously, dating back to 1940, teams leading by 17 or more points after three quarters in playoff games were 133–0 in such situations.[119]

Statistics and records[edit]

The New England Patriots Victory Parade on Boylston Street in Boston, Massachusetts Tuesday February 7, 2017.
The New England Patriots Victory Parade on Boylston Street in Boston.

Super Bowl LI had more than 30 records either broken, set, or tied by the time it was done.[13][120] Brady completed 43 of 62 passes for 466 yards and two touchdowns, with one interception, while also rushing for 15 yards. His completions, attempts, and passing yards were all single-game Super Bowl records. He also set the career Super Bowl records for games played (7), completions (207), attempts (309), yards (2,071), and touchdown passes (15). James White caught a Super Bowl record 14 passes for 110 yards, rushed for 29 yards, and tied a Super Bowl record with three touchdowns. He also set the record for most points scored with 20. After the game, Brady said he felt White deserved the MVP award more than he did.[121] Brady planned to give White the vehicle that has traditionally been awarded to Super Bowl MVPs (he'd given the truck he received after Super Bowl XLIX to Malcolm Butler) but found out after the game that there was no vehicle to give to White because the sponsor had decided to end its practice of donating one. Edelman caught five passes for 87 yards and returned three punts for 39 yards. Amendola recorded eight receptions for 78 yards and one touchdown. Flowers recorded six tackles and 2.5 sacks.

For Atlanta, Ryan completed 17 of 23 passes for 284 yards and two touchdowns. Freeman was the top rusher of the game with 11 carries for 75 yards and a touchdown, while also catching two passes for 46 yards. Jones was Atlanta's leading receiver with four receptions for 87 yards. Robert Alford had 11 tackles (9 solo), an interception returned for a touchdown, and a fumble recovery. Grady Jarrett had five tackles and tied a Super Bowl record with three sacks.[122]

Atlanta became the first team in Super Bowl history to return an interception for a touchdown and lose the game. Prior to Super Bowl LI, teams returning an interception for a touchdown in the Super Bowl had been a perfect 12–0.[123] New England had two turnovers for the game, while Atlanta only turned the ball over once. This made New England the fifth team to win a Super Bowl despite losing the turnover battle, joining the Baltimore Colts in Super Bowl V, the Pittsburgh Steelers in Super Bowls XIV and XL, and the Patriots in Super Bowl XLIX.[124]

The game set the record for the largest deficit overcome to win the Super Bowl (the previous record was ten points, set by the Washington Redskins in Super Bowl XXII and matched by the New Orleans Saints in Super Bowl XLIV and by the Patriots in Super Bowl XLIX);[125] it is the third-largest comeback win in NFL playoff history, behind The Comeback (32-point deficit; Buffalo Bills trailed 35–3 and won 41–38) and the wild card game between the Indianapolis Colts and the Kansas City Chiefs during the 2013–14 NFL playoffs (28-point deficit; Colts trailed 38–10 and won, 45–44). In addition to being the largest Super Bowl comeback, the game set the record for the largest fourth-quarter comeback in NFL playoff history, as no team had previously won a playoff game after trailing by 17 or more points entering the final quarter; the Patriots were trailing by 19 points at the start of the fourth quarter by a score of 28–9. The Patriots won their fifth franchise championship, all under the leadership of starting quarterback Tom Brady, the most by a single quarterback. Brady won his fourth Super Bowl MVP, the most such awards by a single player in history.

Super Bowl LI became the first Super Bowl in history in which the winning team had never held the lead at any point during regulation time, and it also became the first Super Bowl in history in which the winning team did not score on a PAT kick, as the Patriots missed their only PAT attempt during the game, which occurred following their first touchdown, opted for two-point conversions after each of their next two touchdowns, and did not have to attempt the extra point after their game-winning touchdown in overtime.

