Super Bowl XLV
|Date||February 6, 2011|
|Stadium||Cowboys Stadium, Arlington, Texas|
|MVP||Aaron Rodgers, quarterback|
|Favorite||Packers by 3|
|Future Hall of Famers|
Packers: Kevin Greene‡ (assistant coach)
|National anthem||Christina Aguilera|
|Coin toss||Deion Sanders, representing the 2011 Pro Football Hall of Fame class|
|Halftime show||The Black Eyed Peas, Usher, Slash|
|TV in the United States|
|Announcers||Joe Buck, Troy Aikman, Pam Oliver and Chris Myers|
|Nielsen ratings||46.0 (national)|
US viewership: 111 million est. avg., 162.9 million est. total
|Market share||69 (national)|
|Cost of 30-second commercial||$3 million|
Super Bowl XLV was an American football game between the American Football Conference (AFC) champion Pittsburgh Steelers and the National Football Conference (NFC) champion Green Bay Packers to decide the National Football League (NFL) champion for the 2010 season. The Packers defeated the Steelers by the score of 31–25. The game was played on February 6, 2011 at Cowboys Stadium in Arlington, Texas, the first time the Super Bowl was played in the Dallas–Fort Worth area.
Unlike most other Super Bowls, this game featured two title-abundant franchises: coming into the game, the Packers held the most NFL championships with 12 (9 league championships prior to the Super Bowl era and 3 Super Bowl championships), while the Steelers held the most Super Bowl championships with 6. The Packers entered their fifth Super Bowl in team history, and became the first number 6-seeded team in the NFC to compete in the Super Bowl, after posting a 10–6 regular season record. The Steelers finished the regular season with a 12–4 record, and advanced to a league-tying 8th Super Bowl appearance.
Green Bay dominated most of the first half of Super Bowl XLV, jumping to a 21–3 lead before Pittsburgh cut it down to 21–10 just before halftime. Then after the teams exchanged touchdowns, the Steelers pulled within 28–25 midway through the fourth quarter with wide receiver Mike Wallace's 25-yard touchdown reception from quarterback Ben Roethlisberger and a two-point conversion. But the Packers answered with Mason Crosby's 23-yard field goal with 2:07 remaining, and then prevented the Steelers from scoring on their final drive of the game. Packers quarterback Aaron Rodgers was named Super Bowl MVP, completing 24 of 39 passes for 304 yards and three touchdowns.
The broadcast of Super Bowl XLV on Fox averaged about 111 million viewers, breaking the record for the most-watched program in American television history. The game's attendance was 103,219, just short of the Super Bowl record 103,985 set in Super Bowl XIV at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California. The halftime show featured the American hip hop group The Black Eyed Peas, with additional performances by Usher and Slash.
- 1 Background
- 2 Broadcasting
- 3 Attendance
- 4 Entertainment and other ceremonies
- 5 Game summary
- 6 Final statistics
- 7 Starting lineups
- 8 Officials
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Host selection process
Three NFL cities presented bids for the game:
- In January 2007, Super Bowl VI MVP Roger Staubach was named chairman of the North Texas Super Bowl Bid Committee, heading the Metroplex's bid effort. The bid gathered the support of the cities of Arlington and Dallas.
- On January 31, 2007, the city of Indianapolis, led by Colts owner Jim Irsay and Indianapolis Mayor Bart Peterson, officially announced details about their intentions to bid for Super Bowl XLV. The site would have been Lucas Oil Stadium, which opened in 2008. They were eventually awarded Super Bowl XLVI.
- On February 21, 2007, the Glendale City Council came to a consensus to prepare a bid to host Super Bowl XLV. University of Phoenix Stadium was already scheduled to host Super Bowl XLII in 2008.
The Pittsburgh Steelers finished the 2010 season with a 12–4 record. They earned the AFC North division title, and the second seed in the AFC and advanced to their 8th Super Bowl, tying the Dallas Cowboys' record of most Super Bowl appearances.
After missing the first four games of the year on suspension for violating the NFL's personal conduct policy (during which the Steelers went 3–1), quarterback Ben Roethlisberger returned for his seventh season as the Steelers starting quarterback, finishing the season with 3,200 yards and 17 touchdowns, with just five interceptions, for a 97 passer rating. He also rushed for 176 yards and two touchdowns. The team's top receiver was Mike Wallace who caught 60 passes for 1,257 yards and 10 touchdowns, giving him a 21 yards per catch average. Other reliable options included 13-year veteran Hines Ward (59 receptions for 755 yards and 5 touchdowns), the Steelers all-time leading receiver, and tight end Heath Miller who caught 42 passes for 512 yards. Halfback Rashard Mendenhall was the team's leading rusher, gaining 1,273 yards and 13 touchdowns while also catching 23 passes. The line was led by rookie center Maurkice Pouncey, the Steelers only pro bowl selection on offense. However, Pouncey was injured in the AFC championship game and would be inactive for Super Bowl XLV.
The Steelers had one of the league's top defenses, leading the NFL in sacks (48), and fewest points (14.5) and rushing yards (62.8) allowed per game, while ranking second in fewest total yards (276.8). The line was anchored by pro bowl end Brett Keisel. The Steelers also had four excellent linebackers: LaMarr Woodley, James Harrison, James Farrior, and Lawrence Timmons. For the third consecutive year, Woodley and Harrison each recorded at least 10 sacks. Woodley also forced three fumbles and Harrison forced six. Farrior had 109 total tackles and six sacks. Timmons led the team with 135 total tackles, while also recording three sacks and two interceptions. The secondary was led by pro bowl safety Troy Polamalu, who won the NFL Defensive Player of the Year Award, tying his career-best seven interceptions and returning them for 101 yards and a touchdown.
