Page semi-protected

T-Series (company)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Super Cassettes Industries Private Limited
T-Series
Private
IndustryEntertainment
Founded11 July 1983; 35 years ago (1983-07-11) in Delhi, India[1]
FounderGulshan Kumar
Headquarters,
Key people
Bhushan Kumar (Chairman & Managing Director)
Krishan Kumar
Neeraj Kalyan[3]
Services
Owner
YouTube information
Channel
Years active2006–present
Genre
Subscribers90.0 million
(19 March 2019)
Total views64.9 billion
(19 March 2019)
YouTube Silver Play Button 2.svg 100,000 subscribers 2007
YouTube Gold Play Button 2.svg 1,000,000 subscribers 2013
YouTube Diamond Play Button.svg 10,000,000 subscribers 2016
YouTube Ruby Play Button 2.svg 50,000,000 subscribers 2018
Subscriber and view counts updated as of 24 February 2019.
WebsiteT-Series

Super Cassettes Industries Private Limited, doing business as T-Series,[note 1][1][2] is a record label and film production company in India founded by Gulshan Kumar in 1983.[5] It is primarily known for Bollywood music soundtracks[5] and Indi-pop music.[6] As of 2014, T-Series is India's largest music record label, with up to a 35% share of the Indian music market, followed by Sony Music India and Zee Music.[7]

Kumar, initially a fruit juice seller in Delhi, founded T-Series to sell pirated Bollywood songs before the company eventually began producing new music. Their breakthrough came with the soundtrack for the 1988 Bollywood blockbuster Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak, composed by Anand-Milind, written by Majrooh Sultanpuri, and starring Aamir Khan and Juhi Chawla, which became one of the best-selling Indian music albums of the 1980s, with over 8 million sales. They eventually became a leading music label with the release of Aashiqui (1990), composed by Nadeem–Shravan, which sold 20 million copies and became the best-selling Indian soundtrack album of all time.[8] However, Gulshan Kumar was murdered by the Mumbai mafia syndicate D-Company in 1997. Since then, T-Series has been led by his son Bhushan Kumar and younger brother Krishan Kumar.

On YouTube, T-Series has a multi-channel network, with 29 channels that have more than 140 million subscribers as of January 2019.[3] The company's YouTube team consists of 13 people at the T-Series headquarters.[9] The company's main T-Series channel on YouTube primarily shows music videos as well as film trailers. In January 2017, it became the most-viewed YouTube channel,[10] with 62.8 billion views as of 24 February 2019. With over 88 million subscribers as of 6 March 2019, it also ranks as the second most-subscribed channel behind PewDiePie.[11] The T-Series channel primarily features content in the Hindi language, in addition to Urdu and Punjabi language content, while they have other channels that also feature content in other Indian languages such as Tamil, Telugu and Sanskrit.

History

Gulshan Kumar (1956‑1997), the founder of T-Series
Krishan Kumar (left) and CEO Bhushan Kumar (right), the brother and son of Gulshan Kumar, respectively, during the audio release of Aashiqui 2 (2013)

T-Series was founded on 11 July 1983,[12] by Gulshan Kumar,[13] at the time an obscure fruit juice seller in the Daryaganj neighbourhood of Delhi.[14] The company initially sold pirated Bollywood songs, prior to releasing original music.[15]

Kumar discovered that there was a market for devotional music, and began recording and selling it. Kumar noticed that many elderly Hindu followers could not read hymns and chants because of failing eyesight, so Kumar hired singers to record the chants and sold them as cheap cassettes. Later, he filmed major Hindu pilgrimages in India and sold them on VHS and video cassette tapes.[16]

T-Series' first original film soundtrack release was for Lallu Ram in 1984, with music scored by Ravindra Jain.[citation needed] The company's breakthrough came when it released the soundtrack for the 1988 Bollywood blockbuster Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak (also known as QSQT),[17] directed by Mansoor Khan and starring Aamir Khan and Juhi Chawla. The Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak soundtrack, composed by Anand-Milind and written by Majrooh Sultanpuri, became the best-selling Indian soundtrack album of 1988 and one of the best-selling Indian soundtrack albums of the 1980s,[18] with more than 8 million units sold.[19] The biggest hit song from the album was "Papa Kehte Hain", sung by Udit Narayan and picturised on Aamir Khan.[20][21] T-Series founder Gulshan Kumar soon played a key role in Bollywood's cassette boom of the late 1980s with his affordable T-Series albums.[22]

T-Series later became a leading music label with the release of Aashiqui (1990),[15] a film soundtrack album composed by the duo Nadeem–Shravan, which sold 20 million units in India,[23] and is the best-selling Bollywood soundtrack album of all time.[8] A cover version of "Dheere Dheere" from Aashiqui was later sung by Yo Yo Honey Singh and released by T-Series in 2015.

