Superboy (comic book)
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Superboy is the name of several American comic book series published by DC Comics, featuring characters of the same name. The first three Superboy titles feature the original Superboy, the underaged version of the legendary hero Superman. Later series feature the second Superboy, who is a partial clone of Superman.
Volume 1 (1949-1977)
The first series featured the original Superboy, a teenage incarnation of the Man of Steel. It began publication in 1949, four years after the character's debut in More Fun Comics #101 (January 1945). The majority of the stories were set in the rural town of Smallville during the character's youth, including tales of his toddlerhood. Comics historian Les Daniels noted that "Many early Superboy stories seemed devoted to extolling the virtues of life in America's small towns, and covers made Smallville look like a dreamworld where few problems existed...Indeed, the early Superboy might fairly be called the Saturday Evening Post of comic books." The supporting cast included Superboy's adoptive parents Jonathan and Martha Kent, his over-inquisitive classmate and neighbor Lana Lang, best friend Pete Ross who was secretly aware of Superboy's true identity as Clark Kent, Smallville Police Chief Parker, and the super-powered canine Krypto. With the exception of a teenage Lex Luthor, who was a frequent foe of the Boy of Steel, almost none of the featured villains appeared more than once. Fuzzy, the Krypto Mouse, a character who appeared in a single story in Superboy #65 (June 1958), inspired a similar character created by writer Art Baltazar in 2012. Bizarro debuted in Superboy #68 (Oct. 1958). For much of this period, DC also published Superboy tales in Adventure Comics, which began featuring the Boy of Steel regularly in issue #103 (April 1946). In 1962, Superboy was the second best selling comic book in the United States, surpassed only by Superman in sales.
The Legion of Super-Heroes starred in their own backup feature starting with #172 (March 1971). Nick Cardy was the cover artist for Superboy for issues #182–198 and 200–206. Dave Cockrum began drawing the Legion feature with issue #184 (April 1972), again increasing the team's popularity. Wildfire made his first appearance as ERG-1 in the Legion back-up feature in issue #195. With issue #197 (September 1973), the Legion became permanent co-stars, and the cover logo became "Superboy starring the Legion of Super-Heroes" while the title of the book itself remained Superboy. Crafted by Cary Bates and Cockrum, the feature proved popular and saw such events as the wedding of Bouncing Boy and Duo Damsel in issue #200 (Feb 1974). Issues #202 (June 1974) and #205 (Dec. 1974) of the series were in the 100 Page Super Spectacular format. Cockrum was replaced on art by Mike Grell as of issue #203 (August 1974) which featured the death of Invisible Kid. With issue #222 (Dec. 1976), the cover logo became "Superboy and the Legion of Super-Heroes" and the book's title itself followed with issue #231 (Sept. 1977). The character Dawnstar was introduced in issue #226 (April 1977). A backup story in issue #236 served as a lead-in to All-New Collectors' Edition #C-55 which featured the wedding of longtime Legion members Saturn Girl and Lightning Lad. Writer Paul Levitz and artists James Sherman and Joe Staton crafted "Earthwar" a five-issue storyline in Superboy and the Legion of Super-Heroes #241–245 (July–Nov. 1978). A story originally scheduled to appear in DC Special Series was split apart and published in Superboy and the Legion of Super-Heroes #250-251 due to the DC Implosion. Starting with issue #259 (Jan. 1980), the title was changed to Legion of Super-Heroes (volume 2), and the Boy of Steel left the team and the book. Though Superboy later rejoined, he made only occasional appearances in the series that once bore his name, and the series remained a Legion book until its last issue, Tales of the Legion of Super-Heroes #354 (Dec. 1987).
The New Adventures of Superboy (1980-1984)
The second series was actually titled The New Adventures of Superboy. It was launched to provide readers with monthly Smallville-based Superboy tales, which had largely disappeared after the Legion became co-stars of the original Superboy title, before re-emerging for brief stints in Adventure Comics and Superman Family between 1977-1979. The series continued monthly publication for a total of 54 issues, with virtually all issues being pencilled by longtime Lois Lane artist Kurt Schaffenberger. Issue #50 (Feb. 1984) featured a Legion of Super-Heroes guest appearance with Keith Giffen splitting the story's art duties with Schaffenberger.
