Super Sentai

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Super Sentai
Super Sentai (logo).png
The official logo of the Super Sentai series introduced in 2000 during the run of Mirai Sentai Timeranger
Created byShotaro Ishinomori
Toei Company
Original workHimitsu Sentai Gorenger
Films and television
Television seriesSee below
Games
TraditionalRangers Strike
Video game(s)Super Sentai Battle: Dice-O
Audio
Original musicProject.R
Miscellaneous
Toy(s)S.H. Figuarts
Soul of Chogokin
Super Robot Chogokin

Super Sentai (Japanese: スーパー戦隊シリーズ, Hepburn: Sūpā Sentai Shirīzu, translated as "Super Squadron Series") is a Japanese superhero team metaseries and media franchise consisting of television series and films produced by Toei Company, and Bandai, and aired by TV Asahi ("Sentai" is the Japanese word for "task force" or "fighting squadron").[citation needed] The shows are of the tokusatsu genre, featuring live action characters and colorful special effects, and are aimed at children. Super Sentai airs alongside the Kamen Rider series in the Super Hero Time programming block on Sunday mornings. In North America, the Super Sentai series is best known as the source material for the Power Rangers series.[1]

Series overview[edit]

In every Super Sentai series, the protagonists are a team of people who – using wrist-worn or hand-held devices – transform into superheroes and gain superpowers – color-coded uniforms, signature weapons, sidearms, and fighting skills – to battle a group of otherworldly supervillains that threaten to take over the Earth. In a typical episode, the heroes thwart the enemies' plans and defeat an army of enemy soldiers and the monster of the week before an enlarged version of the monster confronts them, only to be defeated again when the heroes fight it with their mecha. Each Sentai series is set in its own unique fictional universe; various TV, video and film specials feature a team-up between one or more teams.

Super Sentai series[edit]

The first two Super Sentai series were created by Shotaro Ishinomori, then known for the 1971–1973 Kamen Rider TV series and the long-running manga Cyborg 009. He developed Himitsu Sentai Gorenger, which ran from 1975 to 1977, and J.A.K.Q. Dengekitai, released in 1977. Toei Company put the franchise on hiatus in 1978, collaborating with Marvel Comics to produce a live action Spider-Man series, which added giant robots to the concept of tokusatsu shows. The giant robot concept was carried over to Toei and Marvel's next show, Battle Fever J, released in 1979, and was then used throughout the Super Sentai series.

Power Rangers[edit]

In 1993, American production company Saban Entertainment adapted 1992's Kyōryū Sentai Zyuranger into Mighty Morphin Power Rangers for the Fox Kids programming block, combining the original Japanese action footage with new footage featuring American actors for the story sequences. Since then, nearly every Super Sentai series that followed became a new season of Power Rangers.[citation needed] Some countries, such as France, Brazil, Thailand, and the Philippines, switched from broadcasting Super Sentai to Power Rangers.[citation needed] In 2002, Saban sold the Power Rangers franchise to Disney's Buena Vista division,[citation needed] who owned it until 2010, broadcasting Power Rangers on ABC Kids, ABC Family Channel, Jetix, and Toon Disney.[citation needed] On 12 May 2010, Saban bought the franchise back from Disney, moving the show to the Nickelodeon network for 2011 with Power Rangers Samurai.[2] On 1 May 2018, toy company Hasbro announced they had acquired the Power Rangers franchise from Saban Capital Group for $522 million.[3]

Power Rangers Dino Force Brave[edit]

Power Rangers Dino Force Brave is a 2017 South Korean tokusatsu television show produced by Daewon Media, the same company which distributes the Super Sentai series in South Korea under the "Power Rangers" label. It serves as a sequel to the 2013 Super Sentai series Zyuden Sentai Kyoryuger.[citation needed]

Productions[edit]

Main series[edit]

The following is a list of the Super Sentai series and their years of broadcast:

