Superman and the Mole Men

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Superman and the Mole Men
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Lee Sholem
Produced by Barney A. Sarecky
Written by Richard Fielding
Based on Characters 
by Jerry Siegel
Joe Shuster
Starring George Reeves
Phyllis Coates
Music by Darrell Calker
Walter Greene
Cinematography Clark Ramsey
Edited by Albrecht Joseph
Distributed by Lippert Pictures Inc.
Release dates
  • November 23, 1951 (1951-11-23)
Running time
58 minutes
Language English

Superman and the Mole Men is a 1951 superhero film starring George Reeves as Superman and Phyllis Coates as Lois Lane. The motion picture is the first theatrical feature film based on the DC Comics character Superman. Two live-action Superman films had already been shown in cinemas, starring Kirk Alyn and Noel Neill; they had appeared in a serial format. The film was produced by Barney Sarecky and directed by Lee Sholem with the original screenplay by Richard Fielding (a pseudonym for Robert Maxwell and Whitney Ellsworth), and was shot in black and white over 12 days on a studio back lot. It was 58 minutes long and served as a trial run for the syndicated TV series Adventures of Superman, for which it became the only two-part episode, entitled "The Unknown People".


Mild-mannered reporter Clark Kent and Lois Lane are sent to the small town of Silsby for the inauguration of the world's deepest oil well. Unbeknownst to the drillers, however, the drill shaft has penetrated the underground home of the "Mole Men", a race of small, furry (though bald-headed) beings. The Mole Men come up through the shaft at night to explore the surface. When the creatures first emerge from the shaft, their sudden appearance scares the elderly night watchman to death. Lois Lane and Clark Kent arrive at the oil well and find the dead watchman. Subsequently, help arrives. Clark Kent and the foreman are exploring the surrounding area for signs of intruders when Lois sees one of the creatures and screams in terror. But no one believes her when she tells them what she saw.

The medical examiner is summoned to the scene, and he leaves with Lois. Clark stays behind to confront the foreman. The foreman confesses that the well was closed down for fear that they had struck radium and not oil. The foreman proceeds to show Clark ore samples that were collected during different stages of drilling; all of these glow brightly

The townspeople become afraid of the mole men because of their peculiar appearance, plus the fact that everything that they touch becomes phosphorescent and glows in the dark. The townspeople form an angry mob in order to kill the "monsters," led by the violent Luke Benson. Superman is the only one able to resolve the conflict, saving one of the creatures after he has been shot from falling into the town's water supply by taking him to the hospital, while the other is chased away.

Later, a doctor reveals that the creature will die unless he undergoes surgery to remove the bullet. Clark Kent is forced to assist the doctor when the nurse refuses to out of fear of the creature. Soon afterward, Benson's mob shows up at the hospital demanding to have the creature turned over to them, leading Superman to stand guard outside the hospital. Lois Lane stands at Superman's side, until a shot is fired from the mob narrowly missing Lois. Superman sends her inside and begins to relieve the mob of their guns, sending them away. Later, three more mole creatures emerge from the drill shaft, this time bearing a weapon. They make their way to the hospital. Benson and his mob see the creatures and Benson goes after them alone, but when the creatures see him they use their weapon and fire on him. Superman sees this and quickly jumps in front of the blast, saving Benson's life, which Superman says is "More than you deserve!". He fetches the wounded creature and returns him and his companions to the shaft. Soon after they destroy the shaft completely, making certain that no one or thing can come up or go down it ever again. Lois observes, "It's almost as if they were saying, You live your lives....and we'll live ours".


Frame from Superman and the Mole Men.


As with many of the early episodes of the Adventures of Superman, the film is adult-themed, with a good deal of conflict and violence, or the threat thereof, and is played with total seriousness by all the actors; Reeves's Superman, in particular, is all business, displaying none of the humor that the character would develop over time in the TV series.

The sympathetic view of the strangers in this film, and the unreasoning fear on the part of the citizenry, has been compared by author Gary Grossman to the panicked public reaction to the peaceful alien Klaatu in the film The Day the Earth Stood Still, which was released the same year. Both films have been seen retrospectively as a product of (and a reaction to) the "Red Scare" of post-World War II. Grossman also cites a later film perhaps inspired by this one, called The Mole People.

Production notes[edit]

  • The central image of Reeves and Coates, on the poster shown here, is a painting derived from flipping a publicity photo of the two, with the "S" shield flipped back in order to read correctly. The photo depicts the final scene.
  • Some elements were trimmed from the film when it was converted into "The Unknown People", including some portions of a lengthy chase scene, and all references to the term "Mole Men".
  • The theme music used for this film had a generic "sci-fi sound", with nothing suggesting a specific "Superman theme". The title cards were similarly generic, with low-grade animation of Saturn-like ringed planets and comets sailing by.
  • The score was also changed when the film was re-cut into its two-part TV episode. The film featured an original score by Darrell Calker (Woody Woodpecker), which was removed and replaced with music from the production music library used for the first television season's presentation.
  • The laser weapon shown in the poster, which the Mole Men brought up from their subterranean home in order to defend themselves and retrieve their injured comrade, was a prop constructed from an Electrolux vacuum cleaner.

Home video releases[edit]

The film was released on VHS by Warner Home Video on July 22, 1987 (coinciding with the 50th anniversary celebrations of the Superman character that year). The film was also released on LaserDisc. Both the two-part episode and the full motion picture are featured on the first season DVD release for Adventures of Superman in 2005. In 2006, the film was released as a bonus feature on the 4-Disc Collector's Edition of Superman: The Movie. Subsequently, it was repacked in the 2011 Blu-Ray box set.

In popular culture[edit]

  • During the DC vs. Marvel crossover event, Marvel supervillain the Mole Man and his minions attempt to take over the Batcave, only to be opposed by the Incredible Hulk. Superman then joins the fight, prompting Hulk to comment "Superman versus the Mole Men. This should be interesting."

See also[edit]


  • Superman: Serial to Cereal, by Gary Grossman, 1976.

External links[edit]