Super Sentai

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Super Sentai Series
The official logo of the Super Sentai Series introduced in 2000 during the run of Mirai Sentai Timeranger
Creator Shotaro Ishinomori
Toei Company
Marvel Comics
Original work Himitsu Sentai Gorenger
Films and television
Television series See below
Traditional Rangers Strike
Video games Super Sentai Battle: Dice-O
Toys S.H. Figuarts
Soul of Chogokin
Super Robot Chogokin

The Super Sentai Series (スーパー戦隊シリーズ Sūpā Sentai Shirīzu?) is the name given to the long-running Japanese superhero team genre of shows produced by Toei Co., Ltd., Toei Agency and Bandai, and aired by TV Asahi ("Super" refers to their use of mecha, and "sentai" is the Japanese word for "task force" or "fighting squadron"). The shows are of the tokusatsu genre, featuring live action characters and colorful special effects, and are mainly aimed at children. The Super Sentai Series is one of the most prominent tokusatsu productions in Japan, alongside the Ultra Series and the Kamen Rider Series, which it currently airs alongside in the Super Hero Time programming block on Sundays. Outside Japan, the Super Sentai Series is best known as the source material for the Power Rangers franchise.

Series overview[edit]

In every Super Sentai Series, the protagonists are a team of people who transform ("henshin") into superheroes and gain superpowers (color-coded uniforms, personal weapons, sidearms and martial arts skills) in order to battle a group of evil beings that threaten to take over the Earth. In every episode, the heroes thwart the enemies plans and defeats an army of enemy soldiers and the "monster of the week", and in one last effort to defeat the heroes, an enlarged version of the monster appears to confront them, only to be defeated again when the heroes call for their "mecha" (huge robotic machines that can combine to form one or more giant robots) to fight it. While each Super Sentai Series is set in its own fictional universe, various TV, video and film specials feature a team-up between one or more teams.

The evolution of the Super Sentai Series from its roots in Shotaro Ishinomori's Himitsu Sentai Gorenger.

The first Super Sentai Series, Himitsu Sentai Gorenger, was created by Shotaro Ishinomori (creator of Kamen Rider and Cyborg 009) in 1975.[citation needed] He did not create any further Sentai Series after his second, J.A.K.Q. Dengekitai, wasn't well received.[citation needed] Following J.A.K.Q., Toei Company, which produced Gorenger, chose to work with Marvel Comics to produce a live action adaptation of Spider-Man (1978), which included the first giant robot in a Toei superhero show.[citation needed] This concept was used in Toei and Marvel's next project Battle Fever J (1979), which was deemed the first "Super" Sentai Series;[citation needed] Gorenger and J.A.K.Q. were retroactively added to the Super Sentai canon in 1995 in order to note Chōriki Sentai Ohranger as the 20th anniversary series.[citation needed] The production of Denshi Sentai Denziman in 1980 was the first Super Sentai Series produced solely by Toei and the first to be written by the collective penname of "Saburo Yatsude".[citation needed]

The term sentai is also occasionally used to describe shows with similar premises such as Voltron[citation needed] and the magical girl team in Sailor Moon, as Naoko Takeuchi used Sentai ideas as inspiration in the creation of the Sailor Soldiers.[1]


Although the Super Sentai Series originated in Japan, various Sentai series have been imported and dubbed in other languages for broadcast in several other countries.


Bioman, Flashman, Maskman, Liveman, Turboranger, Fiveman, and Jetman were broadcast in France in the 1980s and early 1990s, with Maskman and Liveman marketed as Bioman 2 and Bioman 3, respectively.[2] Additionally, Liveman, Turboranger, and Jetman were broadcast in Spain and Portugal. Denziman and Goggle-V were both broadcast in Italy. In addition, some episodes of Bioman and Turboranger were released on VHS in Greece.


