Supercomputing in India

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Picture of PARAM Yuva.
PARAM Yuva

India's supercomputer program was started in late 1980s because Cray supercomputers were denied for import due to an arms embargo imposed on India, as it was a dual use technology and could be used for developing nuclear weapons.[1][2]

Flo solver8000 is considered India's first supercomputer. It was indigenously built in 1991 by Centre for Development of Advanced Computing and was replicated and installed at ICAD Moscow in 1991 under Russian collaboration.[3][4]

Indian Supercomputers in Top500[edit]

As of June 2017, India has 4 systems on the Top500 list ranking.[5]

Rank Site Name Rmax
(TFlop/s)
Rpeak
(TFlop/s)
165 Indian Institute of Science SahasraT (SERC - Cray XC40) 901.5 1244.2
261 Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology Aaditya (iDataPlex DX360M4) 719.2 790.7
356 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research TIFR - Cray XC30 558.8 730.7
392 Indian Institute of Technology Delhi HP Apollo 6000 Xl230/250 524.4 1,170.1

India's Rank in Top500[edit]

As of November 2016, India was ranked 14th on the Top500 list ranking based on Rmax.[6]

Country Total Rmax
(Gflops)
Total Rpeak
(Gflops)
Number of systems
in Top 500
United States 228,032,809 327,303,955 171
China 223,571,136 394,013,392 171
Japan 54,486,820 77,371,577 27
Germany 36,501,435 45,628,388 31
United Kingdom 27,602,596 31,682,369 13
France 25,398,803 31,727,765 20
Italy 14,062,113 21,140,514 6
Switzerland 12,273,082 18,811,648 4
Saudi Arabia 9,577,664 12,798,147 5
Poland 6,162,214 8,157,370 7
Korea, South 5,679,725 7,597,851 4
Russia 4,411,812 6,515,928 5
Sweden 3,378,143 4,291,609 4
India 3,092,368 4,456,051 5
Australia 2,791,709 3,437,363 3
Netherlands 2,117,521 2,900,275 3
Finland 1,762,018 2,437,632 2
Austria 1,537,298 2,096,230 3
Czech Republic 1,457,730 2,011,641 1
New Zealand 1,372,751 2,208,000 3

Supercomputers[edit]

Aaditya[edit]

Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune, has a machine with a theoretical peak of 790.7 teraflop/s, called Aaditya which is used for climate research and operational forecasting. It ranked 96th among the world's top 500 supercomputers June 2013 list.[7]

PARAM Yuva II[edit]

Unveiled on 8 February 2013, this supercomputer was made by Centre for Development of Advanced Computing in a period of three months, at a cost of 160 million (US$2 million). It performs at a peak of 524 TFLOPS, about 10 times faster than the present facility, and will consume 35% less energy as compared to the existing facility. According to CDAC, the supercomputer can deliver sustained performance of 360.8 TFLOPS on the community standard Linpack benchmark, and would have been ranked 62 in the November 2012 ranking list of Top500. In terms of power efficiency, it would have been ranked 33rd in the November 2012 List of Top Green 500 supercomputers of the world.[8][9] It is the first Indian supercomputer achieving more than 500 teraflops.[10][11]

Param Yuva II will be used for research in space, bioinformatics, weather forecasting, seismic data analysis, aeronautical engineering, scientific data processing and pharmaceutical development. Educational institutes like the Indian Institutes of Technology and National Institutes of Technology can be linked to the computer through the national knowledge network. This computer is a stepping stone towards building the future petaflop-range supercomputers in India.[10][11][12]


Future supercomputers[edit]

The Indian Government has proposed to commit 2.5 billion USD to supercomputing research during the 12th five-year plan period (2012-2017). The project will be handled by Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore.[13][14] Additionally, it was later revealed that India plans to develop a supercomputer with processing power in the exaflop range.[15] It will be developed by C-DAC within the subsequent 5 years of approval.[16]

In March 2015, the Indian government has approved a seven-year supercomputing program worth $730 million (Rs. 4,500-crore). The National Supercomputing grid will consist of 73 geographically-distributed high-performance computing centers linked over a high-speed network. The mission involves both capacity and capability machines and includes standing up three petascale supercomputers.[17][18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "India orders review of US supercomputer deal". Indian Express. Press Trust of India. 25 March 2000. India started supercomputer development in the early eighties after it was denied the technology by the US. 
  2. ^ Beary, Habib (1 April 2003). "India unveils huge supercomputer". BBC News. India began developing supercomputers in the late 1980s after being refused one by the US. 
  3. ^ "C-DAC furthering ties with ICAD, Moscow: From PARAM 8000 to PARAM 10000". Center for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC). Retrieved 15 September 2011. 
  4. ^ "Supercomputer being developed at Pune, Bangalore will be ready in 6 months". Center for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC). Retrieved 15 September 2011. ...giving India her first indigenous supercomputer in 1991 (PARAM 8000) 
  5. ^ "Top500 List - Nov 2016". Retrieved 12 June 2017. 
  6. ^ "Top500 List". Retrieved 12 June 2017. 
  7. ^ "Top Supercomputers in India (Dec 2012)". Indian Institute of Science (IISC). Retrieved 11 February 2013. 
  8. ^ "C-DAC launches India's fastest supercomputer; becomes first R&D institution in India to cross 500 teraflops milestone". Information Week. 9 February 2013. Retrieved 9 February 2013. 
  9. ^ "C-DAC reaffirms India's position on supercomputing map with PARAM Yuva - II". CDAC. Retrieved 9 February 2013. 
  10. ^ a b "C-DAC unveils India’s fastest supercomputer". The Times of India. Retrieved 9 February 2013. 
  11. ^ a b "India's fastest supercomputer 'Param Yuva II' unveiled". DNA India. 8 February 2013. Retrieved 9 February 2013. 
  12. ^ "C-DAC unveils India's fastest supercomputer Param Yuva II". The Economic Times. 9 February 2013. Retrieved 9 February 2013. 
  13. ^ "Making up lost ground: India pitches for $1bn leap in supercomputers". Daily Mail. 23 January 2012. Retrieved 29 January 2012. 
  14. ^ "India Aims to Double R&D Spending for Science". HPC Wire. 4 January 2012. Retrieved 29 January 2012. 
  15. ^ C-DAC and Supercomputers in India
  16. ^ "India plans 61 times faster supercomputer by 2017". Times of India. 27 September 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  17. ^ "India Greenlights $730 Million Supercomputing Grid". HPC Wire. 26 March 2015. 
  18. ^ "Govt to install 73 supercomputers across the country". Zee News. 25 March 2015.