Coach Mike Tomlin, already the youngest coach to ever win a Super Bowl, became the youngest coach ever to make it to the Super Bowl twice at age 38. The Pittsburgh Steelers had also accomplished going to the Super Bowl in five different decades; and, in every decade since the post AFL-NFL merger. 1970s: 1975, 1976, and 1979. 1980s: 1980. 1990s: 1996. 2000s: 2006 and 2009. 2010s: 2011.
Green Bay Packers
The Green Bay Packers finished the season with a 10–6 record and became the first number 6-seeded team in the NFC to compete in the Super Bowl. They are only the second number 6 seeded team to reach the Super Bowl, with the only other number 6 seed to accomplish this feat being the Pittsburgh Steelers, who won Super Bowl XL following the 2005 season. Green Bay also joined the 2005 Steelers as the only teams ever to defeat the top three seeded teams on the road in the playoffs. In order to secure their fifth Super Bowl bid they defeated their longtime rivals, the Chicago Bears, in the NFC Championship Game at Soldier Field.
The offense was led by quarterback Aaron Rodgers, who was in his third year as a starter after taking over for the team's all-time leading passer Brett Favre. Rodgers finished the season completing 65.7% of his passes for 3,922 yards and 28 touchdowns, with only eleven interceptions, giving him his second consecutive season with a triple digit passer rating (101.2). He was also a good rusher, adding 356 yards and 4 touchdowns on the ground. His top target was pro bowl receiver Greg Jennings, who caught 76 passes for 1,265 yards and 12 touchdowns, giving him a 16.6 yards per catch average while also ranking him fourth in the NFL in yards and second in touchdown catches. Other reliable targets included receivers James Jones (50 receptions, 676 yards, 5 touchdowns), Donald Driver (51 receptions, 565 yards, 4 touchdowns), and Jordy Nelson (45 receptions, 582 yards, 496 kick return yards). The Packers lost star tight end Jermichael Finley (21 receptions 301 yards, 1 touchdown) to injury in week five who was their leading receiver at the time. The Packers ground game was crippled by injuries, especially the Week 1 loss of Ryan Grant, who had rushed for over 1,200 yards in each of the last two seasons. In his absence, the team relied prominently on Brandon Jackson, who rushed for 703 yards and caught 43 passes for 342, and fullback John Kuhn, who added 281 yards on the ground. The team's offensive line was anchored by pro bowl tackle Chad Clifton, an 11-year veteran.
The Packers defense ranked second in the league in fewest points allowed per game (15). The line was led by Cullen Jenkins, who recorded seven sacks in just eleven games, and 338-pound defensive tackle B. J. Raji, who had 6.5. The linebackers were led by pro bowler Clay Matthews and A. J. Hawk. Matthews ranked fourth in the NFL with 13.5 sacks, while Hawk led the team in combined tackles (111) and intercepted three passes. Three of the Packers starters in the secondary had made the pro bowl. Tramon Williams led the team with a career-high 6 interceptions, while adding 326 punt return yards. Other pro bowl selections included safety Nick Collins (4 interceptions and 70 combined tackles) and hard hitting 13-year veteran cornerback Charles Woodson, who recorded 92 total tackles and forced five fumbles, while also intercepting two passes.
The Packers entered the Super Bowl never having trailed by more than 7 points at any point during the season—a feat that had never been accomplished during a complete season in the Super Bowl era. The last team to complete a season with this distinction was the Detroit Lions in 1962. In the Super Bowl game itself, the Packers never trailed.
Of note, this was Green Bay's first Super Bowl against an AFC team that was not one of the "Original 8" American Football League franchises. The Packers had played Kansas City, Oakland, New England, and Denver in their four previous Super Bowl match-ups, winning against all but Denver. The Steelers, like the Packers, predated the AFL's launch, having begun play in 1933 (12 years after the Packers joined the NFL after two years as an independent team), and moved to the AFC in 1970 as a result of the AFL–NFL merger to even out the two conferences.
Pittsburgh advanced to the Super Bowl with two close wins in the playoffs. After a first-round bye, the Steelers defeated their division rival, the number 5 seeded Baltimore Ravens 31–24, with Ben Roethlisberger's 58-yard completion to Antonio Brown on third down and 19 setting up Rashard Mendenhall's game winning 2-yard touchdown run with 1:33 left in the game. Roethlisberger finished with 226 passing yards and two touchdowns, while the defense forced three turnovers and sacked Baltimore QB Joe Flacco five times, three by James Harrison.
Then the Steelers defeated the number 6 seeded New York Jets 24–19 in the AFC Championship Game. Pittsburgh seemed to be in complete control at first, taking a 24–0 lead in the first half. Jets quarterback Mark Sanchez rallied his team back, cutting the score to 24–10 going into the fourth quarter. The Jets then drove to the Steelers 2-yard line on a 17-play drive, but the Pittsburgh defense made a key stand, keeping them out of the end zone on four consecutive plays near the goal-line to force a turnover. New York subsequently forced a safety and scored a touchdown with just over three minutes left, but Roethlisberger's 14-yard completions to Brown and Heath Miller allowed Pittsburgh to hang onto the ball until time expired. Mendenhall finished with 121 rushing yards and a touchdown, along with 2 catches for 32 yards.
Green Bay started off their postseason with a 21–16 win over the number 3 seeded Philadelphia Eagles after Tramon Williams intercepted a pass from Michael Vick in the end zone with less than a minute left to play. Aaron Rodgers threw for 180 yards and three touchdowns while James Starks, who only rushed for 101 yards during the season, rushed for 123 yards in the game.
The Packers then went to Georgia, where the top-seeded 13–3 Atlanta Falcons were waiting. Although the Falcons took advantage of an early turnover and a kick return touchdown to build a 14–7 lead, Green Bay quickly buried the Falcons with 35 straight points. By the end of the first half, the Packers held a 28–14 lead, and went on to win comfortably, 48–21. Rodgers was nearly perfect, completing 31 of 36 passes for 366 yards and three touchdowns, while adding another score on the ground. Jordy Nelson and James Jones both had touchdown catches, while John Kuhn added scores by air and ground and Tramon Williams returned one of his two interceptions 70 yards for a touchdown. Green Bay's special teams unit never had to punt the ball, while Mason Crosby contributed two field goals.
