Surendra Kumar Datta

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Surendra Kumar Datta MBE (1878–1948), also spelt as Surendra Kumar Dutta or S. K. Dutta, was an Indian Christian delegate to the Second Round Table Conference in London, a prominent YMCA leader, and a member of Central Legislative Assembly – also called Imperial Legislative Assembly before Indian independence – a lower house of a bicameral parliament synonymous to the current Lok Sabha after Indian independence.[1][2][3]

Biography[edit]

Life[edit]

He was born in Lahore, Pakistan, in 1878, and got educated in Lahore. He did Medicine from University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh. He married Rena Carswell, a Scottish Irish woman and secretary in the World Student Christian Federation(WSCF) in Geneva. He served as the lecturer teaching history and biology between 1909 and 1914 in Foreman Christian College, Lahore. He served as principal between 1932 and 1942, and later became the president of the same college.[1][2][3][4] [5][6]

YMCA leader[edit]

He succeeded K. T. Paul as general secretary of Young Men's Christian Association(YMCA) and eventually became president of the Indian YMCA. He worked as national secretary of the YMCAs of India, Burma, and Ceylon(present Sri Lanka) from 1919 to 1927. He along with K.T. Paul and V.S. Azariah were the prominent YMCA leaders, though, YMCA didn't directly involve in politics as it was run by the financial support of foreign donors beside an evangelistic agency, formed under the initiatives of missionaries; however, under the leadership of K.T. Paul and S.K. Datta, they made the YMCA known and respected not only in India but also in Europe and North America. He served as president of the All India Conference of Indian Christians in 1925, 1933, and 1934. After a lengthy service with YMCA, S.K. Datta was also associated with WSCF along with his wife Rena Datta.[1][2][3][7][8][9] In June 1918, he was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) for services in the YMCA during the First World War.[10]

National delegate[edit]

He served as a nominated[appointed] member of Central Legislative Assembly to represent Indian Christian community, before Indian independence and Indian partition, from 1924 to 1926, and gave an address at the International Missionary Council meeting held at Lake Mohonk in 1921 and Jerusalem in 1928. As an Indian Christian delegate, he attended Second Round Table Conference held in London between September to December 1931—K.T. Paul and S.K. Dutta, though not followers of Gandhi and represented Indian christian community, they indeed made efforts to bring reconciliation among the opposing leaders who took part in the conference, including Gandhi, Sarojini Naidu, Madan Mohan Malaviya, Muhammad Iqbal, Ghanshyam Das Birla, Mirza Ismail, and more.[1][2][3][9][11][12]

As an editor of YMCA's periodical The Young Men of India, he edited many articles like India and racial relationships and promoted national consciousness among the Indian Christians during the national movement. By 1930, prominent Indian christian(Protestant) leaders like V.S. Azaraih, K.T. Paul, V. Chakkarai(V. Chakka Rai), and S.K. Dutta have come to conclusions that Indian christians would best integrate themselves into national life if they didn't cast themselves as a separate political entity. They also realized that a separate Christian electorate would further alienate them from national culture and amount to a form of compulsory segregation. In 1930, All Indian Christian Council proclaimed that "the place of a minority in a nation is its value to the whole nation and not merely to itself." [sic] In Second Round Table conference, both K.T. Paul and S.K. Datta representing Protestants took a determined stand against turning Indian Christians into a Communal political entity by Britain—imposing on them Communal representation, Communal electorate, and other Communal safeguards.[9][13][14]

A biography of S.K. Datta with name S.K. Datta and his people was published by Margarita Barns.[3]

Devout christian[edit]

Critic of Hinduism[edit]

He was a devout Christian and critic of Hinduism, who believed that the Indian religions do indeed search for the truth, yet argued that they didn't provide moral and spiritual support for reform and renewal. He denounced Hinduism philosophy and its doctrines, especially Karma and Transmigration in weakening the demand for moral responsibility and social reform; according to him, only the basic teachings of Christianity could give hope to the people of India—the righteousness of God, the moral order of the created universe, the redeeming love of God manifest in Jesus Christ. He further emphasized a two-fold contribution of Christianity to India through the work of educational institutions, and through the visible Indian church, which he believed to be influential far beyond its minority status.[1]

Critic of Western Christianity[edit]

