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Suprasternal notch

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Suprasternal notch
Suprasternal notch (indicated by yellow circle)
The position of the suprasternal notch seen here, labelled as "jugular notch"
LocationBottom of the neck; above the manubrium of the sternum, and between the two clavicles
Latinincisura jugularis sternalis,
fossa jugularis sterni
Anatomical terms of bone

The suprasternal notch, also known as the fossa jugularis sternalis, jugular notch, or Plender gap, is a large, visible dip in between the neck in humans, between the clavicles, and above the manubrium of the sternum.


The suprasternal notch is a visible dip in between the neck, between the clavicles, and above the manubrium of the sternum. It is at the level of the T2 and T3 vertebrae.[1] The trachea lies just behind it, rising about 5 cm above it in adults.[2]

Clinical significance[edit]

Intrathoracic pressure is measured by using a transducer held in such a way over the body that an actuator engages the soft tissue that is located above the suprasternal notch. Arcot J. Chandrasekhar, MD of Loyola University, Chicago, is the author of an evaluative test for the aorta using the suprasternal notch.[3] The test can help recognize the following conditions:

To carry out this test, it is necessary to place an index finger or middle finger on the notch and palpate it. A prominent pulse may be indicative of an uncoiled aorta, an arch aneurysm, or a tortuous blood vessel.


  1. ^ Fessler, Richard G.; Kim, Daniel H. (2012-01-01), Quiñones-Hinojosa, Alfredo (ed.), "Chapter 191 - Surgical Approaches to the Cervicothoracic Junction", Schmidek and Sweet Operative Neurosurgical Techniques (Sixth Edition), Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, pp. 2177–2191, ISBN 978-1-4160-6839-6, retrieved 2021-01-06
  2. ^ Colson, Y. L.; Paul, S. (2006-01-01), "TRACHEOSTOMY", in Laurent, Geoffrey J.; Shapiro, Steven D. (eds.), Encyclopedia of Respiratory Medicine, Oxford: Academic Press, pp. 239–242, ISBN 978-0-12-370879-3, retrieved 2021-01-06
  3. ^ MedEd at Loyola MEDICINE/PULMONAR/PD/pstep37a.htm - Evaluative tests using the suprasternal notch

External links[edit]