In Brazil, the first Super Sentai Series to air was Dengeki Sentai Changeman in 1988 on Rede Manchete and it made a tremendous impact at the time, being considered a cult classic.[citation needed] Due to the success of Changeman, other series were imported, such as Choushinsei Flashman, Hikari Sentai Maskman and Dai Sentai Goggle-V.[citation needed]


Various Sentai Series such as Fiveman and Choushinsei Flashman were also broadcast in Malaysia sometime in the 1990s dubbed in English. Hikari Sentai Maskman was the first series to dub in Malay in the 1990s. Almost all Super Sentai Shows were broadcast in Thailand since the 1980s; there, most new shows were exclusively broadcast on Channel 9 a year late from its Japanese debut in the late 1980s to early 1990s until Power Rangers replaced Kyōryū Sentai Zyuranger in the mid-1990s. Since then, the series have appeared on various channels. Hong Kong airs Super Sentai Shows three years after their original Japanese release and dubs them in Cantonese. In Indonesia, many Super Sentai series have been broadcast on RCTI, Indosiar, and SCTV, dubbed into Indonesian.


J.A.K.Q. Dengekitai was the first Sentai Series to be shown in the Philippines in the late-1970s, but it was Himitsu Sentai Gorenger (retitled Star Rangers) that most fans are familiar with (Both shown in RPN-9). Just as in France and Brazil, Choudenshi Bioman (first aired in ABS-CBN and the last tokusatsu dubbed in English in the country) and Hikari Sentai Maskman (the first Super Sentai Series dubbed in Filipino by the IBC-13 network) were broadcast in the Philippines in the 1980s. ABS-CBN became the first network in most records to air Super Sentai and Power Rangers. In fact, Choudenshi Bioman was so popular that many people from that generation came to associate all the Super Sentai series as continuations of it. During the early 90's, some other series were shown, such as Kousoku Sentai Turboranger, Chikyuu Sentai Fiveman, Choujin Sentai Jetman and Dai Sentai Goggle V. In 1995, ABS-CBN aired Mighty Morphin Power Rangers on its Friday night primetime block and continued through to Power Rangers Turbo in 1999. In the year 2000, the network decided to return Super Sentai by airing Denji Sentai Megaranger and continued through to Mirai Sentai Timeranger in 2003 due to different plots between the Japanese originals and the American adoptions.

South Korea[edit]

Super Sentai has also been broadcast in South Korea, dubbed from Japanese to Korean. The first series to air in South Korea was Choushinsei Flashman titled Jigu Bangwidae Flash Man (Earth Defence Squadron Flashman), released in video format in 1989 by the Daeyung Panda video company followed by Hikari Sentai Maskman and Chodenshi Bioman. Throughout the 90s, Dai Sentai Goggle Five, Dengeki Sentai Changeman, Choujuu Sentai Liveman, Kousoku Sentai Turboranger were also released in video format. Recently, Tooniverse (formerly Orion Cartoon Network), JEI-TV (Jaeneung Television), CHAMP TV/ANIONE TV (DAEWON BROADCASTING), Cartoon Network South Korea, and Nickelodeon South Korea have broadcast Super Sentai series a year following their original Japanese broadcast, but have changed the titles to "Power Rangers".[3][4][5][6]

United States[edit]

After Honolulu, Hawaii's KIKU-TV had success with Android Kikaider (called Kikaida) and Kamen Rider V3 in the 1970s, multiple Super Sentai series, including Himitsu Sentai Gorenger and Battle Fever J, were brought to the Hawaiian market (all broadcast in Japanese with English subtitles by JN Productions).[7] Gorenger was also broadcast on Japanese-language stations in Sacramento, San Francisco and Los Angeles, California, in 1976–77.[citation needed] J.A.K.Q. Dengekitai was also broadcast in Los Angeles following Gorenger.[citation needed] In 1985, Marvel Comics produced a pilot for an American adaptation of a Super Sentai series, but the show was rejected by the major US TV networks.[8] In 1986, Saban Productions produced a pilot for an American adaptation of Choudenshi Bioman titled Bio Man.[9][10] In 1987, some episodes of Kagaku Sentai Dynaman were dubbed and aired as a parody on the USA Network television show Night Flight.