T-Series was largely responsible for sparking a boom for the Indian music industry in the early 1990s.[24] Many of the best-selling Bollywood music albums of the 1990s, particularly those composed by Nadeem–Shravan, were released under the T-Series label.[8] Besides music production, the company also began venturing into film production.[25] The annual earnings of T-Series grew from 200 million ($16 million) in 1985 to ₹2 billion ($88 million) in 1991,[26][27] and by 1997 had reached ₹5 billion[28] ($140 million).[29]

In 1997, T-Series founder Gulshan Kumar was murdered by the Mumbai mafia syndicate D-Company.[28] His assassination also led to T-Series losing its most prolific musicians at the time, Nadeem–Shravan, due to Nadeem Akhtar Saifi initially being accused of involvement in the murder, before later being exonerated.[30][31][32] After Gulshan Kumar's death in 1997, the company has since been led by his son Bhushan Kumar,[33] with the help of Gulshan's younger brother Krishan Kumar.

As a film production company, the highest-grossing T-Series film production to date is the critically acclaimed sleeper hit Hindi Medium (2017), written by Zeenat Lakhani, directed by Saket Chaudhary, and starring Irrfan Khan and Saba Qamar.[34] It grossed ₹3.224 billion ($50 million) worldwide,[35] with $34 million in China alone,[36] becoming one of the top 20 highest-grossing Indian films of all time.[37] One of the most expensive Indian films will be T-Series's Saaho,[38] a sci-fi thriller with a production budget of 3 billion (US$42 million), scheduled for release in 2019.[39][40] T-Series is also producing a biopic film based on the life of its founder Gulshan Kumar, called Mogul, which is currently under production and is scheduled for release in 2019.

YouTube presence

T-Series joined YouTube on 13 March 2006, but only started uploading videos in late 2010. Under this channel, T-Series primarily shows music videos and film trailers. By July 2013, it had crossed 1 billion views, becoming the second Indian YouTube channel to cross the milestone after Rajshri Productions.[41] In January 2017, T-Series surpassed PewDiePie to become the world's most-viewed YouTube channel,[42][10][43][44] and as of 8 February 2019 it has over 60 billion views.[11] The T-Series YouTube channel is run by a team of 13 people at the T-Series headquarters.[9]

The YouTube channel has exceeded 90 million subscribers, making it the second most-subscribed YouTube channel after PewDiePie. Currently, it is the most subscribed Asian and non-English-language YouTube channel. When it reached 50 million subscribers, the channel received a Custom Play Button on 10 September 2018.[45] It is also the second channel ever to hit 70 million subscribers.[11] Beyond this, the channel earns an average of nearly 150,000 subscribers a day.[46][47]

T-Series channel also owns a multi-channel network, with 29 channels,[3] which include YouTube channels such as T-Series Tamil, T-Series Telugu,[48] and Bollywood Classics.[49] On top of this, six of their channels are among the top 100 most-subscribed channels in India, including T-Series, Bhakti Sagar, Apna Punjab, T-Series Regional, Lahari Music, and T-Series Telugu.[50] T-Series' 29 channels accumulated a total of more than 100 million YouTube subscribers as of November 2018.[3] During January–July 2018, T-Series earned an income of 7.2 billion (US$100 million) from YouTube.[48] The most popular T-Series artist on YouTube is Guru Randhawa, whose 2017 song "Lahore" has crossed 700 million views on YouTube.[51]

The growth of T-Series' YouTube channel has been attributed to India's emerging online population. India currently has 500 million Internet users and this number is expected to grow rapidly.[52] A major breakthrough in India's Internet growth came in September 2016 with India's first 4G network, Reliance Jio, offering data at very low costs.[13] India has since emerged as the world's second-largest online population (behind China, where YouTube is blocked), with YouTube alone having over 225 million monthly Indian users. India's high demand for YouTube content and the lack of local content creators has contributed significantly to the rapid growth of T-Series.[53]

The growth of T-Series is also attributed to its growing audience outside of India.[13] About 40% of the channel's traffic comes from outside of India,[3] including 12% from the United States.[13] The majority of the channel's overseas viewers belong to the global South Asian diaspora. More recently, the channel's overseas viewership has increased further, as a result of attention, and controversy drawn to the channel by foreign YouTubers such as PewDiePie and MrBeast.[3] On 22 February at 6:04 EST T-Series surpassed PewDiePie to become the most-subscribed YouTube channel, with PewDiePie regaining the spot 8 minutes later.

