Surjapuri language

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Native to India, Nepal, Bangladesh
Region Bihar, West Bengal
Native speakers
1.2 million (2001)[1]
Census results conflate some speakers with Hindi.[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 sjp
Glottolog surj1235[3]

Surjapuri is a Bengali dialect mainly spoken in the Seemanchal region of Bihar (Kishanganj, Katihar, Purnia, Araria districts), in West Bengal (Uttar Dinajpur and Dakshin Dinajpur districts, and in Siliguri city of Darjeeling district – part of the North Bengal region within Jalpaiguri division), as well as in parts of eastern Nepal. It is one of the lesser known dialects of the Bengali language spoken in eastern India comprising today's West Bengal, lower part of Assam (The Barak valley) and Bangladesh. It had been wrongly included in the category of Bihari languages, such Bhojpuri and Maithili, spoken in the states of Bihar, Jharkhand, and Uttar Pradesh. It is widely called Rangpuri, one of the major Bangla or Bengali dialects. It is known as the Kochrajbongshi dialect in Assam, as the Surjapuri dialect in the North Bengal region of West Bengal and in eastern Bihar.


  1. ^ Surjapuri at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers’ strength of languages and mother tongues – 2001". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Surjapuri". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 

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