In 2014, Shout! Factory announced at San Diego Comic-Con International that they would begin sale of subtitled DVDs of Kyōryū Sentai Zyuranger.[11] A year later, they announced that they would continue selling the Super Sentai series, and released box sets of Gosei Sentai Dairanger in 2015[12] and Ninja Sentai Kakuranger in 2016.[13]

Power Rangers[edit]

Main article: Power Rangers

In 1993, American production company Saban Entertainment turned 1992's Kyōryū Sentai Zyuranger into Mighty Morphin Power Rangers for the Fox Kids programming block, combining the original Japanese action footage with new footage featuring American actors for the story sequences. Since then nearly every Super Sentai series that followed (with a few exceptions) became a new Americanized season of Power Rangers;[14] most countries also switched from Super Sentai to Power Rangers, such as France, Brazil, Thailand, and the Philippines. In 2002, Saban sold the rights to broadcasting of Power Rangers to Disney's Buena Vista Entertainment, who handled the franchise until 2010, broadcasting on ABC Kids, ABC Family Channel, Jetix, and Toon Disney. In 2010, Saban bought back the rights to Power Rangers and moved the show to the Nickelodeon network for 2011.[15][16]


TV series[edit]

The following is a list of the Super Sentai Series and their years of broadcast:

Theatrical releases[edit]

V-Cinema releases[edit]

Televi Magazine Super Video/Special DVD releases[edit]

  • 1992: Kyoryu Sentai Zyuranger Dino Video
  • 1994: Ninja Sentai Kakuranger Super Video: The Hidden Scroll
  • 1995: Chouriki Sentai Ohranger Member Notebook
  • 1996: Gekisou Sentai Carranger Super Video
  • 1997: Denji Sentai Megaranger Super Video: You Can Be One Too! A Mega Hero
  • 1998: Seijuu Sentai Gingaman Super Video: The Secret Fruit of Wisdom
  • 1999: KyuKyu Sentai GoGoFive: Five Lessons of Rescue Spirits
  • 2000: Mirai Sentai Timeranger Super Video: All the Strongest Hero Secrets
  • 2001: Hyakujuu Sentai Gaoranger Super Video: Showdown! Gaoranger vs. GaoSilver
  • 2002: Ninpuu Sentai Hurricaneger Super Video: Super Ninja vs Super Kuroko
  • 2003: Bakuryuu Sentai Abaranger Super Video: All Bakuryuu Roaring Laughter Battle
  • 2004: Tokusou Sentai Dekaranger Super Video: Super-Special Technique Showdown! DekaRed vs. DekaBreak
  • 2005: Mahou Sentai Magiranger Special DVD: Great Presentation! The Super Magic of the Gold Grip Phone ~Goru Gooru Goo Goo~
  • 2007: Juken Sentai Gekiranger Special DVD: Gyun-Gyun! Fist Sage Great Athletic Meet
  • 2008: Engine Sentai Go-Onger Special DVD: It's a Seminar! Everyone GO-ON!!
  • 2009: Samurai Sentai Shinkenger Special DVD: The Light Samurai's Surprise Transformation
  • 2010: Tensou Sentai Goseiger Special DVD: Gotcha☆Miracle! Total Gathering Collection
  • 2011: Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger Special DVD: Let's Do This Goldenly! Roughly! 36 Round Gokai Change!!
  • 2012: Tokumei Sentai Go-Busters vs. Beet Buster vs. J
  • 2013: Zyuden Sentai Kyoryuger: It's Here! Armed On Midsummer Festival!!
  • 2014: Ressha Sentai ToQger: Farewell, Ticket! The Wasteland Super ToQ Battle!
  • 2015: Shuriken Sentai Ninninger: AkaNinger vs. StarNinger Hundred Nin Battle!

Parody and homage[edit]

The Super Sentai Series has been parodied as well as emulated in various ways throughout the world. In Japan, it has been parodied in the form of the manga and anime Special Duty Combat Unit Shinesman and Astro Fighter Sunred.[citation needed] Several other media have featured Super Sentai parodies, such as the Ginyu Force in Dragon Ball, the Karakura Superheroes in Bleach, and the Prism Rangers of Disgaea: Hour of Darkness.[citation needed]

There have been many tribute series that pay homage to the long-running franchise, starting with the Japanese fan film Patriotic Squadron Great Japan (愛國戰隊大日本 Aikoku Sentai Dai-Nippon?) created by what is now Gainax.[19] The most recent tributes have been the Thai TV series Sport Ranger[20] and the French online series Jushi Sentai France Five[21] (now Shin Kenjushi France Five); the latter being so popular in Japan that anison singer Akira Kushida recorded its opening theme.[22]

