Supreme Soviet of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic

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Supreme Soviet of the Estonian SSR

Eesti NSV Ülemnõukogu
Верховный Совет Эстонской ССР
 Estonian SSR (1940–1941, 1944–1991)
 Estonia (1991-1992)
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
History
Established1940
1947 (Re-established)
Disbanded1941 (Nazi Occupation)
1992
Preceded byRiigikogu
Succeeded byRiigikogu
Leadership
Chairman
President of the Presidium
Elections
Direct show elections (1940–1989)
Direct Single transferable vote (1989–1992)
Last election
1990
Meeting place
Estonian parliament building.jpg
Toompea Castle, Tallinn, Estonian SSR, Soviet Union

The Supreme Soviet of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic (Estonian: Eesti NSV Ülemnõukogu; Russian: Верховный Совет Эстонской ССР, Verkhovnyy Sovet Estonskoy SSR) was the legislative assembly of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic and was established under the Soviet Estonian constitution of 1940.[2]

Organization[edit]

The structure and functions of the Supreme Soviet of the Estonian SSR were copied from the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union. The sessions of the Supreme Soviet lasted only several days twice a year and decisions were made unanimously and without much discussion. Supreme Soviet elections were irregular until 1975 and were held every five years after 1975.[3] The Supreme Soviet of the Estonian SSR gathered in the Toompea Castle which now houses the Riigikogu.

Chairmen of the Supreme Soviet[edit]

Portrait Chairman From To
Emblem of the Estonian SSR.svg Voldemar Sassi 25 August 1940 1941
Emblem of the Estonian SSR.svg August Kründel 5 March 1947 14 January 1953
Emblem of the Estonian SSR.svg Joosep Saat 5 April 1955 23 April 1959
Emblem of the Estonian SSR.svg Harald Ilves 23 April 1959 18 April 1963
Emblem of the Estonian SSR.svg Vaino Väljas 18 April 1963 20 April 1967
Emblem of the Estonian SSR.svg Arnold Koop 20 April 1967 18 December 1968
Emblem of the Estonian SSR.svg Ilmar Vahe 18 December 1968 4 July 1975
Emblem of the Estonian SSR.svg Johannes Lott 4 July 1975 13 December 1978
Emblem of the Estonian SSR.svg Jüri Suurhans 13 December 1978 5 July 1982
Emblem of the Estonian SSR.svg Matti Pedak 5 July 1982 27 March 1985
Emblem of the Estonian SSR.svg Valde Roosmaa 27 March 1985 18 May 1989
Emblem of the Estonian SSR.svg Enn-Arno Sillari 18 May 1989 28 March 1990
Arnold Rüütel 2006.jpg Arnold Rüütel 29 March 1990 6 October 1992

Presidents of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet[edit]

The presidium was the permanent body of the Supreme Soviet. Its chairman was the de jure head of state.

The chairmen of the presidium were:[4]

President From To Notes
Johannes Vares 25 August 1940 29 November 1946 First President of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
Eduard Päll 5 March 1947 4 July 1950
August Jakobson 4 July 1950 4 February 1958
Johan Eichfeld 4 February 1958 12 October 1961
Aleksei Müürisepp 12 October 1961 7 October 1970
Artur Vader 22 December 1970 25 May 1978
Johannes Käbin 26 July 1978 8 April 1983
Arnold Rüütel 8 April 1983 28 March 1990 Last President of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet

Convocations[edit]

  • 1st convocation (1940–1946)
  • 2nd convocation (1947–1950)
  • 3rd convocation (1951–1954)
  • 4th convocation (1955–1959)
  • 5th convocation (1959–1962)
  • 6th convocation (1963–1966)
  • 7th convocation (1967–1970)
  • 8th convocation (1971–1975)
  • 9th convocation (1975–1979)
  • 10th convocation (1980–1984)
  • 11th convocation (1985–1990)
  • 12th convocation (1990–1992)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Toy parliament until March 1990
  2. ^ Toivo Miljan (2004). Historical Dictionary of Estonia. The Scarecrow Press.
  3. ^ "Eesti NSV Ülemnõukogu XII koosseisu stenogrammid ; 1. kd. (Eesti NSV Ülemnõukogu stenogrammid. 12. koosseis) | Digar". www.digar.ee. Retrieved 2020-05-05.
  4. ^ Lossi plats 1a; Tallinn, 15165; Registrikood: 74000101; Tel: +372 631 6331; Faks: +372 631 6334; Riigikogu@riigikogu.ee. "ENSV Ülemnõukogu / EV Ülemnõukogu". Riigikogu (in Estonian). Retrieved 2020-05-05.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)