Surb Nshan Monastery

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Monastery of the Holy Sign of Sebastia
Սուրբ Նշան վանք Սեբաստիո
Surb Nshan church (Sebastia).jpg
Religion
AffiliationArmenian Apostolic Church
ProvinceSivas Province
RegionCentral Anatolia Region
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusDestroyed by the Turkish army
StatusCeased functioning as a monastery in 1915
Location
LocationTurkey Turkey
Surb Nshan Monastery is located in Turkey
Surb Nshan Monastery
Shown within Turkey
Geographic coordinates39°50′27″N 36°56′33″E / 39.840861°N 36.942373°E / 39.840861; 36.942373Coordinates: 39°50′27″N 36°56′33″E / 39.840861°N 36.942373°E / 39.840861; 36.942373
Architecture
TypeChurch
StyleArmenian
Completed10th century

The Monastery of Sourb Nshan of Sebastia (Armenian: Սուրբ Նշան վանք Սեբաստիո) is a former Armenian monastic complex near the city of Sivas in Turkey.

Name[edit]

"Sourb Nshan" is Armenian for Holy Sign. Sebastia was the historical name of the city of Sivas. The Monastery of Sourb Nshan of Sebastia is a former Armenian monastic complex near the city of Sivas in Turkey.

History[edit]

Sourb Nshan monastery was established by prince Atom-Ashot, the son of King Senekerim. The monastery was named after a celebrated relic that Senekerim had brought from Varagavank monastery, and which was returned there after his death.[1] This was one of notable center of enlightenment and scholarship of Lesser Armenia during Byzantine, Seljuk Sultanate of Rum and Ottoman reigns until the Armenian Genocide in 1915. In 1915 Sourb Nshan monastery was the main repository of medieval Armenian manuscripts in the Sebastia region and at least 283 manuscripts are recorded. The library was not destroyed during World War I and most of the manuscripts survived. In 1918 about 100 of them were transferred to the Armenian Patriarchate in Jerusalem.

Current condition[edit]

The monastery today is entirely destroyed and a sprawling military base occupies the site. The date of the destruction is uncertain. The monastery stood on a low hill overlooking Sivas and was surrounded by a plain and undefended outer wall. On one side of that enclosure wall, encircled by a wall of mud brick, was a large garden containing fruit trees and vegetable plots. Several farms were also attached to the monastery.

Appearance[edit]

The monastery had three churches – their names were Sourb Astvatsatsin (Armenian: Սուրբ Աստվածածին) (Holy Mother of God), Sourb Khatch (Armenian: Սուրբ Խաչ) (Holy Cross), and Sourb Hovhannes Karapet (Armenian: Սուրբ Հովհաննես Կարապետ) (Saint John the Precursor).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Armenian Architecture - VirtualANI - Sivas (Sebastia) Surb Nishan monastery & Surb Anapat". virtualani.org. Retrieved 2019-12-22.