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Supreme Court of Victoria

Coordinates: 37°48′51″S 144°57′29″E / 37.81417°S 144.95806°E / -37.81417; 144.95806
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Supreme Court of Victoria
Emblem (left) and arms (right) of the Supreme Court
37°48′51″S 144°57′29″E / 37.81417°S 144.95806°E / -37.81417; 144.95806
Jurisdiction Victoria
Coordinates37°48′51″S 144°57′29″E / 37.81417°S 144.95806°E / -37.81417; 144.95806
Composition methodAppointed by Governor on the advice of the Executive Council
Authorized byNone (inherent jurisdiction)
Appeals toHigh Court of Australia
Appeals from
Judge term lengthMandatory retirement by age 70
Chief Justice of Victoria
CurrentlyThe Honourable Chief Justice Anne Ferguson
Since2 October 2017

The Supreme Court of Victoria is the highest court in the Australian state of Victoria. Founded in 1852, it is a superior court of common law and equity, with unlimited and inherent jurisdiction within the state.

The Supreme Court comprises two divisions: the Trial Division, which oversees its original jurisdiction, and the Court of Appeal, which deals with its appellate jurisdiction, and is frequently referred to as a court in its own right. Although the Supreme Court is theoretically vested with unlimited jurisdiction, it generally only hears, at trial, criminal cases in instances of murder, manslaughter or treason, and civil cases where the statement of claim is in excess of the Magistrates' Court limit of $100,000.

The court hears appeals from the County Court, as well as limited appeals from the Magistrates' Court. Decisions of the Supreme Court are appealable to the High Court of Australia.

The building itself is on the Victorian Heritage Register.


Facade of the Court of Appeal

The Supreme Court has two divisions - the Trial Division and the Court of Appeal.[1]

Trial Division


The Trial Division sits with one judge, and usually acts as a court of original jurisdiction for serious criminal matters such as murder, attempted murder, corporate offences and certain conspiracy charges, and civil matters which are considered to involve greater complexity or amounts of money more than would be appropriate to have determined in the Magistrates' Court (whose civil jurisdictional limit is $100,000)[2] or County Court (whose jurisdiction has since the beginning of 2007 been unlimited as to amount). The Trial Division also acts as an appeal court from the Magistrates' Court on questions of law, and appeals from the Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal on points of law, except against an order of the President or Vice-President of the Tribunal. It also hears federal indictable offences such as treason.

The Commercial Court is a sub-division of the Trial Division, composed of specialist judges to deal with commercial disputes.

Court of Appeal


The Court of Appeal hears appeals from the County Court and the Trial Division, as well as appeals on points of law from the Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal against the order of the President or Vice-President, and usually consists of a panel of three Judges of Appeal. In rare cases where it is sought to overrule or reconsider the correctness of a previous Court of Appeal decision, it can sit with five judges.

Front facade of the Supreme Court of Victoria
Supreme Court of Victoria Front Entrance
View of Lonsdale Street facade
Supreme Court of Victoria Library Tower Dome


The Supreme Court of Victoria is located on the corner of Lonsdale and William Streets, Melbourne CBD, at the same intersection as the Melbourne Magistrates' Court and the County Court of Victoria.

The main buildings for the Supreme Court are located at the corner of William and Lonsdale Streets in Melbourne and in nearby buildings.[3]

The Supreme Court also does circuits to Ballarat, Geelong, Warrnambool, Hamilton, Horsham, Bendigo, Mildura, Shepparton, Wangaratta, Wodonga, Sale and Morwell. In these locations the Court uses the facilities of the local Magistrates' Court.[3]

Current judges


(appointment date in brackets):[4]

Chief Justice

  • Anne Ferguson (Trial Division from 3 May 2010; Court of Appeal from 12 August 2014)

President of the Court of Appeal

  • Karin Emerton (Trial Division from 13 October 2009; Court of Appeal from 10 July 2018; 16 July 2022)

Judges of the Court of Appeal


Judges of the Trial Division

  • Elizabeth Hollingworth (7 June 2004)
  • Anthony Cavanough (8 May 2006)
  • Kate McMillan (8 March 2012)
  • Geoffrey John Digby (19 November 2012)
  • James Dudley Elliott (25 March 2013)
  • Timothy James Ginnane (4 June 2013)
  • Melanie Sloss (30 July 2013)
  • Michael Croucher (30 July 2013)
  • Christopher William Beale (2 September 2014)
  • Michael Phillip McDonald (16 September 2014)
  • Rita Incerti (3 February 2015)
  • Peter Julian Riordan (10 March 2015)
  • Jane Dixon (17 August 2015)
  • Andrew John Keogh (4 April 2016)
  • Peter Barrington Kidd (24 May 2016)
  • Michelle Quigley (19 December 2017)
  • Matthew Connock (10 April 2018)
  • Melinda Richards (24 April 2018)
  • Steven Moore (10 July 2018)
  • Andrew Tinney (10 July 2018)
  • Jacinta Forbes (16 April 2019)
  • Lisa Nichols (22 October 2019)
  • Christopher James Delany (2 June 2020)
  • Kathryn Stynes (22 June 2020)
  • James Gorton (15 December 2020)
  • Michael Osborne (15 December 2020)
  • Stephen O'Meara (18 May 2021)
  • Richard Attiwill (18 May 2021)
  • Amanda Fox (13 August 2021)
  • Andrea Tsalamandris (22 February 2022)
  • Lisa Hannan (29 March 2022)
  • Edward Woodward (5 June 2023)
  • Peter Gray (14 June 2023)
  • Patricia Matthews (14 June 2023)
  • Ian Waller (12 September 2023)
  • Claire Harris (4 November 2023)
  • Andrew Watson (13 November 2023)
  • Paul Cosgrave (8 December 2023)

See also



  1. ^ "How the Court works". The Supreme Court of Victoria. Archived from the original on 30 September 2022. Retrieved 3 October 2022.
  2. ^ Magistrates Court Act 1989 (Vic) section 100.
  3. ^ a b "Locations". Supremecourt.vic.gov.au. Archived from the original on 12 May 2017. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
  4. ^ "Judges". Supreme Court of Victoria. Archived from the original on 1 March 2015.
  5. ^ Premier of Victoria (13 April 2021). "New Appointment To Victoria's Highest Court". Archived from the original on 14 June 2021. Retrieved 14 June 2021.


  1. ^ On questions of law