T Series overtook PewDiePie again on March 9, but PewDiePie regained the lead 3 minutes later. The same thing happened again on March 11th and it took PewDiePie 18 minutes to regain his lead.

Legal

In November 2007, T-Series filed a lawsuit against YouTube for infringing on the copyright of its music by allowing users to upload videos of its music onto YouTube, which could be accessed for free, and obtained an interim order against YouTube from the Delhi High Court, which restrained YouTube from infringing on its copyrights.[54][55] T-Series and YouTube settled out of court in January 2011.[55]

List of artists

The following musical artists have worked with T-Series and/or had music released under the T-Series label:

Production filmography

1990s

Year Film
1990 Aashiqui
1990 Bahaar Aane Tak
1991 Jeena Teri Gali Mein
1991 Ayee Milan Ki Raat
1991 Dil Hai Ki Manta Nahin
1992 Jeena Marna Tere Sang
1992 Sangeet
1993 Aaja Meri Jaan
1995 Bewafa Sanam

2000s

Year Film Actors
2000 Papa the Great Krishan Kumar, Nagma
2001 Tum Bin Priyanshu Chatterjee, Himanshu Malik
2003 Aapko Pehle Bhi Kahin Dekha Hai Priyanshu Chatterjee, Sakshi Shivanand
2006 Humko Deewana Kar Gaye Akshay Kumar, Katrina Kaif, Bipasha Basu, Anil Kapoor
2007 Darling Fardeen Khan, Esha Deol
2007 Bhool Bhulaiyaa Akshay Kumar, Ameesha Patel, Vidya Balan, Shiney Ahuja
2008 Karzzzz Himesh Reshammiya, Urmila Matondkar, Dino Morea, Shweta Kumar, Danny Denzongpa, Rohini Hattangadi, Smita Bansal, Gulshan Grover, Bakhtiyaar Irani, Raj Babbar, Himani Shivpuri, Tareena Patel, Asrani, Sudhir Dalvi, Imran Hasnee, Shiva Rindani
2009 Radio: Love on Air Himesh Reshammiya, Sonal Sehgal, Shenaz Treasurywala, Zakir Hussain, Paresh Rawal, Megha Narkar, Urvashi Yadav, Himani Shivpuri, Megha Chatterji, Akhil Mishra

