Surjit Singh Barnala

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Surjit Singh Barnala
The Vice President, Shri Mohd. Hamid Ansari with the Governor of Tamil Nadu, Shri Surjit Singh Barnala and the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, Dr. Kalaignar M. Karunanidhi (cropped) (Surjit Singh Barnala).png
8th Governor of Tamil Nadu
In office
3 November 2004 – 31 August 2011
Chief MinisterJ. Jayalalithaa
M. Karunanidhi
Preceded byP. S. Ramamohan Rao
Succeeded byKonijeti Rosaiah
In office
24 May 1990 – 15 February 1991
Chief MinisterM. Karunanidhi
Preceded byP. C. Alexander
Succeeded byBhishma Narain Singh
Lieutenant Governor of Puducherry
Additional Charge
In office
9 April 2009 – 27 July 2009
Chief MinisterV. Vaithilingam
Preceded byGovind Singh Gurjar
Succeeded byIqbal Singh
18th Governor of Andhra Pradesh
In office
3 January 2003 – 4 November 2004
Chief MinisterN. Chandrababu Naidu
Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy
Preceded byC. Rangarajan
Succeeded bySushilkumar Shinde
1st Governor of Uttarakhand
In office
9 November 2000 – 7 January 2003
Chief Minister Nityanand Swami
Bhagat Singh Koshyari
N. D. Tiwari
Preceded byOffice Established
Succeeded bySudarshan Agarwal
5th Minister of Chemicals and Fertilizers
In office
19 March 1998 – 13 October 1999
Prime MinisterAtal Bihari Vajpayee
Preceded byM. Arunachalam
Succeeded bySuresh Prabhu
5th Lieutenant Governor of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands
In office
December 1990 – 18 March 1993
Preceded byRanjit Singh Dyal
Succeeded byVakkom Purushothaman
11th Chief Minister of Punjab
In office
29 September 1985 – 11 June 1987
GovernorArjun Singh
Hokishe Sema
Shankar Dayal Sharma
Siddhartha Shankar Ray
Preceded byPresident's rule
Succeeded byPresident's rule
12th Minister of Agriculture
In office
18 June 1977 – 28 July 1979
Prime MinisterMorarji Desai
Preceded byParkash Singh Badal
Succeeded byBrahm Prakash
Personal details
Born(1925-10-21)21 October 1925
Ateli, Punjab, British India
(now in Haryana, India)
Died14 January 2017(2017-01-14) (aged 91)
Chandigarh, India
Political partyShiromani Akali Dal
Spouse(s)Surjit Kaur Barnala

Surjit Singh Barnala (21 October 1925 – 14 January 2017) was an Indian politician who served as the chief minister of Punjab state from 1985 to 1987. Following that he served as the governor of Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Andhra Pradesh and Andaman and Nicobar Islands and a Union Minister on handling various portfolios.[1]

Early life[edit]

Barnala was born in Begpur Village in Ateli Tehsil, Haryana. Born of a well-to-do family (his father was a magistrate), Barnala passed law from Lucknow University in 1945. In Lucknow, he was involved in the Quit India Movement of 1942. Subsequently, he practised law for some years, and became politically active in the late 1960s, rising through the ranks of Akali Dal. Though, he first stood for election in 1952 but lost by a meagre 4 votes.


Barnala's first ministerial assignment was in 1969 when he has sworn in as education minister in the Justice Gurnam Singh Government and was instrumental in setting up the Guru Nanak Dev University in Amritsar.

In 1977 he was elected to the Indian Parliament and was inducted in the Morarji Desai Cabinet as the agriculture minister at the time when the ministry included Irrigation Water Resources, Food, Environment and Forests, Consumer Affairs, Power and Chemical And Fertilizers and Rural Development. In 1978, Barnala signed the historic Ganga Waters Agreement (Farakka Agreement) with Bangladesh.

In 1979, during the turmoil in the national government when PM Morarji Desai resigned, the then-president Neelam Sanjiva Reddy toyed with the idea of appointing an interim government with Barnala as prime minister but had to drop the idea at the last moment, fearing horse-trading by a top member of the Cabinet, and Deputy Prime Minister Chaudhary Charan Singh assumed prime ministership.

Barnala served as chief minister of Punjab from 29 September 1985 until 11 May 1987. Barnala, a member of the Sikh political party Shiromani Akali Dal (Longowal), served as chief minister during a period of Sikh militant movement in Punjab. The state had under in Barnala's chief ministership from 1985 to 1987, and after nearly two years in office, President's Rule was imposed.

In 1996, Barnala once again came close to becoming prime minister as in the 1996 Indian general election, with no political party getting a mandate, it was a good time for a regional party to have its prime minister. Regional parties accounted for about 80 MPs in the Lok Sabha. The Asom Gana Parishad of Prafulla Kumar Mahanta and Telugu Desam Party of Chandra Babu Naidu, including The Left parties, zeroed on Barnala, but at the last minute Barnala's parent party Shiromani Akali Dal led by Barnala's supposedly close friend Parkash Singh Badal without informing Barnala joined hands with the Bharatiya Janata Party hence Barnala yet again missed being Prime Minister.