Green Bay next faced the number 2 Chicago Bears in the NFC Championship Game, defeating them 21–14. This time Rodgers had a rougher day than his previous two games, throwing no touchdown passes and being intercepted twice. But he still threw for 244 yards and scored a 1-yard touchdown run, while Starks added 74 rushing yards, including a touchdown run in the second quarter. Meanwhile, Green Bay's defense knocked Chicago quarterback Jay Cutler out of the game and intercepted three passes, one of which was returned 18 yards for a touchdown by B. J. Raji. The other two were made by rookie Sam Shields, who recorded his second interception near his own end zone with 37 seconds left to put the game away.
Super Bowl pregame notes
Both teams are known to have sizable fanbases that often travel to away games, largely due to the home games themselves having decades-long waiting lists. In August 2008, ESPN.com ranked the two teams tied as having the best fans in the NFL. ESPN's own John Clayton, a Pittsburgh native, broke the tie in favor of the Steelers.
As the Packers were the designated home team in the annual rotation between AFC and NFC teams, the team elected to wear their green jerseys. Although both teams are known to wear their colored jerseys at home and have rarely worn white at home (the Packers wore white at home for two games in 1989), the Packers decision contrasted with the Steelers decision as the home team in Super Bowl XL to wear white jerseys. Both the 2005 Steelers and 2010 Packers were number 6 seeded teams when they reached the Super Bowl, forcing them to play all of their postseason games on the road and wearing their respective white jerseys in those games.
A severe winter storm blanketed the Dallas-Fort Worth area in hard ice and snow the week before the game, threatening to disrupt game preparations. Snow fell from the roof of Cowboys Stadium's East end on February 4, injuring six people. Over 3,000 tickets were sold to watch the game in the stadium's East Plaza, which experienced the falling ice tragedy earlier in the week. However, the snow had melted by game time and fans who paid $200 per ticket were allowed to watch the game outside Cowboys Stadium, in the open air, as the weather turned from sleet to sun.
Since the Steelers and Packers were two of the six teams that did not have cheerleaders during the 2010 NFL season (the others being the Chicago Bears, Detroit Lions, Cleveland Browns, and New York Giants), this marked the first Super Bowl without cheerleaders.
Packers lineman, Bryan Bulaga, became the youngest player to start in a Super Bowl, at the age of 21 years and 322 days old. Steelers center Maurkice Pouncey would have been the youngest player (21 years, 197 days), but he could not play because of a high ankle sprain.
Possible Presidential appearance
During a press conference on January 19, 2011, President Obama (a longtime Chicago Bears fan) said he would attend Super Bowl XLV if Chicago defeated Green Bay, saying "If Chicago wins, I’m going no doubt". Chicago ended up losing the NFC Championship game a few days later on January 23 to Green Bay 21–14. In a post-game locker-room speech by Green Bay Packers corner Charles Woodson he poked fun at the President's comment saying "The President don't want to come watch us at the Super Bowl, guess what? We'll go see him" (implying that Green Bay would win the Super Bowl and visit the White House as the winning team does each year; a statement that would come true). Woodson then broke the Packers meeting with a team cheer of "White House!". On January 26 President Obama visited Green Bay and was greeted by Mayor Jim Schmitt and Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker who presented the President with two Green Bay Packers Jerseys. The first had Obama's name on the back with the number 1 and the second was an autographed Charles Woodson jersey with the message "See you at the White House. Go Packers!" written on the back by Woodson.
On August 12, 2011, Woodson's promise came true and Packers visited the White House and met with President Obama. Their visit was delayed because of the NFL lockout and took place a day before the Packers first preseason game against the Cleveland Browns. President Obama was presented with a Packers jersey with the number 1 and the words Commander-In-Chief on the back. He was also presented with a stock share of the Packers organization, thus making him a part owner of the Packers. When Obama jokingly asked if this meant he could trade Aaron Rodgers to the Bears, Woodson responded that Obama was just "a minority owner."
Obama, who is also a Steelers fan and considers the team to be his second-favorite after the Bears, openly supported the Steelers two years earlier in Super Bowl XLIII after the Rooney family helped with his campaigning work and later appointed Steelers chairman Dan Rooney, an ethnic Irish Catholic, the U.S. Ambassador to Ireland. He did not attend the game; instead, he hosted a 100-person Super Bowl party at the White House. Attendees included his family, elected leaders from Pennsylvania and Wisconsin, DNC member Andres Lopez of Puerto Rico, Buffalo, New York mayor Byron Brown, Buffalo deputy mayor Steve Casey, Newark, New Jersey mayor Cory Booker, Jennifer Lopez and her husband Marc Anthony, both actors/singers, ESPN columnist Michael Wilbon, and Tony Kornheiser.
Although the sitting president did not attend the game, former president and former Texas governor George W. Bush was present, along with his wife Laura and former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice.
From June 15, 2010, through February 6, 2011, the 30-mile section of Interstate 30 between Dallas and Fort Worth along which Cowboys Stadium is situated had been temporarily designated as the "Tom Landry Super Bowl Highway" in commemoration of Super Bowl XLV. The former Dallas-Fort Worth Turnpike is normally known as the "Tom Landry Highway" in honor of former Dallas Cowboys coach Tom Landry.
While past Super Bowl games used their own unique logo designs that changed yearly and featured imagery which reflected the host city, Super Bowl XLV introduced a new, generic design for the game's logo. It incorporates an image of the Vince Lombardi Trophy sitting atop the traditional Roman numerals used to denote each edition, with a stylized image of the host stadium shown in the background. It was introduced as part of a new, standardized branding scheme for the NFL's postseason games, which also saw the redesign of the conference championship trophies.