No. Title Episodes Originally aired Power Rangers adaptation Korean Power Rangers title Notes
First aired Last aired
1 Himitsu Sentai Gorenger 84 April 5, 1975 March 26, 1977 N/A N/A
  • First Shōwa era series; first series in the franchise
  • First series to debut Red, Blue, Yellow, Green, and Pink Rangers
2 J.A.K.Q. Dengekitai 35 April 9, 1977 December 24, 1977
  • First series to have a leader change
  • First series to debut a White Ranger
  • Last series to be produced by Shotaro Ishinomori
  • Shortest-running Super Sentai series
  • First series to have a crossover with the previous series in a movie
3 Battle Fever J 52 February 3, 1979 January 26, 1980
  • Co-production with Marvel Comics
  • First series to debut a Black Ranger
  • First series to debut an Orange Ranger
  • First series to debut a giant robot
4 Denshi Sentai Denjiman 51 February 2, 1980 January 31, 1981
  • Co-production with Marvel Comics
  • First series to debut a transforming robot
5 Taiyo Sentai Sun Vulcan 50 February 7, 1981 January 30, 1982
  • Last series to be co-produced with Marvel Comics
  • First series to serve as a direct sequel to its previous series
  • First (and only) series to have an all-male team and the first to have fewer than five members in the core team
  • First series to debut a combining robot
  • First and only series to have a team leader change mid-series
  • Marvel Comics failed to pitch an adaptation similar in concept to what would become the Power Rangers franchise
  • Failed Marvel adaptation pitch had involvement by Stan Lee and Margaret Loesch
6 Dai Sentai Goggle-V 50 February 6, 1982 January 20, 1983
  • First season to air along with Metal Hero franchise (Uchuu Keiji Gavan).
  • First series to introduce a three-piece robot.
  • Dubbed in South Korea as Earth Task Force Goggle V
  • Team is known as Power Rangers Goggle V in the South Korean dub of Gokaiger
7 Kagaku Sentai Dynaman 51 February 5, 1983 January 28, 1984
8 Choudenshi Bioman 51 February 4, 1984 January 26, 1985
  • First series to have two female characters in the roster
  • First series to debut a female Yellow Ranger
  • Last series to have a mid-series cast change
  • Saban's first, failed attempt to pitch an adaptation for the Power Rangers franchise
  • Dubbed in South Korea as Space Commando Bioman
  • Team is known as Power Rangers Bioman in the South Korean dub of Gokaiger
9 Dengeki Sentai Changeman 55 February 2, 1985 February 22, 1986
  • First series to debut a female White Ranger
  • First team with a mythological creature motif.
  • Last series with only one robot in the entire season.
  • Dubbed in South Korea as Lightning Squadron Changeman
  • Team is known as Power Rangers Changeman in the South Korean dub of Gokaiger
10 Choushinsei Flashman 50 March 1, 1986 February 21, 1987
  • First series to have the team originated from Earth but raised in outer space
  • First series to debut a secondary robot
  • Dubbed in South Korea as Earth Protector Flashman
  • Team is known as Power Rangers Flashman in the South Korean dub of Gokaiger
11 Hikari Sentai Maskman 51 February 28, 1987 February 20, 1988
  • First series to debut a five-piece individual mecha piloted by every Ranger
  • First series to debut a sixth Ranger
  • Dubbed in South Korea as Warriors of Light: Maskman
  • Team is known as Power Rangers Maskman in the South Korean dub of Gokaiger
12 Choujuu Sentai Liveman 49 February 27, 1988 February 18, 1989
  • First series to start with three members, with additional members joining mid-series
  • First series to debut a female Blue Ranger
  • First series to debut an animal-based mecha
  • First series to debut a more powerful combined robot
  • Last Shōwa era series
  • Dubbed in South Korea as Liveman: Warriors of Peace
  • Team is known as Power Rangers Liveman in the South Korean dub of Gokaiger
13 Kousoku Sentai Turboranger 50 + 1 sp. March 4, 1989 February 23, 1990
  • First Heisei era series
  • TV special was aired on February 25, 1989
  • Originally designated as the 10th anniversary series before Gorenger and JAKQ were officially incorporated into the franchise.
  • Dubbed in South Korea as Turboranger
  • Team is known as Power Rangers Turboranger in the South Korean dub of Gokaiger
14 Chikyu Sentai Fiveman 48 March 2, 1990 February 8, 1991
  • First all-sibling Sentai team
15 Chōjin Sentai Jetman 51 February 15, 1991 February 14, 1992
  • First series to debut a female mentor
  • First series to have a third robot
  • Last Sentai team where a member of the core team dies
16 Kyōryū Sentai Zyuranger 50 February 21, 1992 February 12, 1993 Mighty Morphin Power Rangers
Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: The Movie
  • First dinosaur-themed Ranger.
  • First series to debut a regular sixth Ranger
  • Inaugural entry to be adapted into the Power Rangers franchise
  • Saban's pitch for adaptation into the Power Rangers franchise was green lighted by Margaret Loesch
  • Only American adaption to receive a re-versioning
  • American adaptation dubbed in South Korea as The Invincible Power Rangers
17 Gosei Sentai Dairanger 50 February 19, 1993 February 11, 1994 Mighty Morphin Power Rangers (Season 2)
Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: The Movie
  • First series to debut a child Ranger
18 Ninja Sentai Kakuranger 53 February 18, 1994 February 24, 1995 Mighty Morphin Power Rangers (Season 3)
Mighty Morphin Alien Rangers
Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: The Movie
  • First ninja-themed Ranger.
  • First series based on a Japanese culture motif
  • First series to have a leader is female
  • First series to debut a Navy Ranger.
  • Originally designated as the 15th anniversary series before Gorenger and JAKQ were officially incorporated into the franchise.
19 Chouriki Sentai Ohranger 48 March 3, 1995 February 23, 1996 Power Rangers Zeo
  • First modern cross-over film with the previous team.
  • American adaptation dubbed in South Korea as Zeorangers
20 Gekisou Sentai Carranger 48 March 1, 1996 February 7, 1997 Turbo: A Power Rangers Movie
Power Rangers Turbo
  • First series to use an alternate version of the opening theme.
  • 20th anniversary series
21 Denji Sentai Megaranger 51 February 14, 1997 February 15, 1998 Power Rangers in Space
  • Last series with a two-piece main robot
  • First series to debut a Silver Ranger.
  • American adaptation dubbed in South Korea as Megarangers
22 Seijuu Sentai Gingaman 50 February 22, 1998 February 14, 1999 Power Rangers Lost Galaxy
23 Kyuukyuu Sentai GoGoFive 50 February 21, 1999 February 6, 2000 Power Rangers Lightspeed Rescue
  • The first season to air after the death of Shotaro Ishinomori.
  • First season to have an American-exclusive Ranger.
  • Last season to air before the new millennium.
  • American adaptation dubbed in South Korea as Power Rangers Rescue
24 Mirai Sentai Timeranger 50 + 1 sp. February 13, 2000 February 4, 2001 Power Rangers Time Force
  • First alien ranger.
  • First series to use the franchise logo at the start of the show.
  • First Red Sixth Ranger.
  • TV special was aired on February 11, 2001
25 Hyakujuu Sentai Gaoranger 51 February 18, 2001 February 10, 2002 Power Rangers Wild Force Power Rangers Jungle Force