As part of the Omoikkiri Ii!! TV television program, they produced a series of features on various spas and onsen around Japan titled Bihada Sentai Sparanger (美肌泉隊SPAレンジャー Bihada Sentai Suparenjā?, Handsome Muscle Spring Corps Sparanger). This featured tokusatsu and drama actors Takashi Hagino (Changéríon of Choukou Senshi Changéríon and Kamen Rider Ouja of Kamen Rider Ryuki) as Spa Red (SPAレッド Supa Reddo?), Kento Handa (Kamen Rider Faiz of Kamen Rider 555) as Spa Blue (SPAブルー Supa Burū?), Kengo Ohkuchi (Emperor Z of Ressha Sentai ToQger) as Spa Green (SPAグリーン Supa Gurīn?), Masashi Mikami (Bouken Blue in GoGo Sentai Boukenger) as Spa Yellow (SPAイエロー Supa Ierō?), and Kohei Murakami (Kamen Rider Kaixa in Kamen Rider 555) as Spa Murasaki (SPAムラサキ(紫) Supa Murasaki?, "purple" or "violet" in Japanese, a running joke would involve people referring to him as Spa Purple).[23]

The boy band Kanjani Eight has since 2005 had a series of skits called "Kanjani Sentai Eightranger" in which they dress up in different colored suits in their concerts and portray characters. In 2012, the skits were turned into a film titled Eightranger (エイトレンジャー Eitorenjā?) starring the band as parodies of themselves.[citation needed]

In 2013, Gainax produced EA's Rock (エアーズロック Eāzu Rokku?), a 13 episode miniseries of live action shorts which parodied the Super Sentai Series. The series' characters are all former members of a fighting troup called Sensation Warriors Gokan Five (感覚戦士ゴカンファイブ Kankaku Senshi Gokan Faibu?, "gokan" is Japanese for the "five senses"). EA's Rock is broadcast on the Tōmeihan Net 6 Japanese Association of Independent Television Stations (TVS, CTC, tvk, MTV, KBS, SUN) as well as Nico Nico Douga.[24][25]


Unofficial Sentai Akibaranger (非公認戦隊アキバレンジャー Hikōnin Sentai Akibarenjā?) is a Toei-produced parody series that premiered in April 2012 on BS Asahi and Tokyo MX. Akibaranger is made for adult fans who were fans of the Super Sentai Series as children. The story features three otaku who live in the Akihabara district of Tokyo who receive technology from a scientist to fight an evil threat that at first only exists in their delusions, but eventually starts materializing itself in the real world. Like Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger, Akibaranger also features guest appearances by veteran Super Sentai actors (as themselves rather than their characters), as well as voice actors and musicians who have worked in both anime and tokusatsu. A second season aired on April 2013.


Colors of Super Sentai was started to bloom like in the primary colors of color wheel, such as Red, Blue, and Yellow, then with Green, Pink and Black. In Goranger. the leader of the taskforce is usually Red. See the chart as follows for each series.

# Series RED BLUE YELLOW GREEN PINK BLACK WHITE Bakal Iba Kahel style="background:#FFA500;margin-left:2cm;margin-right:2cm"
1 Himitsu Sentai Goranger
2 J.A.K.Q. Dengekitai
3 Battle Fever J
4 Denshi Sentai Denjiman
5 Taiyou Sentai Sun Vulcan
6 Dai Sentai Goggle V
7 Kagaku Sentai Dynaman
8 Choudenshi Bioman
9 Dengeki Sentai Changeman
10 Choushinsei Flashman
11 Hikari Sentai Maskman
12 Choujuu Sentai Liveman
13 Kousoku Sentai Turboranger
14 Chikyuu Sentai Fiveman
15 Choujin Sentai Jetman
16 Kyōryū Sentai Zyuranger
17 Gosei Sentai Dairanger
18 Ninja Sentai Kakuranger
19 Chouriki Sentai Ohranger
20 Gekisou Sentai Carranger
21 Denji Sentai Megaranger
22 Seijuu Sentai Gingaman
23 Kyuukyuu Sentai GoGo-V
24 Mirai Sentai Timeranger
25 Hyakujuu Sentai Gaoranger
26 Ninpuu Sentai Hurricaneger
27 Bakuryuu Sentai Abaranger
28 Tokusou Sentai Dekaranger
29 Mahou Sentai Magiranger
30 GoGo Sentai Boukenger
31 Juken Sentai Gekiranger
32 Engine Sentai Go-onger
33 Samurai Sentai Shinkenger
34 Tensou Sentai Goseiger
35 Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger


