Super Sentai

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Super Sentai Series
Supersentaiserieslogo.jpg
The official logo of the Super Sentai Series introduced in 2000 during the run of Mirai Sentai Timeranger
Created by Shotaro Ishinomori
Toei Company
Marvel Comics
Original work Himitsu Sentai Gorenger
Films and television
Television series See below
Games
Traditional Rangers Strike
Video game(s) Super Sentai Battle: Dice-O
Miscellaneous
Toys S.H. Figuarts
Soul of Chogokin
Super Robot Chogokin

The Super Sentai Series (スーパー戦隊シリーズ, Sūpā Sentai Shirīzu) is a long-running Japanese superhero team franchise of TV series produced by Toei Co., Ltd., Toei Agency and Bandai, and aired by TV Asahi ("Sentai" is the Japanese word for "task force" or "fighting squadron").[not verified in body] The shows are of the tokusatsu genre, featuring live action characters and colorful special effects, and are aimed at children. Super Sentai is one of the most prominent tokusatsu franchises in Japan,[not verified in body] alongside the Ultra Series and the Kamen Rider Series, which it currently airs alongside in the Super Hero Time programming block on Sundays. Outside Japan, the Super Sentai Series is best known as the source material for the Power Rangers franchise.

Series overview[edit]

In every Super Sentai Series, the protagonists are a team of people who transform into superheroes and gain superpowers – color-coded uniforms, signature weapons, sidearms and fighting skills – in order to battle a group of evil beings that threaten to take over the Earth. In a typical episode, the heroes thwart the enemies' plans and defeat an army of enemy soldiers and the monster of the week; in a last ditch effort to defeat the heroes, an enlarged version of the monster confronts them, only to be defeated again when the heroes fight it with their mecha. While each Super Sentai Series is set in its own fictional universe, various TV, video and film specials feature a team-up between one or more teams.

The series was originally created by Shotaro Ishinomori, known for his creation of Kamen Rider and Cyborg 009. He developed the first two Super Sentai series Himitsu Sentai Gorenger and J.A.K.Q. Dengekitai. Later Toei Company put the franchise on hiatus for a year, collaborating with Marvel Comics to produce the live action of the Japanese Spider-Man, which added giant robots to the concept of tokusatsu shows. This was carried over to Toei and Marvel's next show, Battle Fever J, and the giant robot concept was used throughout the following Super Sentai programs.

The term "Sentai" is also occasionally used to describe shows with similar premises such as the magical girl team in Sailor Moon. Naoko Takeuchi used Sentai ideas as inspiration in the creation of the Sailor Soldiers.[1]

Power Rangers[edit]

In 1993, American production company Saban Entertainment adapted 1992's Kyōryū Sentai Zyuranger into Mighty Morphin Power Rangers for the Fox Kids programming block, combining the original Japanese action footage with new footage featuring American actors for the story sequences. Since then, nearly every Super Sentai series that followed became a new Americanized season of Power Rangers;[2][unreliable source] most countries also switched from Super Sentai to Power Rangers, such as France, Brazil, Thailand, and the Philippines. In 2002, Saban sold the broadcasting rights for Power Rangers to Disney's Buena Vista Entertainment, who handled the franchise until 2010, broadcasting on ABC Kids, ABC Family Channel, Jetix, and Toon Disney. In 2010, Saban bought back the rights to Power Rangers and moved the show to the Nickelodeon network for 2011.[3][4]

Productions[edit]

Main series[edit]

The following is a list of the Super Sentai Series and their years of broadcast:

Theatrical releases[edit]

V-Cinema releases[edit]

Televi Magazine releases[edit]

The following releases were on Super Video or Special DVD:

