|Studio album by Sarah McLachlan|
|Released||15 July 1997|
|Studio||Wild Sky Studios|
|Sarah McLachlan chronology|
|Singles from Surfacing|
Surfacing is the fourth studio album by Canadian singer-songwriter Sarah McLachlan. Released in 1997, it was produced by McLachlan's frequent collaborator, Pierre Marchand. McLachlan set about writing Surfacing in 1996, after two and a half years touring for her previous album, 1993's Fumbling Towards Ecstasy. Mentally exhausted, she found it difficult to concentrate on her new album and took six months off in Vancouver. After that she completed the ten songs for the album and went to Marchand's Quebec studio to record.
Surfacing was released in July 1997, coinciding with the start of McLachlan's Lilith Fair tour. The album was a commercial success worldwide, reached the top position on the Canadian RPM 100 Albums chart and number two on the US Billboard 200. Critical reviews were mixed; some of the more positive reviews praised the songwriting, while the album's detractors criticized it as banal and slow. The album spawned two Billboard Hot 100 top-five hits, "Adia" and "Angel", the top-15 hit "Building a Mystery", and the top-30 hit "Sweet Surrender". A radio-only song, "I Love You", was released in 2000.
The album won four Juno Awards including for Album of the Year. "Building a Mystery" was awarded the Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance, while the instrumental-only song "Last Dance" won the Grammy Award for Best Pop Instrumental Performance.
Following the 1993 release of her third album, Fumbling Towards Ecstasy, McLachlan spent two and a half years touring. This long period on the road finished in January 1996; she was due to begin work on her fourth album in April of that year, but was mentally exhausted. She later said "When I got off the road, I thought Fumbling was my swan song, [and] I'd never make another record ever again. I couldn't imagine writing another song in my life. I had a huge psychological block for a long time." She spent time working in the studio in Quebec but struggled to produce anything for her new album. At her manager's suggestion, she returned home to Vancouver and took six months off. She said that after this break—and some time spent in therapy—she began to feel more in control of her creativity and started writing material for the album.
One of the first songs written for the album was "Angel". McLachlan said that writing the song was easy, "a real joyous occasion." It was inspired by articles that she read in Rolling Stone about musicians who turned to heroin to cope with the pressures of the music industry and subsequently overdosed. She said that she identified with the feelings that might lead someone to use heroin: "I've been in that place where you're so fucked up and you're so lost that you don't know who you are anymore, and you're miserable—and here's this escape route. I've never done heroin, but I've done plenty of other things to escape." She said that the song is about "trying not to take responsibility for other people's shit and trying to love yourself at the same time." Another song that she found easy to write was "Building a Mystery", co-written with her regular collaborator, Canadian musician and producer Pierre Marchand. Marchand heard her playing a guitar riff and suggested adding some lyrics that he had already written. They came up with the rest of the lyrics together, according to McLachlan, "pretty darn quickly." When the album was finished, McLachlan commented, "I was so happy when I could let it go. I didn't give it another thought when it was done."
Recording and release
A sample of "Building a Mystery" which went to No. 1 on the Canadian singles chart
A sample of "Sweet Surrender" which went to No. 2 on the Canadian singles chart
A sample of "Adia" which went to No. 3 on the Canadian singles chart
A sample of "Angel" which went to No. 9 on the Canadian singles chart
|Problems playing these files? See media help.|
Like most of McLachlan's albums, Surfacing was recorded at Marchand's Wild Sky Studios in Morin-Heights, Quebec. Marchand, who produced, engineered and mixed the album, recorded it on an Otari RADAR recorder and a Neumann 149 microphone. McLachlan played piano, acoustic guitar and electric guitar and Marchand played keyboards, bass and a drum machine as well as providing background vocals. The other musicians on the album were Jim Creeggan on upright bass, Yves Desrosiers on guitar, musical saw, lap steel guitar and slide bass, Brian Minato on bass and electric guitar, Michel Pepin on electric guitar and Ashwin Sood (whom McLachlan married in 1997) on percussion and drums.
