Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan
Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi Oliy Majlisi (Uzbek)
|5th Oliy Majlis|
|Founded||22 January 1995|
|Preceded by||Unicameral Supreme Council of the Republic of Uzbekistan|
Chairman of the Senate
since 21 June 2019
Chairman of the Legislative Chamber
Nurdinjan Ismailov, PDPU
since 12 January 2015
Senate political groups
Legislative Chamber political groups
|84 chosen by deputies of regional assembly and 16 appointed by the President of Uzbekistan|
Last Senate election
|16–17 January 2020|
Last Legislative Chamber election
|22 December 2019 and 5 January 2020|
Next Senate election
Next Legislative Chamber election
|December 2024 or January 2025|
|Senate Building in Tashkent|
|Supreme Assembly and Legislative Chamber Building in Tashkent|
The Oliy Majlis ([ɑˈliː mæd͡ʒˈlis]) is the parliament of Uzbekistan. It succeeded the Supreme Council of the Republic of Uzbekistan in 1995, and was unicameral until a reform implemented in January 2005 created a second chamber.
The legislative chamber has 150 deputies elected from territorial constituencies. The Senate has 100 members, 84 elected from the regions, from the Autonomous Republic of Karakalpakstan and from the capital, Tashkent, and an additional 16 nominated by the President of Uzbekistan.
Both houses have five-year terms.
Majlis is the Arabic word for a sitting room, however it can also refer to a legislature as well, and is used in the name of legislative councils or assemblies in some states of the Islamic world.
Supreme Soviet of the Uzbek SSR
The Supreme Soviet of the Uzbek SSR (Uzbek: Ўзбекистон ССР Олий Совети, Russian: Верховный Совет Узбекской ССР) operated in the country during the Soviet era as its main legislature. Since its establishment in July 1938, when it succeeded the All-Uzbek Congress of Soviets, it has held 12 convocations:
- 1st convocation (1938–1946)
- 2nd convocation (1947–1950)
- 3rd convocation (1951–1954)
- 4th convocation (1955–1959)
- 5th convocation (1959–1962)
- 6th convocation (1963–1966)
- 7th convocation (1967–1970)
- 8th convocation (1971–1974)
- 9th convocation (1975–1979)
- 10th convocation (1980–1984)
- 11th convocation (1985–1989)
- 12th convocation (1990–1994)
On 31 August 1991, during an extraordinary 6th session of the Supreme Soviet, the independence and sovereignty of Uzbekistan was proclaimed. In 1992, the Soviet was renamed to reflect the country's new independence status. After the last convocation, the Supreme Soviet was dissolved and converted into the Supreme Assembly in February 1995.
From February 1995 to January 2005, the Chairman of the unicameral Supreme Assembly of Uzbekistan was Erkin Khalilov, who had been Acting Chairman of the Supreme Soviet from 1993 to 1995. Since 2005 the Senate and Legislative Chamber have each had their own presiding officer.
Speaker of the Legislative Chamber
- Erkin Khalilov (January 27, 2005 – January 23, 2008)
- Diloram Tashmukhamedova (January 23, 2008 – January 12, 2015)
- Nuriddinjon Ismailov (since January 12, 2015, Incumbent)
Chairman of the Senate
- Murat Sharifkhodjayev [uz] (January 27, 2005 – February 24, 2006)
- Ilgizar Sobirov [uz] (February 24, 2006 – January 22, 2015)
- Nigmatilla Yuldashev (since January 22, 2015, Incumbent)
- Tanzila Norbaeva (21 June 2019)
- List of Chairmen of the Supreme Soviet of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic
- Politics of Uzbekistan
- List of legislatures by country
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs website Archived 2009-04-14 at the Wayback Machine
- "المجلس". Academy of the Arabic Language in Cairo. 1998.
- "عن المجلس". Federal National Council. 2011. Retrieved 24 April 2013.
- Parliament of the Islamic Republic of Iran Archived 25 September 2017 at the Wayback Machine.
- The Majlis Of The Future Today Archived 22 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine — Leading UAE Interior Designers Set To Reveal Their Visions At Index, Dubai City Guide, 9 November 2009.
- "156-XII-сон 01.11.1990. О совершенствовании структуры исполнительной и распорядительной власти в Узбекской ССР и внесении изменений и дополнений в Конституцию (Основной закон) Узбекской ССР".
- Legislative Chamber website
- "President Islam Karimov Attends the First Meeting of the Lower House". UzA. 15 January 2015. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
- Senate website
- "Uzbekistan's Senate Convenes for Its First Meeting". UzA. 23 January 2015. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
- "Избран новый Председатель Сената Олий Мажлиса Республики Узбекистан". 12 November 2021. Archived from the original on 12 November 2021. Retrieved 11 August 2022.