  • 1992: Kyoryu Sentai Zyuranger Dino Video
  • 1994: Ninja Sentai Kakuranger Super Video: The Hidden Scroll
  • 1995: Chōriki Sentai Ohranger Member Notebook
  • 1996: Gekisou Sentai Carranger Super Video
  • 1997: Denji Sentai Megaranger Super Video: You Can Be One Too! A Mega Hero
  • 1998: Seijuu Sentai Gingaman Super Video: The Secret Fruit of Wisdom
  • 1999: Kyuukyuu Sentai GoGoFive: Five Lessons of Rescue Spirits
  • 2000: Mirai Sentai Timeranger Super Video: All the Strongest Hero Secrets
  • 2001: Hyakujuu Sentai Gaoranger Super Video: Showdown! Gaoranger vs. GaoSilver
  • 2002: Ninpuu Sentai Hurricaneger Super Video: Super Ninja vs Super Kuroko
  • 2003: Bakuryū Sentai Abaranger Super Video: All Bakuryuu Roaring Laughter Battle
  • 2004: Tokusou Sentai Dekaranger Super Video: Super-Special Technique Showdown! DekaRed vs. DekaBreak
  • 2005: Mahou Sentai Magiranger Special DVD: Great Presentation! The Super Magic of the Gold Grip Phone ~Goru Gooru Goo Goo~
  • 2007: Juken Sentai Gekiranger Special DVD: Gyun-Gyun! Fist Sage Great Athletic Meet
  • 2008: Engine Sentai Go-Onger Special DVD: It's a Seminar! Everyone GO-ON!!
  • 2009: Samurai Sentai Shinkenger Special DVD: The Light Samurai's Surprise Transformation
  • 2010: Tensou Sentai Goseiger Special DVD: Gotcha☆Miracle! Total Gathering Collection
  • 2011: Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger Special DVD: Let's Do This Goldenly! Roughly! 36 Round Gokai Change!!
  • 2012: Tokumei Sentai Go-Busters vs. Beet Buster vs. J
  • 2013: Zyuden Sentai Kyoryuger: It's Here! Armed On Midsummer Festival!!
  • 2014: Ressha Sentai ToQger: Farewell, Ticket! The Wasteland Super ToQ Battle!
  • 2015: Shuriken Sentai Ninninger: Aka Ninger vs. Star Ninger Hundred Nin Battle!

Distribution[edit]

Although the Super Sentai Series originated in Japan, various Sentai series have been imported and dubbed in other languages for broadcast in several other countries.

Europe[edit]

Bioman, Flashman, Maskman, Liveman, Turboranger, Fiveman, and Jetman were broadcast in France in the 1980s and early 1990s, with Maskman and Liveman marketed as Bioman 2 and Bioman 3, respectively.[7][unreliable source] Additionally, Liveman, Turboranger, and Jetman were broadcast in Spain and Portugal. Denziman, Goggle-V, Sun Vulcan and Battle Fever J were broadcast in Italy. In addition, some episodes of Bioman and Turboranger were released on VHS in Greece. By the early 1990s, the Sentai broadcasts were replaced by Power Rangers and remains until this day.

Asia[edit]

Sentai Series were broadcast in Malaysia starting with Hikari Sentai Maskman during the 1990s, dubbed in English and later in Malay. Almost all Super Sentai shows were broadcast in Thailand since the 1980s, a year following their Japanese debut. They were exclusively broadcast on Channel 9 from the late 1980s to early 1990s until Power Rangers replaced Kyōryū Sentai Zyuranger in the mid-1990s. Since then, the series have appeared on various channels.

In Vietnam, most of the Super Sentai series were fansubed into Vietnamese and posted on public internet sites. Phuong Nam Film licensed Vietnamese distribution of Super Sentai series, starting with Hyakujuu Sentai Gaoranger in 2003, which was the best-selling series in the country at that time. As of 2016, Phuong Nam Film continue to release the series a year or two after their Japanese premieres.