  • First series to have a Super Sentai Anniversary movie.
  • First Sixth Ranger to have its own place in the opening intro.
  • 25th anniversary series
  • American adaptation dubbed in South Korea as Power Force Rangers
  • Series retroactively dubbed in Korean language and aired in South Korea under the Power Rangers title by Daewon Media over Shinkenger.
  • Currently the only series to have both itself and its American adaptation dubbed for South Korea titled as separate shows.
26 Ninpuu Sentai Hurricaneger 51 February 17, 2002 February 9, 2003 Power Rangers Ninja Storm N/A
  • First series to debut a Crimson Ranger.
  • First season to debut a 10-year movie.
27 Bakuryū Sentai Abaranger 50 February 16, 2003 February 8, 2004 Power Rangers Dino Thunder Power Rangers Dino Thunder
  • First series to be dubbed in Korean language and aired in South Korea under the Power Rangers title by Tooniverse.
  • First series between the American adaptation and South Korean dub to share the same Power Rangers title, but otherwise not be related.
28 Tokusou Sentai Dekaranger 50 February 15, 2004 February 6, 2005 Power Rangers S.P.D. Power Rangers S.P.D.
  • First series to debut a Gold Ranger.
  • First Hand off to the next series.
  • Last series to be dubbed in Korean language and aired in South Korea under the Power Rangers title by Tooniverse.
  • Last series between the American adaptation and South Korean dub to share the same Power Rangers title, but otherwise not be related.
  • The meaning of the initialism S.P.D. from the series, the American adaptation and the South Korean dub is different in all three.
29 Mahō Sentai Magiranger 49 February 13, 2005 February 12, 2006 Power Rangers Mystic Force Power Rangers Magic Force
  • Last series to be broadcast in standard definition
  • First series to have a voice equipment.
  • First series to debut a regular Gold Ranger.
  • First Super Sentai team comes from one family.
  • Only series to be dubbed in Korean language and aired in South Korea under the Power Rangers title by JEI Talent TV.
30 GoGo Sentai Boukenger 49 February 19, 2006 February 11, 2007 Power Rangers Operation Overdrive Power Rangers Treasure Force
31 Juken Sentai Gekiranger 49 February 18, 2007 February 10, 2008 Power Rangers Jungle Fury Power Rangers Wild Spirits
  • First Violet/Purple Ranger.
  • First Black/Green Extra Hero duo and the First Female Green.
32 Engine Sentai Go-onger 50 February 17, 2008 February 8, 2009 Power Rangers RPM Power Rangers Engine Force
  • Only Rangers based on an orca and a chicken.
  • First twelve-piece Giant Robo.
  • First theatrical cross-over movie in 31 years.
  • First Sixth Ranger duo (First Female Sixth Ranger).
  • Last American Adaptation to be broadcast in standard definition
33 Samurai Sentai Shinkenger 49 February 15, 2009 February 7, 2010 Power Rangers Samurai;
Power Rangers Super Samurai
N/A
  • First series to debut a female Red Ranger.
  • First American Adaption to be broadcast in high definition
  • Dub currently does not exist having been skipped over in South Korea for dubbing Gaoranger instead
  • Team is known as Power Rangers Samurai Force in the South Korean dub of Kamen Rider Decade
  • Team is known as Power Rangers Blade Force in the South Korean dub of Gokaiger
34 Tensou Sentai Goseiger 50 February 14, 2010 February 6, 2011 Power Rangers Megaforce Power Rangers Miracle Force
  • First Sentai team to cameo in two preceding Sentai teams' crossover movie.
  • First snake-themed Ranger.
35 Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger 51 February 13, 2011 February 19, 2012 Power Rangers Super Megaforce Power Rangers Captain Force
  • 35th anniversary series
  • First series to start a team of aliens from other dimensions
36 Tokumei Sentai Go-Busters 50 February 26, 2012 February 10, 2013 Power Rangers Beast Morphers Power Rangers Go-Busters
  • First series to be initially skipped over for a Power Rangers adaptation, but was adapted at a later date.
37 Zyuden Sentai Kyoryuger 48 February 17, 2013 February 9, 2014 Power Rangers Dino Charge;
Power Rangers Dino Super Charge
Power Rangers Dino Force
  • First series to debut a Cyan Ranger.
  • First series to debut a Gray Ranger.
  • First series to have an exclusive sequel in South Korea: Power Rangers Dino Force Brave
38 Ressha Sentai ToQger 47 February 16, 2014 February 15, 2015 N/A Power Rangers Train Force
39 Shuriken Sentai Ninninger 47 February 22, 2015 February 7, 2016 Power Rangers Ninja Steel;
Power Rangers Super Ninja Steel
Power Rangers Ninja Force
  • First team to use Japanese color names for their hero forms since Gorenger.
  • First team to have a UFO and a cowboy as mecha.
  • First series to debut a female Green Ranger.
  • First series to have a non-Space Sheriff appearance in the show
40 Doubutsu Sentai Zyuohger 48 February 14, 2016 February 5, 2017 N/A Power Rangers Animal Force
  • 40th anniversary series
  • First Sentai to have a Pixel/Rubik's Cube motif in the form of their gear, mecha and weapons.
  • First female Shark Ranger and first Sentai Elephant Ranger.
  • First Red Ranger to completely change animal motifs when assuming a stronger form.
41 Uchu Sentai Kyuranger 48 February 12, 2017 February 4, 2018 Power Rangers Galaxy Force
  • First series to start with more than five Rangers.
  • First series to debut a regular female Green Ranger.
  • First Violet Sixth Ranger.
  • First Sentai Series to not have an annual Vs. movie crossover with its predecessor since Dairanger.
42 Kaitou Sentai Lupinranger VS Keisatsu Sentai Patranger 51 February 11, 2018 February 10, 2019 Power Rangers Lupin Force vs Patrol Force
  • First series to follow two distinct teams at the same time.
  • First Sixth Ranger to assume two distinct forms for both teams.
43 Kishiryu Sentai Ryusoulger 48 March 17, 2019 March 1, 2020 Power Rangers Dino Fury Power Rangers Dino Soul
  • Marked the series' transition between the Heisei and Reiwa eras
  • First series to debut a Brown Ranger.
  • First series since Gaoranger to have a male ranger whose American counterpart is female.
  • First Power Rangers adaptation to feature a ranger with LGBT representation within show continuity
44 Mashin Sentai Kiramager 45 + 5 sp. March 8, 2020 February 28, 2021 N/A N/A
45 Kikai Sentai Zenkaiger 49 March 7, 2021 February 27, 2022[4] Power Rangers Zenkaiger
  • 45th anniversary series
  • First series to consist of a lone human with a team of androids
  • First series to have the main protagonist not to wear red.
46 Avataro Sentai Donbrothers TBA March 6, 2022[4] 2023 N/A
  • First season to have CGI rangers.
  • First season to feature a full-time male Pink Ranger on the main team.
  • First season to include a reference from Kamen Rider Den-O.
  • First ranger team able to completely change suits while transformed since Gokaiger
  • First season to be a sequel to another season since Sun Vulcan.
  • First season to have the female member of the team as the narrator.
  • First season to have Legend Ranger items be corrupted and create monsters of the week based on past kaijin in the franchise, necessitating the team to defeat them to restore the powers to their original form.