In 1997, Barnala was a candidate of the BJP and its allies in the election of the vice-president of India.

In 1998, Barnala was again elected to Parliament and became the minister for Chemical & Fertilizers and Food & Consumer Affairs in the Vajpayee Cabinet.

At the time of his death, he was the patron of a four-party alliance Sanja Morcha in Punjab. Like few other anti-Congress leaders of his time, he has spent about three and a half years in jail as a political prisoner, including 11 months in solitary confinement.


Since then, Barnala has served as a governor of several states. He first served as governor of Tamil Nadu from 1990 to 1991 for about nine months. Barnala refused to recommend the dismissal of the Tamil Nadu government, and when he was later transferred as governor of Bihar he chose to resign. He served as the lieutenant governor of Andaman and Nicobar Islands from December 1990 to 18 March 1993.

He was the first governor of Uttarakhand from its creation in 2000 until 2003,[2] and governor of Andhra Pradesh from 2003 to 2004. During this time he also held additional charge of Orissa as governor for some time and was governor of Tamil Nadu till 31 August 2011 during his Tamil Nadu years. He also held additional charge of Puduchery for a few months. He is the second longest-serving governor in Indian history after Dr. A. R. Kidwai and the only governor to have served three terms in the history of Tamil Nadu State of 300 years.

Author and painter[edit]

In 1996, Barnala authored a book, Story of an Escape, about his experiences of living a disguised life in various locations of India. His other book released in December 2007 is titled My Other Two Daughters and has been transliterated in braille by Kunwar Singh Negi.[3]

Barnala painted landscapes and political portraits, many of which are on display in the official residences he occupied in his various tenures. His paintings have also been sold in various fund raisers.[4][5]

Personal life[edit]

Surjit Singh Barnala was married to Surjit Kaur Barnala, who is also an active politician. In August 2009, Surjit Kaur become the President of the Shiromani Akali Dal (Longowal).[6] The couple had three sons and a daughter. The eldest son, Jasjit Barnala, is not actively involved in politics and is a businessman. Their second son, Gaganjit is a politician. His youngest son, NeilInder, died in a road accident in 1996 and daughter, Amrit, in 2012 of cancer.[7] He has 8 grandchildren varying from 37 years to 17 years old.


Barnala died at PGIMER hospital, Chandigarh, following a prolonged illness, on 14 January 2017, aged 91. He was admitted to the hospital on 12 January.[1] He was cremated with full state honours at his native village on the next day.[citation needed]


  1. ^ a b "Former Punjab Chief Minister Surjit Singh Barnala passes away, aged 91". Times of India. 14 January 2017. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
  2. ^ "Uttaranchal is born;Governor, CM sworn in". The Rediff. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  3. ^ "पद्म भूषण कुंवर सिंह नेगी नहीं रहे" (in Hindi). Dainik Jagran. 20 March 2014. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  4. ^ Painting for charity
  5. ^ T.S. Shankar (15 April 2005). "A brush with the Governor". The Hindu. Retrieved 17 January 2017.[dead link]
  6. ^ Goyal, Sushil (21 August 2009). "Barnala family revives SAD (L)". Tribune India. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
  7. ^ "Surjit Singh Barnala passes away". The Hindu. 14 January 2017. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
Lok Sabha
Preceded by
Teja Singh Swatantra
Member of Parliament
for Sangrur

1977 – 1980
Succeeded by
Gurcharan Singh Nihalsinghwala
Preceded by
Gurcharan Singh Dadhahoor
Member of Parliament
for Sangrur

1996 – 1999
Succeeded by
Simranjit Singh Mann
Political offices
Preceded by
Parkash Singh Badal
Minister of Agriculture
1977 – 1979
Succeeded by
Rao Birender Singh
Preceded by
President's rule
Chief Minister of Punjab (India)
29 September 1985 – 11 June 1987
Succeeded by
President's rule
Preceded by
P. C. Alexander
Governor of Tamil Nadu
24 May 1990 – 15 February 1991
Succeeded by
Bhishma Narain Singh
Preceded by
Lt Gen Ranjit Singh Dayal (Retd)
Lt Governor of Andaman and Nicobar Islands
December 1990 – March 1993
Succeeded by
Vakkom Purushothaman
Preceded by
M. Arunachalam
Minister of Chemicals and Fertilizers
1998 – 1999
Succeeded by
Suresh Prabhu
Preceded by
Raghuvansh Prasad Singh
Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution
1998 – 1999
Succeeded by
Shanta Kumar
Preceded by
State Created
Governor of Uttarakhand
9 November 2000 – 7 January 2003
Succeeded by
Sudarshan Agarwal
Preceded by
C. Rangarajan
Governor of Andhra Pradesh
3 January 2003 – 4 November 2004
Succeeded by
Sushilkumar Shinde
Preceded by
P. S. Ramamohan Rao
Governor of Tamil Nadu
3 November 2004 – 31 August 2011
Succeeded by
Konijeti Rosaiah

External links[edit]