2010s

Key
Films that have not yet been released Denotes films that have not yet been released
Year Film Actors Notes
2010 Aashayein John Abraham, Sonal Sehgal Co-production with Percept Picture Company
2010 Kajraare Himesh Reshammiya, Sara Loren, Amrita Singh, Natasha Sinha, Gaurav Chanana, Javed Shaikh, Gulshan Grover, Anupam Shyam, Adnan Shah
2011 Patiala House Akshay Kumar, Anushka Sharma Co-production with Hari Om Entertainment and Credence Motion Pictures
2011 Ready Salman Khan, Asin, Paresh Rawal Co-production with Sohail Khan Productions
2013 Nautanki Saala! Ayushmann Khurrana, Pooja Salvi, Kunaal Roy Kapur Co-production with R.S. Entertainment
2013 Aashiqui 2 Aditya Roy Kapur, Shraddha Kapoor Co-production with Vishesh Films
2014 Yaariyan Rakul Preet Singh
2014 Bhoothnath Returns Amitabh Bachchan, Boman Irani Co-production with B.R Films
2014 Hate Story 2 Surveen Chawla, Jay Bhanushali Co-production with Vikram Bhatt productions
2014 Creature 3D Bipasha Basu, Imran Abbas
2015 Baby Akshay Kumar, Rana Daggubati, Taapsee Pannu Co-production with Friday Filmworks, Cape of Good Films & Hari Om Entertainment
2015 Roy Arjun Rampal, Jacqueline Fernandez, Ranbir Kapoor
2015 Ek Paheli Leela Sunny Leone Co-production with Paper Doll Entertainment
2015 I Love NY Sunny Deol, Kangana Ranaut
2015 All Is Well Abhishek Bachchan, Asin, Rishi Kapoor alchemy productions
2015 Bhaag Johnny Kunal Khemu, Zoa Morani, Mandana Karimi Co-production with Vikram Bhatt productions
2015 Hate Story 3 Sharman Joshi, Karan Singh Grover, Zarine Khan, Daisy Shah Co-production with Vikram Bhatt productions
2016 Sanam Re Pulkit Samrat, Yami Gautam
2016 Airlift Akshay Kumar, Nimrat Kaur Co-production with Abundantia Entertainment, Cape of Good Films, Emmay Entertainment, Hari Om Entertainment
2016 Teraa Surroor Himesh Reshammiya, Farah Karimaee, Naseeruddin Shah, Shekhar Kapur, Monica Dogra, Kabir Bedi, Shernaz Patel, Abhishek Duhan, Suneel Dutt, Graham Mollory, Ann Marie O'Connor, Richard O'Leary, Warren Renwick, Maneesh Chandra Bhatt, Niraj Singh, Ravi Singh, Tereza, Naresh Suri Co-production with HR Musik Limited
2016 Sarbjit Aishwarya Rai Bachchan, Randeep Hooda Co-production with Pooja Entertainment, Legend Studios
2016 Raaz: Reboot Emraan Hashmi, Kriti Kharbanda Co-production with Vishesh Films
2016 Tum Bin 2 Neha Sharma, Aditya Seal, Aashim Gulati Co-production with Benaras Mediaworks
2016 Wajah Tum Ho Sana Khan, Sharman Joshi, Gurmeet Choudhary
2016 Junooniyat Pulkit Samrat, Yami Gautam
2017 Noor Sonakshi Sinha, Purab Kohli Co-production with Abundantia Entertainment
2017 Hindi Medium Irrfan Khan Co-production with Maddock Films
2017 FU: Friendship Unlimited Aakash Thosar, Satya Manjrekar Marathi film;
Co-production with Cut2Cut Movies
2017 Raabta Sushant Singh Rajput, Kriti Sanon Co-production with Maddock Films
2017 Baadshaho Ajay Devgn, Emraan Hashmi, Ileana D'Cruz, Esha Gupta, Vidyut Jammwal Co-production with Vertex Motion Pictures
2017 Simran Kangana Ranaut Co-production with Karma Features, Adarsh Telemedia & Fortune Films (USA)
2017 Bhoomi Sanjay Dutt, Aditi Rao Hydari Co-production with Legend Studios
2017 Chef Saif Ali Khan Co-production with Abundantia Entertainment, Bandra West Pictures
2017 Star Gold Mumbai Special 6 3D: The Cycle Competition 3 At Wankhede Stadium And The Wonder Of Verma Once Again Akshay Kumar, Sunny Deol, Soha Ali Khan, Shivam Patil, Aanchal Munjal, Rishabh Arora, Narendra Jha, Diana Khan, Kaushal Kapoor, Varun Dhawan, Himansh Kohli, Ruhanika Dhawan, Hrithik Roshan, Sachin Khedekar Co Produced With Ajay Kapoor, Sunil Lulla and Produced By Reliance Entertainment, Viacom 18 Motion Pictures
2017 Tumhari Sulu Vidya Balan Co-production with Ellipsis Entertainment
2018 Sonu Ke Titu Ki Sweety Kartik Aaryan, Nushrat Bharucha, Sunny Singh Co-production with Luv Films