Briefly, the series also included "Dial H for Hero" back-up feature which told the story of Christopher King and Victoria Grant, two teenagers who could change into a variety of super heroes based on reader submissions. The feature was originally presented in Adventure Comics, but moved to Superboy shortly after Adventure Comics ended its run as a monthly comic.
Volume 2 (1989-1991)
The third series (Volume 2) is different from other Superman or Superboy titles in that it is set in the continuity of the Superboy television series, as opposed to the regular DC Universe (as the original Superboy was erased from mainstream DC continuity after the 1985 limited series Crisis on Infinite Earths, with Superman beginning his superhero career as an adult). Its intent was to explore some of the unseen tales and events that the TV series could not. The series originally carried the cover title Superboy: The Comic Book with issue #1 having a photo cover with the show's stars Gerard Christopher and Stacy Haiduk (dated Feb. 1990), although the title in the indicia was simply Superboy. After issue #11, the series changed its cover title to The Adventures of Superboy, a change reflected in the indicia beginning with #18. The series was published monthly until it went bi-monthly for its final three issues, remained in publication for 22 issues to the end of 1991 (cover dated Feb. 1992), and a concluding one-issue special in 1992.
Volume 3 (1994-2002)
A new Superboy was introduced in The Adventures of Superman #500 (June 1993), the prelude to the third arc "Reign of the Supermen" in the storyline "The Death of Superman". Originally established as a human clone genetically altered to imitate Superman's powers, created by Project Cadmus, the new Superboy became the focus of The Adventures of Superman, written by Karl Kesel and pencilled by Tom Grummett. The character was then given his own title wherein he became the resident superhero of Hawaii; Kesel and Grummett carried over as the series' first creative team, and also retained Superboy's supporting cast including love interest Tana Moon, unscrupulous agent Rex Leech and his daughter Roxy, and fellow Cadmus creation Dubbilex. Knockout first appeared in issue #1 (cover dated Feb. 1994) and became a recurring antagonist for Superboy. During this time, Superboy also became an honorary member of the Legion of Super-Heroes during one of the team's journeys to the present day. Kesel and Grummett departed the series after issue #30.
Subsequently, the series was mainly written by Ron Marz and Barbara Kesel; pencillers included Ramon Bernado, Sal Buscema and Georges Jeanty. During this period, Superboy also appeared in the companion title Superboy and the Ravers, which ran for 19 issues.
Kesel and Grummett returned to the series with issue #50. The creative team's second run saw major status quo shifts, including Superboy moving away from Hawaii and becoming employed by Project Cadmus, and the introduction of new regular supporting characters including Dr Serling Roquette, Mickey Cannon, and Guardian. Superboy was also finally given a real name, Kon-El. Kesel and Grummett's second run concluded with issue #79.
A new regular creative team of writer Joe Kelly and penciller Pascal Ferry began on the series with issue #83; Eddie Berganza began as co-writer with issue #87. The creative team changed again in issue #94, with the new writing team of Jimmy Palmiotti & Dan DiDio and penciller John McCrea; this run saw Kon-El move to an apartment building in the Suicide Slum section of Metropolis, with an entirely new supporting cast and set of street-level villains. The series was cancelled at issue #100 (with Kesel and Grummett returning for the prologue section of the finale; cover dated July 2002), having run for 102 issues altogether including #0 and #1,000,000.
Volume 4 (2010-2011)
A new Superboy series starring Kon-El debuted with a January 2011 cover date, written by Jeff Lemire and drawn by Pier Gallo. In the intervening time between series, Kon-El had been retconned to be the hybrid clone of Superman and Lex Luthor; Clark Kent's history as the original Superboy had also been restored to the main DC continuity. In this series, Kon-El, living under the secret identity of Conner Kent, lives with Martha Kent and Krypto in Smallville, the town he protects as the second Superboy. Superboy vol. 4 ended as a result of DC Comics relaunching their entire line of comics in September 2011.