The only changes made to the logo for future Super Bowls have been to change the number and the stadium depicted. Super Bowl 50 deviated slightly from the standard design to emphasize the game's "golden anniversary", featuring the number "50" in large gold numbering on each side of the trophy rather than below it in Roman numerals; this modified layout, but with Roman numerals, has since been used for subsequent Super Bowl games.
Fox Sports televised the game in the United States, with Joe Buck as the play-by-play announcer and Troy Aikman, himself a three-time Super Bowl winner as a Dallas Cowboys quarterback, as the color analyst. Mike Pereira joined Buck and Aikman in the broadcast booth to comment on instant replay reviews, while Pam Oliver and Chris Myers served as sideline reporters. The pre-game show featured the Fox NFL Sunday crew of host Curt Menefee and a group of analysts with extensive Super Bowl experiences of their own: Terry Bradshaw (4 time Super Bowl winning QB with the Pittsburgh Steelers), Howie Long (one-time Super Bowl winning defensive end with the then-Los Angeles Raiders), Michael Strahan (one-time Super Bowl winning defensive end with the NY Giants) and Jimmy Johnson (two-time Super Bowl winning head coach with the Cowboys). They were joined by a variety of other commentators.
Five days prior to the game, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, along with the United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York, seized and shut down several websites that had provided access to pirated Internet television feeds of NFL games.
With an average US audience of 111 million viewers, this was the most-watched Super Bowl as well as the most-watched program of any kind in American television history, beating the previous record of 106.5 million viewers for Super Bowl XLIV. An estimated 162.9 million total viewers watched all or part of the game. The game drew a national household Nielsen rating of 46.0 and a 69 share. It drew a 59.7 local rating in both Milwaukee (WITI) and Pittsburgh (WPGH), the second-highest local rating for a Super Bowl after the 63.0 that Super Bowl XX drew in Chicago. In the host market of Dallas-Fort Worth (KDFW), the game drew a 53.7 rating.
The Steelers also became the second team to appear on Super Bowls on all four major networks, after the Denver Broncos. The Steelers appeared previously on four NBC-aired Super Bowls (IX, XIII, XXX, XLIII), two CBS-aired Super Bowls (X, XIV), and one ABC-aired Super Bowl (XL).
By September 15, 2010, Fox had sold 90% of all available slots; all slots were completely sold out by October. The price of an advertisement began at US$3,000,000. Pepsi-Cola returned after a one-year retreat with three ads for their Pepsi Max drink, which has been named as the official soft drink of the NFL. Pepsi's Frito-Lay brand also advertised Doritos. Both brands had their advertisements created by web users as part of the annual USA Today Super Bowl Ad Meter contest, which offers a prize of US $5 million. In addition, regular purchasers Anheuser-Busch InBev, GoDaddy.com, Coca-Cola, CareerBuilder.com, and E*TRADE purchased advertisements; InBev advertised Stella Artois imported beer for the first time in the Super Bowl in addition to its usual Budweiser and Bud Light advertisements. Hyundai, Mercedes-Benz, Volkswagen and Audi also advertised, as did General Motors, who returned for the first time since their bankruptcy with advertisements for the Chevrolet Cruze, Camaro, Silverado and Volt. Chrysler purchased a 2-minute-long advertisement for its Chrysler 200 featuring Eminem.
Advertisements for 15 films were shown during the Pre-Game, Game, and Post-Game.
NFL International provided television coverage for viewers outside of North America, with Bob Papa and Joe Theismann calling the English language feed. The game was shown live on the following channels:
- Asia: All Sports Network.
- Australia: One HD & Network Ten. In addition it was also broadcast live on ESPN Australia.
- Canada: CTV in English (using the FOX feed) and RDS in French. As in past years, CTV exercised its simultaneous substitution rights over American stations carrying the game on Canadian cable and satellite providers.
- Europe: ESPN America, in addition to the following local broadcasters:
- Austria: Puls 4.
- Belgium: Prime Sport, BeTV.
- Denmark: TV3+/TV3+ HD.
- Finland: Nelonen Pro 1.
- France: W9 (audience: 300,000, share: 8.6%).
- Germany: ARD (audience: 970,000), Sport1+.
- Hungary and Romania: Sport 1.
- Iceland Stöð2Sport
- Italy: La7, Dahlia TV.
- Israel: Sport 5.
- Norway: NRK (With the FOX feed and reactions from experts in studio during commercial breaks. The Bridgestone Halftime Show was also broadcast.)
- Poland: Polsat Sport.
- Portugal: SportTV.
- Russia: NTV Plus.
- Slovenia: Šport TV 1.
- Spain: Canal+.
- Sweden: TV10.
- Switzerland: SSF.
- United Kingdom and Ireland: BBC One (audience: 1.01m), BBC One HD, Sky Sports and Sky Sports HD.
- Latin America: ESPN Latin America and Fox Sports Latin America.
- South Africa: ESPN.
Westwood One broadcast Super Bowl XLV across the United States and Canada, with play-by-play announcer Kevin Harlan (calling his first Super Bowl for the network) and color analyst Boomer Esiason. Univision Radio carried a Spanish language feed for its stations throughout the US. The flagship stations for each team also carried the game with their respective local announcers:
- The Packers Radio Network via WTAQ, WTAQ-FM and WIXX in Green Bay and WTMJ in Milwaukee, with Wayne Larrivee and Larry McCarren announcing.
- The Pittsburgh Steelers Radio Network via WDVE and WBGG in Pittsburgh, with Bill Hillgrove and Tunch Ilkin announcing.
