Supreme Court of Prince Edward Island
The Court is composed of five judges, led by its Chief Justice, currently Jacqueline R. Matheson. The Supreme Court derives its jurisdiction from Prince Edward Island's Judicature Act, enacted in its current form in 2008.
History and functions
Prior to 2008 reforms that were formally implemented in 2009, the superior court in Prince Edward Island was the Supreme Court of Prince Edward Island (Trial Division). With the passage of the Judicature Act, the Supreme Court was stripped of its corresponding Appeal Division, now assigned to the newly created Court of Appeal of Prince Edward Island, while the Supreme Court of Prince Edward Island remained as a single-division superior court. All former justices of the Supreme Court (Trial Division) became justices of the Supreme Court.
Pursuant to the Constitution Act, 1867, the Supreme Court is operated by the provincial government, while its justices are appointed by the Governor General of Canada, on the advice of the Prime Minister of Canada. Section 96 of the Constitution Act has traditionally been interpreted as supplying the Supreme Court with inherent jurisdiction.
The Supreme Court sits in Georgetown, Summerside, and the provincial capital of Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island. It deals with pre-trial matters and hears trials dealing with such cases as family matters, estate and probate, as well as indictable criminal matters, which can be heard with or without a jury. It also hears applications for judicial reviews concerning the decisions of tribunals with the Provincial Court of Prince Edward Island.
|Position||Name||Appointed||Nominated by||Position Prior to Appointment|
|Chief Justice of the Supreme Court||Jacqueline R. Matheson||2004 (as Chief)
|Paul Martin (as Chief)
|Justice of the Supreme Court of Prince Edward Island (Trial Division)|
|Justice||Gordon L. Campbell||2001||Jean Chretien||Lawyer at Stewart McKelvey Stirling Scales|
|Justice||Wayne D. Cheverie||2001||Jean Chretien||Chairman of the Prince Edward Island Regulatory and Appeals Commission|
|Justice||Benjamin B. Taylor||2004||Paul Martin|
|Justice||Nancy L. Key||2013||Stephen Harper||Lawyer at McInnes Cooper|
- Act to overhaul higher courts in P.E.I. comes into effect, The Guardian, 17 January 2009.
- Baxter Student Housing Ltd. et al. v. College Housing Co-operative Ltd. et al.,  2 SCR 475.