Surlingham St Mary
|Area||7.32 km2 (2.83 sq mi)|
|• Density||99/km2 (260/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||East of England|
Surlingham is a village and civil parish in the South Norfolk district of Norfolk situated on the Broads in eastern United Kingdom. It lies approximately 6½ miles (10½ km) south-east of Norwich on the south bank of the River Yare between Bramerton and Rockland St Mary. In the 2001 census it contained 266 households and a population of 637, increasing to 725 at the 2011 census. Although Surlingham is part of South Norfolk District, as in other broadland villages those areas of the village adjacent to the river and broads fall into the executive area of the Broads Authority.
The villages name origin is uncertain. 'Homestead/village of the south Herlingas (= *Herela's people)' or possibly, 'of the Sutherlingas'. In both cases, the point of reference is probably the River Yare.
The church of St Mary in Surlingham is one of 124 existing round-tower churches in Norfolk. The adjacent Church Marsh nature reserve is leased by the RSPB and is overlooked by the ruins of St Saviour's church (less than half a mile north-east of St Mary's). Dating from the 12th century, St. Saviour's was in regular use until 1705. A campaign has been launched by local villagers to save the site from further deterioration and to make it safe for visitors. Norfolk naturalist Ted Ellis is buried here.
Surlingham Community Primary School currently caters for around 80 children in four classrooms, two in the original Victorian building and two more built in a similar style completed in 2006. It is situated on Walnut Hill in the centre of Surlingham opposite the village pond. Also in the centre of the village are a village shop, post office and a garage. In 2011 a choir, "Surlingham Broadnotes", was started in the village.
The village has two pubs, both in the north of the village on the bank of the river, the Coldham Hall Tavern and The Ferry House Inn. The latter marks the site of a ferry across the Yare to Postwick which stopped operating around 1939 following a collision with a coaster.
Lying between Surlingham Ferry and Coldham Hall Tavern is Surlingham Broad, a maze of waterways and swamp over 1 km2 in area leased by Norfolk Wildlife Trust. One of the central lakes, Bargate, is connected to the Yare by two dykes; the area is known as the 'wherry graveyard' as 13 wherry hulls have been sunk here. It was in the Yare valley and in particular on Surlingham Broad in the 1950s that Dr Joyce Lambert, helped by schoolboys from the City of Norwich School, began taking peat borings which led her to conclude that the Broads were the result of human activity, peat digging.
A well known and widely respected local figure, the writer, broadcaster and naturalist Ted Ellis (1909–1986) lived near Surlingham with his wife Phyllis for 40 years at Wheatfen Cottage near Wheatfen Broad. Ellis, who was known in print as E.A. Ellis, set up and developed his own nature reserve at the broad which is today known as Wheatfen Nature Reserve and is managed by the Ted Ellis Trust. A study centre was opened at the nature reserve in 2011.
From 1928 to 1956 Ellis was Keeper of Natural History at Norwich Castle Museum, but aged 47 he resigned to focus on his work as a naturalist. He wrote a nature column in the local newspaper, the Eastern Daily Press, above the byline 'E.A.E'. (for Edward Augustine Ellis). As E. A. Ellis, he wrote books including the volume on The Broads in Collins' New Naturalists series. He often appeared on local television (on BBC Look East) and on radio (on BBC Radio 4's Nature Postbag) and he was active in many nature and conservation organisations.
A naturalist with a national reputation whose painstaking research was respected and admired by the academic world, he communicated his enthusiasm to a wide audience through his writing and broadcasting. Ellis and his wife are buried among the ruins of St Saviour's Church.
David Bellamy compared the significance of Wheatfen Broad to that of "Mount Everest or the giant redwood forests of North America". He went on, "It is probably the best bit of fenland we have because we know so much about it... purely because one man gave his life trying to understand it – Ted Ellis."
Padmaloka Buddhist Retreat Centre, one of the biggest Buddhist retreat centres in the UK, is located at Lesingham House in the village. The centre is run by the Triratna Buddhist Community (formerly the Friends of the Western Buddhist Order). 'Padmaloka' means 'realm of the lotus'.
Sports and Recreation
- Coldham Hall Sailing Club which was founded in 1951 is situated in the grounds of Coldham Hall Tavern.
- In 2009 a football team ("Surlingham Tornadoes") was established to give boys and girls in the village the opportunity to play the game.
- In 2012 a small group of residents from Surlingham and surrounding villages formed an informal cycling club called the Ghostriders. So named because of their tendency to cycle in the evenings, enjoy liquid refreshment in local pubs and cycle home late at night. In 2015, five Ghostriders cycled from Lands End to John O'Groats via the Isle of Arran, a distance of 1030 miles over 14 days.
- Ted Ellis, naturalist, died 1986.
- Sangharakshita (1925 – 2018), founder of the Friends of the Western Buddhist Order, and author of a large number of books on Buddhism, lived in the village for many years.
Media related to Surlingham at Wikimedia Commons
- Surlingham Village Website
- Surlingham Parish Council
- St Mary's on the European Round Tower Church website
- A stroll around Bramerton and Surlingham
- Surlingham parish information [South Norfolk Council] Archived 28 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 8 September 2015.
- "Round Tower Churches of Europe".
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 November 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Surlingham – Ferry House
- www.turnershut.co.uk The Home of Turners Hut Archived 8 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- Page, Mike (2005). A Broads-Eye View: The Norfolk Broads through Aerial Photography, Halsgrove, Tiverton.
- Wheatfen study centre vision becomes a reality, Eastern Daily Press, 14 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-13.
- A-Z of Norfolk science – T: Ted Ellis, BBC Norfolk website. Retrieved 13 June 2012.
- BBC Norfolk, Friday 22 May 2009 – Ted Ellis Remembered
- Coldham Hall Sailing Club
- Surlingham Tornadoes homepage I
- our-hire | Our Bus retrieved 2019-02-01.