Superclub

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Lights pulse at a Godskitchen dance event
Space Ibiza
Laser lights illuminate the dance floor at a Gatecrasher dance music event in Sheffield, England

A superclub is a very large or superior nightclub, often with several rooms with different themes.[1][2] The term was first coined in Mixmag, the British electronic dance and clubbing magazine, in 1995.[3]

Superclubs may include nightclubs that have high capacity, or are multi-story, high profile, and operate city and region wide or are well known by people.[4] Some superclubs are owned and managed by a dance music record label or a club that was or is culturally important. The term may also be used to define its position within the club scene hierarchy.[5][6]

Annabel's, which opened in London in 1963, is an early example of a club that could retrospectively be called a superclub. In the early 1980s, The Saint opened in New York with a circular dance floor under a planetarium dome. The Fridge opened in London in 1981, featuring video screens and a chill out lounge.

Privilege Ibiza is the "world's largest nightclub" according to the Guinness Book of Records, with a capacity of 10,000 people.

History[edit]

Notes:The list of clubs below indicate the dates they were first established.

1960s[edit]

The earliest examples of where the term "superclub" could be retrospectively applied were Annabel's (London, opened in 1963) or Pacha (Sitges, opened in 1967).

1970s[edit]

Early examples of where the term "superclub" could be retrospectively applied in this period include Pacha, Ibiza in (1973) or Amnesia, Ibiza, (1976), Studio 54, New York City, (1977),[7] Paradise Garage, New York, (1977), Ku Club Ibiza, (1978), Xenon, New York, (1978), Roxy NYC, New York, (1978), Heaven London, (1979), Danceteria, New York, (1979)

1980s[edit]

Examples of "superclubs" from this period included The Saint in New York in (1980), The Fridge, London, (1981),[8] The Haçienda in Manchester opened in (1982), The Limelight, New York, (1983), Hippodrome, London, (1983),[9] Space, Ibiza, (1986),[10] Tunnel, New York, (1986), Palladium, New York, (1985), Quadrant Park, Liverpool, (1988), Excalibur Nightclub, Chicago, (1989),[11] The Sound Factory, New York, (1989).

1990s[edit]

Examples of "superclubs" from this period include Trade and Turnmills, London, (1990),[12] Ministry Of Sound in London (1991), Juliana's Tokyo, (1991), Zouk, Singapore, (1991),[13] Avalon, Boston (1992), Bunker, Berlin, (1992), G-A-Y, London, (1993),[14] Cream at Nation, Liverpool, (1993),[15] Miss Moneypenny's, Birmingham, (1993),[16] Twilo, New York, (1995), The End, London, (1995), Nation, Washington D.C., (1995), The Emporium. Coalville, (1995), Privilege, Ibiza, (1995), Gatecrasher One, (1996),[17] The Church, Denver (1996), Godskitchen, (1996), King King, Los Angeles, (1998),[18] Fabric,[19] London (1999), DC10, Ibiza, (1999), Home, London, (1999) [20]

2000s[edit]

Examples of "superclubs" from this period include Womb, Tokyo, (2000), Bungalow 8, New York City, (2001),[21] Vision Club, Chicago, (2002),[22] Vanguard LA, Hollywood, (2002),[23] SeOne, London, (2002), Berghain, Berlin, (2003), Cielo, New York, (2003),[24] Opium Garden Miami, (2003), AIR, Birmingham, (2003), Crobar, Chelsea, New York, (2003),[25] Pure, Las Vegas (2004), Sound Bar, Chicago, (2004),[26][27] Myth, Minneapolis, (2005),[28] TAO Las Vegas, (2005),[29] 1015 Folsom Nightclub, San Francisco, (2005),[30] Belo (San Diego), (2006),[31] XS Nightclub, Las Vegas, (2008).