Box score[edit]

New England Patriots vs Atlanta Falcons – Game summary
1 2 3 4 OT Total
Patriots 0 3 6 19 6 34
Falcons 0 21 7 0 0 28

at NRG Stadium in Houston, Texas

Scoring summary
Quarter Time Drive Team Scoring information Score
Plays Yards TOP NE ATL
2 12:15 5 71 1:53 ATL Freeman 5-yard touchdown run, Bryant kick good 0 7
2 8:48 5 62 1:49 ATL Hooper 19-yard touchdown reception from Ryan, Bryant kick good 0 14
2 2:21 ATL Interception returned 82 yards for touchdown by Alford, Bryant kick good 0 21
2 0:02 11 52 2:19 NE 41-yard field goal by Gostkowski 3 21
3 8:31 8 85 4:14 ATL Coleman 6-yard touchdown reception from Ryan, Bryant kick good 3 28
3 2:06 13 75 6:25 NE White 5-yard touchdown reception from Brady, Gostkowski kick no good (hit right upright) 9 28
4 9:44 12 72 5:07 NE 33-yard field goal by Gostkowski 12 28
4 5:56 5 25 2:28 NE Amendola 6-yard touchdown reception from Brady, 2-point run good (White run) 20 28
4 0:57 10 91 2:33 NE White 1-yard touchdown run, 2-point pass good (Brady–Amendola pass) 28 28
OT 11:02 8 75 3:58 NE White 2-yard touchdown run, no kick or 2-point conversion 34 28
"TOP" = time of possession. For other American football terms, see Glossary of American football. 34 28

Final statistics[edit]

Statistical comparison[edit]

Statistic New England Patriots Atlanta Falcons
First downs 37 17
First downs rushing 7 3
First downs passing 26 13
First downs penalty 4 1
Third down efficiency 7/14 1/8
Fourth down efficiency 1/1 0/0
Total net yards 546 344
Net yards rushing 104 104
Rushing attempts 25 18
Yards per rush 4.2 5.8
Net yards passing 442 240
Passing – completions/attempts 43/63 17/23
Times sacked-total yards 5–24 5–44
Interceptions thrown 1 0
Punt returns-total yards 4–39 1–0
Kickoff returns-total yards 1–20 5–42
Interceptions-total return yards 0–0 1–82
Punts-average yardage 4–41.5 6–47.0
Fumbles-lost 1–1 1–1
Penalties-yards 4–23 9–65
Time of possession 40:31 23:27
Turnovers 2 1
Records set [126]
Most Super Bowl appearances, as team 9 New England
Most Super Bowl appearances, as player 7 Tom Brady (NE)
Most Super Bowl appearances, as starting player 7 Tom Brady (NE)
Most Super Bowl appearances, as head coach 7 Bill Belichick (NE)
Most Super Bowl appearances, as coach 10 Bill Belichick (NE)
Most Super Bowl appearances, in any capacity[127] 10 Bill Belichick (NE)
Most Super Bowls won, as quarterback 5 Tom Brady (NE)
Most Super Bowls won, as head coach 5 Bill Belichick (NE)
Most Super Bowl MVPs 4 Tom Brady (NE)
Most pass attempts, player (career) 309 Tom Brady (NE)
Most pass attempts, player (game) 62 Tom Brady (NE)
Most pass attempts, team (game) 63 New England
Most pass completions, player (career) 207 Tom Brady (NE)
Most pass completions, player (game) 43 Tom Brady (NE)
Most pass completions, team (game) 43 New England Patriots
Most passing yards, player (career) 2,071 Tom Brady (NE)
Most passing yards, player (game) 466 Tom Brady (NE)
Most passing yards, team (game) 442 New England
Most passing yards, total (game) 682 New England vs. Atlanta
Most yards passing, total (game) 750 New England vs. Atlanta
Most touchdown passes, player (career) 15 Tom Brady (New England)
Most pass receptions, player (game) 14 James White (NE)
Most points scored, player (game) 20 James White (NE)
Most first downs, team (game) 37 New England
Most first downs, total (game) 54 New England vs. Atlanta
Most first downs via pass, team (game) 26 New England
Most first downs via pass, total (game) 39 New England vs. Atlanta
Most offensive plays, team (game) 93 New England
Most points in overtime, team (game) 6 New England
Most points in overtime, total (game) 6 New England vs. Atlanta
Largest deficit overcome, winning team 25 points New England
Largest deficit overcome after third quarter, winning team 19 points New England
Largest deficit overcome after second quarter, winning team 18 points New England
Least playing time in lead, winning team 0:00 New England
Most playing time in lead, losing team 41:18 Atlanta
Longest playing time (game) 63:58 New England vs. Atlanta
first overtime game in Super Bowl history
Records tied
Most games won, as player 5 Tom Brady (NE)
Most touchdowns scored, player (game) 3 James White (NE)
Most sacks, player (game) 3 Grady Jarrett (ATL)
Most touchdowns scored, losing team (game) 4 Atlanta vs. New England
Most two-point conversions scored, player (game) 1 James White (NE)
Danny Amendola (NE)
Most two-point conversions scored, player (career) 1 James White (NE)
Danny Amendola (NE)
Most two-point conversions scored, team (game) 2 New England
Most two-point conversions scored, total (game) 2 New England vs. Atlanta
Most first downs via penalty, team (game) 4 New England