Philippines[edit]

J.A.K.Q. Dengekitai was the first Sentai Series to be shown in the Philippines in the late 1970s, but it was Himitsu Sentai Gorenger (retitled Star Rangers) that is most familiar to fans[according to whom?] (both were shown on RPN). Choudenshi Bioman (the last tokusatsu dubbed in English on Philippine television) and Hikari Sentai Maskman (the first Super Sentai Series dubbed in Filipino on IBC) were broadcast in the Philippines in the 1980s. Choudenshi Bioman was so popular that many people from that generation came to associate all the Super Sentai series as continuations of it, and Hikari Sentai Maskman was marketed as Bioman 2 Maskman on local TV. During the early 1990s, some other series were shown, such as Kousoku Sentai Turboranger, Chikyu Sentai Fiveman and Chōjin Sentai Jetman which became the last Sentai series to broadcast on ABC5 in 1994. Dai Sentai Goggle-V was also Aired on RPN 9 in 1998 every Sunday Morning. From 1995 to 1999 and 2004 to 2015, ABS-CBN aired the American-produced Power Rangers.

South Korea[edit]

Super Sentai has been broadcast in South Korea, dubbed in Korean. The first such series was Choushinsei Flashman which aired as Jigu Bangwidae Flash Man (Earth Defence Squadron Flashman), released in video format in 1989 by the Daeyung Panda video company followed by Hikari Sentai Maskman and Chodenshi Bioman. Throughout the 1990s, Dai Sentai Goggle Five, Dengeki Sentai Changeman, Choujuu Sentai Liveman, Kousoku Sentai Turboranger were also released in video format. Recently, Tooniverse (formerly Orion Cartoon Network), JEI-TV (Jaeneung Television), Champ TV/Anione TV (Daewon Broadcasting), Cartoon Network South Korea, and Nickelodeon South Korea have broadcast Super Sentai series a year following their original Japanese broadcast, but have changed the titles to "Power Rangers".[8][9][10][11] Recently,[when?] the TV program have broadcast Bakuryuu Sentai Abaranger, Tokusou Sentai Dekaranger, Mahou Sentai Magiranger, GoGo Sentai Boukenger, Juken Sentai Gekiranger, Engine Sentai Go-onger, Hyakujuu Sentai Gaoranger, Tensou Sentai Goseiger, Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger, Tokumei Sentai Go-Busters, Zyuden Sentai Kyoryuger, and Ressha Sentai ToQger under the titles of Power Rangers Dino Thunder, Power Rangers S.P.D., Power Rangers Magic Force, Power Rangers Treasure Force, Power Rangers Wild Spirits, Power Rangers Engine Force, Power Rangers Jungle Force, Power Rangers Miracle Force, Power Rangers Captain Force, Power Rangers Go Busters, Power Rangers Dino Force, and Power Rangers Train Force, respectively. The Super Sentai series is expected to continue in South Korea with a dub of Shuriken Sentai Ninninger, which will be known as Power Rangers Ninja Force.[original research?] Furthermore, Power Rangers Dino Force has the South Korea-exclusive sequel called Power Rangers Dino Force Brave.

Latin America[edit]

Flashman and Liveman were broadcast in Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru in the early 1990s, and as reruns in the early 2000s. Flashman arrived with Spanish dubbing done in Brazil and Liveman in Venezuela.

Changeman, Flashman, Maskman and Goggle V were broadcast in Brazil. The first season to air was Changeman in 1988, on the TV Manchete channel (now RedeTV!), and caused a tremendous impact in its time, considered a cult classic.[original research?]

By the early 1990s, the Sentai broadcasts in Latin America were replaced by Power Rangers since then.

United States[edit]

After Honolulu, Hawaii's KIKU-TV had success with Android Kikaider (called Kikaida) and Kamen Rider V3 in the 1970s, multiple Super Sentai series, including Himitsu Sentai Gorenger and Battle Fever J, were brought to the Hawaiian market (all broadcast in Japanese with English subtitles by JN Productions).[12][unreliable source] In 1985, Marvel Comics produced a pilot for an American adaptation of a Super Sentai series, but the show was rejected by the major US TV networks.[13] In 1986, Saban Productions produced a pilot for an American adaptation of Choudenshi Bioman titled Bio Man.[14][15] In 1987, some episodes of Kagaku Sentai Dynaman were dubbed and aired as a parody on the USA Network television show Night Flight.[citation needed]

In 2014, Shout! Factory announced at San Diego Comic-Con International that they would begin sale of subtitled DVDs of Kyōryū Sentai Zyuranger.[16][unreliable source] Shout! Factory then released box sets of Gosei Sentai Dairanger in 2015[17][not in citation given] and Ninja Sentai Kakuranger on May 17, 2016.[18] Chōriki Sentai Ohranger was released on DVD in November 2016.[19] Gekisou Sentai Carranger was released on DVD on April 25, 2017,[citation needed] and Denji Sentai Megaranger will be released on October 31, 2017.[20]

Parody and homage[edit]

The Super Sentai Series has been parodied and emulated in various ways throughout the world.