2018 The Grihapravesh Pooja At 25 March 2018 The Voice Of Bengaluru, Karnataka, India In My Family Co Production with Ajay Kapoor, Sunil Lulla And Produced By Dharmendra, Sunny Deol in Vijayta Films And Presented By Gulshan Kumar From Eros International
2018 Hate Story 4 Urvashi Rautela, Vivan Bhatena, Ihana Dhillon, Karan Wahi
2018 Raid Ajay Devgn, Ileana D'Cruz, Saurabh Shukla Co-production with Panorama Studios
2018 Blackmail Irrfan Khan, Kirti Kulhari Co-production with RDP Motion Pictures
2018 Fanney Khan Anil Kapoor, Aishwarya Rai, Rajkummar Rao Co-production with Rakeysh Omprakash Mehra Pictures, Anil Kapoor Films & Communication Network.
2018 Satyameva Jayate John Abraham, Manoj Bajpayee, Aisha Sharma, Amruta Khanvilkar Co-production with Emmay Entertainment
2018 Batti Gul Meter Chalu Shahid Kapoor, Shraddha Kapoor, Yami Gautam Co-production with Kriti Pictures
2019 Why Cheat India Emraan Hashmi, Shreya Dhanwanthary Co-production with Emraan Hashmi Films, Ellipsis Entertainment.[56][57]
2019 Arjun Patiala Films that have not yet been released Kriti Sanon, Diljit Dosanjh, Varun Sharma Co-production with Maddock Films
Releasing on 3 May 2019.
2019 De De Pyaar De Films that have not yet been released Ajay Devgn, Tabu, Jimmy Sheirgill, Rakul Preet Singh Co-production with Luv Films;
Releasing on 17 May 2019.[58]
2019 Kabir Singh Films that have not yet been released Shahid Kapoor, Kiara Advani Co-production with Cine1 Studios;
Releasing on 21 June 2019.[59]
2019 Bharat Films that have not yet been released Salman Khan, Katrina Kaif, Disha Patani Co-Production with Salman Khan Films, Reel Life Productions;
Releasing on Eid 2019.
2019 Satellite Shankar Films that have not yet been released Sooraj Pancholi, Megha Akash Co-Production with Cine1 Studios;
Releasing on 5 July 2019.[60]
2019 Jai Mummy Di Films that have not yet been released Sunny Singh, Sonnalli Seygall, Supriya Pathak, Poonam Dhillon Co-Production with Luv Films;
Releasing on 12 July 2019.[61][62]
2019 Batla House Films that have not yet been released John Abraham, Mrunal Thakur Co-production with JA Entertainment, Emmay Entertainment;
Releasing on 15 August 2019.[63]
2019 Untitled film Films that have not yet been released Abhishek Bachchan, Rajkummar Rao, Fatima Sana Shaikh, Aditya Roy Kapur, Sanya Malhotra, Pankaj Tripathi Releasing on 6 September 2019.[64]
2019 Jhund Films that have not yet been released Amitabh Bachchan Releasing on 20 September 2019[65][66]
2019 Marjaavaan Films that have not yet been released Siddharth Malhotra, Ritesh Deshmukh, Rakul Preet Singh, Tara Sutaria Co-production with Emmay Entertainment;
Releasing on 2 October 2019.[67]
2019 Street Dancer Films that have not yet been released Varun Dhawan, Shraddha Kapoor, Prabhu Deva Pre-Production.
Releasing on 8 November 2019.[68][69][70]
2019 Taanaji - The Unsung Warrior Films that have not yet been released Ajay Devgn Co-production with Ajay Devgn FFilms;
Releasing on 22 November 2019.
2019 PagalpantiFilms that have not yet been released Anil Kapoor, John Abraham, Ileana D'Cruz, Arshad Warsi, Pulkit Samrat, Kriti Kharbanda, Urvashi Rautela, Saurabh Shukla Co-production with Panorama Studios;
Releasing on 6 December 2019.[71]
2019 Mogul Films that have not yet been released TBA Co-production with Aamir Khan Productionss;
Releasing on 25 December 2019.[72]
2019 Time To Dance Films that have not yet been released Sooraj Pancholi, Isabelle Kaif, Waluscha De Sousa Co-production with Remo D'Souza.
2019 Untitled Film Films that have not yet been released Kartik Aaryan, Disha Patani Co-production with Anees Bazmee Productions.[73]
2019 Begin Again Remake Films that have not yet been released TBA Co-production with Abundantia Ent.[74]
2019 Section 375 Films that have not yet been released Akshaye Khanna, Richa Chaddha, Rahul Bhat Co-production with Panorama Studios [75][76]
2019 DaakaFilms that have not yet been released Gippy Grewal, Zarine Khan Co-production with Mumbai Motion Pictures.Punjabi Film [77]

