Supreme Court of Croatia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia
Vrhovni sud Republike Hrvatske
Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia.jpg
Palace of the Supreme Court is located at the Nikola Šubić Zrinski Square
Country  Croatia
Location Zagreb
Coordinates 45°48′41.5″N 15°58′43.5″E / 45.811528°N 15.978750°E / 45.811528; 15.978750Coordinates: 45°48′41.5″N 15°58′43.5″E / 45.811528°N 15.978750°E / 45.811528; 15.978750
Composition method Elected by the National Judicial Council
Authorized by Constitution of the Republic of Croatia
Judge term length Five years in the first term, life tenure after renewal with mandatory retirement at the age of 70
No. of positions 42[1]
Website vshr.hr
President
Currently Đuro Sessa, mag. iur.
Since July 20, 2017

The Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia (Croatian: Vrhovni sud Republike Hrvatske) is the highest court in the country, which ensures the uniform application of laws and equal justice to all.

Judicial system[edit]

Courts protect the legal order of the Republic of Croatia as established by the Constitution and law, and provide for the uniform application of law and equal justice for all.

Administration of justice in the Republic of Croatia is carried out by:

  • municipal courts,
  • county courts,
  • commercial courts,
  • administrative courts,
  • the High Commercial Court of the Republic of Croatia,
  • the High Administrative Court of the Republic of Croatia
  • the High Misdemeanour Court of the Republic of Croatia,
  • the High Criminal Court of the Republic of Croatia and
  • the Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia.

N.B. Since July 2018 (effective as of 1 January 2019) former misdemeanour courts have become specialized sections within municipal courts (2 misdemeanour courts - in Zagreb and in Split - have been retained as separate courts - the Municipal Misdemeanour Court in Zagreb and the Municipal Misdemeanour Court in Split), also former Municipal Court in Zagreb has been devided into three courts: the Municipal Civil Court in Zagreb, the Municipal Criminal Court in Zagreb and the Municipal Labour Court in Zagreb.

Powers and responsibilities[edit]

Supreme Court basic duties:

  1. ensures the uniform application of law and equal protection of all citizens before the law,
  2. discusses all important legal issues arising from the court practice,
  3. decides on extraordinary legal remedies against final decisions of all courts in the Republic of Croatia (cassation, criminal revision etc),
  4. hears appeals against decisions of county courts rendered in the first instance and, in special cases, hears appeals against decisions of county courts rendered in the second instance,
  5. hears appeals against decisions of the High Commercial Court of the Republic of Croatia, the High Administrative Court of the Republic of Croatia, the High Misdemeanour Court of the Republic of Croatia and the High Criminal Court of the Republic of Croatia, and any other court when specified so by the law,
  6. decides on the conflict of jurisdiction between the courts in the territory of the Republic of Croatia when they have the same immediately superiour court,
  7. provides for the professional development of judges.

Composition[edit]

The President of the Supreme Court is elected and relieved of duty by the Croatian Parliament at the proposal of the President of the Republic and following a prior opinion of the Parliament's Justice Committee and the Plenary Session of the Supreme Court.

Judicial office is permanent, but exceptionally, at assuming the judicial office for the first time, judges are appointed for a five-year term. After the renewal of the appointment, judges assume their duty as permanent.

All judges are appointed by the National Judicial Council and relieves them of judicial duty, as well as decides on their disciplinary responsibility.

A judge can be relieved of judicial office:

  1. at his/her own request
  2. if he/she has become permanently incapacitated to perform judicial office
  3. if sentenced for a criminal offence which makes him/her unworthy of the judicial office
  4. if, in conformity with the law, so decides the National Judicial Council due to the commitment of an act of serious infringement of discipline
  5. when reaching 70 years of age

Presidents of the Supreme Court[edit]

No. Full name
(Lifespan)
Term began Term ended Service Notes
1. Vjekoslav Vidović
(1919-2006)
12 December 1990 14 February 1992 1 year,
64 days
Went into mandatory retirement after a partial term of office.
2. Zlatko Crnić
(1940-1992)
29 March 1992 29 September 1992 184 days Died in a car accident during his first term.
3. Milan Vuković
(1933-)
1 December 1992 1995 First term.
4. Krunislav Olujić
(1952-)
26 May 1995 19 February 1997 1 year,
269 days
Relieved from office by the National Judicial Council on 14 January 1997 and decision is later confirmed by the Chamber of Counties of the Croatian Parliament.
5. Milan Vuković
(1933-)
28 February 1997 1999 Second term.
6. Marijan Ramušćak
(1938-)
10 March 1999 2001
7. Ivica Crnić
(1951-)
15 May 2001 15 May 2005 4 years,
0 days
One full term. Did not seek reelection.
8. Branko Hrvatin
(1959-)
19 July 2005 19 July 2017 12 years,
0 days
Three full terms.
9. Đuro Sessa
(1957-)
20 July 2017 Incumbent (Current term ends on 20 July 2021) 1 year, 65 days Currently serving first term.

References[edit]

  1. ^ EasyWeb.asp

External links[edit]