Superagüi National Park
Created in 1998, the park has a total area of 34,000 ha, it abranges the Supearagui Island, Peças Island, Pinheiro and Pinheirinho Islands, along with the Rio dos Patos valley and the Varadouro Channel, that separates the island from the main land.
The Superagui National Park was declared Biosphere Reservation by UNESCO in 1991. In 1999, the park was declared World Heritage Site also by UNESCO. The park has bays, desert beaches, sandbanks, estuaries, mangroves and abundant Atlantic Forest formations. All these habitats have several species of plants and animals characteristic of the region and several species of migratory animals such as albatrosses and other seabirds.
Evidence indicates that the area was occupied by very old fishermen, then inhabited by carijós and tupiniquins Indians. After the discovery of Brazil in 1500, the Portuguese settled in the area, however, did not build cities.
In 1852, the Swiss consul in Rio de Janeiro, Perret Gentil, founded Supeargui Island, one of the first European colonies in the state of Paraná, however, the colony has not grown, and today the few villages that are within the park have only a few inhabitants, fishermen heirs of the 15 families brought by the consul to live in Superagui Island.
- Duke University ParksWatch: Superagüi National Park - Description, retrieved 29 June 2011
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