Sirius XM Satellite Radio carried 14 feeds in ten languages to Sirius subscribers, as well as to XM subscribers with the "Best of Sirius" package. In addition to the Westwood One and local team broadcasts, Sirius carried the following international feeds:
- Brazil: Eldorado ESPN (Portuguese)
- China: SMG (Chinese)
- Denmark: Viasat Sport (Danish)
- France: W9 (French)
- Germany: ARD (German)
- Hungary: Chello (Hungarian)
- Japan: NHK (Japanese)
- Mexico: TV Azteca (Spanish)
- Netherlands: Prime Sport (Dutch)
- Russia: NTV Plus (Russian)
- Spain: Canal+ Spain (Spanish)
- United Kingdom: BBC Radio 5 Live (English)
FieldPass, the subscription Internet radio service provided by the league at NFL.com, also carried most of these feeds. Due to contractual restrictions, only Sirius XM and FieldPass were permitted to carry the local team broadcasts along with WTAQ, WIXX, WTMJ, WDVE and WBGG, with the teams' other network radio affiliates instead airing the Westwood One feed.
Cowboys Stadium installed 15,000 temporary seats and utilized its standing room to increase its capacity to over 105,000 fans. If the stadium had been filled to capacity (its record for an NFL game is 105,121 spectators), it would have set a record for Super Bowl attendance, breaking the previous record of 103,985 fans for Super Bowl XIV in the Rose Bowl; however the actual attendance of 103,219 fell 766 fans short. League officials had indicated that they would also count spectators watching the game on large television screens from outside the stadium in the tally, which generally is not allowed in official attendance counts. However, Super Bowl XLV was the first Super Bowl game to break the 100,000 threshold in attendance since Super Bowl XXI in 1987.
Due to numerous delays, 1,250 temporary seats weren't ready in time for the game. According to a police officer standing near the affected area, the seats hadn't been installed in time for the fire marshal to inspect them. The NFL scrambled almost until kickoff to find replacement seats. Eventually, 850 fans in four sections were relocated, while 400 fans in two sections were given a refund equivalent to three times the face value of their ticket. The latter set of fans were later offered the chance to watch the game on monitors in the North Field Club behind the Steelers bench, but would still get the triple refund. Some of these fans were still upset, since they had spent thousands on airfare and hotels. NFL spokesman Brian McCarthy said that when the league decided to relocate the 850 fans, it lost any shot of setting the attendance record.
The NFL subsequently offered affected fans a ticket to the next Super Bowl in addition to the refund. It also offered fans the option of a ticket to any future Super Bowl, along with round-trip airfare and hotel accommodations. However, this wasn't enough to mollify several fans, who on February 9 filed a $5 million class-action lawsuit against the NFL, the Cowboys and Jones. In addition to Steelers and Packers fans left without seats, the suit includes Cowboys fans who paid $100,000 for personal seat licenses, only to have to watch the Super Bowl in metal folding chairs without a view of the stadium's giant video replay board. The NFL at first offered $2,400 to fans who did not receive a replacement seat, but later offered tickets to a future Super Bowl with airfare and hotels included.
Not all of the fans accepted the NFL's settlement offer, so the case went to trial. The final outcome of the lawsuit was a finding for the plaintiffs against the NFL in the matter of breach of contract, and not liable for fraudulent inducement. The Cowboys and Jerry Jones were dismissed as parties to the lawsuit since the plaintiffs' contracts were solely with the NFL. The plaintiffs were awarded between $5,600 and $22,000 depending on the value of their tickets.
Entertainment and other ceremonies
Keith Urban and Maroon 5 performed during the pregame. The Texas Christian University Horned Frog Marching Band also performed during the pregame show. 22-year-old Candice Villesca of Lewisville, Texas performed the national anthem and "America the Beautiful" in American Sign Language. Lea Michele performed "America the Beautiful" supported by the Air Force Tops in Blue. Pop singer Christina Aguilera sang the national anthem, but performed the wrong lyrics for the fourth line of the song, later issuing an apology.
The coin toss ceremony was the first to commemorate two anniversaries—the 25th anniversary of Super Bowl XX and 15th of Super Bowl XXX, which marked the Dallas Cowboys' most recent Super Bowl championship. In honor of those occasions, Super Bowl XX MVP Richard Dent and former Dallas Cowboys defensive back Deion Sanders, both of whom were inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2011, joined the ceremonies. They were joined by fellow Pro Football Hall of Fame inductees and past Super Bowl participants Marshall Faulk, Chris Hanburger and Shannon Sharpe.
The Black Eyed Peas performed a medley of their greatest hits: "I Gotta Feeling", "Boom Boom Pow", "Pump It", "The Time (Dirty Bit)", "Let's Get It Started", and "Where Is the Love?" Slash made a guest appearance, performing "Sweet Child o' Mine" with Fergie, while Usher made an appearance to perform his song "OMG" with will.i.am. The show also displayed a long list of other performers, including Prairie View A&M University's "Marching Storm" Band. Country music was originally in the planning until the Black Eyed Peas agreed to perform.
After the first three drives of the game ended with punts, Green Bay opened up the scoring with Aaron Rodgers's 29-yard touchdown pass to wide receiver Jordy Nelson, who managed to pull slightly ahead of cornerback William Gay enough to make a leaping catch and fall into the end zone. Then on the first play after the ensuing kickoff, quarterback Ben Roethlisberger was hit by Howard Green as he threw a pass, causing the ball to go well short of his intended target near the left sideline where it was intercepted by Nick Collins and returned 37 yards for a touchdown, giving Green Bay a 14–0 lead. This score continued the unbeaten streak of Super Bowl victories recorded by teams scoring on an interception runback, improving to 11–0 in such games. It was also the third consecutive Super Bowl with an interception return for a touchdown, as well as the eighth such score in the last ten Super Bowls. The Packers also tied the Miami Dolphins' record which still stands for the largest Super Bowl lead (14 points) at the end of the first quarter, set in Super Bowl VIII against the Minnesota Vikings and later tied by the Oakland Raiders against the Philadelphia Eagles in Super Bowl XV.