2020s

Key
Films that have not yet been released Denotes films that have not yet been released
Year Film Actors Notes
2020 Pati Patni Aur Woh Films that have not yet been released Kartik Aaryan, Bhumi Pednekar, Ananya Pandey Co-production with B.R. Studios;
Releasing on 10 January 2020.[78][79][80]
2020 Malang Films that have not yet been released Anil Kapoor, Aditya Roy Kapur, Disha Patani, Kunal Khemu Co-production with Luv Films;
Releasing on 14 February 2020.[81][82]
2020 Saina Films that have not yet been released Parineeti Chopra Filming.[83][84]
2020 Untitled Luv Ranjan's film Films that have not yet been released Ajay Devgn, Ranbir Kapoor Co-Production with Luv Films;
Releasing on 25 December 2020.[85][86]

Soundtrack discography

This is a list of soundtrack albums that were published under the T-Series label, excluding films that were also produced by T-Series (see Production filmography above).

Bollywood

Year Film
1984 Lallu Ram
1988 Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak
1989 Tridev
1990 Dil
1991 Sadak
1995 Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge (unofficial)[87]
1999 Sirf Tum
2000 Kaho Naa... Pyaar Hai
2003 Tere Naam
2007 Om Shanti Om
2011 Ra.One
2017 Badrinath Ki Dulhania
Machine
2018 Nanu Ki Jaanu
Nawabzaade
FryDay
Zero
2019 Amavas
Luka Chuppi
Notebook
Junglee
Super 30

Tamil

T-Series collaborated with Lahari Music.

Year Film
1986 Vaira Vizha
1987 Raja Mariyadhai
1987 Velicham
1987 Oru Thayin Sabhatham
1987 Mangai Oru Gangai
1987 Parisam Pottachu
1987 Kavithai Paada Neramillai
1988 Kan Simittum Neram
1988 Kunguma Kodu
1988 En Thangai Kalyani
1988 Oorai Therinjukitten
1991 Nanbargal
1993 Amaravathi
1997 Ratchagan
2007 Kattradhu Thamizh
2013 David
2015 Sagaptham
2015 Baahubali: The Beginning
2015 Sakalakala Vallavan
2015 Masala Padam
2015 Inji Iduppazhagi
2016 Irudhi Suttru
2016 Kalam
2016 Oru Nodiyil
2016 Idhu Namma Aalu
2016 Raja Manthiri
2016 Thodari
2016 Meen Kuzhambum Mann Paanaiyum
2016 Anbanavan Asaradhavan Adangadhavan
2016 Virugam
2016 Kadhali Kanavillai
2017 Bairavaa
2017 Bruce Lee
2017 Baahubali: The Conclusion
2017 Dhayam
2017 Yaar Ivan
2017 Aval
2017 Ulkuthu
2018 Vishwaroopam II
2018 Kee
2018 Kaatrin Mozhi
2018 Thittam Poattu Thirudura Kootam
2019 Viswasam

