Supplementary school

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A supplementary school is a community-based initiative to provide additional educational support for children also attending mainstream schools. They are often geared to provide specific language, cultural and religious teaching for children from ethnic minorities.[1]

Supplementary schools by ethnicity[edit]

Black supplementary schools in the UK[edit]

A movement for Black supplementary schools started in Britain in the mid-1960s, first among the African-Caribbean communities, and then among other African communities. The movement arose from the view that racism was holding children from these communities back, and the schools primarily addressed two issues: the provision of basic education, along with a specific cultural programme.[2] The George Padmore Institute maintains an archive of material relating to this movement.[3]

Japanese supplementary schools worldwide[edit]

Hoshū jugyō kō are Japanese supplementary schools in developed overseas countries supported by the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology.[4]


  1. ^ "National Resource Centre for". Supplementary Education. Retrieved 2017-07-26.
  2. ^ Events (2015-01-26). "It's time for Black Schools: Lessons from the Black supplementary school movement : Centre for Ethnicity and Racism Studies". Retrieved 2017-07-26.
  3. ^ "About the George Padmore Institute", LKJ Records, 17 December 2008.
  4. ^ Goodman, Roger. "The changing perception and status of kikokushijo." In: Goodman, Roger, Ceri Peach, Ayumi Takenaka, and Paul White (editors). Global Japan: The Experience of Japan's New Immigrant and Overseas Communities. Routledge, June 27, 2005. p. 179. "Official policy (see Monbusho, 1985) was that Nihonjingakko should be set up in developing countries, hoshuko in the developed world."