Theatrical releases[edit]

V-Cinema releases[edit]

Televi Magazine releases[edit]

The following releases were on Super Video or Special DVD bundled with special issues of Kodansha's Televi Magazine:

  • 1992: Kyoryu Sentai Zyuranger Dino Video
  • 1994: Ninja Sentai Kakuranger Super Video: The Hidden Scroll
  • 1995: Chōriki Sentai Ohranger Member Notebook
  • 1996: Gekisou Sentai Carranger Super Video
  • 1997: Denji Sentai Megaranger Super Video: You Can Be One Too! A Mega Hero
  • 1998: Seijuu Sentai Gingaman Super Video: The Secret Fruit of Wisdom
  • 1999: Kyuukyuu Sentai GoGoFive: Five Lessons of Rescue Spirits
  • 2000: Mirai Sentai Timeranger Super Video: All the Strongest Hero Secrets
  • 2001: Hyakujuu Sentai Gaoranger Super Video: Showdown! Gaoranger vs. GaoSilver
  • 2002: Ninpuu Sentai Hurricaneger Super Video: Super Ninja vs Super Kuroko
  • 2003: Bakuryū Sentai Abaranger Super Video: All Bakuryuu Roaring Laughter Battle
  • 2004: Tokusou Sentai Dekaranger Super Video: Super-Special Technique Showdown! DekaRed vs. DekaBreak
  • 2005: Mahō Sentai Magiranger Special DVD: Great Presentation! The Super Magic of the Gold Grip Phone ~Goru Gooru Goo Goo~
  • 2007: Juken Sentai Gekiranger Special DVD: Gyun-Gyun! Fist Sage Great Athletic Meet
  • 2008: Engine Sentai Go-Onger Special DVD: It's a Seminar! Everyone GO-ON!!
  • 2009: Samurai Sentai Shinkenger Special DVD: The Light Samurai's Surprise Transformation
  • 2010: Tensou Sentai Goseiger Special DVD: Gotcha☆Miracle! Total Gathering Collection
  • 2011: Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger Special DVD: Let's Do This Goldenly! Roughly! 36 Round Gokai Change!!
  • 2012: Tokumei Sentai Go-Busters vs. Beet Buster vs. J
  • 2013: Zyuden Sentai Kyoryuger: It's Here! Armed On Midsummer Festival!!
  • 2014: Ressha Sentai ToQger: Farewell, Ticket! The Wasteland Super ToQ Battle!
  • 2015: Shuriken Sentai Ninninger: Aka Ninger vs. Star Ninger Hundred Nin Battle!
  • 2018: Kaitou Sentai Lupinranger VS Keisatsu Sentai Patranger: Girlfriends Army

