Supta Virasana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Supta Virasana

Supta Virasana (Sanskrit: सुप्तवीरासन; IAST: suptavīrāsana) or Reclined Hero Pose is a reclining asana in modern yoga as exercise.[1]

Etymology and origins[edit]

The name comes from the Sanskrit words supta (सुप्त) meaning "reclined",[2] and asana (आसन; āsana) meaning "posture" or "seat".[3]

The yoga scholar Mark Singleton notes that a similar pose was described in Niels Bukh's early 20th century Danish text Primitive Gymnastics, which in turn was derived from a 19th century Scandinavian tradition of gymnastics. The pose had arrived in India by the 1920s. Swami Kuvalayananda incorporated it into his system of exercises, from where it was taken up by the influential yoga teacher Tirumalai Krishnamacharya.[4]

Description[edit]

Supta Virasana is a reclined version of virasana where the upper body reclines backwards, so that the back rests on the floor. The arms rest on the floor to either side of the trunk, with the palms facing up.

Contraindications and cautions[edit]

With knee conditions and during menstruation with excessive bleeding it may be contraindicated to practice Supta Virasana.[5][6]

Variations[edit]

Eka Pada Supta Virasana (One-Legged Reclining Hero Pose) or Ardha Supta Virasana (Half Reclined Hero Pose[5]) involves one leg folded under the body while the other is being stretched.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Witold Fitz-Simon - Supta Virasana". Retrieved 2011-07-09.
  2. ^ "Reclining Hero Pose". Yoga Journal. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  3. ^ Sinha, S. C. (1996). Dictionary of Philosophy. Anmol Publications. p. 18. ISBN 978-81-7041-293-9.
  4. ^ Singleton, Mark (4 February 2011). "The Ancient & Modern Roots of Yoga". Yoga Journal.
  5. ^ a b Kappmeier, Kathy Lee; Ambrosini, Diane M. (2006). Instructing hatha yoga. Human Kinetics. p. 250. ISBN 978-0-7360-5209-2.
  6. ^ Clennell, Bobby; Iyengar, Geeta S. (25 April 2007). The Woman's Yoga Book: Asana and Pranayama for All Phases of the Menstrual Cycle. Rodmell Press. p. 105. ISBN 978-1-930485-18-1.
  7. ^ Yoga Journal. Active Interest Media, Inc. May 1989. p. 99. ISSN 0191-0965.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]