Suresh Hariprasad Joshi (Gujarati: સુરેશ હ. જોશી) (30 May 1921 Valod – 6 September 1986) was an Indian novelist, short-story writer, critic, poet, translator, writer and academic in the Gujarati language.
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He was born in Valod, a small town in South Gujarat on 30 May 1921. He did his schooling from Songadh and Navasari. He did his graduation and postgraduation from Elphinstone College in 1945. In the same year, he began his teaching career at D. J. Singh College in Karachi and later worked in Sardar Patel University. After 1951, he worked as lectuer, professor and later as Head of the Gujarati Department at the Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara till his retirement in 1981.
He died on 6 September 1986 due to kidney failure.
A strong opponent of romantic tendencies in literature, Joshi influenced many up-and-coming writers in the 1960s and 1970s. His personal essays "are said to have introduced a new prose style in Gujarati literature," according to Gujarati scholar Sarala Jag Mohan.
He was one of the chief exponents of experimentalist poetry in Gujarati, primarily through his literary criticism, rather than his poems. Under his influence, form, technique and structure became far more important considerations within Gujarati poetry. The torments of the individual and literary craftsmanship became more highly esteemed, but intelligibility, lyricism and musicality were valued less, as were social concerns of the writer and even the contents of the work, according to Deepak B. Mehta.
Joshi promoted small magazines, including Kshitij and Manisha.
Books written by Joshi. Each year links to corresponding "[year] in literature" or "[year] in poetry" article:
- 1957: Grihapravesh short stories
- 1958: Biji Thopdik Vartao
- 1964: Api Cha
- 1956: Upjati The collection was withdrawn by the poet.
- 1961: Pratyancha
- 1973: Itara
- 1980: Tathapi
- 1971: Navonmesh
- "સવિશેષ પરિચય: સુરેશ જોષી, ગુજરાતી સાહિત્ય પરિષદ - Suresh Joshi, Gujarati Sahitya Parishad". gujaratisahityaparishad.com. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- Mohan, Sarala Jag, Chapter 4: "Twentieth-Century Gujarati Literature" (Google books link), in Natarajan, Nalini, and Emanuel Sampath Nelson, editors, Handbook of Twentieth-century Literatures of India, Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1996, ISBN 978-0-313-28778-7, retrieved 10 December 2008
- George, K. M., editor, Modern Indian Literature: An Anthology, published by Sahitya Akademi, 1992, ISBN 978-81-7201-324-0, Chapter: "Modern Gujarati Literature" by Deepak B. Mehta
- Panchal, Shirish. Suresh Joshi. Makers of Indian Literature, Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi, 2004
- Birjepatil, J. Ten Short Stories by Suresh Joshi. Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi,2001
- Kantak, V.Y. Intimate Asides: Selected Essays from Suresh Joshi's Janantike,Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi, 1995
- Shah, Suman. Suresh Joshithi Suresh Joshi
- Topiwala, Chandrakant. Suresh Joshi
- Gujarati Sahitya Akademi clip on Suresh Joshi on Youtube
- An informative webpage
- Thesis on Suresh Joshi's essays