The album was released on 15 July 1997, on Nettwerk and Arista Records, reaching No. 1 on the Canadian RPM 100 Albums chart and No. 2 on the US Billboard 200. The release of the album coincided with the inaugural tour of McLachlan's Lilith Fair in mid-1997. The first single from the album was "Building a Mystery", released on 19 August; it reached No. 1 on the Canadian singles chart and No. 13 on the US Billboard Hot 100. "Sweet Surrender" was released 10 March 1998, and reached No. 2 on the Canadian chart and No. 28 on the Hot 100. The third single released from the album was "Adia" on 4 May. It peaked at No. 3 on both the Canadian singles chart and the Billboard Hot 100. "Angel" followed on 24 November, reaching No. 9 in Canada, and No. 4 on the Hot 100. "I Love You" charted at No. 23 on the Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs in April 2000.
Writing for The New York Times, Sia Michel called the album "lushly atmospheric" but also ambivalent. She said that while the album paints a "vivid emotional landscape", it is at odds with McLachlan's statement that the album was about "'facing ugly things' about herself"; not revealing anything particularly dark. Michel also noted certain old-fashioned ideas in the album, particularly in "Sweet Surrender", that contrast with the work of contemporaries such as Ani Difranco and PJ Harvey. She cited "Witness" as the highlight and said of the album, "[p]erhaps she hasn't found what she's looking for, but at least she's trying." Elysa Gardner of Los Angeles Times gave the album two-and-a-half stars out of four and said it "Showcases her considerable strengths--a shimmering soprano voice and a knack for intelligent, emotionally forthright lyrics but also suffers from a lack of compelling craftsmanship and textural daring."
Music critic Robert Christgau gave the album a mixed review, with a C- rating. He said that although he had stayed away from McLachlan's music in the past, "between her Lilith Fair counterpalooza and 'Building a Mystery' bonanza, [he] had to dive in, and got less than [he'd] bargained for." He criticized McLachlan's "monumental banality" and summed the album up as "renormalized pop at its most unnecessary." A reviewer for Rolling Stone criticized the album's slow tempo, commenting that "if you want a piece of her nirvana, you have to go along at her protracted, glacial pace." They said that McLachlan is too "rigid in her introspection" and that they would like to hear her "work up a good head of steam".
AllMusic's Stephen Thomas Erlewine gave the album three stars out of five and compared it unfavorably to McLachlan's previous album Fumbling Towards Ecstasy. He said that some of the songs were good, and praised "Building a Mystery" in particular, but said that the album offered nothing new. He also noted that the timing of the release, coinciding with the launch of Lilith Fair and the publicity that McLachlan received from that, helped sales of the album. Jom, a staff reviewer for Sputnikmusic, gave the album a positive review, calling it "one of [McLachlan's] best albums" and praising her "tremendous growth as a songwriter and a musician". In interviews, American hip hop artist Darryl McDaniels of Run-D.M.C. has said that hearing "Angel" on the radio, and subsequently listening to more of McLachlan's music, helped him though a period of depression.
The album was mentioned in the Starr Report, the late-1990s account of Independent Counsel Ken Starr's investigation of the Monica Lewinsky scandal. After a visit to the White House in November 1997, Lewinsky wrote that she "noticed you (President Clinton) had the new Sarah McLachlan CD" and that "whenever I listen to song #5 (Do What You Have to Do) I think of you.". McLachlan's representatives had no comment on the matter.
At the Juno Awards of 1998, McLachlan won four awards: Best Female Vocalist, Songwriter of the Year (with Pierre Marchand, for "Building a Mystery"), Best Album (for Surfacing) and Single of the Year (for "Building a Mystery"). The following year, she did not win any awards, but was nominated for Single of the Year (for "Adia") and Best Video (for "Sweet Surrender").