International

Year Film
2008 Slumdog Millionaire: Music from the Motion Picture

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "T" is an abbreviation for trishula – the trident of Hindu god Shiva.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b "SUPER CASSETTES INDUSTRIES PRIVATE LIMITED". OpenCorporates. Archived from the original on 18 September 2018. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Super Cassettes Industries Ltd.: Private Company Information". Bloomberg.com.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "PewDiePie's Tumultuous Reign as YouTube King Is Almost Over". Bloomberg. 15 November 2018. Archived from the original on 17 November 2018. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  4. ^ "It's all in the name". India Today. 6 April 1998. Archived from the original on 24 August 2018. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
  5. ^ a b Kohli-Khandekar, Vanita (20 December 2013). "Tea with BS: Bhushan Kumar". Business Standard India. Archived from the original on 7 July 2018. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  6. ^ "Going solo: The era of Indi-pop albums and singles is back". Hindustan Times. 20 April 2015.
  7. ^ Malvania, Urvi (21 April 2014). "Sony Music eyes numero uno position in India". Business Standard.
  8. ^ a b c "Music Hits 1990–1999 (Figures in Units)". Box Office India. 2 January 2010. Archived from the original on 2 January 2010.
  9. ^ a b Biswas, Soutik (20 December 2018). "PewDiePie v T-Series: The battle to be king of YouTube". BBC News.
  10. ^ a b Laghate, Gaurav; Sachitanand, Rahul (9 February 2017). "How Bhushan Kumar has transformed T-Series into an entertainment behemoth". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  11. ^ a b c "T-Series YouTube Stats, Channel Statistics". Social Blade. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  12. ^ "Super Cassettes Industries Private Limited". OpenCorporates. Archived from the original on 18 September 2018. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
  13. ^ a b c d "How a Bollywood Music Label Conquered YouTube". New York Times. 14 November 2018. Archived from the original on 17 November 2018. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  14. ^ "Gulshan Kumar: From obscure fruit-juice seller to king of music". India Today. 25 August 1997. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
  15. ^ a b Nihalani, Govind; Chatterjee, Saibal (2003). Encyclopaedia of Hindi Cinema. Popular Prakashan. p. 44. ISBN 9788179910665.
  16. ^ Biswas, Soutik (20 December 2018). "PewDiePie v T-Series: The battle to be king of YouTube". BBC News. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  17. ^ Booth, Gregory D. (2008). Behind the Curtain: Making Music in Mumbai's Film Studios. Oxford University Press. p. 80. ISBN 9780199716654.
  18. ^ "Music Hits 1980–1989". Box Office India. 5 February 2010. Archived from the original on 5 February 2010.
  19. ^ "Top 25 films between the years 1985-1994". Filmfare. 18 February 2018.
  20. ^ "Hindi films: There's now big bucks in audio rights". India Today. 31 December 1992. Retrieved 21 May 2013.
  21. ^ "Papa Kehte Hain Bada Naam Karega [Full HD Song] | Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak | Aamir Khan". YouTube. T-Series. 26 May 2012. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  22. ^ "India Today". India Today. Thomson Living Media India Limited. 17: 112. 1992. Kumar, who was responsible for the audio cassette boom of the "80s with his inexpensive T-Series albums
  23. ^ "India Today". India Today. Aroon Purie for Living Media India Limited. 19: 70. 1994.
  24. ^ "Top 25 films between the years 1985–1994". Filmfare. 18 February 2018.
  25. ^ "11 "FILMS IN NINE MONTHS FOR T-SERIES". Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  26. ^ Bhargava, Simran (15 January 1991). "As music market expands rapidly, India becomes one of the largest producers of cassettes". India Today. Retrieved 19 September 2013.
  27. ^ "Official exchange rate (LCU per US$, period average)". World Bank. 1991. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  28. ^ a b "The Mafia Calls The Shots". Outlook. 25 August 1997. Archived from the original on 12 December 2017. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
  29. ^ "Official exchange rate (LCU per US$, period average)". World Bank. 1997. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  30. ^ "Gulshan murder: Approver denies knowing anything about the case". 8 August 2001. Archived from the original on 6 December 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  31. ^ Farooqui, Mazhar (11 May 2016). "Exclusive: 'I request Narendra Modi to help me get justice'". Gulf News. Archived from the original on 3 September 2018. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  32. ^ Bollywood exile Nadeem Saifi seeks government apology Archived 22 June 2018 at the Wayback Machine, BBC, 19 February 2014
  33. ^ Laghate, Gaurav; Sachitanand, Rahul (9 February 2017). "How Bhushan Kumar has transformed T-Series into an entertainment behemoth". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 2 September 2018. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  34. ^ "Top Grossers All Formats Worldwide Gross". Box Office India. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
  35. ^ "Hindi Medium Box Office Collection till Now". Bollywood Hungama. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
  36. ^ "Weekly box office > China (04/22/2018)". EntGroup. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  37. ^ "Hindi Medium box office collection surges past Rs 300 crore after China run; trumps Padmaavat's overseas gross". Firstpost. 16 April 2018.
  38. ^ "Saaho: T-Series to bring Prabhas-Shraddha Kapoor starrer to the Hindi market"
  39. ^ "Saaho: Here is the budget of Prabhas-Shraddha Kapoor's action drama". Indian Express. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  40. ^ "'Saaho will be narrated from Shraddha Kapoor's point of view': Prabhas". The News Minute. 25 May 2018.
  41. ^ "T-Series hits one billion views on YouTube". afaqs!. 5 July 2013.
