Suratgarh

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For tehsil see Suratgarh tehsil

Suratgarh
सूरतगढ़
City
Suratgarh is located in Rajasthan
Suratgarh
Suratgarh
Location in Rajasthan, India
Coordinates: 29°19′3.72″N 73°53′56.17″E / 29.3177000°N 73.8989361°E / 29.3177000; 73.8989361Coordinates: 29°19′3.72″N 73°53′56.17″E / 29.3177000°N 73.8989361°E / 29.3177000; 73.8989361
Country  India
State Rajasthan
District Sriganganagar
Founded by Maharaja Surat Singh (Ruler of Bikaner)
Elevation 168 m (551 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 61,639
Languages
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 335804
Telephone code 01509
Vehicle registration RJ 13

Suratgarh is a city and a municipality in Ganganagar district in the Indian state of Rajasthan.

Geography[edit]

Suratgarh is located at 29°19′04″N 73°53′56″E / 29.317701°N 73.898935°E / 29.317701; 73.898935.[1] It has an average elevation of 168 metres (551) feet.

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2011 Indian Census,[2] The Suratgarh Municipality has population of 70,536 of which 37,126 are males while 33,410 are females. Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 9037 which is 12.81% of total population of Suratgarh (M). In Suratgarh Municipality, Female Sex Ratio is of 900 against state average of 928. Moreover Child Sex Ratio in Suratgarh is around 861 compared to Rajasthan state average of 888. Literacy rate of Suratgarh city is 75.68% higher than state average of 66.11%. In Suratgarh, Male literacy is around 83.19% while female literacy rate is 67.39%.

Media[edit]

Akashwani Suratgarh broadcasts on 918 kHz with a 300 kW radio transmitter. It has been given the name "Cotton city channel".

History[edit]

Suratgarh was a significant arena of historical incidences in the ancient past. The city was once called Sodal. Around 3000 BC Suratgarh is believed to have been a lush, green place due to the presence of two big rivers, Sarasvati and Drishadvati. Present sand possessed various botanical and zoological species within the basins of chaste Sarasvati and Drishvati. The emergence of Kalibangan and Barod civilizations were facilitated by the geographical and environmental complements of the Sarasvati, and Suratgarh was a noteworthy testimony of this. The traces of ancient civilization near Rangmahal, Manaksaar and Amarpura show the historical significance of Suratgarh where Sarasvati civilization has receded after 1500 years of stability.

Suratgarh developed greatly under the rule of Maharaja Ganga Singh who built a hunting lodge at Suratgarh and ensured the connectivity of Suratgarh to train service. Hanumangarh and Bikaner came under the Suratgarh District when the district was established. Establishment of the Ganges canal in 1927 helped Suratgarh develop; it became a city after partition when various refugees from Pakistan came in and started settling there. Suratgarh Central State Farm was established in 1956, followed with the establishment of the Indira Gandhi Canal project and Central Animal Reproduction Farm in the 1960s. Meanwhile an air and military base station, Akashvani and various offices had been established. Suratgarh Thermal Power Station started working from 3 November 1998 and this laid down one more milestone in the progress of Suratgarh city.

It has a thermal power plant of 1500 MW and a PLF of 93%, which has won an award for one of the best-operated plants in India. The industry experienced acute growth with the construction of the thermal power plant and its residential buildings. Since then the industry has been growing quickly. With the reducing demands as a result of completion of the thermal power plant project, bricks from Suratgarh are now supplied to various parts of Rajasthan especially to the districts of Churu and Jhunjhunu.

Governance[edit]

City-wide administration is coordinated by the Nagar Palika Suratgarh. Here is an SDM court, an ADM, ACJM, MJM and ADJ court.

There is an emergency security system to secure the city.

Places of interest in and around Suratgarh[edit]

  • Ganpati Emporium
  • Shree cement limited
  • Khejri Hanuman Temple
  • Rathi Chok
  • Hotel Golden Inn
  • Recruit Training Centre, Central Reserve Police Campus
  • Kali Banga
  • Suratgarh Super Thermal Power Station
  • Suratgarh Air Force Station
  • Suratgarh Central state farm (biggest farm of Asia)
  • Suratgarh Radio station (Cotton city channel)
  • Suratgarh Army station
  • Suratgarh Junction
  • Ghaghar river
  • Indira Gandhi canal
  • Lahoti Chowk
  • Matra Chaya
  • New Dhan Mandi
Kalibanga.jpg

Economy[edit]

There has been a constant boost to the economy with the presence of major defence stations and Suratgarh Thermal Power Station. Further development is provided by the presence of newly constructed cement production factories that use ash from the thermal power plant. Much of the local population depends on agricultural activities for their household income.