At the 40th Grammy Awards in 1998, McLachlan was nominated for three awards; she won the awards for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance (for "Building a Mystery") and Best Pop Instrumental Performance (for "Last Dance"). In 1999, she received one more nomination for the album, Best Female Pop Vocal Performance (for "Adia"); she lost to Celine Dion.
|1.||"Building a Mystery"||
|2.||"I Love You"||4:44|
|5.||"Do What You Have to Do"||
|8.||"Black & White"||5:02|
|9.||"Full of Grace"||3:41|
- Early editions sold in the U.S. and Canada included a two-song bonus disc containing an alternate mix of "Sweet Surrender" and a rendition of "The Prayer of St. Francis". Both of these tracks appeared on the Japanese edition of the album as well.
- "Full of Grace" previously appeared on the collection Rarities, B-Sides and Other Stuff. Song was also featured in the final moments of the second season finale of Buffy the Vampire Slayer.
- "Prayer of Saint Francis" was featured in the final moments of the sixth season finale of Buffy the Vampire Slayer.
- "I Love You" would later be covered by Ellen Greene of Little Shop of Horrors film for her album In His Eyes.
- Jim Creeggan — upright bass
- Yves Desrosiers — electric guitar, lap steel guitar, slide bass, saw
- Pierre Marchand — bass guitar, drum machine, background vocals, keyboards
- Sarah McLachlan — lead vocals, background vocals, acoustic guitar, electric guitar, piano
- Brian Minato — bass guitar, electric guitar
- Michel Pepin — electric guitar
- Ashwin Sood — drums, percussion, piano, background vocals
Certifications and sales
|Canada (Music Canada)||Diamond||1,078,000|
|New Zealand (RMNZ)||Gold||7,500^|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Gold||100,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||8× Platinum||8,000,000^|
^shipments figures based on certification alone
- Reighley, Kurt B. (August 1997), "Sarah McLachlan In The Garden", CMJ New Music Monthly, College Media Inc., pp. 21–25, retrieved 12 May 2010
- McDonnell, Evelyn (September 1997), "Lilith Fair", Spin, Spin Media LLC, p. 64, retrieved 12 May 2010
- Taylor, Chuck (6 September 1997), "Sarah McLachlan's Recent Emergence On Radio Is Anything But A 'Mystery'", Billboard, Nielsen Company, retrieved 20 July 2010
- Tingen, Paul (March 2000), "Pierre Marchand — Producing Sarah McLachlan", Sound on Sound, SOS Publications Group, retrieved 15 May 2010
- "Surfacing > Credits", AllMusic, Rovi Corporation, retrieved 15 May 2010
- "Top Selling Albums", RPM, 65 (21), 28 July 1997, retrieved 16 July 2010
- "Surfacing — Sarah McLachlan", Billboard, Nielsen Company, retrieved 16 July 2010
- Michel, Sia (17 August 1997), "Sarah McLachlan: Between Two Worlds", The New York Times, The New York Times Company, retrieved 12 May 2010
- "RPM100 Hit Tracks – Top Singles", RPM, 65 (24), 18 August 1997, retrieved 17 July 2010
"RPM100 Hit Tracks – Top Singles", RPM, 66 (15), 15 December 1997, retrieved 17 July 2010
"RPM100 Hit Tracks – Top Singles", RPM, 67 (9), 25 May 1998, retrieved 17 July 2010
"RPM100 Hit Tracks – Top Singles", RPM, 68 (14), 25 January 1999, retrieved 17 July 2010
- "Sarah McLachlan Chart History", Billboard, Nielsen Company, retrieved 17 July 2010
- "Sarah McLachlan Album & Song Chart History", Billboard, Nielsen Company, retrieved 23 July 2010
- Gardner, Elysa, "You're making your list and we've made ours: tons of ideas for presents--even for those hardest to please. : From Elton to Boyz to Celine to Dylan, It's an Album Bull Market", Los Angeles Times, retrieved 1 April 2013
- "Consumer Guide Reviews: Sarah McLachlan", RobertChristgau.com, retrieved 20 June 2010
- "Sarah McLachlan: Surfacing", Rolling Stone, Wenner Media, 23 December 1997, archived from the original on 23 October 2007, retrieved 16 July 2010
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas, "Surfacing > Review", Allmusic, Rovi Corporation, retrieved 15 May 2010
- Jom (23 May 2006), "Sarah McLachlan — Surfacing", Sputnikmusic, retrieved 20 June 2010
- D., Spence (24 February 2006), "DMC: Saved By An Angel", IGN, News Corporation, retrieved 16 July 2010
- Staff reporter (16 September 1998). "Sarah McLachlan Named In Starr Report". MTV. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
She's a multi-platinum recording artist, founder of the wildly successful Lilith Fair, but now Sarah McLachlan has received the ultimate honor -- she's mentioned in the newly released Kenneth Starr report.
