Superintendent of police (India)
In India, a District Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) or Superintendent of Police (SP) heads the police force of a district. In metropolitan areas having police commissionerate system (like in Delhi Police, Mumbai Police or Hyderabad Police) the head of district police is called Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP), and he holds the rank of a SP.
Superintendents of Police are mostly officers of the Indian Police Service. They are entrusted with the Powers and responsibility of maintaining law and order and related issues of a district of a state or a union territory (UT) of India. They are assisted by the officers of the State Police Service and other State Police officials. Their rank badge is the Ashoka emblem above one star, Although just before becoming DIG (in 14th year) and in big cities like Lucknow where the post itself is SSP they wear the State Emblem above two stars. The rank below Additional superintendent of police (Addl.SP), while the rank above is Deputy inspector general of police (DIG) who wears Ashoka emblem above three stars. The rank of District superintendent of police is equivalent to the rank of Commandant(CO) in CAPF. Although there is no equivalent for a rank Superintendent of Police (SP) in the Indian army, it is considered between the ranks of Major and Lt. Colonel and a Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) is considered between the ranks of Lt. Colonel and Colonel.
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