Distribution[edit]

Although the Super Sentai series originated in Japan, various Sentai series have been imported and dubbed in other languages for broadcast in several other countries.

Europe[edit]

Bioman, Flashman, Maskman, Liveman, Turboranger, Fiveman, and Jetman were broadcast in France in the 1980s and early 1990s, with Maskman and Liveman marketed as Bioman 2 and Bioman 3, respectively.[citation needed] Additionally, Liveman, Turboranger, and Jetman were broadcast in Spain and Portugal. Denjiman, Goggle-V, Sun Vulcan and Battle Fever J were broadcast in Italy. In addition, some episodes of Bioman and Turboranger were released on VHS in Greece. By the early 1990s, the Sentai broadcasts were replaced by Power Rangers.

Asia[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Various Sentai series were broadcast in Malaysia starting with Choudenshi Bioman during the mid 1980's, dubbed in English and later in Malay starting in 1990. However these were replaced by the American-produced Power Rangers in 1995.

Indonesia[edit]

Various Sentai series were broadcast in Indonesia, the most popular being Dai Sentai Goggle V, during the late 80s to the early 2000s, dubbed in Bahasa Indonesia. Some of them include Kousoku Sentai Turboranger that is known in Indonesia as Pasukan Turbo (Turbo Squad), Gosei Sentai Dairanger that is known as Star Ranger and Ninja Sentai Kakuranger that is known as Ninja Ranger. The Power Rangers series were also broadcast, beginning with the first in the series, Mighty Morphin Power Rangers. Nowadays, the Super Sentai series, alongside other Japanese tokusatsu series are fansubbed into Bahasa Indonesia and posted on public Internet sites for online viewing and downloading.

Thailand[edit]

Almost all Super Sentai shows were broadcast in Thailand since the 1980s, a year following their Japanese debut. They were exclusively broadcast on Channel 9 from the late 1980s to early 1990s until they were replaced by the American-produced Power Rangers. Since then, the series have appeared on various channels.

Vietnam[edit]

In Vietnam, most of the Super Sentai series were fansubbed into Vietnamese and posted on public Internet sites. Phuong Nam Film licensed Vietnamese distribution of Super Sentai series, starting with Hyakujuu Sentai Gaoranger in 2003, which was the best-selling series in the country at that time.

In 2007, Phuong Nam Film continued to release the Tokusou Sentai Dekaranger series. The following Sentai series were released: Mahou Sentai Magiranger (2008); GoGo Sentai Boukenger (2009-2010); Engine Sentai Go-onger (2011); Samurai Sentai Shinkenger (2012); Tensou Sentai Goseiger (2013); then released DVD only as Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger (2014) and Tokumei Sentai Go-Busters (2015) series. Since 2016, Phuong Nam Film has collaborated with children's TV channel Sao TV to broadcast Zyuden Sentai Kyoryuger, then Ressha Sentai ToQger and finally Shuriken Sentai Ninninger. Therefore, the production of Super Sentai DVD, VCD or broadcast of Super Sentai series on TV channels has ended.

The Philippines[edit]

In the late 1970s, J.A.K.Q. Dengekitai was the first Sentai series to be shown in the Philippines. Choudenshi Bioman (the last tokusatsu dubbed in English on Philippine television) and Hikari Sentai Maskman (the first Super Sentai series dubbed in Filipino on IBC) were broadcast in the Philippines in the 1980s. Choudenshi Bioman was so popular that many people from that generation came to associate all the Super Sentai series as continuations of it,[original research?] and Hikari Sentai Maskman was marketed as Bioman 2 Maskman on local TV. During the early 1990s, some other series were shown, such as Kousoku Sentai Turboranger, Chikyu Sentai Fiveman and Chōjin Sentai Jetman which became the last Sentai series to broadcast on ABC5 in 1994. Dai Sentai Goggle-V was also aired on RPN 9 in 1998 every Sunday morning. From 1995 to 1999 and 2004 to 2015, ABS-CBN aired the American-produced Power Rangers.

