Supreme People's Court of Vietnam

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Supreme People's Court of Vietnam
Tòa án Nhân dân Tối cao.JPG
Established September 13, 1945
Country Vietnam
Location Hanoi
Composition method Presidential nomination with National Assembly confirmation
Authorized by Vietnam Constitution
Judge term length Five years
No. of positions 13-17, by statute
Chief Justice of Vietnam
Currently Nguyễn Hòa Bình
Since April 8, 2016
Coat of arms of Vietnam.svg
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The Supreme People's Court of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Tòa án nhân dân tối cao) is the highest court of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. The Supreme People's Court is one of the two institutions at the apex of the judicial system of Vietnam, with the other body being the Supreme People's Procuracy of Vietnam. Both are accountable to the President of Vietnam, the highest institution of government power in the country. The head of the Supreme People's Court of Vietnam is the Chief Justice. The current Chief Justice of Vietnam is Nguyen Hoa Binh.

Responsibility and jurisdiction[edit]

The Supreme People's Court is responsible for providing leadership to the Vietnamese court system, supervising the judicial process, and recommending bills to the National Assembly as appropriate under law. It is a court of final resort.[1]

The Court is by statute the court of final resort for all matters arising under Vietnamese law. It hears appeals in cases where court decisions have been implemented. The Court's Council of Justices can also pass resolutions directing lower courts on the uniform enforcement of the law across the country.[2]

Prior to June 2015, when parts of the Law on the Organization of People's Courts (2014) and several resolutions by the Standing Committee of the National Assembly took effect, the Supreme People's Court also had some intermediate appellate jurisdiction via its three appellate benches (toà phúc thẩm). However, the 2014 law transformed those appellate benches into full courts called superior people's courts (toà án nhân dân cấp cao), and removed intermediate appellate jurisdiction from the Supreme People's Court.[3]


The Supreme People's Court of Vietnam is organized according to the Law on the Organization of People's Courts (2014). Under law, the Court's organization consists of the Council of Justices, its supporting apparatus, as well as training facilities as needed.

The Court's Council of Justices consists of the Chief Justice, the Deputy Chief Justices, and other justices of the Supreme People's Court as appointed by the National Assembly on nomination by the President. It must have at least 13 members, and at most 17 members. Appeals are heard by panels of five justices, or by the entire Council of Justices when appropriate under law.[4]

List of Chief Justices[edit]

Number Name Term Political party
Democratic Republic of Vietnam (1945-1976)
- Trần Công Tường (acting) 5/1958 - 5/1959 Worker's Party of Vietnam
1 Phạm Văn Bạch 5/1959 - 7/1976 Worker's Party of Vietnam
Socialist Republic of Vietnam (1976-present)
1 Phạm Văn Bạch 7/1976 - 5/1981 Communist Party of Vietnam
2 Phạm Hưng 1981 - 1997 Communist Party of Vietnam
3 Trịnh Hồng Dương 1997 - 2002 Communist Party of Vietnam
4 Nguyễn Văn Hiện 2002 - 2007 Communist Party of Vietnam
5 Trương Hòa Bình 2007 - 2016 Communist Party of Vietnam
6 Nguyễn Hòa Bình 2016 - incumbent Communist Party of Vietnam


  1. ^ "Tòa án nhân dân tối cao". Supreme People's Court of Vietnam. 
  2. ^ "Tòa án nhân dân tối cao". 
  3. ^ "Thành lập 3 Toà án nhân dân cấp cao". Báo điện tử Chính phủ nước Cộng hoà xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam. 
  4. ^ "Hội đồng Thẩm phán Tòa án nhân dân tối cao". 

External links[edit]