There have been many tribute series that pay homage to the long-running franchise, starting with the Japanese fan film Patriotic Squadron Great Japan (愛國戰隊大日本, Aikoku Sentai Dai-Nippon) created by what is now Gainax.[21] The most recent tributes have been the Thai TV series Sport Ranger[22] and the French online series Jushi Sentai France Five[23] (now Shin Kenjushi France Five); the latter being so popular in Japan that Akira Kushida recorded its opening theme.[24]

As part of the Omoikkiri Ii!! TV television program, a series of features was produced on various spas and onsen around Japan titled Bihada Sentai Sparanger (美肌泉隊SPAレンジャー, Bihada Sentai Suparenjā, Handsome Muscle Spring Corps Sparanger). This featured tokusatsu and drama actors Takashi Hagino (Changéríon of Choukou Senshi Changéríon and Kamen Rider Ouja of Kamen Rider Ryuki) as Spa Red (SPAレッド, Supa Reddo), Kento Handa (Kamen Rider Faiz of Kamen Rider 555) as Spa Blue (SPAブルー, Supa Burū), Kengo Ohkuchi (Emperor Z of Ressha Sentai ToQger) as Spa Green (SPAグリーン, Supa Gurīn), Masashi Mikami (Bouken Blue in GoGo Sentai Boukenger) as Spa Yellow (SPAイエロー, Supa Ierō), and Kohei Murakami (Kamen Rider Kaixa in Kamen Rider 555) as Spa Murasaki (SPAムラサキ(紫), Supa Murasaki, "purple" or "violet" in Japanese, a running joke would involve people referring to him as Spa Purple).[25]

In 2013, Gainax produced EA's Rock (エアーズロック, Eāzu Rokku), a 13-episode miniseries of live-action shorts which parodied the Super Sentai Series. The series' characters are all former members of a fighting group called Sensation Warriors Gokan Five (感覚戦士ゴカンファイブ, Kankaku Senshi Gokan Faibu, "gokan" is Japanese for the "five senses"). EA's Rock is broadcast on the Tōmeihan Net 6 Japanese Association of Independent Television Stations as well as Nico Nico Douga.[26][27]

Akibaranger[edit]

Unofficial Sentai Akibaranger (非公認戦隊アキバレンジャー, Hikōnin Sentai Akibarenjā) is a Toei-produced parody series that premiered in April 2012 on BS Asahi and Tokyo MX. Akibaranger is made for adult fans who were fans of the Super Sentai Series as children. The story features three otaku who live in the Akihabara district of Tokyo who receive technology from a scientist to fight an evil threat that at first only exists in their delusions, but eventually starts materializing itself in the real world. Like Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger, Akibaranger features guest appearances by veteran Super Sentai actors (as themselves rather than their characters), and voice actors and musicians who have worked in anime and tokusatsu. A second season aired in April 2013.

References[edit]