This time Pittsburgh managed to respond, driving 49 yards in 13 plays including Roethlisberger's 18-yard run on 3rd down and 9. Shaun Suisham finished the drive with a 33-yard field goal to cut the score to 14–3. Then after forcing a punt, the Steelers drove to midfield, but turned the ball over again when Roethlisberger's pass was intercepted by defensive back Jarrett Bush at the 47. After the interception, Rodgers led the Packers to another score, completing two passes for 20 yards before James Starks's 12-yard run moved the ball to the 21-yard line. On the next play, Green Bay increased their lead to 21–3 with Rodgers' 21-yard touchdown pass to Greg Jennings. Taking the ball back with 2:24 left in the second quarter, Roethlisberger made a 37-yard completion to Antwaan Randle El on their first play. After that, receiver Hines Ward caught three passes for 39 yards on the drive, the last one an 8-yard touchdown catch with 37 seconds left in the half, making the score 21–10 at halftime. This was the fourth time in their four 2011 postseason games that the Packers finished the first half with a lead of at least 11 points. The first half had taken a heavy toll on both teams. The Steelers lost wide receiver Emmanuel Sanders to injury, while the Packers lost receiver Donald Driver along with defensive backs Charles Woodson and Sam Shields. Shields would be the only player among them who would return. The Black Eyed Peas played at halftime.
Pittsburgh's defense forced Green Bay to punt on the first drive of the second half, and got the ball at midfield after a facemask call on Tom Crabtree while tackling Antonio Brown on the punt return. The offense then scored in five plays (all runs). First, Rashard Mendenhall broke free along with right sideline for a 17-yard run, then Isaac Redman rushed for 3 yards, and Roethlisberger ran for 6, bringing up third down and 1. On the next play, Redman tried to run up the middle, but was held up at the line, so he backed away and ran to the outside for a 16-yard gain to the 8-yard line. Then Mendenhall scored an 8-yard touchdown run on the next play, making the score 21–17. After forcing a punt, Pittsburgh mounted a drive to the Packers 29-yard line, but Green Bay's defense made a stand. First Roethlisberger's pass was batted down behind the line by linebacker Clay Matthews, then Roethlisberger tried a screen pass to tight end Heath Miller, but Desmond Bishop tackled him for a 3-yard loss. Then on third down Frank Zombo sacked Roethlisberger on the 34, and Suisham's ensuing 52-yard field goal attempt sailed wide left.
On the first play of the fourth quarter, the Steelers lost their third turnover of the game when Mendenhall fumbled the ball while being tackled behind the line by Matthews and Ryan Pickett. Bishop recovered the ball and returned it 7 yards to the Packers 45. Five plays later on third down and 10, Rodgers completed a 38-yard pass to Nelson at the Steelers 2-yard line. Pittsburgh linebacker LaMarr Woodley sacked Rodgers for a 6-yard loss on the next play, but Rodgers threw an 8-yard touchdown pass to Jennings after that, increasing the Packers lead to 28–17. Roethlisberger led the Steelers right back with 6 of 7 completions. After a 9-yard pass to tight end Matt Spaeth, he threw three completions to receiver Mike Wallace for 27 yards to the Green Bay 40-yard line. Then after a 15-yard completion to Ward, he finished the drive with a 25-yard touchdown pass to Wallace. On the two-point conversion play, Roethlisberger faked a handoff to Mendenhall and ran up to the line before pitching the ball to Randle El, who scored on an outside sweep, cutting the Steelers deficit to 3 points at 28–25.
Green Bay took the ball back with just over 7 minutes left, and found themselves facing third down and 10 after two plays, but Rodgers kept the drive going with a 31-yard completion to Jennings over the middle. Starks then ran 14 yards to the Steelers 30. Two plays later, James Jones caught a 21-yard pass at the 8. The Steelers defense kept Green Bay out of the end zone, forcing the Packers to settle for a 23-yard field goal by Mason Crosby that gave Green Bay a 31–25 lead with 2:07 left in regulation.
Pittsburgh got the ball back on their own 13-yard line following a penalty on the kickoff. On their first play, Roethlisberger completed a 15-yard pass to Miller. But after a 5-yard reception by Ward, his next three passes were incomplete, turning the ball over and allowing the Packers to run out the rest of the clock.
Nelson was the top receiver of the game with 9 receptions for 140 yards (both career highs) and a touchdown, while also gaining 19 more yards on a kick return, all despite 3 dropped passes. Jennings added 64 yards and 2 touchdowns. Roethlisberger completed 25 of 40 passes for 263 yards and two touchdowns, with 2 interceptions, and ran for 31 yards. His top target was Wallace, who caught 9 passes for 89 yards and a score. Mendenhall was the top rusher of the game with 64 yards and a touchdown.