Individual statistics[edit]

Patriots passing
C/ATT1 Yds TD INT
Tom Brady 43/62 466 2 1
Julian Edelman 0/1 0 0 0
Patriots rushing
Car2 Yds TD LG3
LeGarrette Blount 11 31 0 9
James White 6 29 2 10
Dion Lewis 6 27 0 13
Tom Brady 1 15 0 15
Julian Edelman 1 2 0 2
Patriots receiving
Rec4 Yds TD LG3
James White 14 110 1 28
Danny Amendola 8 78 1 20
Malcolm Mitchell 6 70 0 18
Julian Edelman 5 87 0 27
Martellus Bennett 5 62 0 25
Chris Hogan 4 57 0 18
Dion Lewis 1 2 0 2
Falcons passing
C/ATT1 Yds TD INT
Matt Ryan 17/23 284 2 0
Falcons rushing
Car2 Yds TD LG3
Devonta Freeman 11 75 1 37
Tevin Coleman 7 29 0 9
Falcons receiving
Rec4 Yds TD LG3
Julio Jones 4 87 0 27
Taylor Gabriel 3 76 0 35
Austin Hooper 3 32 1 19
Devonta Freeman 2 46 0 39
Mohamed Sanu 2 25 0 13
Patrick DiMarco 2 12 0 10
Tevin Coleman 1 6 1 6

1Completions/attempts
2Carries
3Long gain
4Receptions

Starting lineups[edit]

New England Position Position Atlanta
Offense
Chris Hogan WR Julio Jones
Nate Solder LT Jake Matthews
Joe Thuney LG Andy Levitre
David Andrews C Alex Mack
Shaq Mason RG Chris Chester
Marcus Cannon RT Ryan Schraeder
Martellus Bennett TE Levine Toilolo
Julian Edelman WR Mohamed Sanu
Tom Brady QB Matt Ryan
Malcolm Mitchell WR RB Devonta Freeman
Dion Lewis RB FB Patrick DiMarco
Defense
Duron Harmon DB DE Dwight Freeney
Alan Branch DT Ra'Shede Hageman
Malcom Brown DT DB Brian Poole
Trey Flowers RE DE Grady Jarrett
Shea McClellin LB Vic Beasley
Dont'a Hightower LB Deion Jones
Rob Ninkovich LB De'Vondre Campbell
Logan Ryan RCB CB Robert Alford
Malcolm Butler LCB CB Jalen Collins
Patrick Chung S Ricardo Allen
Devin McCourty S Keanu Neal

Officials[edit]

Super Bowl LI had eight officials.[2] The numbers in parentheses below indicate their uniform numbers.