2010s[edit]

Examples of "superclubs" from this period include: Echostage, Washington D.C., (2012), White Dubai @ Meydan, (2013),[32] Laroc, Sao Paulo, (2015),[33]

Culturally important clubs[edit]

These clubs listed here do not necessarily meet the criteria for the spacial definition of a "superclubs" but are included for their significant cultural importance: Peppermint Lounge, (1958) [34] and (1980), UFO Club, London (1960's), The Loft, New York City, (1970),[35] The Warehouse, Chicago, (1977),[36] Mudd Club, New York, (1978), Billy's London (1978),[37] Blitz Club, London, (1979),[38] Pyramid Club, New York, (1979), Club 57, New York, (1979), Camden Palace, London, (1982), The Batcave, London (1982),[39] Taboo, London, (1985),[40] The World, New York, (1986), Kinky Gerlinky, London, (1989),[41][42] Vague Club. Leeds, (1993) [43] B 018, Beirut, (1994).[44][45]

Superclub the album[edit]

Cream, Gatecrasher and Pacha teamed up in 2010 to produce the album Superclub. Released on 22 November in the UK, the 3 CD collection has one disc for each of the clubs and was the first release from Rhino UK's dance imprint One More Tune.[46] A second album, called Superclub Ibiza, was released in July 2011 by EMI.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Haslam, Dave (Aug 13, 2015). Life After Dark: A History of British Nightclubs & Music Venues. Simon and Schuster. p. Chapter 13. ISBN 9780857207005. 
  2. ^ "Superclub definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary". www.collinsdictionary.com. Collins, 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  3. ^ Robinson, Roxy (Apr 29, 2016). Music Festivals and the Politics of Participation. Routledge. p. 37. ISBN 9781317091998. 
  4. ^ Cohen, edited by Philip; Rustin, Michael J. (2008). London's turning : Thames Gateway-prospects and legacy. Aldershot, Hampshire, England: Ashgate. p. 2002. ISBN 9780754670636. 
  5. ^ O'Reilly, Daragh; Kerrigan, Finola (Apr 27, 2010). Marketing the Arts: A Fresh Approach. Routledge. p. Chapter 7. ISBN 9781136995019. 
  6. ^ Vine, Richard (14 June 2011). "Bianca Jagger celebrates her birthday at Studio 54". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  7. ^ Vine, Richard (14 June 2011). "Bianca Jagger celebrates her birthday at Studio 54". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  8. ^ Coldwell, Will (13 August 2015). "What happened to the great London nightclubs?". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  9. ^ "Interview With Simon Thomas, CEO Hippodrome Casino - The City Lane". The City Lane. Cityline, 7 October 2015. 7 October 2015. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  10. ^ "Space, Ibiza - Info, DJ listings and tickets, Ibiza Spotlight". Ibiza Spotlight. Ibiza Spotlight, 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  11. ^ Marketing, Tim at A.-List (6 January 2015). "The 25 Year Story of Chicago's Largest Nightclub". Tim Borden. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  12. ^ Coldwell, Will (13 August 2015). "What happened to the great London nightclubs?". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  13. ^ "Zouk Singapore – inside the refurbished Velvet Underground Lounge & Dance rooms of the iconic superclub, Asia Bars & Restaurants". www.asia-bars.com. Asia Bars and Restaurants Magazine, 31 May 2012. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  14. ^ Coldwell, Will (13 August 2015). "What happened to the great London nightclubs?". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  15. ^ Vine, Richard (14 June 2011). "Cream brings superclubbing to Liverpool". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  16. ^ Thomas, Juan Carlo. "smh.com.au - The Sydney Morning Herald-". www.smh.com.au. Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  17. ^ Fearn, Rob (19 September 1999). "Real Lives: Who do you think you are?". The Independent. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  18. ^ Ohanesian, Liz (25 November 2015). "Hollywood Club King King to Close Its Doors in January". L.A. Weekly. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  19. ^ Morris, James. "Fabric: Farringdon superclub ordered to close by Islington Council". Islington Gazette, 7 September 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  20. ^ Lashmar, Paul; Mullians, Andrew (7 September 1999). "An out-of-towner and his seven-floor superclub gatecrash London's". The Independent. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  21. ^ Niemitz, Brian (2006). Night+Day New York. ASDavis Media Group. pp. 68–70. ISBN 9780976601319. 
