Supreme Court Police

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Supreme Court of the United States Police
United States Supreme Court Police.jpg
Badge of a US Supreme Court Police Officer
Badge of a US Supreme Court Police Officer
Agency overview
Jurisdictional structure
Federal agencyU.S.
Operations jurisdictionU.S.
Governing bodyMarshal of the United States Supreme Court
General nature
Operational structure
HeadquartersWashington, D.C
Sworn members190
An officer of the Supreme Court Police in March 2012

The Supreme Court of the United States Police is a Federal law enforcement agency that derives its authority from United States Code 40 U.S.C. 6121. The Supreme Court Police enforce Federal and District of Columbia laws and regulations, as well as enforce regulations governing the Supreme Court Building and grounds prescribed by the Marshal and approved by the Chief Justice of the United States. The department's mission is to ensure the integrity of the Constitutional Mission of the Supreme Court of the United States by protecting the Supreme Court, the Justices, employees, guests, and visitors.


Established in 1935, the Supreme Court security force was tasked to provide protection for the new Supreme Court building.[1] The Court had previously resided in the United States Capitol, and the original force of 33 officers were selected from the ranks of the United States Capitol Police. As of 2021, the Supreme Court Police have an authorized force of 190 Officers.


The Supreme Court Police are responsible for providing a full range of police services, to include:

  • Protection of the Supreme Court Building and grounds, and persons and property therein;
  • Dignitary Protection for the current and retired Supreme Court Justices, both domestically and Internationally;
  • Maintain suitable order and decorum within the Supreme Court Building and grounds, to include policing demonstrations and large-scale events;
  • Provide Courtroom security;
  • Prepare numerous reports to include incident, found property, accident, and arrest reports, as well as testify in court. Specialty Units are available to officers depending on time-in-service, completion of training, and experience. The Supreme Court Police offers both part-time and full-time specialized units. These units include:
  • Dignitary Protection Unit
  • Protective Intelligence Unit
  • K-9 Unit
  • Background Investigations Unit
  • Nuclear, Biological, Chemical (NBC) Team
  • Recruitment Division
  • Police Operations Center - Dispatch
  • Physical Security Unit
  • Liaison positions with partner agencies (FBI, JTTF, DHS, USCP)
  • Civil Disobedience Unit
  • Training Unit
  • Radio Technicians
  • Honor Guard
  • Various instructor positions, to include: Firearms, Driving, Defensive Tactics, CPR/First Aid

Supreme Court Police Officers attend the 13 week Uniformed Police Training Program(UPTP) at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC) in Georgia. Designated members of specialized units attend the Criminal Investigator Training Program (CITP) at FLETC. Working for the Supreme Court of the United States Police offers a comprehensive benefits package that includes, in part, paid vacation, sick leave, holidays, life insurance, health insurance benefits, premium pay, and eligibility for retirement with 20 years of service at age 50, or 25 years’ service at any age. Requirements and qualifications for the position are listed on the Supreme Court's website and on USAjobs. Applications are accepted via USAjobs.

In 2021, the starting salary for a newly hired member of the Supreme Court Police is $64,815 a year.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Bathroom Readers' Institute (2016). Uncle John's UNCANNY Bathroom Reader. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 9781626867604.