  • Referee: Carl Cheffers (51)
  • Umpire: Dan Ferrell (64)
  • Head linesman: Kent Payne (79)
  • Line judge: Jeff Seeman (45)
  • Field judge: Doug Rosenbaum (67)
  • Side judge: Dyrol Prioleau (109)
  • Back judge: Todd Prukop (30)
  • Replay official: Tom Sifferman

References[edit]

  1. ^ Williams, Cody (January 22, 2017). "Super Bowl 51: Patriots Open As Favorites Over Falcons". Fox Sports. Retrieved January 23, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Austro, Ben (January 18, 2017). "Carl Cheffers is confirmed as referee for Super Bowl LI". FootballZebras.com. Retrieved January 18, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Super Bowl LI Game Summary" (PDF). National Football League. February 5, 2017. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Luke Bryan to sing the National Anthem at Super Bowl LI on Fox". National Football League. Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  5. ^ Chasmar, Jessica. "George H.W. Bush to flip coin at Super Bowl LI". The Washington Times. Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  6. ^ "Lady Gaga headlines Pepsi Zero Sugar Super Bowl LI Halftime Show". National Football League. September 29, 2016. Retrieved September 29, 2016. 
  7. ^ "Ratings: Super Bowl LI Posts Huge Numbers, Just Shy of Record (Updated)". Yahoo!. February 6, 2017. Retrieved February 7, 2017. 
  8. ^ "Super Bowl LI Box Score". The Football Database. Patrick Gilligan. February 5, 2017. Retrieved February 7, 2017. 
  9. ^ Around the NFL staff (February 5, 2017). "Falcons-Patriots first teams to play in SB overtime". National Football League. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  10. ^ Boren, Cindy (February 5, 2017). "What happens in overtime in the Super Bowl?". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  11. ^ "Houston Super Bowl Host Committee announces date of Super Bowl LI". KTRK-TV. Houston: American Broadcasting Companies, Inc. May 21, 2015. Retrieved May 21, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Ranking all 51 Super Bowls". Houston: ESPN. Feb 5, 2017. Retrieved Feb 5, 2017. 
  13. ^ a b Bergman, Jeremy (February 6, 2017). "At least 30 records set or tied in Super Bowl LI". National Football League. Retrieved February 7, 2017. 
  14. ^ "Dozens of records were set or tied in Super Bowl LI. The list …". The Denver Post. Digital First Media. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  15. ^ a b "Super Bowl's TV ratings slip for the second straight year". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 7 February 2017. 
  16. ^ Melas, Chloe. "Lady Gaga brings message of inclusion to Super Bowl halftime -- oh, and drones". CNN. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  17. ^ Schwindt, Oriana (February 6, 2017). "Super Bowl LI Pulls in 111.3 Million Viewers on Fox, Shy of 2015 Ratings Record". Variety. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  18. ^ a b "NFL plans "spectacular" Super Bowl L | ProFootballTalk". NBC Sports. Retrieved October 9, 2012. 
  19. ^ a b McClain, John (October 16, 2012). "Houston a finalist to host Super Bowl LI in 2017". San Antonio Express-News. Houston. Retrieved October 22, 2012. 
  20. ^ "Fla. Legislature refuses to aid Fins". ESPN. Associated Press. May 3, 2013. Retrieved May 3, 2013. 
  21. ^ Rosenthal, Gregg (May 21, 2013). "San Francisco awarded Super Bowl L; Houston lands LI". National Football League. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  22. ^ "Cumulative Report, Harris County, Texas, General and Special Elections" (PDF). HARRISVotes.com. November 3, 2015. 9. 
  23. ^ Robinson, Charles (November 7, 2015). "NFL won't alter Houston Super Bowl plans after city's repeal of non-discrimination law". Houston: Yahoo! Sports. Retrieved November 7, 2015. 