South Korea[edit]

Super Sentai has been broadcast in South Korea, dubbed in Korean. The first such series was Choushinsei Flashman which aired as Jigu Bangwidae Flash Man (Earth Defence Squadron Flashman), released in video format in 1989 by the Daeyung Panda video company; this was followed by Hikari Sentai Maskman and Chodenshi Bioman. Throughout the 1990s, Dai Sentai Goggle Five, Dengeki Sentai Changeman, Choujuu Sentai Liveman, and Kousoku Sentai Turboranger were also released in video format. In the 2000s and early 2010s, Tooniverse (formerly Orion Cartoon Network), JEI-TV (Jaeneung Television), Champ TV/Anione TV (Daewon Broadcasting), Cartoon Network South Korea, and Nickelodeon South Korea have broadcast Super Sentai series a year following their original Japanese broadcast, but have changed the titles to "Power Rangers".[5][6][7] Recently,[when?] there have been broadcasts of Bakuryuu Sentai Abaranger, Tokusou Sentai Dekaranger, Mahō Sentai Magiranger, GoGo Sentai Boukenger, Juken Sentai Gekiranger, Engine Sentai Go-onger, Hyakujuu Sentai Gaoranger, Tensou Sentai Goseiger, Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger, Tokumei Sentai Go-Busters, Zyuden Sentai Kyoryuger, Ressha Sentai ToQger, Shuriken Sentai Ninninger, Doubutsu Sentai Zyuohger, Uchu Sentai Kyuranger, Kishiryu Sentai Ryusoulger, Kaitou Sentai Lupinranger VS Keisatsu Sentai Patranger and Kikai Sentai Zenkaiger under the titles of Power Rangers Dino Thunder, Power Rangers S.P.D., Power Rangers Magic Force, Power Rangers Treasure Force, Power Rangers Wild Spirits, Power Rangers Engine Force, Power Rangers Jungle Force, Power Rangers Miracle Force, Power Rangers Captain Force, Power Rangers Go-Busters, Power Rangers Dino Force, Power Rangers Train Force, Power Rangers Ninja Force, Power Rangers Animal Force, Power Rangers Galaxy Force, Power Rangers Dino Soul Power Rangers Lupin Force VS Patrol Force and Power Rangers Zenkaiger, respectively.[original research?] Furthermore, Power Rangers Dino Force has the South Korea-exclusive sequel called Power Rangers Dino Force Brave. Currently South Korea is re airing Power Rangers Animal Force and is set to broadcast Avataro Sentai Donbrothers as Power Rangers Donbrothers sometime this fall.

Hong Kong[edit]

Known as the 超級戰隊系列 or simply as the 戰隊系列 in Cantonese was first broadcast in the late 1970s and early 1980s, with a Cantonese dub of Himitsu Sentai Gorenger followed by J.A.K.Q Dengekitai which aired on Commercial TV. In the late 1980s TVB began dubbing and airing the series with 1987's Hikari Sentai Maskman, which was then followed by 1990's Kouseku Sentai Turboranger, and 1992's Kyoryu Sentai Zyuranger. Following Zyuranger's broadcast on TVB in 1995 the Series would make it's way to ATV where it would be it's home for the next three years. ATV would proceed to dub and air, 1993's Gosei Sentai Dairanger, 1994's Ninja Sentai Kakuranger and 1995's Chouriki Sentai Ohranger. In 1998, the Super Sentai series would return to TVB however, instead of broadcasting 1996's Gekisou Sentai Carranger the series that came after Ohranger where ATV last dubbed TVB decide to dub and air it's American Counterpart Power Rangers Turbo along with 1991's Chiyku Sentai Fiveman. The following year in 1999, TVB would broadcast 1992's Chojin Sentai Jetman before returning to the more recent series at the time. TVB would then proceed to dub and broadcast Denji Sentai Megaranger, Seijuu Sentai Gingaman, Hyakujuu Sentai Gaoranger, Ninpuu Sentai Hurricanger, Bakuryuu Sentai Abaranger, Tokusou Sentai Dekaranger, Mahō Sentai Magiranger, GoGo Sentai Boukenger, Juken Sentai Gekiranger, Engine Sentai Go-Onger, Samurai Sentai Shinkenger, Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger, Tokumei Sentai Go-Busters, Zyuden Sentai Kyoryuger, Ressha Sentai ToQger, Shuriken Sentai Ninninger, Uchu Sentai Kyuranger, Kaitou Sentai Lupinranger vs Keisatsu Sentai Patranger, Kishiryu Sentai Ryusoulger and most recently Mashin Sentai Kiramager. TVB airs the Super Sentai Series every Sunday from 9:30-10:00.

In past years, Hong Kong would be 2-3 seasons behind Japan until in 2018 following the broadcast of Shuriken Sentai Ninninger, TVB decided to skip over Dobusatu Sentai Zyuohger to air the most recently finished Sentai Uchu Sentai Kyuranger thus causing Hong Kong to be a year behind Japan. However, with Hong Kong being a year behind following Kyuranger's run in Hong Kong, TVB couldn't broadcast the next Sentai a week after Kyuranger's run like they traditionally do since it would still be airing in Japan and there would be a monthlong gap between the finale of Kyuranger in Hong Kong and the finale of the next season in Japan. To fit the monthlong gap, TVB would find cartoons to air, with the next season Lupinranger vs Patranger to air on TVB on week following its finale in Japan. TVB would continue doing this up until 2021 following their premiere of Mashin Sentai Kiramager.

