Cobb and Co Changing Station
|Population||426 (2011 census)|
|Elevation||246 m (807 ft)|
Surat // is a small rural town on the Balonne River, approximately 75 kilometres (47 mi) south of Roma on the Carnarvon Highway in South West Queensland. It is 450 kilometres (280 mi) west of Brisbane. At the 2011 census, Surat had a population of 426.
The district was first mapped by Surveyor-General Sir Thomas Mitchell in 1846. By the end of the 1840s pastoralists had penetrated the area, and in 1849 Mitchell directed a surveyor, Burrowes, to select a township site on the Balonne River. Burrowes did so and named it after the diamond-polishing city of Surat, after his former place of residence in present-day Gujarat state, then known as the Bombay Province, India.
There are oil fields further south.
Maranoa Regional Council operates a public library at 62 Burrowes Street, within the Cobb & Co. Changing Station complex.  The public library opened in 1997 and has publicly accessible Wi-Fi. The complex also has a Cobb & Co changing station, freshwater aquarium, social history museum, theatre and shire hall and the Balonne gallery. 
Surat has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Surat (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- "SURAT". Climate Averages for Australian Sites. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 30 January 2010.
- University of Queensland. "Queensland Places".
- "Surat Library". Public Libraries Connect. 18 September 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
- "Queensland Public Library Statistical Bulletin 2016-17" (PDF). Public Libraries Connect. November 2017. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
- "About the Gallery". Surat on Balonne Gallery. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
- "Cobb & Co Changing Station". Queensland. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
- "Astor Theatre (entry 602352)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- "Warroo Shire Hall (entry 602612)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
Media related to Surat, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons
- Maranoa Online A portal servicing the Maranoa - a region encompassing Surat.
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