  24. ^ Gryboski, Michael (October 18, 2015). "Former Astros Star Speaks Out Against Houston's Transgender Bathroom Ordinance". Christian Post. Retrieved February 11, 2016. 
  25. ^ Gibbs, Lindsay (October 16, 2015). "Texans Owner Donates $10,000 To Fight LGBT Protections In Houston". ThinkProgress.org. Retrieved December 28, 2015. 
  26. ^ "Boston/New England Patriots Team Encyclopedia - Pro-Football-Reference.com". 
  27. ^ a b "2016 New England Patriots Statistics & Players - Pro-Football-Reference.com". 
  28. ^ "Four Patriots Selected to NFL Pro Bowl Squad". New England Patriots. December 20, 2016. 
  29. ^ "Bill Belichick Record, Statistics, and Category Ranks - Pro-Football-Reference.com". 
  30. ^ "Atlanta Falcons Team Encyclopedia - Pro-Football-Reference.com". 
  31. ^ a b "2016 Atlanta Falcons Statistics & Players - Pro-Football-Reference.com". 
  32. ^ a b Hanzus, Dan (January 25, 2017). "Pats wearing white in Super Bowl, will definitely win". National Football League. Retrieved January 26, 2017. 
  33. ^ Weaver, Tim (January 24, 2017). "Falcons choose to wear red jerseys for Super Bowl LI vs. Patriots". USA Today. Retrieved January 25, 2017. 
  34. ^ "Top 10 stats on Patriots, Falcons heading into Super Bowl LI". ESPN. 
  35. ^ "What happens when No. 1 offense meets No. 1 defense in Super Bowl?". MSN. 
  36. ^ "Super Bowl LIVE Kicks Off at Discovery Green". Houston Press. Retrieved 17 February 2017. 
  37. ^ Barron, David. "Super Bowl LI "Opening Night" at Minute Maid on Jan. 30". Houston Chronicle.com. Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  38. ^ "James Baker, Ric Campo to lead Houston's Super Bowl bid". Houston Texans. Retrieved 17 February 2017. 
  39. ^ "Patriots to practice at UH, Falcons at Rice". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved January 24, 2017. 
  40. ^ Democrat-Gazette press services (February 3, 2017). "Super Bowl LI notebook". Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. Retrieved February 5, 2017. 
  41. ^ Hinchliffe, Emma (February 3, 2017). "Uber barely hangs on in Houston ahead of Super Bowl, while Airbnb claims 'biggest nights ever'". Mashable. Retrieved February 5, 2017. 
  42. ^ "The tradition continues: NFL to remain on broadcast TV". National Football League. December 14, 2011. Retrieved July 14, 2015. 
  43. ^ Molloy, Tim (December 14, 2011). "NBC, Fox, CBS Extend NFL Deals Through 2022". TheWrap.com. Retrieved October 23, 2012. 
  44. ^ a b "NFL Celebrates Hispanic Heritage Month". National Football League. September 15, 2016. Retrieved December 27, 2016. The season will culminate with Super Bowl LI live in Spanish on FOX Deportes and Entravision Radio. 
  45. ^ "NFLEROS Premieres on FOX Deportes". Fox Sports. September 19, 2016. Retrieved December 30, 2016. 
  46. ^ Tanklefsky, David (November 14, 2016). "Record World Series Numbers Help Fox Deportes Show Off Its Rebrand". PromaxBDA. Retrieved December 30, 2016. 
  47. ^ "Super Bowl: Fox Sports Go Streaming Service Goes Down Briefly in 4th Quarter". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  48. ^ "Super Bowl 2017: How to watch the big game online". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  49. ^ "Live from Super Bowl LI: Intel’s ‘Be the Player’ Set to Transform Analysis". Sports Video Group. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  50. ^ Spangler, Todd (January 12, 2017). "Fox’s Super Bowl LI Broadcast to Include Virtual Player POV Replays". Variety. Retrieved January 23, 2017. 
  51. ^ a b Vranica, Suzanne (January 25, 2017). "Snickers to Air First Live Super Bowl Ad". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved February 4, 2017. 