He was cynical about Indian church for lack of spiritual depth, absence of a distinctive Indian Christian theology, and dependence on foreign leadership and money. He was even critical about the caste system operating within the Indian churches.[1][5][15]

Works[edit]

  • The desire of India.
  • The Christian Student and the Indian Church.[11][16][17][18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Anderson, Gerald H. (2001). Biographical Dictionary of Christian Missions. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. p. 169. ISBN 9780802846808.
  2. ^ a b c d "Datta, Surendra Kumar". mundus.ac.uk. Retrieved 8 May 2012. Surendra Kumar Datta was born in 1878. He was lecturer in history and biology 1909-1914, and Principal 1932-1942 at Forman Christian College.
  3. ^ a b c d e "BARNS (Margarita) - S K Datta and His People': a biography by Margarita Barns of Surendra Kumar Datta (1875-1942)". bl.uk. Retrieved 7 May 2012. Surendra Kumar Datta (1878-1942), lecturer in history and biology 1909-14, and Principal 1932-42, Forman Christian College;
  4. ^ "FC College: a Pandora's box". archives.dawn.com. 1 June 2003. Retrieved 8 May 2012. The tall ponderous and stately figure of Principal S.K. Datta and his equally well-build Irish wife, were almost omnipresent on the college premises
  5. ^ a b Clements, Keith (1999). Faith on the Frontier:A Life of J.H. Oldham. Continuum International Publishing Group. pp. 40–240. ISBN 9780567086907.
  6. ^ Anthony, David Henry (2006). Max Yergan: Race Man, Internationalist, Cold Warrior. Max Yergan: Race Man, Internationalist, Cold Warrior. pp. 115–120. ISBN 9780814707043.
  7. ^ "Young Men's Christian Association(YMCA) and others" (PDF). biblicalstudies.org.uk. Retrieved 8 May 2012.
  8. ^ "A study of the Y.M.C.A. of India, Burma". Retrieved 7 May 2012. The brilliant achievements of this body are associated especially with the names of Mr. K. T. Paul and Dr. S. K. Datta, men who have made the Y.M.C.A. known and respected not only in India but also in Europe and North America.
  9. ^ a b c McLeod, Hugh (2006). World Christianities c. 1914-c. 2000. Cambridge University Press. p. 427. ISBN 9780521815000.
  10. ^ "No. 30730". The London Gazette (Supplement). 4 June 1919. p. 6724.
  11. ^ a b "Building with India". Retrieved 8 May 2012. The editor of the Young Men of India since 1919 has been Dr. S. K. Datta, author of The Desire of India
  12. ^ Thomas, Abraham Vazhayil (1974). Christians in Secular India. Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press. p. 104. ISBN 9780838610213.
  13. ^ "'A fine type of Hindoo' meets 'the Australian type': British Indians in Australia and diverse masculinities". NY Times Co. Retrieved 9 May 2012. Datta, S. K. 1924, ‘India and racial relationships’, Young Men of India, vol. 35, no. 8, August.
  14. ^ "The Church's Mission and Post-Modern Humanism by M. M. Thomas". religion-online.org. Retrieved 9 May 2012. K.T.Paul and S.K.Datta of the Indian YMCA who represented Protestants at the Round Table Conference in London, took a determined stand against turning Indian Christians into a communal political entity by Britain imposing on them communal representation, communal electorate and other communal safeguards.
  15. ^ Oddie, Geoffrey A. (2001). "Indian Christians and National Identity, 1870-1947". Journal of Religious History. 25 (3): 362. doi:10.1111/1467-9809.00138. In his presidential address to the All India Conference of Indian Christians (AICIC) in 1932 S. K. Datta pointed out that whereas two Christians, of whom he was one, had been invited to the second Round Table Conference, the Christians were the only community to be excluded from the third Round Table Conference.
  16. ^ "The desire of India / Surendra Kumar Datta". London : Church Missionary Society, 1908. Retrieved 8 May 2012. Main Author:Datta, Surendra Kumar.
  17. ^ Datta, Surendra Kumar (July 1908). The desire of India. Church Missionary Society.
  18. ^ Datta, S.K. (19??). The Christian Student and the Indian Church. National Council of the Young Men's Christian Association of India and Ceylon, Student Department Committee. Check date values in: |date= (help)

External links[edit]