Surava

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Surava
Former municipality of Switzerland
Surava Dorf.jpg
Coat of arms of Surava
Coat of arms
Surava is located in Switzerland
Surava
Surava
Surava is located in Canton of Graubünden
Surava
Surava
Coordinates: 46°39′N 9°36′E / 46.650°N 9.600°E / 46.650; 9.600Coordinates: 46°39′N 9°36′E / 46.650°N 9.600°E / 46.650; 9.600
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Albula
Area
 • Total 7.0 km2 (2.7 sq mi)
Elevation 904 m (2,966 ft)
Population (Dec 2013)
 • Total 196
 • Density 28/km2 (73/sq mi)
Postal code 7472
SFOS number 3515
Surrounded by Alvaneu, Brienz/Brinzauls, Tiefencastel
Website www.albula-alvra.ch
SFSO statistics

Surava is a former municipality in the district of Albula in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland. On 1 January 2015 the former municipalities of Alvaschein, Mon, Stierva, Tiefencastel, Alvaneu, Brienz/Brinzauls and Surava merged to form the new municipality of Albula/Alvra.[1]

History[edit]

Surava is first mentioned about 1580 as Surraguas.[2]

Geography[edit]

Ruins of Belfort Castle, above Surava

Before the merger, Surava had a total area of 7.0 km2 (2.7 sq mi).[3] Of this area, 10.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 78.3% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 4.3% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (6.8%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3]

The former municipality is located in the Belfort sub-district of the Albula District. It consists of the linear village of Surava on the right bank of the Albula river. In 1883 the municipality of Brienz-Surava split into Brienz/Brinzauls and Surava.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Surava had a population (as of 2013) of 196.[3] As of 2008, 7.0% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -22%.[3]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 52.8% male and 47.2% female.[4] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Surava is; 9 people or 12.0% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 6 people or 8.0% are 10 to 14, and 7 people or 9.3% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 4 people or 5.3% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 10 people or 13.3% are 30 to 39, 14 people or 18.7% are 40 to 49, and 10 people or 13.3% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 4 people or 5.3% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 3 people or 4.0% are 70 to 79, there are 7 people or 9.3% who are 80 to 89, and there are 1 people or 1.3% who are 90 to 99.[5]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 43.7% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (32.6%), the FDP (18.6%) and the SPS (5.1%).[3]

In Surava about 66.2% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Surava has an unemployment rate of 0.67%. As of 2005, there were 8 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 3 businesses involved in this sector. 22 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 7 businesses in this sector. 35 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 8 businesses in this sector.[3]

The historical population is given in the following table:[2][4]

year population
1725 89
1850 159
1900 148
1950 203
1960 136
1970 93
1980 62
1990 73
2000 150

Language[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (78.4%), with Romansh being second most common (10.8%) and Albanian being third ( 2.8%).[3]

Languages in Surava
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 116 60.42% 161 76.67% 196 78.40%
Romanish 66 34.38% 45 21.43% 27 10.80%
Italian 10 5.21% 2 0.95% 4 1.60%
Population 192 100% 210 100% 250 100%

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 2 January 2013 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Fusion" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  2. ^ a b Surava in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 15 January 2015 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "SFSO" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  4. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  5. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009


External links[edit]