Volume 5 (2011-2014)
As part of The New 52 relaunch in September 2011, the Superboy series began with a new first issue. This new series was written by Scott Lobdell and drawn by R. B. Silva and Rob Lean. It began with a new origin story for Kon-El where he was created by the secret organisation N.O.W.H.E.R.E. as a "living weapon", in a manner similar to the origin of Superboy from the then-ongoing Young Justice cartoon. Tom DeFalco began scripting the series over Lobdell's plots with issue #6 (April 2012) and became the full writer with issue #12 (October 2012). Kon-El's genetic donor in the new continuity was originally left ambiguous and hinted to be the same as before the reboot, but was eventually revealed to be Jon Lane Kent, the villainous future son of Superman and Lois Lane.
Justin Jordan became the new series writer with issue #20. Kon-El was seemingly killed in the crossover story "Krypton Returns"; beginning with issue #26 under new writer Marv Wolfman, Jon Lane Kent became the new series protagonist. Aaron Kuder took over as writer with issue #30. The series was cancelled with issue #34 (October 2014), with Kon-El returning in the finale.
- Legion of Super-Heroes Archives
- Volume 1 includes Superboy #86, #89, and #98, 255 pages, 1991, ISBN 978-1-56389-020-8
- Volume 3 includes Superboy #117, 224 pages, 1993, ISBN 978-1-56389-102-1
- Volume 4 includes Superboy #124-125, 224 pages, 1994, ISBN 978-1-56389-123-6
- Volume 8 includes Superboy #147, 240 pages, February 1999, ISBN 978-1-56389-430-5
- Volume 10 collects Superboy #172-173, #183-184, #188, #190-191, #193, #195, #197-202, 232 pages, October 2000, ISBN 978-1-56389-628-6
- Volume 11 collects Superboy #203-212, 224 pages, August 2001, ISBN 978-1-56389-730-6
- Volume 12 collects Superboy #212-223, 240 pages, May 2003, ISBN 978-1-56389-961-4
- Volume 13 collects Superboy #224-233, 240 pages, May 2012, ISBN 978-1-4012-3439-3
- Showcase Presents: The Legion of Super-Heroes
- Superboy: The Greatest Team-Ups Ever Told includes Superboy #55, 63, 80, 121, 171, 182 and The New Adventures of Superboy #13, 168 pages, January 2010, ISBN 1-4012-2652-3
- The New 52
- Superboy Volume 1: Incubation collects Superboy vol. 5 #1-7, 160 pages, August 2012, ISBN 1-4012-3485-2
- The Culling: Rise of the Ravagers collects Superboy vol. 5 #8-9; Legion Lost vol. 2 #8-9; Teen Titans vol. 4 #8-9, and Teen Titans Annual #1, 176 pages, January 2013, ISBN 1-4012-3799-1
- Superboy Volume 2: Extraction collects Superboy vol. 5 #0, #8-12; Teen Titans vol. 4 #10, 160 pages, Mayz 2013, ISBN 978-1-4012-4049-3
- Superboy Volume 3: Lost collects Superboy vol. 5 #13-19; Superboy Annual vol. 5 #1, 200 pages, December 2013
- Superboy Volume 4: Blood and Steel collects Superboy vol. 5 #20-27, 160 pages, July 2014
- Superboy Volume 5: Paradox collects Superboy vol. 5 #0, #28-34; Superboy: Future's End #1 232 pages, January 2015
- Adventure Comics
- Superboy and the Ravers
- Smallville#Comic books - tie-in to the Smallville television series
- Superboy at the Grand Comics Database
- Wallace, Daniel (2010). "1940s". In Dolan, Hannah (ed.). DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 60. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9.