Transport[edit]

Suratgarh Junction is on the Jodhpur-Bathinda line. Distance from surrounding cities: Bikaner − 174 km, Ganganagar − 70 km, Hanumangarh − 52 km The city is well connected with other cities by train and road networks. National Highway number 15 and a mega highway pass through the city.

Social service organizations[edit]

  • Rotary International - serving humanity, creating awareness and helping the needy in all sector; founded by Dr. Sushil Jetly (Rashtriya Ratan awarded, Paul Harish Fallow and State Mahamantri Swayamsevi Shikshan Sanstha Sangh, Rajasthan Jaipur)

Education[edit]

Coachings in Suratgarh

  • Raghuwar Academy Suratgarh - an institution by a group of academicians providing quality teaching for competitive exams, predominantly for the banking and service sector
  • Bhatia Aashram Suratgarh - known for its quality teaching for IAS and RAS
  • Ambition Academy Suratgarh - known for its explained teaching and quality for REET, first grade, and second grade
  • Vande Mataram Education Center - provides free education to college students

Schools in Suratgarh

  • Genius Model Senior Secondary School
  • Seth Ram-Dayal Rathi Gov. Senior Secondary School
  • Harsh Convent School
  • Sacred Heart School
  • Kendriya Vidyalya (Airforce Suratgarh)
  • Kendriya Vidhalya (Army, Suratgarh)
  • Kendriya Vidhalya (Suratgarh Thermal Power Station Township)
  • Girls Senior Secondary School
  • Purani Abadi Govt. Secondary School
  • S.T.D.A.V Public School (Suratgarh Thermal Power Station Township)
  • Tagore Central Academy Senior Secondary School, Estd. 1976 (English and Hindi medium)
  • Priyadarshini Public Senior Secondary School
  • Sharma bal Mandir Secondary School
  • Pareek Public School
  • Blossom Academy (Mere Sapno ka School)
  • Sr Hari Ram Baba School
  • Rajasthan Education Academy
  • Neo Pearl Public School
  • Modern Publik School
  • Naveen Adarsh Vidhya Mandir
  • Luv-Kush Academy
  • Kalindi International School
  • Pink Model Sec. School
  • Kenal Montessori School
  • Suryawanshi Senior Secondary School
  • Saraswati Senior Secondary School
  • Harsh Convent School
  • Kendriya Vidyalya (Airforce Suratgarh)
  • Kendriya Vidhalya (Suratgarh Thermal Power Station Township)
  • S.T.D.A.V. Public School (Suratgarh Thermal Power Station Township)
  • Tagore Central Academy Senior Secondary School
  • Priyadarshini Public Senior Secondary School
  • Sharma bal Mandir Secondary School
  • Pareek Public School
  • Blossom Academy (Mere Sapno ka School)
  • Sr Hari Ram Baba School
  • Rajasthan Education Academy
  • Neo Pearl Public School
  • Modern Publik School
  • Naveen Adarsh Vidhya Mandir
  • Luv-Kush Academy
  • Kalindi International School
  • Pink Model Secondary School
  • Kenal Montessori School
  • Arise Computer Academy
  • Jagriti bal Vidya Mandir Senior Secondary School

Colleges in Suratgarh:

  • Govt. College
  • Tagore PG College
  • Suratgarh PG College
  • Govt. Poly-Technic College
  • Mata Jeetoji Girls College
  • Maharaja Agarsen Agriculture College
  • Maharaja Agarsen PVT. ITI

Culture[edit]

Suratgarh city contains a wide cultural diversity. Most of the people from the main city are either service class or local merchants. The city has a traditional Bagri cultural element, but, not being far from Punjab and Punjabi speaking areas of western Haryana, there is also a rich influence of Punjabi culture.

Sports[edit]

There is an infrastructure for the practice of sports such as cricket, football, badminton, and basketball. The government college sports ground located at NH 15 highway provides a good platform for sport activities.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Suratgarh
  2. ^ "Suratgarh Population Census 2011". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.