|Pittsburgh Steelers||Green Bay Packers|
|First downs rushing||8||4|
|First downs passing||11||11|
|First downs penalty||0||0|
|Third down efficiency||7/13||6/13|
|Fourth down efficiency||0/1||0/0|
|Net yards rushing||126||50|
|Yards per rush||5.5||3.8|
|Passing – Completions-attempts||25/40||24/39|
|Times sacked-total yards||1–2||3–16|
|Net yards passing||261||288|
|Total net yards||387||338|
|Punt returns-total yards||4–5||1–0|
|Kickoff returns-total yards||6–111||3–63|
|Interceptions-total return yards||0–0||2–38|
|Time of possession||33:25||26:35|
|Records set |
|Fewest Rushing Attempts, Game, Both Teams||36||Green Bay (13), Pittsburgh (23)|
|Most Super Bowl Games Played, Team||8||Pittsburgh|
|Fewest Turnovers, Game, Team||0||Green Bay|
|Most Points, First Quarter, Team||14||Green Bay|
|Largest Lead, End of First Quarter, Team||14||Green Bay, led 14–0|
|Fewest First Downs by Penalty, Both Teams||0||Green Bay 0, Pittsburgh 0|
|Fewest Rushing Attempts, Game, Winning Team||13||Green Bay|
|Most 2-Point Conversions, Game||1||Antwaan Randle El, Pittsburgh|
|Antwaan Randle El||2||50||0||37||2|
1Completions/attempts 2Carries 3Long gain 4Receptions 5Times targeted
|Ben Roethlisberger||QB||Aaron Rodgers|
|Hines Ward||WR||Greg Jennings|
|Jonathan Scott||LT||Chad Clifton|
|Chris Kemoeatu||LG||Daryn Colledge|
|Doug Legursky||C||Scott Wells|
|Ramon Foster||RG||Josh Sitton|
|Flozell Adams||RT||Bryan Bulaga|
|Heath Miller||TE||RB||James Starks|
|Rashard Mendenhall||RB||WR||James Jones|
|David Johnson||FB||WR||Donald Driver|
|Matt Spaeth||TE||WR||Jordy Nelson|
|Casey Hampton||NT||LDE||Ryan Pickett|
|Brett Keisel||RDE||NT||B. J. Raji|
|LaMarr Woodley||LOLB||RDE||Howard Green|
|James Farrior||LILB||DE||C. J. Wilson|
|Lawrence Timmons||RILB||LOLB||Clay Matthews|
|James Harrison||ROLB||LILB||A. J. Hawk|
|Bryant McFadden||LCB||RILB||Desmond Bishop|
|Ryan Clark||FS||ROLB||Frank Zombo|
|Troy Polamalu||SS||LCB||Charles Woodson|
|Ike Taylor||RCB||FS||Nick Collins|
|William Gay||CB||RCB||Tramon Williams|
- Referee – Walt Anderson
- Umpire – Chad Brown
- Head Linesman – Kent Payne
- Line Judge – John Hussey
- Field Judge – Doug Rosenbaum
- Side Judge – Mike Weatherford
- Back Judge – Scott Helverson
- Alternate Referee – Jerome Boger
- Alternate Umpire – Rich Hall
- Alternate Flank – Tom Symonette
- Alternate Deep – Gary Cavaletto
- Alternate Back Judge – Dino Paganelli
- DiNitto, Marcus (January 25, 2015). "Super Bowl Betting History – Underdogs on Recent Roll". Sporting News. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
- "Super Bowl History". Vegas Insider. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
- "Super Bowl XLV Game Summary" (PDF). National Football League. February 10, 2011. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
- Seidman, Robert (February 7, 2011). "Super Bowl XLV Breaks Viewing Record, Averages 111 Million Viewers". tvbythenumbers.com.
- Anderson, Mae (February 4, 2011). Super Bowl ad frenzy stretches far beyond the game[permanent dead link] and 10 Super Bowl commercials to watch. Associated Press. Retrieved February 4, 2011.
- Moore, Dave (January 25, 2007). "Staubach to lead Dallas Super Bowl bid". Dallas Business Journal. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
- "The City of Arlington Leads Regional Effort to Bring Super Bowl XLV to North Carolina" (Press release). The City of Arlington. February 13, 2007. Archived from the original on May 17, 2007. Retrieved February 13, 2007.
- Levinthal, Dave (March 28, 2007). "Dallas plays ball on bid for Super Bowl; City rushes to give committee backing on quest to land 2011 game". The Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on February 18, 2008. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
- O'Shaughnessy, Brendan (February 1, 2007). "Indy's bowl bid begins with Irsay's $1M pledge". Indianapolis Star. p. A6. Retrieved February 3, 2010.
- "City works on bid for 2011 Super Bowl". Glendale Star. February 21, 2007. Retrieved February 21, 2007.[permanent dead link]
- Spagnola, Mickey (May 22, 2007). "At Long Last, Super Bowl Coming To North Texas". Dallas Cowboys. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
- "Pouncey on IR". Pittsburgh Steelers. Retrieved 2017-12-15.
- Stuart, Chase (January 26, 2011). "Super Bowl notes: Stat of the Year and Updated SRS Standings". Pro Football Reference Blog. Pro-Football-Reference.com. Retrieved February 6, 2011.
- "Blue-blooded Pack, Steelers in dream matchup".
- Mosley, Matt (August 29, 2008). "NFL's best fans? We gotta hand it to Steelers (barely)". ESPN.com. Retrieved August 30, 2008.
- Spofford, Mike (January 24, 2011). "Day-After Notes: Preparation Schedule All Set". Green Bay Packers. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
McCarthy announced on Monday that the Packers would be wearing their green jerseys for the Super Bowl as the home team. The playoff run, of course, has been entirely on the road with the Packers wearing their white jerseys.
- Leahy, Sean (January 25, 2011). "Packers will wear green jerseys as home team in Super Bowl". USA Today.
- "Retractable roof will be closed for Super Bowl". SI.com. January 24, 2011. Archived from the original on January 28, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2011.
- "Texas needs late rally to save Super Bowl week".
- Plaschke, Bill (January 27, 2011). "No Super Bowl cheerleaders? He says rah!". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 6, 2011.
- Reisinger, Tyler. "President Obama Will Attend Super Bowl XLV… If The Bears Are Playing".
- "Packers star needles Obama on Super Bowl". Archived from the original on January 25, 2011.
- "President Obama receives three Packers jerseys". Archived from the original on January 29, 2011.
- "White House visit caps Super Bowl celebration".
- Branigin, William (January 30, 2009). "Steelers Win Obama's Approval". The Washington Post.
But other than the Bears, the Steelers are probably the team that's closest to my heart. All right?
- Buffalo mayor headed to White House for Super Bowl[permanent dead link]. Associated Press. Retrieved February 5, 2011.
- Brown invited to White House to watch Super Bowl Archived July 23, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. WBEN. Retrieved February 5, 2011.
