|Population (2010)|
|Time zone||AZT (UTC+4)|
|• Summer (DST)||AZT (UTC+5)|
The raion is best known for the Fire Temple of Baku on the northern edge of town, a castle-like temple and monastery complex known locally as the Ateşgah or Ateshgyakh. It was a Zoroastrian temple. The complex was built on a pocket of natural gas that once produced a flame from natural gas seepage.
The local Tat name of the raion is said to related to "the Persian words 'Surakh' (hole) or Surkh/ Sorkh (red) and 'khani' (source or fountain). According to historical sources, before the construction of the Parsi Temple Of Fire (Atashgah) in Surakhani at the end of the 18th [century], the local people also worshipped at this site because of the 'seven holes with burning flame'. And thus the name 'Surakhani' - holes with burning fountains."
- Alakbarov, Farid (2003). "Azerbaijan - Land of Fire". azeri.org.
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