Superboy #1 - Superboy had been making appearances as a lead feature in Adventure Comics since early 1946, but he finally debuted in his own series with this issue.
- Wallace "1940s" in Dolan, p. 64: "Superboy #8 introduced a toddler version of the Man of Steel. In a story written by Bill Finger and drawn by Curt Swan..."
- Daniels, Les (1995). "The Saga of Superboy Remembrance of Things Past". DC Comics : Sixty Years of the World's Favorite Comic Book Heroes. New York, New York: Bulfinch Press. p. 89. ISBN 0-8212-2076-4.
- Irvine, Alex "1950s" in Dolan, p. 65: "Superboy met the girl next door in Superboy #10, when the spunky redhead Lana Lang made her first appearance. In a story written by Bill Finger, with art by John Sikela, Lana quickly became infatuated with her Smallville neighbor, Clark Kent."
- Coleman, Jerry (w), Sikela, John (p), Sikela, John (i). "The Amazing Adventures of Krypto Mouse" Superboy 65 (June 1958)
- Nagorski, Alex (May 24, 2012). "Superman Family Adventures: Character Descriptions". DC Comics. Archived from the original on May 29, 2012. Retrieved August 25, 2012.
- Irvine "1950s" in Dolan, p. 91: "A book-length story by writer Otto Binder and artist George Papp took up the entirety of Superboy #68. Bizarro was a copy of the Boy of Steel, created by a malfunctioning prototype duplicator ray."
- Miller, John Jackson (n.d.). "1962 Comic Book Sales Figures". Comichron: The Comics Chronicles. Archived from the original on October 8, 2014.
- Coates, John (1999). "Art Index". The Art of Nick Cardy. Coates Publishing. p. 166. ISBN 1-887591-22-2.
- McAvennie, Michael "1970s" in Dolan, p. 151: "After more than a year as Murphy Anderson's background inker, Dave Cockrum landed his big DC break as the Legion of Super-Heroes artist ... Cockrum's debut story, which was written by Cary Bates, quickly established an exciting new vibe for the super-team."
- Bates, Cary (w), Cockrum, Dave (p), Anderson, Murphy (i). "The One-Shot Hero!" Superboy 195 (June 1973)
- McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 159: "Bouncing Boy and Duo Damsel became the first Legionnaires to tie the knot. The wedding planners were writer Cary Bates and artist Dave Cockrum."
- Eury, Michael (July 2015). "A Look at DC's Super Specs". Back Issue!. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (81): 27.
- McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 160 "With the unenviable task of replacing the departing Dave Cockrum, one of the most popular artists ever to draw the Legion of Super-Heroes, Mike Grell's first issue on Superboy starring the Legion of Super-Heroes killed off one of the team's most beloved members."
- McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 172: "[The Legion] recruited the young Dawnstar from the Legion Academy in a story by scribe Paul Levitz and artist James Sherman."
- Levitz, Paul (w), Sherman, James (p), Rubinstein, Josef (i). "Words Never Spoken!" Superboy & the Legion of Super-Heroes 236 (February 1978)
- McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 178: "[Paul Levitz] demonstrated his great affinity for the Legion...when he and artist James Sherman waged "Earthwar".
- Wells, John (October 24, 1997), "'Lost' DC: The DC Implosion", Comics Buyer's Guide, Iola, Wisconsin, no. 1249, p. 132,
DC Special Series planned...Superboy/Legion giant [was] split into a two-parter published in...Superboy and The Legion of Super-Heroes #250-251 (Apr. and May 79).
- The New Adventures of Superboy at the Grand Comics Database
- Manning, Matthew K. "1980s" in Dolan, p. 186 "After recently departing the pages of Superboy and the Legion of Super-Heroes, Superboy was free to pursue his own adventures...in this premiere issue written by Cary Bates and illustrated by Kurt Schaffenberger."
- Eury, Michael (2006). The Krypton Companion. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 67. ISBN 1-893905-61-6.