- Strauss, Neil (24 September 1998). "Musical Damage In Starr Report". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
Buried in the report is a deleted computer file written by Monica S. Lewinsky about the Canadian singer and Lilith Fair founder Sarah McLachlan. ''When I was hiding out in your office for a half-hour, I noticed you had the new Sarah McLachlan CD,'' she wrote. ''I have it, too, and it's wonderful. Whenever I listen to song No. 5, I think of you.''
- Catlin, Roger (17 September 1998). "Starr Report Unearths New Bedfellows". Hartford Courant. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
Sarah McLachlan: ``Do What You Have To Do,'' a mournful track on her 1997 ``Surfacing,'' was cited by Lewinsky as a song that made her think of Clinton.
- Starr, Kenneth W. (11 September 1998). "H. Doc. 105-310 - Referral from Independent Counsel Kenneth W. Starr in Conformity with the Requirements of Title 28, United States Code, Section 595(c)" (PDF). United States House of Representatives. p. 86fn. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
- "McLachlan, Our Lady Peace Major Juno Winners", MTV, MTV Networks, 23 May 1998, retrieved 17 July 2010
- Luce, Patrick (22 March 2010), "Sarah McLachlan To Release New Studio Album In June", Monsters and Critics, WOTR Ltd, retrieved 17 July 2010
- "Australiancharts.com – Sarah McLachlan – Surfacing". Hung Medien. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
- "Top RPM Albums: Issue 3278." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
- "Sarah McLachlan – Chart history" Billboard Canadian Albums Chart for Sarah McLachlan. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
- "Dutchcharts.nl – Sarah McLachlan – Surfacing" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
- "Charts.org.nz – Sarah McLachlan – Surfacing & Mirrorball". Hung Medien. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
- "Official Scottish Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
- "Sarah McLachlan | Artist | Official Charts". UK Albums Chart Retrieved 24 November 2016.
- "Sarah McLachlan – Chart history" Billboard 200 for Sarah McLachlan. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
- "Sarah McLachlan – Chart history" Billboard Top Catalog Albums for Sarah McLachlan. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
- "1997: Billboard 200 Albums". Billboard. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
- "Top Albums/CDs - Volume 68, No. 12, December 14 1998". RPM. 14 December 1998. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
- "1998: Billboard 200 Albums". Billboard. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
- "1999: Billboard 200 Albums". Billboard. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
- "2000: The Year in Music" (PDF). Billboard. 30 December 2000. p. 86. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
- "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 1999 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
- "Canadian album certifications – Sarah McLachlan – Surfacing". Music Canada. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
- "2014 Nielsen Music Canada Report" (PDF). Nielsen SoundScan. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
- "New Zealand album certifications – Sarah McLachlan – Surfacing". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
- "British album certifications – Sarah McLachlan – Surfacing". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 26 October 2016. Enter Surfacing in the field Keywords. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Select Gold in the field By Award. Click Search
- "American album certifications – Sarah Mc Lachlan – Surfacing". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 26 October 2016. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
- "Sarah McLachlan is back in the game". CBS News. 27 July 2014. Retrieved 24 November 2016.