  22. ^ Marketing, Tim at A.-List (6 January 2015). "The 25 Year Story of Chicago's Largest Nightclub". Tim Borden. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  23. ^ LLC, LANightlife. "Vanguard LA - Hollywood". lanightlife.com. La Nightlife Magazine, 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  24. ^ Niemitz, Brian (2006). Night+Day New York. ASDavis Media Group. pp. 68–70. ISBN 9780976601319. 
  25. ^ Niemitz, Brian (2006). Night+Day New York. ASDavis Media Group. pp. 68–70. ISBN 9780976601319. 
  26. ^ "Sound-Bar". Time Out Chicago. Time Out Chicago, 2004. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  27. ^ Phainth, J. R. "Sound-Bar". sound-bar.com. Sound Bar, 2017. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  28. ^ Riemans-Schneider, Chris. "Maplewood's Myth nightclub rises again". Star Tribune, May 30, 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  29. ^ "TAO NightClub Venetian Las Vegas, Vegas Nightclubs". 5 May 2014. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  30. ^ "1015 Folsom Nightclub". East Bay Express, 2017. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  31. ^ Wright, Alex. "Nightclub Review – BELO SD Entertainer Magazine". www.sdentertainer.com. San Diego Entertainer Magazine, May 20, 2009. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  32. ^ "EXCLUSIVE: 'White Dubai' to open in December at Meydan - What's On". What's On Dubai. 20 November 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  33. ^ "Brazils Newest Superclub Laroc Announces James Zabiela, Robin Schulz and More for 2017". pulseradio.net. Pulse Radio Group, 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  34. ^ Whiteside, Jonny (15 November 2012). "Peppermint Lounge". L.A. Weekly. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  35. ^ Gerstner, David A. (Sep 10, 2012). Routledge International Encyclopedia of Queer Culture. Routledge. pp. 153–154. ISBN 9781136761812. 
  36. ^ Gerstner, David A. (Sep 10, 2012). Routledge International Encyclopedia of Queer Culture. Routledge. pp. 153–154. ISBN 9781136761812. 
  37. ^ Thomas, Dana (25 February 2015). "Galliano and McQueen: clubland couture". Evening Standard. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  38. ^ Elms, Robert (10 November 2012). "The Blitz kids: How the New Romantics made London swing again". The Independent. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  39. ^ Bibby, Michael; Goodlad, Lauren M. E. (Mar 21, 2007). Goth: Undead Subculture. Duke University Press. p. 157. ISBN 0822389703. 
  40. ^ "A Journey Through London Subculture Guide 2013" (PDF). ica.art. Institute of Cultural Arts, London, 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  41. ^ Siddal, Liz (23 June 2015). "Peek into London's infamous 80s club night". Dazed. dazeddigital, webzine, 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  42. ^ Healy, Murray. "WATCH: Kinky Gerlinky: By Dick Jewell | LOVE". LOVE. The Love Magazine, 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  43. ^ Richardson, Diane; Seidman, Steven (Nov 18, 2002). Handbook of Lesbian and Gay Studies. SAGE. p. 36. ISBN 9780761965114. 
  44. ^ Hume, Tim (August 10, 2012). "Beirut: The Middle East's party capital - CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  45. ^ ""Bernard Khoury. In order of appearance" a comprehensive exhibition of the works by the Lebanese master - BMIAA". BMIAA. BigMat International Architecture Agenda, November 28, 2016. 28 November 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  46. ^ Superclub album announced on Cream's website[permanent dead link]

Sources[edit]

  • Gerstner, David A., (2012), Routledge International Encyclopedia of Queer Culture. Routledge, ISBN 9781136761812
  • Hsalam, Dave, (2015), Life After Dark: A History of British Nightclubs & Music Venues, Simon and Schuster, ISBN 9780857207005.
  • Robinson, Roxy, (2016), Music Festivals and the Politics of Participation, Routledge. ISBN 9781317091998.

External links[edit]