- Ed Hornick (February 7, 2011). "Political Circus: will.i.am's halftime message to Obama". CNN.com. Retrieved February 7, 2011.
- Wilonsky, Robert (June 10, 2010). "Maybe One of the Few Times We'll Use "Cotton Bowl" and "Super Bowl" in Same Sentence". Unfair Park. Dallas Observer. Retrieved June 10, 2010.
- Bell, Jarrett (January 25, 2011). "NFL Replay: Gritty Steelers aren't pretty, but they are Super". USA Today.
- "2011 logo is first of NFL's standard look". ESPN.com. Retrieved February 2, 2013.
- Rovell, Darren (June 4, 2014). "NFL: It's Super Bowl 50, not L". ESPN.com. Retrieved June 4, 2014.
- "Houston officially takes Super Bowl hand-off from San Francisco". abc13.com. Disney/ABC Television Group. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
- "LEADOFF: Atlanta's Super Bowl gets a second logo from NFL". Atlanta Journal Constitution. Retrieved 2018-02-07.
- Hiestand, Michael (November 19, 2010). "Periera on Fox's Super Bowl team". USA Today.
- Deitsch, Richard (February 3, 2011). "Media Circus: Guide to Super Bowl XLV broadcast". SI.com. Archived from the original on February 6, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2011.
- Martinez, Jennifer (February 2, 2011). Feds seize sports websites before Super Bowl. The Politico. Retrieved February 2, 2011.
- Sweney, Mark (February 8, 2011). "Super Bowl 2011 draws highest ever audience for US TV show". Guardian. London. Retrieved February 8, 2011.
- "Fox Draws 47.9 Overnight Rating For Super Bowl XLV, Tied For Highest Ever". Sports Business Daily. February 7, 2011. Archived from the original on February 9, 2011.
- "FOX Announces Primetime Slate for 2010–2011 Season".
- Horowitz, Bruce (September 15, 2010). "Pepsi returns to Super Bowl with ads for Max". USA Today. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
- "Which Movies Will Have Super Bowl Spots?".
- "Super Bowl XLV on BBC Radio 5 live".
- "Super Bowl XLV on Sirius XM".
- "It's Titletown again: Rodgers leads Packers back to promised land". Associated Press. Retrieved January 6, 2011.
- Wilson, Allen (January 31, 2011). Texas gets a worthy Super Bowl matchup. The Buffalo News. Retrieved January 31, 2011.
- Sickles, Jason. Fans denied access to seats for Super Bowl. Yahoo! Sports, February 6, 2011.
- "NFL vows refunds for 400 fans ousted from Super Bowl seats". National Football League. Associated Press. February 6, 2011. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
- Goodman, Matt (February 6, 2011). Temporary Super Bowl Seats Unfinished 3 Hours Before Kickoff. KTVT. Retrieved February 6, 2011.
- McMahon, Tim. Some Super Bowl seats not completed. ESPN, February 6, 2011.
- Robbins, Danny. (February 9, 2011) Suit filed in Dallas over Super Bowl seat problems Yahoo! Sports (Associated Press). Retrieved February 9, 2011.
- Chase, Chris. (February 9, 2011). Fans file suit against NFL and Cowboys over Super Bowl seating Yahoo! Sports. Retrieved February 9, 2011.
- "NFL loses Super Bowl ticketholder lawsuit". Courthouse News. March 12, 2015. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
- Stengle, Jamie (February 4, 2011).
- "Horned Frog Marching Band will perform in Super Bowl pre-game show". TCU: News & Events. Texas Christian University. Archived from the original on June 24, 2012. Retrieved February 21, 2012.
- "Texan to Sign the National Anthem at the Super Bowl". National Association of the Deaf. February 5, 2011. Archived from the original on July 27, 2011. Retrieved February 7, 2011.
- Serjeant, Jill (January 24, 2011). "Christina Aguilera to sing Super Bowl national anthem". Yahoo! News. Reuters.
- Tindell, Erin (January 31, 2011). "Tops In Blue to perform at Super Bowl XLV". Archived from the original on July 19, 2012.
- Mario Tarradell (February 6, 2011). "Christina Aguilera flubs National Anthem lyrics". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved February 7, 2011.
- "Super Bowl 2011 National Anthem Singer: Christina Aguilera Fail". The Huffington Post. February 6, 2011. Retrieved February 7, 2011.
- "Sharpe, Hall of Famers will be at Super Bowl coin flip". Denver Post. February 6, 2011. Retrieved February 6, 2012.
- "Marching Storm Band". www.pvamu.edu.
- "Black Eyed Peas To Headline Super Bowl XLV Halftime Show".
- Bell, Jarrett (February 6, 2011). "Rodgers, Packers top Steelers 31–25 to win Super Bowl XLV". USA Today. Retrieved February 7, 2011.
- Bandini, Paolo (February 7, 2011). "Super Bowl 2011: Green Bay Packers beat Pittsburgh Steelers". Guardian. London. Retrieved February 8, 2011.
- "Play-By-Play". ESPN. February 6, 2011. Retrieved February 16, 2011.
- "Super Bowl Game-Time Temperatures". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
- Layden, Tim (February 14, 2011). "Green And Golden: Behind the poise and precision of quarterback Aaron Rodgers and the gutsy contributions of a host of role players, the Packers burnished their championship legacy with a memorable 31–25 victory over Pittsburgh in Super Bowl XLV". Sports Illustrated. Time Inc. Retrieved February 11, 2011.
- "Watch Pittsburgh Steelers vs. Green Bay Packers [02/06/2011] - NFL.com". www.nfl.com.
- "Records Set in Super Bowl XLV". The New York Times. February 7, 2011. Retrieved October 31, 2016.
- "Super Bowl XLV–National Football League Game Summary" (PDF). National Football League. February 6, 2011. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
- "Super Bowl officiating crew includes Anderson as referee". NFL.com. February 3, 2011. Retrieved February 4, 2011.