  52. ^ Molina, Brett. "Nintendo devotes its first-ever Super Bowl ad to Switch". USA Today. Retrieved February 1, 2017. 
  53. ^ "What Is Fiat Chrysler Up to for the Super Bowl?". Advertising Age. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  54. ^ "Fiat Chrysler Avoids Politics in Super Bowl Ads, Plugs Alfa Romeo". Advertising Age. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  55. ^ Godoy, Maria. "Budweiser's Super Bowl Ad And The Great Debate Over What It Means To Be An American". NPR. Retrieved February 4, 2017. 
  56. ^ Framke, Caroline (February 5, 2017). "The story behind 84 Lumber’s Super Bowl ad about Trump’s border wall". Vox. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  57. ^ Shields, Mike (February 6, 2017). "84 Lumber Super Bowl Campaign Shows Border Wall With a Big Door". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  58. ^ Payne, Marissa (February 5, 2017). "84 Lumber forced to re-tool Super Bowl ad rejected for depicting Trump's border wall". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  59. ^ O'Reilly, Lara (February 5, 2017). "The 84 Lumber Super Bowl ad's creative director explains the thinking behind the Mexican immigration-themed spot". Business Insider. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  60. ^ "Geoffrey Rush as Albert Einstein: Nat Geo Channel Releases Super Bowl Spot for ‘Genius’ (Watch)". Variety. Retrieved 6 February 2017. 
  61. ^ Petski, Denise (February 3, 2017). "'Genius' Teaser: Nat Geo Unveils Einstein Drama's Super Bowl Spot With Lady Gaga's 'Bad Romance'". Deadline.com. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  62. ^ Lynch, Jason (2017-02-05). "The First Overtime in Super Bowl History Gives Fox Another $20 Million in Ad Revenue". Adweek. Retrieved 2017-02-07. 
  63. ^ "NFL 2016: How to watch in Australia". The Sydney Morning Herald. September 5, 2016. 
  64. ^ "Das ist der Super Bowl LI! - puls4.com". PULS 4 (in German). PULS 4 TV GmbH & Co KG. Retrieved February 5, 2017. 
  65. ^ "ESPN e Esporte Interativo exibem hoje Super Bowl com Lady Gaga; relembre outras apresentações" (in Portuguese). Leandro Lel Lima. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  66. ^ "SUPER BOWL LI to be Broadcast in Triple-Simulcast for First Time Ever on CTV, CTV Two, and TSN, February 5". Bell Media. Retrieved January 26, 2017. 
  67. ^ "Super-Bowl.dk" (in Danish). Retrieved February 16, 2017. 
  68. ^ "NFL : Le Super Bowl LI" (in French). beIN SPORTS. Retrieved February 5, 2017. 
  69. ^ "Super Bowl 2017 en direct et TV". Augsburger Allemagne (in German). Retrieved February 4, 2017. 
  70. ^ "NFL – NFL: Super Bowl 2017 live – New England Patriots vs. Atlanta Falcons im kostenlosen Livestream". www.ran.de (in German). ProSieben/Sat.1 Sports GmbH. January 25, 2017. Retrieved February 4, 2017. 
  71. ^ a b c "NFL 2016/17 Super Bowl". peotv.com. 
  72. ^ a b Upal, Sunni. "Super Bowl 2017: When is the NFL final, what TV channel is it on, what time is kick-off and which teams are playing? Here’s all you need to know". The Sun. Retrieved January 22, 2017. 
  73. ^ "How to watch Super Bowl 51 online for free". TechRadar. 
  74. ^ "@beIN Sports". 
  75. ^ "Super Bowl 2017 live op FOX TV en FOX SPORTS" (in Dutch). Totaaltv.nl. Retrieved February 5, 2017. 
  76. ^ Terrado, Reuben (January 24, 2017). "Super Bowl 51 between Patriots, Falcons to be aired live on free TV via ABS-CBN sports channel". Sports Interactive Network Philippines. Retrieved January 25, 2017. 
  77. ^ "Channels that will broadcast the Super Bowl". Superbowl51.org. January 24, 2017. 