TVB was scheduled to air 2021's Kikai Sentai Zenkaiger on March 13, 2022, a week following the conclusion of Mashin Sentai Kiramager's broadcast, however due to the COVID-19 Pandemic in Hong Kong, TVB was unable to get a sufficient amount of episodes dubbed that could be aired during the lockdown it was moved to an unknown date. On May 8, 2022, it was announced that TVB is set to broadcast Zenkaiger every Sunday from 9:30 am-10:00am starting on June 5.[citation needed]

Taiwan[edit]

Known as the 超級戰隊系列 or simply as 戰隊系列 in Mandarin was first broadcast in 1996 with Choudenshi Flashman followed by Hikari Sentai Maskman in 1997 on the Shouhua Cartoon Channel. In 1998, Ninja Sentai Kakuranger aired on the Star Chinese Channel. From 2003-2010, GTV would broadcast, Hyakujuu Sentai Gaoranger, Ninpuu Sentai Hurricanger, Bakuryuu Sentai Abaranger, Tokusou Sentai Dekaranger, Mahō Sentai Magiranger, GoGo Sentai Boukenger, Juken Sentai Gekiranger and Engine Sentai Go-Onger. The series will then move to YoYo TV where it is currently airing in 2011 starting with Samurai Sentai Shinkenger. Currently YOYO TV is currently at the tail end of its broadcast of Mashin Sentai Kiramager.

Muse Communications was in charge of distributing the movies from Chouriki Sentai Ohranger- Samurai Sentai Shinkenger and airing them on Cartoon Network. The Gokaiger and Goseiger crossover movie 199 Hero Battle, was distributed by EBC YOYO. Recently, CHT MOD has been in charge of distributing and dubbing the movies from Tokumei Sentai Go-Busters- Uchu Sentai Kyuranger along with the rest of the Gokaiger movies on Youtube.

Latin America[edit]

Choushinsei Flashman and Choujuu Sentai Liveman were broadcast in Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru in the early 1990s, and as reruns in the early 2000s. Flashman arrived with Spanish dubbing done in Brazil and Liveman in Venezuela.

Dengeki Sentai Changeman, Flashman, Maskman and Goggle V were broadcast in Brazil. The first season to air was Changeman in 1988, on the TV Manchete channel (now RedeTV), and caused a tremendous impact in its time, considered a cult classic.[original research?]

In the early 1990s, the Sentai broadcasts in Latin America were replaced by Power Rangers.[citation needed]

United States[edit]

Official Super Sentai logo for the North American DVDs by Shout! Factory

After Honolulu's KIKU-TV had success with Android Kikaider (marketed as Kikaida) and Kamen Rider V3 in the 1970s, multiple Super Sentai series, including Himitsu Sentai Gorenger and Battle Fever J, were brought to the Hawaiian market, broadcast in Japanese with English subtitles by JN Productions.[citation needed] In 1985, Marvel Comics produced a pilot for an American adaptation of Taiyo Sentai Sun Vulcan,[citation needed] but the show was rejected by the major US TV networks.[8] In 1986, Saban Productions produced a pilot for an American adaptation of Choudenshi Bioman titled Bio Man.[9][10] In 1987, some episodes of Kagaku Sentai Dynaman were dubbed and aired as a parody on the USA Network television show Night Flight.[citation needed] Starting in 1993, footage from Super Sentai was extensively used in the American-produced Power Rangers franchise.

On 25 July 2014, Shout! Factory announced that they would release Kyōryū Sentai Zyuranger on DVD in the United States.[11] Since then, Shout! has been the official distributor of Super Sentai DVDs in North America, and as of 2019 has released all subsequent series up to Ninpuu Sentai Hurricaneger, plus Chōjin Sentai Jetman. Beginning in 2016, Super Sentai episodes would be available on demand on ShoutFactoryTV.com.[citation needed] These episodes can only be viewed in North America.[citation needed]

Merchandise[edit]

As of March 2021, Bandai Namco has sold 30.89 million Super Sentai shape-changing model robots since 1979.[12]

Bandai Namco Super Sentai (Power Rangers) retail sales
Fiscal period Net sales Notes Ref
April 2002 to December 2005 ¥108.9 billion Bandai sales [13]
April 2006 to March 2007 ¥10.1 billion Toy sales [14]
April 2007 to March 2012 ¥102.4 billion [15][16][17]
April 2002 to March 2012 ¥221.4 billion ($2,775 million)
April 2012 to March 2013 ¥20.8 billion ($261 million) [17]
April 2013 to March 2014 ¥25.3 billion ($259 million) [18]
April 2014 to December 2020 ¥103.3 billion ($1,002 million) [19][20]
April 2002 to December 2020 ¥370.8 billion ($4.298 billion)
Super Sentai licensed merchandise in Japan
Year Retail sales Ref
2003 ¥24 billion [21]
2008 ¥37.28 billion [22]
2010 ¥24.58 billion [23]
2012 ¥40.96 billion [24]
2013 ¥37.99 billion [25]
2014 ¥39.21 billion [26]
2003 to 2014 ¥204.02 billion+ ($2.349 billion+)
Power Rangers licensed merchandise
Year(s) Retail sales Ref
1993 to 1999 $6 billion [27]
2005 $112 million [28]
2006 $131 million [28]
2012 $300 million [29]
2013 $333 million
2014 $326 million [30]
2015 $330 million [31]
2016 $361 million
2017 $548 million [32]
2018 $281 million [33]
1993 to 2018 $8.722 billion+