  42. ^ Ha, Louisa (2018). The Audience and Business of YouTube and Online Videos. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 154. ISBN 978-1-4985-7649-9.
  43. ^ "YouTube Statistics for T-Series". Social Blade. Archived from the original on 16 February 2017. Retrieved 16 February 2017.
  44. ^ "YouTube Statistics for PewDiePie (3–16 February 2017)". Social Blade. Archived from the original on 16 February 2017. Retrieved 16 February 2017.
  45. ^ T-Series. "Music Matters: T-SERIES Awarded For Surpassing 50 Million Subscribers On YouTube" – via YouTube.
  46. ^ "Compare T-series and Pewdiepie YouTube Statistics (By Social Blade)". socialblade.com. Archived from the original on 16 July 2018. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  47. ^ "T-Series Social Blade". Archived from the original on 28 February 2018. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  48. ^ a b Kohli-Khandekar, Vanita (7 August 2018). "What T-Series' dominance on YouTube means for its reach and revenue". Business Standard. Archived from the original on 5 September 2018. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  49. ^ "Bollywood Classics". YouTube. T-Series. Archived from the original on 27 August 2018. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  50. ^ "Top 250 YouTubers Channels in India". Social Blade. Archived from the original on 6 September 2018. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  51. ^ "Bhushan Kumar's T-Series goes international with singing star Guru Randhawa collaborating with Pitbull". Bollywood Hungama. 23 November 2018.
  52. ^ "The Rise of T-Series, the YouTube Channel That Will Soon Dethrone PewDiePie". Vice. 31 August 2018. Archived from the original on 10 September 2018. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  53. ^ "Pewdiepie and T-Series have been fighting for the most subscribers on YouTube". Newsweek. 12 September 2018. Archived from the original on 2 October 2018. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  54. ^ "T-Series files a suit against YouTube - Sify.com". 16 November 2007. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
  55. ^ a b "YouTube & Music Label T-Series Reach Out Of Court Settlement - MediaNama". www.medianama.com. Archived from the original on 19 November 2018. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
  56. ^ "Confirmed! Emraan Hashmi's Cheat India paves way for Thackeray; to release on January 18 now – details inside". Times Now. Zoom TV Digital. 4 January 2019. Retrieved 6 January 2019.
  57. ^ उपाध्याय, पुनीत (4 January 2019). "1 हफ्ते पहले रिलीज होगी इमरान हाशमी की फिल्म Cheat India, ये है वजह". Aaj Tak (in Hindi). Retrieved 6 January 2019.
  58. ^ "Ajay Devgn's De De Pyaar De will now release on 17 May to avoid competition from Total Dhamaal". Firstpost. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  59. ^ "Shahid Kapoor's Hindi remake of Arjun Reddy titled Kabir Singh". 26 October 2018. Archived from the original on 26 October 2018. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  60. ^ "Sooraj Pancholi set to embark on an extraordinary journey". Mumbai Mirror. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  61. ^ "T-Series on Twitter". Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  62. ^ "taran adarsh on Twitter". Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  63. ^ ""Batla House" first look: John Abraham film to release on Independence Day, to clash with Brahmastra". Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  64. ^ "Bhushan Kumar on Twitter". Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  65. ^ "AMITABH BACHCHAN RETURNS TO NAGRAJ MANJULE'S JHUND". Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  66. ^ "T-SERIES on Twitter". Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  67. ^ "Sidharth Malhotra, Riteish Deshmukh, Tara Sutaria in Milap Zaveri's next". Mumbai Mirror. Archived from the original on 31 October 2018. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
  68. ^ "Varun "Dhawan and Katrina Kaif team up for Bhushan Kumar and Remo D'Souza's dance film". Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  69. ^ "Varun Dhawan and Katrina Kaif to kick off dance film in December". Archived from the original on 13 July 2018. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  70. ^ "Shraddha Kapoor Steps Into Katrina Kaif's Dance Shoes Opposite Varun Dhawan". NDTV. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  71. ^ "taran adarsh on Twitter". Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  72. ^ "Aamir "Khan to produce Gulshan Kumar biopic". Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  73. ^ "T-SERIES on Twitter". Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  74. ^ "T-SERIES on Twitter". Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  75. ^ "Akshaye Khanna and Richa Chadha team up for film on rape laws, Section 375". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  76. ^ "Bhushan Kumar on Twitter". Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  77. ^ "T-SERIES on Twitter". Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  78. ^ "EXCLUSIVE! Pati Patni Aur Woh Remake: Kartik Aaryan, Ananya Panday and Bhumi Pednekar starrer's release date OUT". Bollywood Hungama. 24 February 2019.
  79. ^ "Kartik Aaryan and Ananya Panday to star in 'Pati Patni Aur Woh' remake". TOI. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  80. ^ "T-SERIES on Twitter". Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  81. ^ "T-SERIES on Twitter". Retrieved 5 March 2019.
  82. ^ "'Malang':Filmmaker Mohit Suri's multi-starrer scheduled for a Valentine Day's release in 2020". Retrieved 5 March 2019.
  83. ^ "After training for months Shraddha Kapoor drops out of Saina Nehwal biopic; Parineeti to now play shuttler". 16 March 2019. Retrieved 18 March 2019.
  84. ^ "Taran Adarsh on Twitter". Retrieved 18 March 2019.
  85. ^ " "Ajay Devgn and Ranbir Kapoor come together for Luv Ranjan's next". Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  86. ^ "dna". dna. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  87. ^ "Rediff On The Net, Movies: How Gulshan Kumar signed his own death warrant". Rediff. 2 September 1997.

External links