  78. ^ "Super Bowl LI: New England Patriots v Atlanta Falcons". BBC. Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  79. ^ "Where to watch Super Bowl LI on British TV". NFLUK.com. NFL Enterprises, LLC. Retrieved February 1, 2017. 
  80. ^ "Super Bowl LI is on Sky Sports 1, Sky Sports NFL and Sky Sports Mix on Sunday February 5". Sky Sports. Sky. Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  81. ^ a b "Bell appeals CRTC decision to air U.S. Super Bowl commercials". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. March 2, 2015. Retrieved March 12, 2015. 
  82. ^ "CRTC opens door for U.S. Super Bowl ads to air on Canadian TV". The Globe and Mail. January 29, 2015. Retrieved January 29, 2015. 
  83. ^ "Broadcasting Regulatory Policy CRTC 2015-25". Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission. Retrieved February 3, 2015. 
  84. ^ "Bell wins right to appeal new Super Bowl ad policy". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved November 2, 2016. 
  85. ^ "NFL Blitzes Trudeau in Arcane Super Bowl Advertising Dispute". Bloomberg. Retrieved January 18, 2017. 
  86. ^ a b "Bell’s Super Bowl ratings drop 39 per cent as CRTC ad policy takes effect". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved February 7, 2017. 
  87. ^ Jackson, Emily. "Bell Media cites CRTC Super Bowl ad policy as a factor in latest round of layoffs". Financial Post. Retrieved February 1, 2017. 
  88. ^ a b Faguy, Steve (January 27, 2017). "CTV Super Bowl LI plans". Fagstein.com. Retrieved January 29, 2017. 
  89. ^ "It may pay to watch Super Bowl on Canadian TV. Literally". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  90. ^ "Bell will fight CRTC ad policy after Super Bowl ratings drop". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 8 February 2017. 
  91. ^ "Atlanta Falcons vs. New England Patriots Super Bowl LI". Westwood One. Retrieved January 25, 2017. 
  92. ^ "TSN, Bell Media Radio, and NFL Announce Multi-Year Radio Broadcast Agreement" (Press release). Bell Media. September 18, 2015. Retrieved January 25, 2017. 
  93. ^ "Entravision inks three-year radio deal with the NFL". L.A. Biz. American City Business Journals. September 11, 2015. Retrieved January 25, 2017. 
  94. ^ "BBC RADIO 5 LIVE SPORTS EXTRA TO AIR WEEKLY COMMENTARIES ALL SEASON IN 2016". NFLUK.com. September 3, 2016. Retrieved January 25, 2017. 
  95. ^ D'Andrea, Christian (February 5, 2017). "Super Bowl 2017: Pope Francis filmed message of peace and inclusion for the big game". SB Nation. Retrieved April 19, 2017. 
  96. ^ Estrada, Cheryl. "HBCU Hall of Fame Players Honored at Super Bowl". Diversity, Inc. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  97. ^ Hagemann, Andie (January 22, 2017). "Luke Bryan to sing national anthem at Super Bowl LI". National Football League. 
  98. ^ Paulson, Michael (January 27, 2017). "‘Hamilton’ Is Coming to the Super Bowl". The New York Times. Retrieved January 27, 2017. 
  99. ^ George, Cindy (February 4, 2017). "Former President Bush 'fired up' for coin toss at Houston's Super Bowl". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved February 5, 2017. 
  100. ^ Wire, SI (February 5, 2017). "Who won the coin toss at Super Bowl LI?". SI.com. Retrieved February 7, 2017. 
  101. ^ Coscarelli, Joe (September 29, 2016). "Lady Gaga to Headline Super Bowl Halftime Show". The New York Times. Retrieved October 1, 2016. 
  102. ^ Halperin, Shirley (September 29, 2016). "It's Official: Lady Gaga to Headline 2017 Super Bowl Halftime Show". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 8, 2016. 