Parody and homage[edit]

The Super Sentai Series has been parodied and emulated in various ways throughout the world.[citation needed] The term "Sentai" is also occasionally used to describe shows with premises like the Super Sentai Series.[citation needed]

Dai-Nippon[edit]

Gainax produced a Japanese fan film called Patriotic Squadron Great Japan (愛國戰隊大日本, Aikoku Sentai Dai-Nippon) in 1982 as a homage to the Super Sentai franchise.[34]

Sport Ranger[edit]

The Thai TV series Sport Ranger, another homage to Super Sentai, aired in 2006.[35]

France Five[edit]

Jushi Sentai France Five (later known as Shin Kenjushi France Five) is a French online mini-series that was released in six installments from 2000 to 2013.[citation needed] The series was so popular in Japan that Akira Kushida recorded its second opening theme.[citation needed]

Sailor Moon[edit]

Naoko Takeuchi used the Super Sentai Series as inspiration for the creation of the Sailor Soldiers in Sailor Moon.[36][37]

Sparanger[edit]

As part of the Omoikkiri Ii!! TV television program, a series of features was produced on various spas and onsen around Japan titled Bihada Sentai Sparanger (美肌泉隊SPAレンジャー, Bihada Sentai Suparenjā, Handsome Muscle Spring Corps Sparanger). This featured tokusatsu and drama actors Takashi Hagino (Changéríon of Choukou Senshi Changéríon and Kamen Rider Ouja of Kamen Rider Ryuki) as Spa Red (SPAレッド, Supa Reddo), Kento Handa (Kamen Rider Faiz of Kamen Rider 555) as Spa Blue (SPAブルー, Supa Burū), Kengo Ohkuchi (Emperor Z of Ressha Sentai ToQger) as Spa Green (SPAグリーン, Supa Gurīn), Masashi Mikami (Bouken Blue in GoGo Sentai Boukenger) as Spa Yellow (SPAイエロー, Supa Ierō), and Kohei Murakami (Kamen Rider Kaixa in Kamen Rider 555) as Spa Murasaki (SPAムラサキ(紫), Supa Murasaki, "purple" or "violet" in Japanese, a running joke would involve people referring to him as Spa Purple).[38]

EA's Rock[edit]

In 2013, Gainax produced EA's Rock (エアーズロック, Eāzu Rokku), a 13-episode miniseries of live-action shorts which parodied the Super Sentai Series. The series' characters are all former members of a fighting group called Sensation Warriors Gokan Five (感覚戦士ゴカンファイブ, Kankaku Senshi Gokan Faibu, "gokan" is Japanese for the "five senses").[citation needed] EA's Rock is broadcast on the Tōmeihan Net 6 Japanese Association of Independent Television Stations as well as Nico Nico Douga.[39][40]

Akibaranger[edit]

Unofficial Sentai Akibaranger (非公認戦隊アキバレンジャー, Hikōnin Sentai Akibarenjā) is a Toei-produced parody series that premiered in April 2012 on BS Asahi and Tokyo MX. Akibaranger is made for adult fans who were fans of the Super Sentai Series as children. The story features three otaku who live in the Akihabara district of Tokyo who receive technology from a scientist to fight an evil threat that at first only exists in their delusions, but eventually starts materializing itself in the real world. Like Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger, Akibaranger features guest appearances by veteran Super Sentai actors (as themselves rather than their characters), and voice actors and musicians who have worked in anime and tokusatsu.[citation needed] A second season aired in April 2013.[citation needed]

Dragon Ball[edit]

Akira Toriyama was inspired to create the Ginyu Force for the Dragon Ball manga after seeing his children watch Super Sentai.[41]

Yu-Gi-Oh![edit]

The anime series Yu-Gi-Oh! VRAINS (2017) pays homage to the Super Sentai series, with the character Shima occasionally performing Sentai moves.[citation needed] The English dub adds a joke referring to a Sentai move as "the dab", referencing how the dab dance move in 2010s American popular culture has a striking resemblance to Sentai moves that have appeared in the Super Sentai series since the 1970s (and the localised Power Rangers series since the 1990s).[42]

One Piece[edit]

Germa 66's Vinsmoke commanders bear a resemblance to Super Sentai series, as they bear similar color-coded designs and epithets: Reiju is "Poison Pink", Ichiji "Sparking Red", Niji "Electric Blue", Yonji "Winch Green", and Sanji "Stealth Black". These colors are also prominently incorporated into their clothing and hair color (except for Sanji).[citation needed]

The Red/Blue/Pink/Green team alignment matches that of J.A.K.Q. Dengekitai, the first and only Sentai squad which started with four members.[citation needed]

The clone soldiers used by the Germa likewise resemble the various foot soldiers used by the villains in Sentai series.[citation needed]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]