  1. ^ McCarter, Charles. "Public Interview with Takeuchi Naoko". EX:CLUSIVE. Archived from the original (Q & A Interview) on October 8, 2006. Retrieved 2006-11-30. 
  2. ^ "Japan Hero > Cho Denshi Bioman review". Archived from the original on November 13, 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-03. 
  3. ^ "파워레인저". Retrieved 2007-08-05. 
  4. ^ "파워레인저 S.P.D.". Archived from the original on 2007-08-09. Retrieved 2007-08-05. 
  5. ^ 파워레인저 [Power Rangers Dino Force] (in Korean). Retrieved 2011-07-07. 
  6. ^ "Programs Coming Soon". Daiwon Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2012-05-31. 
  7. ^ "Battle Fever J". Retrieved 2015-06-05. 
  8. ^ Carvell, Tim; Mcgowan, Joe (October 28, 1996). "Showdown In Toontown Children's Television, Once a Sleepy Business, Is Becoming as Hotly Competitive as the Grownup Variety. Turner, Fox, and Disney Are Trying to Topple Viacom's Nickelodeon--But How's a TV Mogul to Know What Kids Really Want?". CNN (Fortune). Retrieved May 29, 2010. 
  9. ^ Bates, James (August 12, 1986). "A Crop of New Shows Sprouts From Saban Firm's TV Success". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 29, 2010. 
  10. ^ "Haim Saban, producer, in Hollywood, Washington, Israel". The New Yorker. May 10, 2010. p. 4. Retrieved May 29, 2010. 
  11. ^ "Shout Factory Confirms North American Zyuranger DVDs.". Retrieved 2015-06-15. 
  12. ^ "Shout! Factory Licenses "Gosei Sentai Dairanger"". Crunchyroll. 2015-07-11. Retrieved 2015-07-16. 
  13. ^ Kelley, Shamus (January 23, 2016). "Super Sentai Kakuranger Coming to DVD". Retrieved January 24, 2016. 
  14. ^ "tokusatsu-l". Archived from the original on February 8, 2007. Retrieved 2006-12-03. 
  15. ^ Littleton, Cynthia (2010-05-12). "Saban re-acquires rights to 'Rangers' - Entertainment News, TV News, Media - Variety". Retrieved 2010-05-12. 
  16. ^ "Power Rangers | Seasons | Samurai". Retrieved 2010-11-01. 
  17. ^ "Jūden Sentai Kyōryūger Super Sentai Series Revealed". Anime News Network. 2012-12-06. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  18. ^ モチーフは電車 戦隊モノ新作は「烈車戦隊トッキュウジャー」 (in Japanese). Tokyo Sports. 2013-12-02. Retrieved 2013-12-05. 
  19. ^ GAINAX Co., Ltd. (2006-01-05). "GAINAX NET|Works|Animation & Films|DAICON FILM|愛國戦隊大日本 (Aikoku Sentai Dai-Nippon あい こく せん たい だい にっ ぽん)" [literally "Patriotic Squadron Great Japan"]. GAINAX NET (in Japanese). GAINAX Co., Ltd. p. 1. Retrieved 2007-03-26. 愛國戦隊大日本 (Aikoku Sentai Dai-Nippon あい こく せん たい だい にっ ぽん, literally "Patriotic Squadron Great Japan") 
  20. ^ "Sport Ranger". Broadcast Thai. Archived from the original on August 21, 2008. Retrieved 2011-03-30. 
  21. ^ pilotalex (2004-11-17). "France Five". France Five. France Five. pp. 1, French, and Japanese. Retrieved 2007-03-26. Jushi Sentai FRANCE FIVE 
  22. ^ pilotalex (2005-02-25). "オープニング&エンディング". France Five (in Japanese). France Five. p. 1. Retrieved 2007-03-26. フランスファイブを見た串田氏のほうから、主題歌を歌ってみたい!との友情にとんだ申し出があり、氏みずからフランスファイブのために曲を作詞・作曲してくださった。 
  23. ^ "美肌泉隊 SPAレンジャー". Retrieved 2007-10-18. 
  24. ^ "コミックナタリー - GAINAX初実写TVドラマ、大橋裕之キャラデザの戦隊もの". Retrieved 2012-06-22. 
  25. ^ "エアーズロック - ニコニコチャンネル". Retrieved 2012-06-22. 

External links[edit]