  103. ^ "Lady Gaga kicks off Super Bowl halftime show performance with shocking, patriotic moment". AOL. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  104. ^ "Drone expert explains how Lady Gaga's 300 Super Bowl halftime flyers worked". CBC News. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  105. ^ Barrett, Brian. "All About Lady Gaga’s Super Bowl Halftime Show Drones". Wired. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  106. ^ Perez, Chris (February 6, 2017). "This is what 300 drones flying in sync looks like". New York Post. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  107. ^ "Yes, those were drones at Lady Gaga's Super Bowl 51 halftime show". For The Win. February 6, 2017. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  108. ^ "Falcons player says Lady Gaga halftime show contributed to Super Bowl meltdown". CBSSports.com. Retrieved 2017-02-28. 
  109. ^ "Atlanta Falcons Mohamed Sanu blames the long halftime for Super Bowl 51 loss to New England Patriots". 247Sports. Retrieved 2017-02-28. 
  110. ^ "Tom Brady Stats - Pro-Football-Reference.com". 
  111. ^ "Can't-Miss Play: Tom Brady's first-ever playoff pick six goes to Robert Alford". National Football League. 
  112. ^ "Super Bowl Records: Individual - Interceptions". National Football League. 
  113. ^ "Can't-Miss Play: Julio Jones makes insane sideline catch in Super Bowl LI". NFL.com. Retrieved 2017-04-10. 
  114. ^ DeCosta-Klipa, Nick (February 7, 2017). "Bill Belichick passed up an opportunity to end Super Bowl 51 in the weirdest possible way". The Boston Globe. Retrieved February 7, 2017. 
  115. ^ Bowden, Mark (2008). The Best Game Ever: Giants vs. Colts, 1958, and the Birth of the Modern NFL. Atlantic Monthly Press. ISBN 978-0-87113-988-7. 
  116. ^ "Super Bowl LI: New England Patriots recover from record deficit to beat Atlanta Falcons". BBC Sport. 6 February 2017. Retrieved 7 February 2017. 
  117. ^ "Super Bowl 2017: Tom Brady leads Patriots to historic comeback win". Guardian. 6 February 2017. Retrieved 7 February 2017. 
  118. ^ "Mike & Mike on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 2017-04-15. 
  119. ^ http://www.pro-football-reference.com/play-index/tgl_finder.cgi?request=1&match=game&year_min=1940&year_max=2016&game_type=P&game_num_min=0&game_num_max=99&week_num_min=0&week_num_max=99&temperature_gtlt=lt&team_conf_id=All+Conferences&team_div_id=All+Divisions&opp_conf_id=All+Conferences&opp_div_id=All+Divisions&team_off_scheme=Any+Scheme&team_def_align=Any+Alignment&opp_off_scheme=Any+Scheme&opp_def_align=Any+Alignment&c1stat=score_diff_thru_3&c1comp=gt&c1val=17&c2stat=choose&c2comp=gt&c3stat=choose&c3comp=gt&c4stat=choose&c4comp=gt&c5comp=choose&c5gtlt=lt&c6mult=1.0&c6comp=choose&order_by=game_date
  120. ^ "Patriots and Falcons set or tie 31 records in thrilling Super Bowl LI". CBS Sports. February 5, 2017. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  121. ^ "Tom Brady: I think James White deserves game MVP". National Football League. February 5, 2017. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  122. ^ "Watch New England Patriots vs. Atlanta Falcons [02/05/2017]". National Football League. 
  123. ^ "5 Mind-Blowing Facts To Sum Up Patriots’ Super Bowl Stunner". CBS Boston. February 6, 2017. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  124. ^ Doctor, Stats (February 12, 2015). "Looking Back at Super Bowl XLIX Stats and Records". 101Sports.com. Retrieved April 11, 2017. 
  125. ^ Rapaport, Daniel (February 5, 2017). "The biggest comebacks in Super Bowl history". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved February 7, 2017. 
  126. ^ "The Amount Of Records Set And Tied In Super Bowl LI Is Astounding". NESN. February 6, 2017. Retrieved February 7, 2017. 
  127. ^ "Sullivan: For NFL great Belichick, performance is all that matters". North Jersey.com. February 4, 2017. Retrieved February 12, 2017. 

External links[edit]