- Johnson, Dan (October 2013). "Making the Teen (of Steel) Scene: The New Adventures of Superboy". Back Issue!. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (68): 22–23.
- Superboy Spectacular at the Grand Comics Database
- Levitz, Paul (2010). 75 Years of DC Comics The Art of Modern Mythmaking. Cologne, Germany: Taschen. p. 454. ISBN 978-3-8365-1981-6.
In a further effort to find new distribution, a Superboy Spectacular was produced for Random House's in-school book club program and offered to comic shops but not newsstands.
- Superboy vol. 2' at the Grand Comics Database
- The Adventures of Superboy at the Grand Comics Database
- Manning "1990s" in Dolan, p. 259: "The issue also featured four teaser comics that introduced a group of contenders all vying for the Superman name...A cloned Superboy escaped captivity in a yarn by writer Karl Kesel and artist Tom Grummett."
- The Adventures of Superman #506
- Manning "1990s" in Dolan, p. 265: "Superboy set up camp in picturesque Hawaii in his new ongoing title written by Karl Kesel and with art by Tom Grummett."
- Legionnaires #31
- Superboy #59
- Superboy vol. 3' at the Grand Comics Database
- Rogers, Vaneta (May 14, 2010). "Jeff Lemire on Superboy Ongoing: "The Best of Two Worlds"". Newsarama. Archived from the original on July 18, 2012. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
- Teen Titans Vol. 3 #1
- Melrose, Kevin (May 31, 2011). "DC Announces Post-Flashpoint Details, Relaunches All Titles". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on January 4, 2012. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
- Campbell, Josie (July 5, 2011). "Lobdell Gets Angsty with Teen Titans & Superboy". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on January 2, 2012. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
- Rogers, Vaneta (July 24, 2012). "Superboy's New Writer Says We Don't Know if He's 'Good'". Newsarama. Archived from the original on November 19, 2012. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
I've scripted a number of issues. I was originally brought in because Scott Lobdell was juggling so many different assignments that he needed a little assistance in order to catch up.
- Superboy #19
- Ching, Albert (May 19, 2014). "Six DC Titles to End in August, Including Birds of Prey and Superboy". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on October 4, 2014.
- "Legion of Super-Heroes Archives Volume 1". DC Comics. Archived from the original on April 27, 2014. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
- "Legion of Super-Heroes Archives Volume 3". DC Comics. Archived from the original on April 27, 2014. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
- "Legion of Super-Heroes Archives Volume 4". DC Comics. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
- "Legion of Super-Heroes Archives Volume 8". DC Comics. Archived from the original on November 2, 2015. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
- "Legion of Super-Heroes Archives Volume 10". DC Comics. Archived from the original on August 27, 2014. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
- "Legion of Super-Heroes Archives Volume 11". DC Comics. Archived from the original on April 27, 2014. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
- "Legion of Super-Heroes Archives Volume 12". DC Comics. Archived from the original on April 27, 2014. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
- "Legion of Super-Heroes Archives Volume 13". DC Comics. Archived from the original on April 27, 2014. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
- "Showcase Presents: Legion of Super-Heroes Volume 1". DC Comics. Archived from the original on November 16, 2014. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
- "Showcase Presents: Legion of Super-Heroes Volume 2". DC Comics. Archived from the original on April 27, 2014. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
- "Showcase Presents: Legion of Super-Heroes Volume 4". DC Comics. Archived from the original on September 11, 2015. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
- "Superboy: The Greatest Team-Ups Ever Told". DC Comics. Archived from the original on October 11, 2012. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
- Superboy at the Comic Book DB (archived from the original)
- The New Adventures of Superboy at the Comic Book DB (archived from the original)
- Superboy vol. 2 at the Comic Book DB (archived from the original)
- Superboy vol. 3 at the Comic Book DB (archived from the original)
- Superboy, The New Adventures of Superboy, Superboy vol. 2, and Superboy vol. 3 at Mike's Amazing World of Comics
- Superboy at the DC Database Project