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A human figure, kneeling, playing a large drum, and singing, in front of a circular series of pictograms surrounded by a ring of fire
Studio album by
ReleasedAugust 4, 1998
GenreWorld music
Bonus disc 27:08
ProducerMickey Hart
Mickey Hart chronology
Mickey Hart's Mystery Box
Spirit into Sound

Supralingua is an album by former Grateful Dead drummer Mickey Hart and his percussion ensemble Planet Drum. It was released on CD by Rykodisc Records on August 4, 1998.[1]

Like the band's previous album, Planet Drum, Supralingua showcases drum music from multiple cultures, combined to produce a percussion-based world music sound. It also incorporates samples and computer generated sounds, some of them created using a computer workstation called RAMU (Random Access Musical Universe). The name of the album means "beyond language" or "beyond words".[2]

Supralingua reached number 4 on the Billboard chart for Top World Music Albums.[3]

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Allmusic3/5 stars[4]
The Music Box4/5 stars[2]

On Allmusic, Stephen Thomas Erlewine wrote, "Basically, Supralingua is a continuation of the direction [Hart] began with Planet Drum, boasting a similar selection of polyrhythmic, multicultural pieces. There aren't really any songs on the record — just extended grooves, where even the vocals fit into the gigantic, everlasting drum beats. To some, this can be quite monotonous, to others utterly mesmerizing — there's no middle ground, really, and it all depends on whether the strength of the grooves and their inherent mysticism outweigh the formless compositions.".[4]

In The Music Box, John Metzger said, "Hart draws not only upon his past aural paintings with Planet Drum, but also upon his collaborations with the Gyuto monks, which adds a supernatural aura to "Angola". He also applies his experiences with the Mystery Box album and tour in creating much tighter song arrangements while allowing a natural groove to form and flow.... Supralingua is a serious, mind-bending, psychedelic journey. It's a surreal, spiritual experience that is full of rich textures and dense grooves. Anyone even remotely curious about the power of drumming will find not only that the album's forceful energy is immediately overwhelming but also that it will lead to enlightenment.".[2]

Track listing[edit]


  1. "Angola" (Sikiru Adepoju, David Garibaldi, Mickey Hart, Giovanni Hidalgo, Zakir Hussain, Bakithi Kumalo) – 4:54
  2. "Yabu" (Garibaldi, Hart, Hidalgo, Hussain, Kumalo, Babatunde Olatunji) – 4:44
  3. "Endless River" (Adepoju, Garibaldi, Hart, Hidalgo, Hussain, Kumalo, Rebeca Mauleón) – 2:50
  4. "Umayeyo" (Adepoju, Garibaldi, Hart, Hidalgo, Hussain, Kumalo) – 6:03
  5. "Secret Meeting Place" (Adepoju, Garibaldi, Hart, Hidalgo, Hussain, Kumalo) – 3:13
  6. "Tall Grass" (Adepoju, Garibaldi, Hart, Hidalgo, Hussain, Kumalo) – 5:39
  7. "Umasha" (Garibaldi, Hart, Hidalgo, Hussain, Kumalo) – 5:22
  8. "Frog Dance" (Adepoju, Garibaldi, Hart, Hidalgo, Hussain) – 4:46
  9. "Damawoo" (Adepoju, Garibaldi, Hart, Hussain) – 3:05
  10. "Indoscrub" (Garibaldi, Hart, Hidalgo, Hussain, Kumalo) – 4:45
  11. "Wheel of Time" (Hart, Hussain) – 6:16
  12. "Space Dust" (Adepoju, Garibaldi, Hart, Hidalgo, Hussain, Kumalo) – 2:53

Bonus disc[edit]

  1. "Umasha" (Strawberry Swamp Fever Mix) – 6:24
  2. "Yabu" (Transmigration Mix #2) – 5:49
  3. "Umayeyo" (Slakked Plastik Remix) – 8:27
  4. "Wheel of Time" (Stolen Moments Real Time Dub Crime Remix) – 6:22



Planet Drum:

Additional musicians:


  • Mickey Hart – producer, liner notes
  • Candice Pacheco – associate producer, sound designer
  • Tom Flye – engineer, recording
  • Zac Allentuck – assistant engineer
  • Zakir Hussain – pre-production
  • Kevin Sellers – Pro Tools editor
  • Mark Jeffrey – additional editing
  • Joe Gastwirt – mastering
  • Fredric Lieberman – liner notes
  • John Werner – photography
  • Stevee Postman – illustration, design
  • Steven Jurgensmeyer – illustration, design


  1. ^ Supralingua at the Grateful Dead Family Discography. Retrieved April 29, 2012.
  2. ^ a b c Metzger, John (September 1998). Supralingua, The Music Box. Retrieved April 29, 2012.
  3. ^ Mickey Hart – Billboard Albums at AllMusic. Retrieved April 29, 2012.
  4. ^ a b Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. Supralingua at AllMusic. Retrieved April 29, 2012.