  1. ^ McCarter, Charles. "Public Interview with Takeuchi Naoko". EX:CLUSIVE. www.ex.org. Archived from the original (Q & A Interview) on October 8, 2006. Retrieved 2006-11-30. 
  2. ^ "tokusatsu-l". Archived from the original on February 8, 2007. Retrieved 2006-12-03. 
  3. ^ Littleton, Cynthia (2010-05-12). "Saban re-acquires rights to 'Rangers' - Entertainment News, TV News, Media - Variety". Retrieved 2010-05-12. 
  4. ^ "Power Rangers | Seasons | Samurai". Retrieved 2010-11-01. 
  5. ^ "Jūden Sentai Kyōryūger Super Sentai Series Revealed". Anime News Network. 2012-12-06. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  6. ^ モチーフは電車 戦隊モノ新作は「烈車戦隊トッキュウジャー」 (in Japanese). Tokyo Sports. 2013-12-02. Retrieved 2013-12-05. 
  7. ^ "Japan Hero > Cho Denshi Bioman review". Archived from the original on November 13, 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-03. 
  8. ^ "파워레인저". Archived from the original on 2007-07-16. Retrieved 2007-08-05. 
  9. ^ "파워레인저 S.P.D.". Archived from the original on 2007-08-09. Retrieved 2007-08-05. 
  10. ^ 파워레인저 [Power Rangers Dino Force] (in Korean). Retrieved 2011-07-07. 
  11. ^ "Programs Coming Soon". Daiwon Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2012-05-31. 
  12. ^ "Battle Fever J". Battlefever.com. Retrieved 2015-06-05. 
  13. ^ Carvell, Tim; Mcgowan, Joe (October 28, 1996). "Showdown In Toontown Children's Television, Once a Sleepy Business, Is Becoming as Hotly Competitive as the Grownup Variety. Turner, Fox, and Disney Are Trying to Topple Viacom's Nickelodeon--But How's a TV Mogul to Know What Kids Really Want?". CNN. Fortune. Retrieved May 29, 2010. 
  14. ^ Bates, James (August 12, 1986). "A Crop of New Shows Sprouts From Saban Firm's TV Success". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 29, 2010. 
  15. ^ "Haim Saban, producer, in Hollywood, Washington, Israel". The New Yorker. May 10, 2010. p. 4. Retrieved May 29, 2010. 
  16. ^ "Shout Factory Confirms North American Zyuranger DVDs.". Henshinjustice.com. Retrieved 2015-06-15. 
  17. ^ "Shout! Factory Licenses "Gosei Sentai Dairanger"". Crunchyroll. 2015-07-11. Retrieved 2015-07-16. 
  18. ^ Kelley, Shamus (January 23, 2016). "Super Sentai Kakuranger Coming to DVD". denofgeek.us. Retrieved January 24, 2016. 
  19. ^ Kelley, Shamus (21 May 2016). "Chouriki Sentai Ohranger Coming To DVD". Den of Geek. Retrieved 25 June 2016. 
  20. ^ "Shout! Factory to Release Megaranger, Gingaman Live-Action Series". Anime News Network. 2017-07-22. Retrieved 2017-09-18. 
  21. ^ GAINAX Co., Ltd. (2006-01-05). "GAINAX NET|Works|Animation & Films|DAICON FILM|愛國戦隊大日本 (Aikoku Sentai Dai-Nippon あい こく せん たい だい にっ ぽん)" [literally "Patriotic Squadron Great Japan"]. GAINAX NET (in Japanese). GAINAX Co., Ltd. p. 1. Retrieved 2007-03-26. 愛國戦隊大日本 (Aikoku Sentai Dai-Nippon あい こく せん たい だい にっ ぽん, literally "Patriotic Squadron Great Japan") 
  22. ^ "Sport Ranger". Broadcast Thai. Archived from the original on 2012-07-23. Retrieved 2011-03-30. 
  23. ^ pilotalex (2004-11-17). "France Five". France Five. France Five. pp. 1, French, and Japanese. Retrieved 2007-03-26. Jushi Sentai FRANCE FIVE 
  24. ^ pilotalex (2005-02-25). "オープニング&エンディング". France Five (in Japanese). France Five. p. 1. Retrieved 2007-03-26. フランスファイブを見た串田氏のほうから、主題歌を歌ってみたい!との友情にとんだ申し出があり、氏みずからフランスファイブのために曲を作詞・作曲してくださった。 
  25. ^ "美肌泉隊 SPAレンジャー". Retrieved 2007-10-18. 
  26. ^ "コミックナタリー - GAINAX初実写TVドラマ、大橋裕之キャラデザの戦隊もの". Retrieved 2012-06-22. 
  27. ^ "エアーズロック - ニコニコチャンネル". Retrieved 2012-06-22. 

External links[edit]